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部署配置服务器Deploy a configuration server

使用 Azure Site Recovery 进行 VMware VM 和物理服务器到 Azure 的灾难恢复时,需要部署本地配置服务器。You deploy an on-premises configuration server when you use Azure Site Recovery for disaster recovery of VMware VMs and physical servers to Azure. 配置服务器协调本地 VMware 与 Azure 之间的通信。The configuration server coordinates communications between on-premises VMware and Azure. 它还管理数据复制。It also manages data replication. 将 VMware VM 复制到 Azure 时,本文可引导你完成部署配置服务器所需的步骤。This article walks you through the steps needed to deploy the configuration server when you're replicating VMware VMs to Azure. 如果需要为物理服务器复制设置配置服务器,请参阅设置配置服务器以便将物理服务器灾难恢复到 AzureIf you need to set up a configuration server for physical server replication, see Set up the configuration server for disaster recovery of physical servers to Azure.

提示

若要了解配置服务器在 Azure Site Recovery 体系结构中的作用,请参阅VMware 到 Azure 灾难恢复体系结构To learn about the role of a configuration server as part of Azure Site Recovery architecture, see VMware to Azure disaster recovery architecture.

通过 .OVA 模板部署配置服务器Deploy a configuration server through an OVA template

配置服务器必须设置为高度可用的 VMware VM,并且具有特定的最低硬件和大小要求。The configuration server must be set up as a highly available VMware VM with certain minimum hardware and sizing requirements. 为方便便捷地进行部署,Site Recovery 提供了一个可下载的开放虚拟化应用程序(.OVA)模板,用于设置符合此处列出的所有托管要求的配置服务器。For convenient and easy deployment, Site Recovery provides a downloadable Open Virtualization Application (OVA) template to set up the configuration server that complies with all the mandated requirements listed here.

先决条件Prerequisites

以下各节汇总了配置服务器的最低硬件要求。Minimum hardware requirements for a configuration server are summarized in the following sections.

配置和进程服务器要求Configuration and process server requirements

硬件要求Hardware requirements

组件Component 要求Requirement
CPU 核心数CPU cores 88
RAMRAM 16 GB16 GB
磁盘数目Number of disks 3,包括操作系统磁盘、进程服务器缓存磁盘和用于故障回复保留驱动器3, including the OS disk, process server cache disk, and retention drive for failback
可用磁盘空间(进程服务器缓存)Free disk space (process server cache) 600 GB600 GB
可用磁盘空间(保留磁盘)Free disk space (retention disk) 600 GB600 GB

软件要求Software requirements

组件Component 要求Requirement
操作系统Operating system Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016
操作系统区域设置Operating system locale 美国英语English (en-us)
Windows Server 角色Windows Server roles 请勿启用以下角色:Don't enable these roles:
- Active Directory 域服务- Active Directory Domain Services
- Internet Information Services- Internet Information Services
- Hyper-V- Hyper-V
组策略Group policies 请勿启用以下组策略:Don't enable these group policies:
- 阻止访问命令提示符。- Prevent access to the command prompt.
- 阻止访问注册表编辑工具。- Prevent access to registry editing tools.
- 信任文件附件的逻辑。- Trust logic for file attachments.
- 打开脚本执行。- Turn on Script Execution.
了解详细信息Learn more
IISIIS -无预先存在的默认网站。- No preexisting default website.
-无预先存在的网站或应用程序在端口443上进行侦听。- No preexisting website or application listening on port 443.
-启用匿名身份验证- Enable anonymous authentication.
-启用FastCGI设置。- Enable the FastCGI setting.

