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Hyper-V 评估的支持矩阵Support matrix for Hyper-V assessment

本文总结了在使用 Azure Migrate:服务器评估工具评估要迁移到 Azure 的 Hyper-V VM 时的先决条件和支持要求。This article summarizes prerequisites and support requirements when you assess Hyper-V VMs for migration to Azure, using the Azure Migrate:Server Assessment tool. 如果要将 Hyper-V VM 迁移到 Azure,请参阅迁移支持矩阵If you want to migrate Hyper-V VMs to Azure, review the migration support matrix.

若要设置 Hyper-V VM 评估,请创建 Azure Migrate 项目,然后将服务器评估工具添加到项目中。To set up Hyper-V VM assessment, you create an Azure Migrate project, and add the Server Assessment tool to the project. 添加评估工具后,部署 Azure Migrate 设备After the tool is added, you deploy the Azure Migrate appliance. 此设备持续发现本地虚拟机,并向 Azure 发送虚拟机元数据和性能数据。The appliance continuously discovers on-premises machines, and sends machine metadata and performance data to Azure. 完成发现后,你将发现的虚拟机收集到组中,然后对组运行评估。After discovery is complete, you gather discovered machines into groups, and run an assessment for a group.

限制Limitations

支持Support 详细信息Details
评估限制Assessment limits 在一个 Azure Migrate 项目中最多可以发现和评估 35,000 个 Hyper-V VM。You can discover and assess up to 35,000 Hyper-V VMs in a single Azure Migrate project.
项目限制Project limits 可以在一个 Azure 订阅中创建多个项目。You can create multiple projects in an Azure subscription. 除 Hyper-V VM 外,项目还可以包括 VMware VM 和物理服务器,只要不超过每个项目的评估限制即可。In addition to Hyper-V VMs, a project can include VMware VMs and physical servers, up to the assessment limits for each.
发现Discovery Azure Migrate 设备最多可发现 5000 个 Hyper-V VM。The Azure Migrate appliance can discover up to 5000 Hyper-V VMs.

该设备最多可连接到 300 个 Hyper-V 主机。The appliance can connect to up to 300 Hyper-V hosts.
评估Assessment 最多可以在一个组中添加 35,000 个虚拟机。You can add up to 35,000 machines in a single group.

对一个组的单次评估中最多可以评估 35,000 个 VM。You can assess up to 35,000 VMs in a single assessment for a group.

详细了解评估。Learn more about assessments.

Hyper-V 主机要求Hyper-V host requirements

支持Support 详细信息Details
Hyper-V 主机Hyper-V host Hyper-V 主机可以是独立的,也可以部署到群集中。The Hyper-V host can be standalone, or deployed in a cluster.

Hyper-V 主机可以运行 Windows Server 2019、Windows Server 2016 或 Windows Server 2012 R2。The Hyper-V host can run Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, or Windows Server 2012 R2. 还支持这些操作系统的服务器核心安装。Server core installation of these operating systems are also supported.
不能访问运行 Windows Server 2012 的 Hyper-V 主机上的 VM。You can't assess VMs located on Hyper-V hosts running Windows Server 2012.
权限Permissions 你需要 Hyper-V 主机上的管理员权限。You need Administrator permissions on the Hyper-V host.
如果你不想分配管理员权限,请创建本地或域用户帐户,并将用户帐户添加到这些组 - 远程管理用户、Hyper-V 管理员和性能监视器用户。If you don't want to assign Administrator permissions, create a local or domain user account, and add the user account to these groups- Remote Management Users, Hyper-V Administrators, and Performance Monitor Users.
PowerShell 远程处理PowerShell remoting 必须在每个 Hyper-V 主机上启用 PowerShell 远程处理PowerShell remoting must be enabled on each Hyper-V host.
Hyper-V 副本Hyper-V Replica 如果使用 Hyper-V 副本(或者拥有多个具有相同 VM 标识符的 VM),并且使用 Azure Migrate 发现原始 VM 和复制的 VM,则 Azure Migrate 生成的评估可能不准确。If you use Hyper-V Replica (or you have multiple VMs with the same VM identifiers), and you discover both the original and replicated VMs using Azure Migrate, the assessment generated by Azure Migrate might not be accurate.

