Stack<T>.Enumerator 结构

定义

枚举 Stack<T> 的元素。Enumerates the elements of a Stack<T>.

public: value class Stack<T>::Enumerator : System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerator<T>
[System.Serializable]
public struct Stack<T>.Enumerator : System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerator<T>
type Stack<'T>.Enumerator = struct
    interface IEnumerator<'T>
    interface IEnumerator
    interface IDisposable
Public Structure Stack(Of T).Enumerator
Implements IEnumerator(Of T)

类型参数

T
继承
Stack<T>.Enumerator
属性
实现

注解

C#for each语句( C++在VisualBasic中)隐藏了枚举器的复杂性。For Each foreachThe foreach statement of the C# language (for each in C++, For Each in Visual Basic) hides the complexity of the enumerators. 因此,建议使用 foreach,而不是直接操作枚举数。Therefore, using foreach is recommended, instead of directly manipulating the enumerator.

枚举器可用于读取集合中的数据,但不能用于修改基础集合。Enumerators can be used to read the data in the collection, but they cannot be used to modify the underlying collection.

最初,枚举数定位在集合中第一个元素的前面。Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first element in the collection. 在此位置上,未定义 CurrentAt this position, Current is undefined. 因此,在读取 MoveNext 的值之前,必须调用 Current 将枚举器向前移动到集合的第一个元素。Therefore, you must call MoveNext to advance the enumerator to the first element of the collection before reading the value of Current.

在调用 Current 之前,MoveNext 返回相同的对象。Current returns the same object until MoveNext is called. MoveNextCurrent 设置为下一个元素。MoveNext sets Current to the next element.

如果MoveNext越过集合的末尾, 则枚举器将定位在集合中最后一个元素之后, 并MoveNext返回falseIf MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns false. 当枚举器位于此位置时, 对MoveNext的后续调用也将返回。 falseWhen the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return false. 如果最后一次调用MoveNext返回false, Current则未定义。If the last call to MoveNext returned false, Current is undefined. 无法再次将 Current 设置为集合的第一个元素;必须改为创建新的枚举器实例。You cannot set Current to the first element of the collection again; you must create a new enumerator instance instead.

只要集合保持不变,枚举数就保持有效。An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. 如果对集合所做的更改 (如添加、修改或删除元素), 则枚举器将失效且不可恢复, 并且对MoveNextIEnumerator.Reset的下InvalidOperationException一个调用将引发。If changes are made to the collection, such as adding, modifying, or deleting elements, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and the next call to MoveNext or IEnumerator.Reset throws an InvalidOperationException.

枚举数没有对集合的独占访问权;因此,从头到尾对一个集合进行枚举在本质上不是一个线程安全的过程。The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the collection; therefore, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. 若要确保枚举过程中的线程安全性,可以在整个枚举过程中锁定集合。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. 若要允许多个线程访问集合以进行读写操作,则必须实现自己的同步。To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.

System.Collections.Generic集合的默认实现不同步。Default implementations of collections in System.Collections.Generic are not synchronized.

属性

Current

获取枚举数当前位置的元素。Gets the element at the current position of the enumerator.

方法

Dispose()

释放由 Stack<T>.Enumerator 使用的所有资源。Releases all resources used by the Stack<T>.Enumerator.

MoveNext()

使枚举数前进到 Stack<T> 的下一个元素。Advances the enumerator to the next element of the Stack<T>.

显式界面实现

IEnumerator.Current

获取枚举数当前位置的元素。Gets the element at the current position of the enumerator.

IEnumerator.Reset()

将枚举数设置为其初始位置,该位置位于集合中第一个元素之前。Sets the enumerator to its initial position, which is before the first element in the collection. 此类不能被继承。This class cannot be inherited.

适用于

另请参阅