网络要求Network requirements

组件Component 要求Requirement
IP 地址类型IP address type 静态Static
端口Ports 443(控制通道协调)443 (Control channel orchestration)
9443(数据传输)9443 (Data transport)
NIC 类型NIC type VMXNET3 (如果配置服务器是 VMware VM)VMXNET3 (if the configuration server is a VMware VM)
Internet 访问(服务器需要直接或通过代理访问以下 url):Internet access (the server needs access to the following URLs, directly or via proxy):
*.backup.windowsazure.com*.backup.windowsazure.com 用于复制的数据传输和协调Used for replicated data transfer and coordination
*.store.core.windows.net*.store.core.windows.net 用于复制的数据传输和协调Used for replicated data transfer and coordination
*.blob.core.windows.net*.blob.core.windows.net 用于访问存储所复制数据的存储帐户Used to access storage account that stores replicated data
*.hypervrecoverymanager.windowsazure.com*.hypervrecoverymanager.windowsazure.com 用于复制管理操作和协调Used for replication management operations and coordination
https://management.azure.comhttps://management.azure.com 用于复制管理操作和协调Used for replication management operations and coordination
*.services.visualstudio.com*.services.visualstudio.com 用于遥测目的(可选)Used for telemetry purposes (optional)
time.nist.govtime.nist.gov 用于检查系统时间与全球时间之间的时间同步Used to check time synchronization between system and global time
time.windows.comtime.windows.com 用于检查系统时间与全球时间之间的时间同步Used to check time synchronization between system and global time
  • https://login.microsoftonline.comhttps://login.microsoftonline.com
  • https://secure.aadcdn.microsoftonline-p.comhttps://secure.aadcdn.microsoftonline-p.com
  • https://login.live.comhttps://login.live.com
  • https://graph.windows.nethttps://graph.windows.net
  • https://login.windows.nethttps://login.windows.net
  • https://www.live.comhttps://www.live.com
  • https://www.microsoft.comhttps://www.microsoft.com
OVF 安装程序需要对这些 Url 的访问权限。OVF setup needs access to these URLs. 它们用于 Azure Active Directory 的访问控制和标识管理。They're used for access control and identity management by Azure Active Directory.
https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQLInstaller/mysql-installer-community-5.7.20.0.msihttps://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQLInstaller/mysql-installer-community-5.7.20.0.msi 完成 MySQL 下载。To complete MySQL download.
在少数几个区域中,下载可能会被重定向到 CDN URL。In a few regions, the download might be redirected to the CDN URL. 如果需要,请确保 CDN URL 还列入允许列表。Ensure that the CDN URL is also whitelisted, if necessary.

所需软件Required software

组件Component 要求Requirement
VMware vSphere PowerCLIVMware vSphere PowerCLI 如果配置服务器在 VMware VM 上运行,则应安装PowerCLI 版本 6.0PowerCLI version 6.0 should be installed if the configuration server is running on a VMware VM.
MySQLMySQL 应安装 MySQL。MySQL should be installed. 可以手动安装,也可以 Azure Site Recovery 安装。You can install manually, or Azure Site Recovery can install it. (有关详细信息,请参阅配置设置。)(For more information, see configure settings.)

大小和容量要求Sizing and capacity requirements

下表汇总了配置服务器的容器要求。The following table summarizes capacity requirements for the configuration server. 如果要复制多个 VMware Vm,请查看容量规划注意事项,并运行Azure Site Recovery 部署规划器工具If you're replicating multiple VMware VMs, review the capacity planning considerations and run the Azure Site Recovery Deployment Planner tool.

CPUCPU 内存Memory 缓存磁盘Cache disk 数据更改率Data change rate 复制的计算机Replicated machines
8 个 vCPU8 vCPUs

2 个插槽 * 4 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz2 sockets * 4 cores @ 2.5 GHz
16 GB16 GB 300 GB300 GB 500 GB 或更少500 GB or less < 100 台计算机<100 machines
12 个 vCPU12 vCPUs

2 个插槽 * 6 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz2 socks * 6 cores @ 2.5 GHz
18 GB18 GB 600 GB600 GB 500 GB 到 1 TB500 GB to 1 TB 100 到 150 台计算机100 to 150 machines
16 个 vCPU16 vCPUs

2 个插槽 * 8 个核心 @ 2.5 GHz2 socks * 8 cores @ 2.5 GHz
32 GB32 GB 1 TB1 TB 1到 2 TB1 to 2 TB 150到200台计算机150 to 200 machines

Azure Active Directory 权限要求Azure Active Directory permission requirements

您必须具有在 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)中具有以下权限集之一的用户,才能向 Azure Site Recovery 服务注册配置服务器。You must have a user with one of the following permissions set in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) to register the configuration server with Azure Site Recovery services.

  1. 用户必须具有应用程序开发人员角色才能创建应用程序。The user must have an application developer role to create an application.