VM 要求VM requirements

支持Support 详细信息Details
操作系统Operating system 可以对所有操作系统进行迁移评估。All operating systems can be assessed for migration.
Integration ServicesIntegration Services Hyper-V Integration Services 必须在你评估的 VM 上运行,才能捕获操作系统信息。Hyper-V Integration Services must be running on VMs that you assess, in order to capture operating system information.
存储Storage 本地磁盘、DAS、JBOD、存储空间、CSV、SMB。Local Disk, DAS, JBOD, Storage Spaces, CSV, SMB. 支持存储 VHD/VHDX 的 Hyper-V 主机存储。These Hyper-V Host storage on which VHD/VHDX are stored are supported.
支持 IDE 和 SCSI 虚拟控制器IDE and SCSI virtual controllers are supported

Azure Migrate 设备要求Azure Migrate appliance requirements

Azure Migrate 使用 Azure Migrate 设备进行发现和评估。Azure Migrate uses the Azure Migrate appliance for discovery and assessment. 你可以使用从门户下载的压缩 Hyper-V VHD 或使用 PowerShell 脚本来部署该设备。You can deploy the appliance using a compressed Hyper-V VHD that you download from the portal, or using a PowerShell script.

端口访问Port access

下表汇总了评估的端口要求。The following table summarizes port requirements for assessment.

设备Device ConnectionConnection
设备Appliance TCP 端口 3389 上的入站连接,可便于通过远程桌面连接来连接到设备。Inbound connections on TCP port 3389 to allow remote desktop connections to the appliance.

端口 44368 上的入站连接,用于使用 URL https://<appliance-ip-or-name>:44368 远程访问设备管理应用Inbound connections on port 44368 to remotely access the appliance management app using the URL: https://<appliance-ip-or-name>:44368

端口 443 (HTTPS) 上的出站连接,用于将发现和性能元数据发送到 Azure Migrate。Outbound connections on ports 443 (HTTPS), to send discovery and performance metadata to Azure Migrate.
Hyper-V 主机/群集Hyper-V host/cluster WinRM 端口 5985 (HTTP) 或 5986 (HTTPS) 上的入站连接,用于使用通用信息模型 (CIM) 会话请求 Hyper-V VM 的元数据和性能数据。Inbound connection on WinRM port 5985 (HTTP) or 5986 (HTTPS) to pull metadata and performance data for Hyper-V VMs using a Common Information Model (CIM) session.

基于代理的依赖关系分析要求Agent-based dependency analysis requirements

依赖关系分析有助于确定要评估并迁移到 Azure 的本地虚拟机之间的依赖关系。Dependency analysis helps you to identify dependencies between on-premises machines that you want to assess and migrate to Azure. 下表总结了设置基于代理的依赖关系分析所需满足的要求。The table summarizes the requirements for setting up agent-based dependency analysis. Hyper-V 目前仅支持基于代理的依赖项可视化。Hyper-V currently only supports agent-based dependency visualization.

要求Requirement 详细信息Details
部署前Before deployment 应有 Azure Migrate 项目,并已将服务器评估工具添加到项目中。You should have an Azure Migrate project in place, with the Server Assessment tool added to the project.

在设置 Azure Migrate 设备来发现本地虚拟机后,就可以部署依赖关系可视化了You deploy dependency visualization after setting up an Azure Migrate appliance to discover your on-premises machines

了解如何首次创建项目。Learn how to create a project for the first time.
了解如何向现有项目添加评估工具。Learn how to add an assessment tool to an existing project.
了解如何设置 Azure Migrate 设备来评估 Hyper-V VMLearn how to set up the Azure Migrate appliance for assessment of Hyper-V VMs.
Azure GovernmentAzure Government 依赖关系可视化在 Azure 政府中不可用。Dependency visualization isn't available in Azure Government.
Log AnalyticsLog Analytics Azure Migrate 在 Azure Monitor 日志中使用服务映射解决方案来进行依赖关系可视化。Azure Migrate uses the Service Map solution in Azure Monitor logs for dependency visualization.

你将新的或现有的 Log Analytics 工作区与 Azure Migrate 项目相关联。You associate a new or existing Log Analytics workspace with an Azure Migrate project. Azure Migrate 项目的工作区在添加后就无法修改了。The workspace for an Azure Migrate project can't be modified after it's added.

工作区必须与 Azure Migrate 项目位于同一订阅中。The workspace must be in the same subscription as the Azure Migrate project.

