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云监视指南:简介Cloud monitoring guide: Introduction

云从根本上改变了企业采购和使用技术资源的方式。The cloud fundamentally changes how enterprises procure and use technology resources. 在过去,企业必须全权拥有技术,并承担各种程度的责任,包括从基础结构到软件等各个方面。In the past, enterprises assumed ownership of and responsibility for all levels of technology, from infrastructure to software. 现在,企业可以通过云根据需要预配和使用资源。Now, the cloud offers the potential for enterprises to provision and consume resources as needed.

尽管云在设计选项方面提供几乎无限的灵活性,但企业需要寻求成熟且一致的方法来采用云技术。Although the cloud offers nearly unlimited flexibility in terms of design choices, enterprises seek proven and consistent methodology for the adoption of cloud technologies. 每个企业对于云的采用都有不同的目标和时间线,因此,以一应百的采用方法几乎是不可能的。Each enterprise has different goals and timelines for cloud adoption, making a one-size-fits-all approach to adoption nearly impossible.

云采用策略图

此数字化转型也让基础结构、工作负荷和应用程序有了实现现代化的机会。This digital transformation also enables an opportunity to modernize your infrastructure, workloads, and applications. 根据业务策略和目标,采用混合云模型可能是该迁移过程(从本地到完全在云中运行)的一部分。Depending on business strategy and objectives, adopting a hybrid cloud model is likely part of the migration journey from on-premises to operating fully in the cloud. 在此过程中,IT 团队面临着挑战,必须快速采用和实现来自云的价值,During this journey, IT teams are challenged to adopt and realize rapid value from the cloud. 另外还必须了解如何有效监视迁移到 Azure 的应用程序或服务,并继续提供有效的 IT 运营/DevOps。IT must also understand how to effectively monitor the application or service that's migrating to Azure, and continue to deliver effective IT operations and DevOps.

利益干系人希望使用基于云的软件即服务 (SaaS) 监视和管理工具。Stakeholders want to use cloud-based, software as a service (SaaS) monitoring and management tools. 他们需要了解服务和解决方案提供的各种功能,这些功能可以实现端到端可见性、降低成本,让用户减少对基础结构的关注,以及减少对基于传统软件的 IT 操作工具的维护。They need to understand what services and solutions deliver to achieve end-to-end visibility, reduce costs, and focus less on infrastructure and maintenance of traditional software-based IT operations tools.

但在通常情况下,IT 团队更愿意使用他们已对其进行了高额投资的工具。However, IT often prefers to use the tools they've already made a significant investment in. 这样就可以通过其服务运营流程来监视两种云模型,最终目标是过渡到基于 SaaS 的产品/服务。This approach supports their service operations processes to monitor both cloud models, with the eventual goal of transitioning to a SaaS-based offering. IT 青睐这种方法不仅仅是因为切换需要花费时间进行计划并需要资源和资金。IT prefers this approach not only because it takes time, planning, resources, and funding to switch. 另外也是因为不了解哪些产品或 Azure 服务适合过渡。It's also because of confusion about which products or Azure services are appropriate or applicable to achieve the transition.

本指南的目标是提供详细的参考,帮助企业 IT 经理、业务决策者、应用程序架构师和应用程序开发人员了解以下事项:The goal of this guide is to provide a detailed reference to help enterprise IT managers, business decision makers, application architects, and application developers understand:

  • Azure 监视平台及其功能概述和比较。Azure monitoring platforms, with an overview and comparison of their capabilities.
  • 最适合监视混合工作负荷、专用工作负荷和 Azure 原生工作负荷的解决方案。The best-fit solution for monitoring hybrid, private, and Azure native workloads.
  • 建议的端到端监视方法,适用于基础结构和应用程序。The recommended end-to-end monitoring approach for both infrastructure and applications. 此方法包括将这些常见工作负荷迁移到 Azure 的可部署的解决方案。This approach includes deployable solutions for migrating these common workloads to Azure.

本指南不是使用或配置各项 Azure 服务和解决方案时需参考的操作指南,但会在适用或可用情况下引用这些源。This guide isn't a how-to article for using or configuring individual Azure services and solutions, but it does reference those sources when they're applicable or available. 阅读本指南后,你将了解如何按照下述最佳做法和模式成功运行工作负荷。After you've read it, you'll understand how to successfully operate a workload by following best practices and patterns.

如果你不熟悉 Azure Monitor 和 System Center Operations Manager,但想要更好地了解使其独一无二的原因及其彼此之间的比较情况,那么请查看我们的监视平台概述If you're unfamiliar with Azure Monitor and System Center Operations Manager, and you want to get a better understanding of what makes them unique and how they compare to each other, review the overview of our monitoring platforms.

读者Audience

本指南主要适用于企业管理员、IT 运营人员、IT 安全与符合性人员、应用程序架构师、工作负荷开发所有者和工作负荷运营所有者。This guide is useful primarily for enterprise administrators, IT operations, IT security and compliance, application architects, workload development owners, and workload operations owners.

本指南的结构How this guide is structured

本文是一系列文章的其中一篇。This article is part of a series. 以下文章应一并按顺序阅读:The following articles are meant to be read together, in order:

产品和服务Products and services

一些软件和服务可用于帮助监视和管理 Azure 上、你的企业网络上或其他云提供商托管的各种资源。A few software and services are available to help you monitor and manage a variety of resources that are hosted in Azure, your corporate network, or other cloud providers. 它们分别是:They are:

本指南的第一个版本涵盖了当前的监视平台:Azure Monitor 和 System Center Operations Manager。This first version of the guide covers our current monitoring platforms: Azure Monitor and System Center Operations Manager. 它还概述了我们推荐用于监视每个云部署模型的策略。It also outlines our recommended strategy for monitoring each of the cloud deployment models. 此外,还包括第一组监视建议(从数据收集、可观测性和和警报开始)。Also included is the first set of monitoring recommendations, starting with data collection, observability, and alerting.

后续步骤Next steps