ArrayList.Remove(Object) Метод

Определение

Удаляет первое вхождение указанного объекта из коллекции ArrayList.Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the ArrayList.

public:
 virtual void Remove(System::Object ^ obj);
public virtual void Remove (object obj);
abstract member Remove : obj -> unit
override this.Remove : obj -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Remove (obj As Object)

Параметры

obj
Object

Элемент Object, который требуется удалить из ArrayList.The Object to remove from the ArrayList. Допускается значение null.The value can be null.

Реализации

Исключения

Объект ArrayList доступен только для чтения.The ArrayList is read-only.

- или --or- ArrayList имеет фиксированный размер.The ArrayList has a fixed size.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано, как удалить элементы из ArrayList.The following code example shows how to remove elements from the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element containing "lazy".
   myAL->Remove( "lazy" );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element at index 5.
   myAL->RemoveAt( 5 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
   myAL->RemoveRange( 4, 3 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList initially contains the following:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
 After removing "lazy":
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 After removing the element at index 5:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
 After removing three elements starting at index 4:
    The   quick   brown   fox
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element containing "lazy".
      myAL.Remove( "lazy" );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element at index 5.
      myAL.RemoveAt( 5 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
      myAL.RemoveRange( 4, 3 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
After removing "lazy":
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
After removing the element at index 5:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
After removing three elements starting at index 4:
   The   quick   brown   fox
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        myAL.Add("over")
        myAL.Add("the")
        myAL.Add("lazy")
        myAL.Add("dog")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element containing "lazy".
        myAL.Remove("lazy")
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing ""lazy"":")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element at index 5.
        myAL.RemoveAt(5)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing the element at index 5:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes three elements starting at index 4.
        myAL.RemoveRange(4, 3)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing three elements starting at index 4:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
    End Sub
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The ArrayList initially contains the following:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
' After removing "lazy":
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
' After removing the element at index 5:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
' After removing three elements starting at index 4:
'    The   quick   brown   fox

Комментарии

Если ArrayList не содержит указанный объект, ArrayList остается без изменений.If the ArrayList does not contain the specified object, the ArrayList remains unchanged. Исключение не возникает.No exception is thrown.

Этот метод выполняет линейный поиск. Таким образом, этот метод является операцией O(n), где nCount.This method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Этот метод определяет равенство, вызывая Object.Equals.This method determines equality by calling Object.Equals.

В коллекциях с непрерывным набором элементов, таких как списки, элементы, следующие за удаленным элементом, перемещаются вверх, занимая освободившуюся позицию.In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the removed element move up to occupy the vacated spot. Если коллекция индексируется, индексы перемещенных элементов также обновляются.If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. Такое поведение не реализуется в коллекциях, в которых элементы логически сгруппированы, например в хэш-таблицах.This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

Применяется к

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