    • 若要验证,请登录到 Azure 门户。To verify, sign in to the Azure portal.
    • 请参阅Azure Active Directory > 角色和管理员Go to Azure Active Directory > Roles and administrators.
    • 验证是否已向用户分配了应用程序开发人员角色。Verify that the application developer role is assigned to the user. 否则,请使用具有此权限的用户,或与管理员联系以启用该权限If not, use a user with this permission or contact an administrator to enable the permission.
  2. 如果无法分配应用程序开发人员角色,请确保将 "用户可以注册应用程序" 标志设置为 " true ",以便用户创建标识。If the application developer role can't be assigned, ensure that the Users can register applications flag is set as true for the user to create an identity. 若要启用这些权限:To enable these permissions:

    • 登录到 Azure 门户。Sign in to the Azure portal.

    • 请参阅Azure Active Directory > 用户设置Go to Azure Active Directory > User settings.

    • 在 "应用注册" 下,"用户可以注册应用程序",选择 "是"Under App registrations, Users can register applications, select Yes.

      Azure AD_application_permission

备注

不支持Active Directory 联合身份验证服务。Active Directory Federation Services isn't supported. 使用通过Azure Active Directory管理的帐户。Use an account managed through Azure Active Directory.

下载模板Download the template

  1. 在保管库中,转到“准备基础结构” “源” > 。In the vault, go to Prepare Infrastructure > Source.

  2. 在“准备源”中,选择“+配置服务器”。In Prepare source, select +Configuration server.

  3. 在“添加服务器”中,检查“VMware 的配置服务器”是否已显示在“服务器类型”中。In Add Server, check that Configuration server for VMware appears in Server type.

  4. 下载配置服务器的 .OVA 模板。Download the OVA template for the configuration server.

    提示

    你还可以直接从Microsoft 下载中心下载最新版本的配置服务器模板。You can also download the latest version of the configuration server template directly from the Microsoft Download Center.

备注

.OVA 模板提供的许可证是有效期为180天的评估许可证。The license provided with an OVA template is an evaluation license that's valid for 180 days. 在此期限过后,必须购买许可证。After this period, you must procure a license.

在 VMware 中导入模板Import the template in VMware

  1. 使用 VMWare vSphere 客户端登录到 VMware vCenter 服务器或 vSphere ESXi 主机。Sign in to the VMware vCenter server or vSphere ESXi host by using the VMWare vSphere Client.

  2. 在 "文件" 菜单上,选择 "部署 OVF 模板" 以启动 "部署 OVF 模板" 向导。On the File menu, select Deploy OVF Template to start the Deploy OVF Template wizard.

    部署 OVF 模板

  3. 在“选择源”中,输入下载的 OVF 所在的位置。On Select source, enter the location of the downloaded OVF.

  4. 在“查看详细信息”中,选择“下一步”。On Review details, select Next.

  5. 在“选择名称和文件夹”和“选择配置”中,接受默认设置。On Select name and folder and Select configuration, accept the default settings.

  6. 在“选择存储”中,为获得最佳性能,请在“选择虚拟磁盘格式”中选择“Thick Provision Eager Zeroed”。On Select storage, for best performance select Thick Provision Eager Zeroed in Select virtual disk format. 使用精简设置选项可能会影响配置服务器的性能。Use of the thin provisioning option might affect the performance of the configuration server.

  7. 在余下的向导页中,接受默认设置。On the rest of the wizard pages, accept the default settings.

  8. 在“准备完成”中:On Ready to complete:

    • 若要使用默认设置来设置 VM,请选择“部署后打开” “完成” > 。To set up the VM with the default settings, select Power on after deployment > Finish.
    • 若要添加其他网络接口,请清除“部署后打开”,并选择“完成”。To add an additional network interface, clear Power on after deployment, and then select Finish. 默认情况下,配置服务器模板是使用单个 NIC 部署的。By default, the configuration server template is deployed with a single NIC. 可以在部署后添加其他 NIC。You can add additional NICs after deployment.

重要

请不要在部署后更改资源配置(如内存、内核和 CPU 限制),也不要更改或删除配置服务器上已安装的服务或文件。Don't change resource configurations, such as memory, cores, and CPU restriction, or modify or delete installed services or files on the configuration server after deployment. 这些类型的更改会影响将配置服务器注册到 Azure 服务和配置服务器的性能。These types of changes affect the registration of the configuration server with Azure services and the performance of the configuration server.

添加其他适配器Add an additional adapter

备注

如果计划在故障转移时保留源计算机的 IP 地址,并想要稍后故障回复到本地,则需要两个 Nic。Two NICs are required if you plan to retain the IP addresses of the source machines on failover and want to fail back to on-premises later. 一个 NIC 连接到源计算机,另一个 NIC 用于 Azure 连接。One NIC is connected to source machines, and the other NIC is used for Azure connectivity.