工作区必须位于美国东部、东南亚或欧洲西部区域。The workspace must reside in the East US, Southeast Asia, or West Europe regions. 其他区域中的工作区无法与项目相关联。Workspaces in other regions can't be associated with a project.

工作区必须位于支持服务映射的区域中。The workspace must be in a region in which Service Map is supported.

在 Log Analytics 中,与 Azure Migrate 关联的工作区标记有迁移项目密钥和项目名称。In Log Analytics, the workspace associated with Azure Migrate is tagged with the Migration Project key, and the project name.
必需代理Required agents 在要分析的每个虚拟机上,安装以下代理:On each machine you want to analyze, install the following agents:

Microsoft Monitoring Agent (MMA)The Microsoft Monitoring agent (MMA).
Dependency AgentThe Dependency agent.

如果本地虚拟机没有连接到 Internet,你需要在虚拟机上下载并安装 Log Analytics 网关。If on-premises machines aren't connected to the internet, you need to download and install Log Analytics gateway on them.

详细了解如何安装 Dependency AgentMMALearn more about installing the Dependency agent and MMA.
Log Analytics 工作区Log Analytics workspace 工作区必须与 Azure Migrate 项目位于同一订阅中。The workspace must be in the same subscription as the Azure Migrate project.

Azure Migrate 支持位于美国东部、东南亚和欧洲西部区域的工作区。Azure Migrate supports workspaces residing in the East US, Southeast Asia, and West Europe regions.

工作区必须位于支持服务映射的区域中。The workspace must be in a region in which Service Map is supported.

Azure Migrate 项目的工作区在添加后就无法修改了。The workspace for an Azure Migrate project can't be modified after it's added.
成本Costs 服务映射解决方案在前 180 天内(自你将 Log Analytics 工作区与 Azure Migrate 项目关联之日起)不收取任何费用。The Service Map solution doesn't incur any charges for the first 180 days (from the day that you associate the Log Analytics workspace with the Azure Migrate project)/

在 180 天之后,将收取标准 Log Analytics 费用。After 180 days, standard Log Analytics charges will apply.

在关联的 Log Analytics 工作区中使用除服务映射以外的其他任何解决方案都会产生 Log Analytics 标准费用Using any solution other than Service Map in the associated Log Analytics workspace will incur standard charges for Log Analytics.

删除 Azure Migrate 项目时,工作区不会随之一起删除。When the Azure Migrate project is deleted, the workspace is not deleted along with it. 删除项目后,服务映射的使用不是免费的,每个节点将按照 Log Analytics 工作区的付费层收费。After deleting the project, Service Map usage isn't free, and each node will be charged as per the paid tier of Log Analytics workspace/

如果你有在 Azure Migrate 正式发布(2018 年 2 月 28 日正式发布)之前创建的项目,可能需要支付额外的服务映射费用。If you have projects that you created before Azure Migrate general availability (GA- 28 February 2018), you might have incurred additional Service Map charges. 为了确保只在 180 天后付款,建议新建项目,因为在 Azure Migrate 正式发布之前的现有工作区仍需要收费。To ensure payment after 180 days only, we recommend that you create a new project, since existing workspaces before GA are still chargeable.
管理Management 将代理注册到工作区时,你使用 Azure Migrate 项目提供的 ID 和密钥。When you register agents to the workspace, you use the ID and key provided by the Azure Migrate project.

你可以使用 Azure Migrate 外部的 Log Analytics 工作区。You can use the Log Analytics workspace outside Azure Migrate.

如果你删除关联的 Azure Migrate 项目,工作区不会自动删除。If you delete the associated Azure Migrate project, the workspace isn't deleted automatically. 请手动删除它Delete it manually.

除非删除 Azure Migrate 项目,否则请不要删除由 Azure Migrate 创建的工作区。Don't delete the workspace created by Azure Migrate, unless you delete the Azure Migrate project. 否则,依赖项可视化功能将不会按预期工作。If you do, the dependency visualization functionality will not work as expected.
Internet 连接Internet connectivity 如果虚拟机没有连接到 Internet,你需要在虚拟机上下载并安装 Log Analytics 网关。If machines aren't connected to the internet, you need to install the Log Analytics gateway on them.
Azure GovernmentAzure Government 不支持基于代理的依赖关系分析。Agent-based dependency analysis isn't supported.

后续步骤Next steps

准备 Hyper-V 评估Prepare for Hyper-V VM assessment