什么是桌面分析?What is Desktop Analytics?

桌面分析是一项基于云的服务,可与 Configuration Manager 集成。Desktop Analytics is a cloud-based service that integrates with Configuration Manager. 该服务为你提供见解和情报,让你在了解更多信息的情况下决定 Windows 客户端的更新是否就绪。The service provides insight and intelligence for you to make more informed decisions about the update readiness of your Windows clients. 它将组织中的数据与从数百万台连接到 Microsoft 云服务的设备中聚合得到的数据进行组合。It combines data from your organization with data aggregated from millions of devices connected to Microsoft cloud services.

结合使用桌面分析和 Configuration Manager 来:Use Desktop Analytics with Configuration Manager to:

  • 创建一个清单,其中列出在你组织中运行的应用Create an inventory of apps running in your organization

  • 评估应用与最新 Windows 10 功能更新的兼容性Assess app compatibility with the latest Windows 10 feature updates

  • 确定兼容性问题,并接收根据云端数据见解给出的缓解建议Identify compatibility issues, and receive mitigation suggestions based on cloud-enabled data insights

  • 创建表示跨最小设备集的整个应用程序驱动程序资产的试点组Create pilot groups that represent the entire application and driver estate across a minimal set of devices

  • 将 Windows 10 部署到试点和生产管理的设备Deploy Windows 10 to pilot and production-managed devices

Azure 门户中的桌面分析主页的屏幕截图

以下视频录制的是 Ignite 2019 大会的一场研讨会,其中详细介绍了桌面分析:The following video is a session from Ignite 2019, which includes more information on Desktop Analytics:

使用桌面分析和 Configuration Manager 通过管理、维护和支持方面的数据驱动的见解来降低 Windows TCOUsing Desktop Analytics and Configuration Manager to reduce Windows TCO through data-driven insights for management, servicing, and support

请跳至 10:00 查看深度演示。Skip to 10:00 for an in-depth demo.

备注

桌面分析是 Windows Analytics 的后继版本,它自 2020 年 1 月 31 日起停用。Desktop Analytics is a successor of Windows Analytics, which retired on January 31, 2020.

Windows Analytics 的功能都合并到桌面分析服务中。The capabilities of Windows Analytics are combined in the Desktop Analytics service. 桌面分析还与 Configuration Manager 紧密集成。Desktop Analytics is also more tightly integrated with Configuration Manager. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Windows Analytics 客户的常见问题解答For more information, see the FAQ for Windows Analytics customers.

好处Benefits

许多客户在获取并保持最新的 Windows 10 方面面临着挑战。Many customers have challenges with getting and staying current with Windows 10. 主要挑战是测试应用程序。The primary challenge is testing applications. 此过程通常需手动完成。This process is typically manual. IT 管理员和应用程序所有者要不断分析现有应用程序It's time-consuming for IT administrators and application owners to continually analyze existing applications. 并解决出现的任何问题,这需要花费很长时间。Then remediate any issues that arise.

桌面分析提供了以下好处:Desktop Analytics provides the following benefits:

  • 设备和软件清单:关键因素(如应用和 Windows 版本)清单。Device and software inventory: Inventory of key factors such as apps and versions of Windows.

  • 试点识别:识别覆盖最广泛因素的最小设备集。Pilot identification: Identification of the smallest set of devices that provide the widest coverage of factors. 它侧重于对 Windows 升级和更新的试点最为重要的因素。It focuses on the factors that are most important to a pilot of Windows upgrades and updates. 确保试点更成功可以让你更快、更自信地在生产环境中广泛部署。Making sure the pilot is more successful allows you to proceed more quickly and confidently to broad deployments in production.

  • 问题识别:使用聚合的市场数据以及环境中的数据,该服务可预测获取并保持 Windows 最新状态的潜在问题。Issue identification: Using aggregated market data along with data from your environment, the service predicts potential issues to getting and staying current with Windows. 然后,它会建议可能的缓解措施。It then suggests potential mitigations.

  • Configuration Manager 集成:该服务云支持你现有的本地基础结构。Configuration Manager integration: The service cloud-enables your existing on-premises infrastructure. 使用此数据和分析在设备上部署和管理 Windows。Use this data and analysis to deploy and manage Windows on your devices.

必备条件Prerequisites

若要使用桌面分析,请确保你的环境满足以下先决条件。To use Desktop Analytics, make sure your environment meets the following prerequisites.

技术条件Technical

  • 有效的全局 Azure 订阅,以及全局管理员权限。An active global Azure subscription, with Global Admin permissions. 不支持 Microsoft 帐户Microsoft Accounts aren't supported.

    重要

    桌面分析是 Azure 全球版中托管的一项 Windows 服务,它利用 Windows 诊断数据。Desktop Analytics is a Windows service hosted in Azure global that utilizes Windows diagnostic data. 尽管桌面分析是适用于美国政府客户的 Azure 全球服务,但它不符合美国政府社区合规性 (GCC) 属性。While Desktop Analytics is an Azure global service that's available to US government customers, it doesn't meet US Government Community Compliance (GCC) attributes. 有关 Microsoft 产品和服务的符合性服务/产品列表,请参阅 Microsoft 信任中心For a list of compliance offerings for Microsoft products and services, see the Microsoft Trust Center. 桌面分析不适用于 GCC High 或美国国防部 (DOD) 客户。Desktop Analytics isn't available for GCC High or US Department of Defense (DOD) customers. 不支持使用 Azure 政府订阅来托管桌面分析工作区。The use of Azure Government subscriptions to host Desktop Analytics workspaces isn't supported.