若要将其他 NIC 添加到配置服务器,请在将服务器注册到保管库中之前添加它。If you want to add an additional NIC to the configuration server, add it before you register the server in the vault. 注册后不支持添加其他适配器。Adding additional adapters isn't supported after registration.

  1. 在 vSphere 客户端库存中,右键单击 VM 并选择“编辑设置”。In the vSphere Client inventory, right-click the VM and select Edit Settings.
  2. 在“硬件”中,选择“添加” “以太网适配器” > 。In Hardware, select Add > Ethernet Adapter. 然后,选择“下一步”。Then select Next.
  3. 选择适配器类型和网络。Select an adapter type and a network.
  4. 若要在打开 VM 时连接虚拟 NIC,请选择“上电时连接”。To connect the virtual NIC when the VM is turned on, select Connect at power-on. 然后,选择“下一步” “完成” “确定”。 > > Then select Next > Finish > OK.

将配置服务器注册到 Azure Site Recovery 服务Register the configuration server with Azure Site Recovery services

  1. 通过 VMWare vSphere 客户端控制台打开 VM。From the VMWare vSphere Client console, turn on the VM.
  2. VM 将启动并进入 Windows Server 2016 安装体验。The VM boots up into a Windows Server 2016 installation experience. 接受许可协议,然后输入管理员密码。Accept the license agreement, and enter an administrator password.
  3. 安装完成后,以管理员身份登录到 VM。After the installation finishes, sign in to the VM as the administrator.
  4. 首次登录时,会在几秒钟内启动 Azure Site Recovery 配置工具。The first time you sign in, within a few seconds the Azure Site Recovery Configuration tool starts.
  5. 输入用于向 Site Recovery 注册配置服务器的名称。Enter a name that's used to register the configuration server with Site Recovery. 然后,选择“下一步”。Then select Next.
  6. 该工具会检查 VM 是否能够连接到 Azure。The tool checks that the VM can connect to Azure. 建立连接后,选择“登录”以登录到 Azure 订阅。After the connection is established, select Sign in to sign in to your Azure subscription.
    a.a. 使用的凭据必须有权访问配置服务器所要注册到的保管库。The credentials must have access to the vault in which you want to register the configuration server.
    b.b. 确保所选用户帐户有权在 Azure 中创建应用程序。Ensure that the chosen user account has permission to create an application in Azure. 若要启用所需的权限,请遵循Azure Active Directory 权限要求一节中的指导原则。To enable the required permissions, follow the guidelines in the section Azure Active Directory permission requirements.
  7. 该工具将执行一些配置任务,然后重新启动。The tool performs some configuration tasks, and then reboots.
  8. 再次登录到计算机。Sign in to the machine again. 配置服务器管理向导会在几秒钟后自动启动。The configuration server management wizard starts automatically in a few seconds.

配置设置Configure settings

  1. 在配置服务器管理向导中,选择“设置连接”。In the configuration server management wizard, select Setup connectivity. 在下拉框中,首先选择生成的进程服务器用于在源计算机上发现和推送移动服务的安装的 NIC。From the drop-down boxes, first select the NIC that the in-built process server uses for discovery and push installation of mobility service on source machines. 然后选择配置服务器用于与 Azure 的连接的 NIC。Then select the NIC that the configuration server uses for connectivity with Azure. 选择“保存”。Select Save. 配置后无法更改此设置。You can't change this setting after it's configured. 不要更改配置服务器的 IP 地址。Don't change the IP address of a configuration server. 确保分配给配置服务器的 IP 是静态 IP 而不是 DHCP IP。Ensure that the IP assigned to the configuration server is a static IP and not a DHCP IP.

  2. 在 "选择恢复服务保管库" 上,使用向Azure Site Recovery 服务注册配置服务器的步骤6中使用的凭据登录到 Microsoft Azure。On Select Recovery Services vault, sign in to Microsoft Azure with the credentials used in step 6 of Register the configuration server with Azure Site Recovery services.

  3. 登录后,选择你的 Azure 订阅以及相关的资源组和保管库。After sign-in, select your Azure subscription and the relevant resource group and vault.

