ListDictionary.Add(Object, Object) 方法

定义

将带有指定键和值的条目添加到 ListDictionary 中。Adds an entry with the specified key and value into the ListDictionary.

public:
 virtual void Add(System::Object ^ key, System::Object ^ value);
public void Add (object key, object value);
public void Add (object key, object? value);
abstract member Add : obj * obj -> unit
override this.Add : obj * obj -> unit
Public Sub Add (key As Object, value As Object)

参数

key
Object

要添加的条目的键。The key of the entry to add.

value
Object

要添加的条目的值。The value of the entry to add. 该值可以为 nullThe value can be null.

实现

例外

keynullkey is null.

带有相同键的项已经存在于 ListDictionary 中。An entry with the same key already exists in the ListDictionary.

示例

下面的代码示例在中添加和移除元素 ListDictionaryThe following code example adds to and removes elements from a ListDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;
void PrintKeysAndValues( IDictionary^ myCol )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry de = safe_cast<DictionaryEntry>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ListDictionary.
   ListDictionary^ myCol = gcnew ListDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
   myCol->Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
   
   // Displays the values in the ListDictionary in three different ways.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initial contents of the ListDictionary:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
   
   // Deletes a key.
   myCol->Remove( "Gala Apples" );
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"Gala Apples\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
   
   // Clears the entire collection.
   myCol->Clear();
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Initial contents of the ListDictionary:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

The collection contains the following elements after removing "Gala Apples":
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesListDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ListDictionary.
      ListDictionary myCol = new ListDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
      myCol.Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );

      // Displays the values in the ListDictionary in three different ways.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initial contents of the ListDictionary:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );

      // Deletes a key.
      myCol.Remove( "Gala Apples" );
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"Gala Apples\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );

      // Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear();
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
   }

   public static void PrintKeysAndValues( IDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Initial contents of the ListDictionary:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

The collection contains the following elements after removing "Gala Apples":
   KEY                       VALUE
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Fuji Apples               1.29
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesListDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new ListDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New ListDictionary()
      myCol.Add("Braeburn Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Fuji Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Gala Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Granny Smith Apples", "0.89")
      myCol.Add("Red Delicious Apples", "0.99")

      ' Displays the values in the ListDictionary in three different ways.
      Console.WriteLine("Initial contents of the ListDictionary:")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

      ' Deletes a key.
      myCol.Remove("Gala Apples")
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after removing ""Gala Apples"":")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

      ' Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear()
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(myCol As IDictionary)

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Initial contents of the ListDictionary:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'
'The collection contains the following elements after removing "Gala Apples":
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'
'The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'

注解

通常不应将其状态与其哈希代码值之间的关联的对象用作键。An object that has no correlation between its state and its hash code value should typically not be used as the key. 例如,字符串对象比用于键的 StringBuilder 对象更好。For example, String objects are better than StringBuilder objects for use as keys.

你还可以使用 Item[] 属性来添加新元素,方法是设置中不存在的键的值 ListDictionary ; 例如 myCollection["myNonexistentKey"] = myValueYou can also use the Item[] property to add new elements by setting the value of a key that does not exist in the ListDictionary; for example, myCollection["myNonexistentKey"] = myValue. 但是,如果指定的键已存在于中 ListDictionary ,则设置 Item[] 属性会覆盖旧值。However, if the specified key already exists in the ListDictionary, setting the Item[] property overwrites the old value. 与此相反, Add 方法不会修改现有元素。In contrast, the Add method does not modify existing elements.

此方法是 O (n) 操作,其中 nCountThis method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

适用于

另请参阅