ArraySegment<T> 构造函数

定义

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure.

重载

ArraySegment<T>(T[])

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新实例,该结构用于分隔指定数组中的所有元素。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits all the elements in the specified array.

ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32)

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新结构,该结构用于分隔指定数组中指定的元素范围。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits the specified range of the elements in the specified array.

ArraySegment<T>(T[])

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新实例,该结构用于分隔指定数组中的所有元素。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits all the elements in the specified array.

public:
 ArraySegment(cli::array <T> ^ array);
public ArraySegment (T[] array);
new ArraySegment<'T> : 'T[] -> ArraySegment<'T>
Public Sub New (array As T())

参数

array
T[]

要包装的数组。The array to wrap.

异常

arraynullarray is null.

示例

下面的代码示例将 ArraySegment<T> 结构传递给方法。The following code example passes an ArraySegment<T> structure to a method.

using namespace System;


namespace Sample
{
    public ref class SampleArray  
    {
    public:
        static void Work()  
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ words = {"The", "quick", "brown",
                "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

            // Display the initial contents of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(words);

            // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
            ArraySegment<String^> segment(words);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(segment);

            // Define an array segment that contains the middle five 
            // values of the array.
            ArraySegment<String^> middle(words, 2, 5);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The second array segment"
                " (with the middle five elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);

            // Modify the fourth element of the first array 
            // segment
            segment.Array[3] = "LION";

            // Display the contents of the second array segment 
            // middle. Note that the value of its second element 
            // also changed.
            Console::WriteLine("After the first array segment"
                " is modified,the second array segment"
                " now contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);
            Console::ReadLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(ArraySegment<String^>^ segment)  
        {
            for (int i = segment->Offset; 
                i < (segment->Offset + segment->Count); i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    segment->Array[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ words) 
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < words->Length; i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    words[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Sample::SampleArray::Work();
    return 0; 
}


    /* 
    This code produces the following output.

    The original array initially contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : LION
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    */

using System;

public class SamplesArray  {
 
   public static void Main()  {
 
      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog" };
 
      // Display the initial contents of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array initially contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegAll = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegAll );

      // Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegMid = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr, 2, 5 );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

      // Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
      myArrSegAll.Array[3] = "LION";

      // Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
      // Note that the value of its second element also changed.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

   }
 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( ArraySegment<String> arrSeg )  {
      for ( int i = arrSeg.Offset; i < (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count); i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The original array initially contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : LION
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

*/

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the initial contents of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The original array initially contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
        Dim myArrSegAll As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegAll)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
        Dim myArrSegMid As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr, 2, 5)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

        ' Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
        myArrSegAll.Array(3) = "LION"

        ' Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
        ' Note that the value of its second element also changed.
        Console.WriteLine("After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(arrSeg As ArraySegment(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = arrSeg.Offset To (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr as String())
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (myArr.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The original array initially contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'
'After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : LION
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the

注解

此构造函数创建 ArraySegment<T>,用于分隔 array的所有元素。This constructor creates an ArraySegment<T> that delimits all the elements of array. 也就是说,ArraySegment<T>Offset 属性是0,其 Count 属性是 array的长度。That is, the Offset property of the ArraySegment<T> is 0 and its Count property is the length of array. 若要创建仅分隔数组部分的 ArraySegment<T>,请使用 ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32) 构造函数。To create an ArraySegment<T> that delimits only part of an array, use the ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32) constructor.

原始数组必须是一维的,并且必须具有从零开始的索引。The original array must be one-dimensional and must have zero-based indexing.

多个 ArraySegment<T> 实例可以引用同一个原始数组,并且可以重叠。Multiple ArraySegment<T> instances can refer to the same original array and can overlap.

另请参阅

ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32)

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新结构,该结构用于分隔指定数组中指定的元素范围。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits the specified range of the elements in the specified array.

public:
 ArraySegment(cli::array <T> ^ array, int offset, int count);
public ArraySegment (T[] array, int offset, int count);
new ArraySegment<'T> : 'T[] * int * int -> ArraySegment<'T>
Public Sub New (array As T(), offset As Integer, count As Integer)

参数

array
T[]

包含要分隔的元素范围的数组。The array containing the range of elements to delimit.

offset
Int32

范围中第一个元素的从零开始的索引。The zero-based index of the first element in the range.

count
Int32

范围中的元素数。The number of elements in the range.

异常

arraynullarray is null.

offsetcount 小于 0。offset or count is less than 0.

offsetcount 未在 array 中指定有效范围。offset and count do not specify a valid range in array.

示例

下面的代码示例将 ArraySegment<T> 结构传递给方法。The following code example passes an ArraySegment<T> structure to a method.

using namespace System;


namespace Sample
{
    public ref class SampleArray  
    {
    public:
        static void Work()  
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ words = {"The", "quick", "brown",
                "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

            // Display the initial contents of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(words);

            // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
            ArraySegment<String^> segment(words);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(segment);

            // Define an array segment that contains the middle five 
            // values of the array.
            ArraySegment<String^> middle(words, 2, 5);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The second array segment"
                " (with the middle five elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);

            // Modify the fourth element of the first array 
            // segment
            segment.Array[3] = "LION";

            // Display the contents of the second array segment 
            // middle. Note that the value of its second element 
            // also changed.
            Console::WriteLine("After the first array segment"
                " is modified,the second array segment"
                " now contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);
            Console::ReadLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(ArraySegment<String^>^ segment)  
        {
            for (int i = segment->Offset; 
                i < (segment->Offset + segment->Count); i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    segment->Array[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ words) 
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < words->Length; i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    words[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Sample::SampleArray::Work();
    return 0; 
}


    /* 
    This code produces the following output.

    The original array initially contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : LION
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    */

using System;

public class SamplesArray  {
 
   public static void Main()  {
 
      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog" };
 
      // Display the initial contents of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array initially contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegAll = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegAll );

      // Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegMid = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr, 2, 5 );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

      // Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
      myArrSegAll.Array[3] = "LION";

      // Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
      // Note that the value of its second element also changed.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

   }
 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( ArraySegment<String> arrSeg )  {
      for ( int i = arrSeg.Offset; i < (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count); i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The original array initially contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : LION
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

*/

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the initial contents of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The original array initially contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
        Dim myArrSegAll As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegAll)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
        Dim myArrSegMid As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr, 2, 5)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

        ' Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
        myArrSegAll.Array(3) = "LION"

        ' Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
        ' Note that the value of its second element also changed.
        Console.WriteLine("After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(arrSeg As ArraySegment(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = arrSeg.Offset To (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr as String())
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (myArr.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The original array initially contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'
'After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : LION
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the

注解

原始数组必须是一维的,并且必须具有从零开始的索引。The original array must be one-dimensional and must have zero-based indexing.

多个 ArraySegment<T> 实例可以引用同一个原始数组,并且可以重叠。Multiple ArraySegment<T> instances can refer to the same original array and can overlap.

另请参阅

适用于