    备注

    注册后,不能灵活地更改恢复服务保管库。After registration, there's no flexibility to change the recovery services vault. 更改恢复服务保管库需要解除配置服务器与当前保管库的配置,并停止配置服务器下所有受保护的虚拟机的复制。Changing a recovery services vault requires disassociation of the configuration server from the current vault, and the replication of all protected virtual machines under the configuration server is stopped. 若要了解详细信息,请参阅为 VMWARE VM 灾难恢复管理配置服务器To learn more, see Manage the configuration server for VMware VM disaster recovery.

  4. 安装第三方软件时:On Install third-party software:

    方案Scenario 执行的步骤Steps to follow
    能否手动下载和安装 MySQL?Can I download and install MySQL manually? 是的。Yes. 下载 MySQL 应用程序,将其放在C:\Temp\ASRSetup文件夹中,然后手动安装。Download the MySQL application, place it in the folder C:\Temp\ASRSetup, and then install manually. 接受条款并选择 "下载并安装" 后,门户会显示 "已安装"。After you accept the terms and select Download and install, the portal says Already installed. 可以继续下一步。You can proceed to the next step.
    可以避免联机下载 MySQL 吗?Can I avoid download of MySQL online? 是的。Yes. 将 MySQL 安装程序应用程序置于 C:\Temp\ASRSetup 文件夹中。Place your MySQL installer application in the folder C:\Temp\ASRSetup. 接受条款,选择 "下载并安装",门户将使用所添加的安装程序安装应用程序。Accept the terms, select Download and install, and the portal uses the installer you added to install the application. 安装完成后,请继续执行下一步。After installation finishes, proceed to the next step.
    我想通过 Azure Site Recovery 下载并安装 MySQL。I want to download and install MySQL through Azure Site Recovery. 接受许可协议,然后选择 "下载并安装"。Accept the license agreement, and select Download and install. 安装完成后,请继续执行下一步。After installation finishes, proceed to the next step.
  5. 在 "验证设备配置" 中,系统会先验证先决条件,然后再继续。On Validate appliance configuration, prerequisites are verified before you continue.

  6. 在 "配置 vCenter Server/VSphere ESXi 服务器" 中,输入要复制的 vm 所在的 vCenter Server 或 vSphere 主机的 FQDN 或 IP 地址。On Configure vCenter Server/vSphere ESXi server, enter the FQDN or IP address of the vCenter server, or vSphere host, where the VMs you want to replicate are located. 输入服务器侦听的端口。Enter the port on which the server is listening. 为保管库中的 VMware 服务器输入一个可用的友好名称。Enter a friendly name to be used for the VMware server in the vault.

  7. 输入配置服务器用来连接到 VMware 服务器的凭据。Enter credentials to be used by the configuration server to connect to the VMware server. Site Recovery 将使用这些凭据自动发现可复制的 VMware VM。Site Recovery uses these credentials to automatically discover VMware VMs that are available for replication. 选择“添加” “继续” > 。Select Add > Continue. 此处输入的凭据会在本地保存。The credentials entered here are locally saved.

  8. 在 "配置虚拟机凭据" 中,输入虚拟机的用户名和密码,以便在复制过程中自动安装移动服务。On Configure virtual machine credentials, enter the user name and password of virtual machines to automatically install mobility service during replication. 对于 Windows 计算机,该帐户在要复制的计算机上需有本地管理员特权。For Windows machines, the account needs local administrator privileges on the machines you want to replicate. 对于 Linux,请提供根帐户的详细信息。For Linux, provide details for the root account.

  9. 选择“完成配置”以完成注册。Select Finalize configuration to complete registration.

  10. 注册完成后,打开 "Azure 门户",验证配置服务器和 VMware 服务器是否已在恢复服务保管库上列出 > 管理 > Site Recovery 基础结构 > 配置服务器After registration finishes, open the Azure portal and verify that the configuration server and VMware server are listed on Recovery Services Vault > Manage > Site Recovery Infrastructure > Configuration Servers.

升级配置服务器Upgrade the configuration server

若要将配置服务器升级到最新版本,请参阅为VMWARE VM 灾难恢复管理配置服务器To upgrade the configuration server to the latest version, see Manage the configuration server for VMware VM disaster recovery. 有关如何升级所有 Site Recovery 组件的说明,请参阅Site Recovery 中的服务更新For instructions on how to upgrade all Site Recovery components, see Service updates in Site Recovery.

管理配置服务器Manage the configuration server

若要避免正在进行的复制中断,请确保在将配置服务器注册到保管库后配置服务器的 IP 地址不会更改。To avoid interruptions in ongoing replication, ensure that the IP address of the configuration server doesn't change after the configuration server is registered to a vault. 若要了解有关常见配置服务器管理任务的详细信息,请参阅为 VMWARE VM 灾难恢复管理配置服务器To learn more about common configuration server management tasks, see Manage the configuration server for VMware VM disaster recovery.

常见问题FAQs

  • 通过 OVF 部署的配置服务器上提供的许可证有多长?How long is the license provided on a configuration server deployed through OVF valid? 如果未重新激活许可证,会发生什么情况?What happens if I don't reactivate the license?

    .OVA 模板提供的许可证是有效期为180天的评估版许可证。The license provided with an OVA template is an evaluation license valid for 180 days. 在过期之前,需要激活许可证。Before expiration, you need to activate the license. 否则,可能会导致频繁关闭配置服务器并导致障碍复制活动。Otherwise, it can result in frequent shutdown of the configuration server and cause a hindrance to replication activities. 有关详细信息,请参阅为VMWARE VM 灾难恢复管理配置服务器For more information, see Manage the configuration server for VMware VM disaster recovery.

  • 是否可以使用安装了配置服务器以用于不同用途的 VM?Can I use the VM where the configuration server is installed for different purposes?

    不能。No. 将 VM 用于配置服务器的唯一目的。Use the VM for the sole purpose of the configuration server. 确保遵循先决条件中提到的所有规范,以便高效管理灾难恢复。Ensure that you follow all the specifications mentioned in Prerequisites for efficient management of disaster recovery.

  • 可以将已在配置服务器中注册的保管库切换为新创建的保管库吗?Can I switch the vault already registered in the configuration server with a newly created vault?

    不能。No. 在将保管库注册到配置服务器后,不能对其进行更改。After a vault is registered with the configuration server, it can't be changed.

  • 能否使用同一配置服务器来保护物理计算机和虚拟机?Can I use the same configuration server to protect both physical and virtual machines?

    是的。Yes. 同一配置服务器可用于复制物理机和虚拟机。The same configuration server can be used for replicating physical and virtual machines. 但是,物理计算机只能故障回复到 VMware VM。However, the physical machine can be failed back only to a VMware VM.

  • 配置服务器的用途是什么?What's the purpose of a configuration server and where is it used?

    若要了解有关配置服务器及其功能的详细信息,请参阅VMware 到 Azure 复制体系结构To learn more about the configuration server and its functionalities, see VMware to Azure replication architecture.

  • 在哪里可以找到最新版本的配置服务器?Where can I find the latest version of the configuration server?

    有关通过门户升级配置服务器的步骤,请参阅升级配置服务器For steps to upgrade the configuration server through the portal, see Upgrade the configuration server. 有关如何升级所有 Site Recovery 组件的说明,请参阅Site Recovery 中的服务更新For instructions on how to upgrade all Site Recovery components, see Service updates in Site Recovery.

  • 在哪里可以下载配置服务器的密码?Where can I download the passphrase for configuration server?

    若要下载通行短语,请参阅管理用于 VMWARE VM 灾难恢复的配置服务器To download the passphrase, see Manage the configuration server for VMware VM disaster recovery.

  • 是否可以更改通行短语?Can I change the passphrase?

    不能。No. 请勿更改配置服务器的密码。Don't change the passphrase of the configuration server. 密码更改会断开受保护计算机的复制,并导致严重的运行状况状态。A change in the passphrase breaks replication of protected machines and leads to a critical health state.

  • 在哪里可以下载保管库注册密钥?Where can I download vault registration keys?

    恢复服务保管库中,选择 "管理 > Site Recovery 基础结构 > 配置服务器"。In Recovery Services Vault, select Manage > Site Recovery Infrastructure > Configuration Servers. 在“服务器”中,选择“下载注册密钥”以下载保管库凭据文件。In Servers, select Download registration key to download the vault credentials file.

  • 是否可以克隆现有配置服务器,并将其用于复制业务流程?Can I clone an existing configuration server and use it for replication orchestration?

    不能。No. 不支持使用克隆的配置服务器组件。Use of a cloned configuration server component isn't supported. 横向扩展进程服务器的克隆也是不受支持的方案。Cloning of a scale-out process server is also an unsupported scenario. 克隆 Site Recovery 组件会影响正在进行的复制。Cloning Site Recovery components affects ongoing replications.

  • 能否更改配置服务器的 IP?Can I change the IP of a configuration server?

    不能。No. 不要更改配置服务器的 IP 地址。Don't change the IP address of a configuration server. 确保分配给配置服务器的所有 Ip 均为静态 Ip 而不是 DHCP Ip。Ensure that all IPs assigned to the configuration server are static IPs and not DHCP IPs.

  • 能否在 Azure 上设置配置服务器?Can I set up a configuration server on Azure?

    在本地环境中设置配置服务器,使其能够与 v 中心直接连线,并最大程度地减少数据传输延迟。Set up a configuration server in an on-premises environment with a direct line-of-sight with v-Center and to minimize data transfer latencies. 可出于故障回复目的对配置服务器进行计划备份。You can take scheduled backups of configuration server for failback purposes.

有关配置服务器的详细信息,请参阅配置服务器常见问题解答。For more FAQs on configuration servers, see Configuration server common questions.

排查部署问题Troubleshoot deployment issues

安装失败Installation failures

示例错误消息Sample error message 建议的操作Recommended action
错误...未能加载帐户。ERROR Failed to load Accounts. 错误: System.IO.IOException: 安装和注册 CS 服务器时无法从传输连接读取数据。Error: System.IO.IOException: Unable to read data from the transport connection when installing and registering the CS server. 确保在计算机上启用 TLS 1.0。Ensure that TLS 1.0 is enabled on the computer.

注册失败Registration failures

可以通过查看 %ProgramData%\ASRLogs 文件夹中的日志来调试注册失败。Registration failures can be debugged by reviewing the logs in the %ProgramData%\ASRLogs folder.

示例错误消息Sample error message 建议的操作Recommended action
09:20:06:InnerException.Type: SrsRestApiClientLib.AcsException,InnerException。09:20:06:InnerException.Type: SrsRestApiClientLib.AcsException,InnerException.
消息: ACS50008: SAML 令牌无效。Message: ACS50008: SAML token is invalid.
跟踪 ID: 1921ea5b-4723-4be7-8087-a75d3f9e1072Trace ID: 1921ea5b-4723-4be7-8087-a75d3f9e1072
相关 ID: 62fea7e6-2197-4be4-a2c0-71ceb7aa2d97>Correlation ID: 62fea7e6-2197-4be4-a2c0-71ceb7aa2d97>
时间戳: 2016-12-12 14:50:08Z
Timestamp: 2016-12-12 14:50:08Z
确保系统时钟上的时间与本地时间之间的偏差不超过 15 分钟。Ensure that the time on your system clock is not more than 15 minutes off the local time. 重新运行安装程序完成注册。Rerun the installer to complete the registration.
09:35:27: 尝试获取选定证书的所有灾难恢复保管库时发生 DRRegistrationException:: 引发了 Exception.Type:Microsoft.DisasterRecovery.Registration.DRRegistrationException,Exception.Message: ACS50008: SAML 令牌无效。09:35:27 :DRRegistrationException while trying to get all disaster recovery vault for the selected certificate: : Threw Exception.Type:Microsoft.DisasterRecovery.Registration.DRRegistrationException, Exception.Message: ACS50008: SAML token is invalid.
跟踪 ID: e5ad1af1-2d39-4970-8eef-096e325c9950Trace ID: e5ad1af1-2d39-4970-8eef-096e325c9950
相关 ID: abe9deb8-3e64-464d-8375-36db9816427aCorrelation ID: abe9deb8-3e64-464d-8375-36db9816427a
时间戳: 2016-05-19 01:35:39ZTimestamp: 2016-05-19 01:35:39Z
确保系统时钟上的时间与本地时间之间的偏差不超过 15 分钟。Ensure that the time on your system clock is not more than 15 minutes off the local time. 重新运行安装程序完成注册。Rerun the installer to complete the registration.
06:28:45: 未能创建证书06:28:45:Failed to create certificate
06:28:45: 安装无法继续。06:28:45:Setup cannot proceed. 无法创建用于在 Site Recovery 中进行身份验证的证书。A certificate required to authenticate to Site Recovery cannot be created. 重新运行安装程序Rerun Setup
确保以本地管理员身份运行安装程序。Ensure that you're running setup as a local administrator.

后续步骤Next steps

设置 VMware VM 到 Azure 的灾难恢复。Set up disaster recovery of VMware VMs to Azure.