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全球市场决策会对转换旅程产生怎样的影响?How will global market decisions affect the transformation journey?

云可在全球范围中创造新的机会。The cloud opens new opportunities to perform on a global scale. 通过使公司能够在市场中部署资产,使全球运营的障碍大大降低,而不需要在新的数据中心投入大量投资。Barriers to global operations are significantly reduced, by empowering companies to deploy assets in market, without the need to invest heavily in new datacenters. 遗憾的是,这也增加了技术和法律角度的复杂程度。Unfortunately, this also adds a great deal of complexity from technical and legal perspectives.

数据主权Data sovereignty

许多地缘政治区域都确立了数据主权法规。Many geopolitical regions have established data sovereignty regulations. 这些法规限制了可存储数据的位置、可以保留所在国家/地区的数据,以及可以收集的有关该地区的公民的哪些数据。Those regulations restrict where data can be stored, what data can leave the country of origin, and what data can be collected about citizens of that region. 在外部地域中运行任何基于云的解决方案之前,你应该了解云提供商如何处理数据主权。Before operating any cloud-based solution in a foreign geography, you should understand how that cloud provider handles data sovereignty. 有关适用于每个地域的 Azure 方法的详细信息,请参阅 azure 地理位置。For more information about Azure's approach for each geography, see Azure geographies. 有关 Azure 中的符合性的详细信息,请参阅 microsoft 信任中心的 Microsoft 隐私For more information about compliance in Azure, see Privacy at Microsoft in the Microsoft Trust Center.

本文的其余部分假定法律顾问已审核并批准外国国内的操作。The remainder of this article assumes legal counsel has reviewed and approved operations in a foreign country.

业务部门Business units

务必了解外国国家/地区以及受影响的国家/地区的哪些业务单位。It is important to understand which business units operate in foreign countries, and which countries are affected. 此信息将用于设计解决方案,以便托管、计费和部署到云提供商。This information will be used to design solutions for hosting, billing, and deployments to the cloud provider.

员工使用模式Employee usage patterns

了解全局用户如何访问与用户不在同一国家/地区的应用程序,这一点很重要。It is important to understand how global users access applications that are not hosted in the same country as the user. (Wan 的全局广域网) 根据现有的网络协议路由用户。Global wide-area networks (WANs) route users based on existing networking agreements. 在传统的本地领域,某些约束限制了 WAN 设计。In a traditional on-premises world, some constraints limit WAN design. 如果在采用云采用之前未正确了解,这些约束可能会导致用户体验不佳。Those constraints can lead to poor user experiences if not properly understood before cloud adoption.

在云模型中,商品 internet 还会打开许多新选项。In a cloud model, commodity internet opens up many new options as well. 跨多个地理位置传达员工的传播有助于云采用团队设计 WAN 解决方案,这种解决方案可创建积极的用户体验 ,并 可能降低网络成本。Communicating the spread of employees across multiple geographies can help the cloud adoption team design WAN solutions that create positive user experiences and potential reduce networking costs.

外部用户使用模式External user usage patterns

了解外部用户(如客户或合作伙伴)的使用模式同样重要。It is equally important to understand the usage patterns of external users, like customers or partners. 与员工使用模式非常相似,外部用户使用模式可能会对云部署的性能产生负面影响。Much like employee usage patterns, external user usage patterns can negatively affect performance of cloud deployments. 当大型或任务关键型用户群位于外国国家/地区时,最好将全局部署策略包含在整体解决方案设计中。When a large or mission-critical user base resides in a foreign country, it could be wise to include a global deployment strategy into the overall solution design.

后续步骤Next steps

了解你的云采用旅程 strategizing 阶段所需的技能Learn about the skills needed during the strategizing phase of your cloud adoption journey.