  • 包含更新汇总 (4500571) 的 Configuration Manager 版本 1902 或更高版本。Configuration Manager, version 1902 with update rollup (4500571) or later. 有关详细信息,请参阅更新 Configuration ManagerFor more information, see Update Configuration Manager.

    备注

    桌面分析支持多个 Configuration Manager 层次结构向一个 Azure AD 租户报告。Desktop Analytics supports multiple Configuration Manager hierarchies reporting to a single Azure AD tenant. 如果你的环境中有多个层次结构,则有以下选项:If you have multiple hierarchies in your environment, you have the following options:

    • 使用不同的商业 ID 和 Azure AD 租户。Use different Commercial IDs and Azure AD tenants.
    • 将这两个层次结构配置为使用相同的 商业 ID 来共享 Azure AD 租户和桌面分析实例。Configure both hierarchies to use the same Commercial ID to share the Azure AD tenant and Desktop Analytics instance. 使用不同的应用连接每个层次结构。Use different apps for connecting each hierarchy. 在断开层次结构的连接后,门户最长可能需要 30 天才能反映出更改。It may take up to 30 days after you disconnect a hiearchy for the portal to reflect changes.
  • 运行 Windows 7、Windows 8.1 或 Windows 10 的设备Devices running Windows 7, Windows 8.1, or Windows 10

    • 安装最新更新。Install the latest updates. 有关详细信息,请参阅更新设备For more information, see Update devices.

    • 设备还需要具有包含更新汇总 (4500571) 的 Configuration Manager 客户端版本 1902 或更高版本。Devices also need to have the Configuration Manager client, version 1902 with update rollup (4500571) or later. 有关详细信息,请参阅更新 Configuration ManagerFor more information, see Update Configuration Manager.

    备注

    桌面分析不支持以 Windows 10 长期服务频道 (LTSC) 为源或目标的升级。Desktop Analytics doesn't support upgrades to or from Windows 10 long-term servicing channel (LTSC). 有关详细信息,请参阅 Windows 即服务概述For more information, see Windows as a service overview.

    桌面分析专门用于最大程度地支持就地升级方案。Desktop Analytics is designed to best support the in-place upgrade scenario. 如果需要进行重大更改(例如,从 32 位更改为 64 位体系结构),请使用映像方案。If you need to make major changes, such as from 32-bit to 64-bit architecture, use an imaging scenario. 桌面分析见解对于这些经典 OS 部署方案仍然有用,但你可以忽略特定于就地升级的指南。Desktop Analytics insights are still valuable in these classic OS deployment scenarios, but you can ignore the in-place upgrade specific guidance. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Configuration Manager 部署企业操作系统的方案For more information, see Scenarios to deploy enterprise operating systems with Configuration Manager.

  • Windows 诊断数据。Windows diagnostics data. 有关详细信息,请参阅下列文章:For more information, see the following articles:

  • 从设备到 Microsoft 公有云的网络连接。Network connectivity from devices to the Microsoft public cloud. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何启用数据分享For more information, see How to enable data sharing

重要

Microsoft 坚定地承诺提供用于让你自己控制隐私的工具和资源。Microsoft has a strong commitment to providing the tools and resources that put you in control of your privacy. 因此,Microsoft 不会从位于欧洲国家/地区(EEA 和瑞士)的设备中收集以下数据:As a result, Microsoft doesn't collect the following data from devices located in European countries (EEA and Switzerland):

  • 来自 Windows 8.1 设备的 Windows 诊断数据Windows diagnostic data from Windows 8.1 devices
  • Windows 7 的应用使用情况数据App usage data for Windows 7

许可和成本Licensing and costs

  • 一个有效的全球 Azure 订阅。An active global Azure subscription.

    备注

    Configuration Manager 的大多数等效订阅还包括 Azure AD。Most of the equivalent subscriptions for Configuration Manager also include Azure AD. 有关示例,请参阅 Microsoft 365 计划企业移动性 + 安全性授权For example, see Microsoft 365 plans and Enterprise Mobility + Security licensing.

  • 注册到桌面分析的设备需要有效的 Configuration Manager 许可证。Devices enrolled in Desktop Analytics need a valid Configuration Manager license. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Configuration Manager 授权For more information, see Configuration Manager licensing.

  • 设备用户需要以下许可证之一:Users of the device need one of the following licenses:

    • Windows 10 企业版 E3 或 E5(包含在 Microsoft 365 F3、E3 或 E5 中)Windows 10 Enterprise E3 or E5 (included in Microsoft 365 F3, E3, or E5)

    • Windows 10 教育版 A3 或 A5(包含在 Microsoft 365 A3 或 A5 中)Windows 10 Education A3 or A5 (included in Microsoft 365 A3 or A5)

    • Windows 虚拟桌面访问 E3 或 E5Windows Virtual Desktop Access E3 or E5

备注

除了许可订阅的成本之外,在 Azure Log Analytics 内使用桌面分析无需额外费用。Beyond the cost of these license subscriptions, there's no additional cost for using Desktop Analytics within Azure Log Analytics. 桌面分析引入的数据类型无需任何 Log Analytics 数据引入和保留费用。The data types ingested by Desktop Analytics are free from any Log Analytics data ingestion and retention charges. 作为非计费数据类型,此数据也不受任何 Log Analytics 每日数据引入上限的限制。As non-billable data types, this data is also not subject to any Log Analytics daily data ingestion cap. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Log Analytics 使用情况和成本For more information, see Log Analytics usage and costs.

后续步骤Next steps

以下教程提供了有关桌面分析和 Configuration Manager 入门的分步指南:The following tutorial provides a step-by-step guide to getting started with Desktop Analytics and Configuration Manager: