DesignerTransaction 类

定义

提供一种方法来对一系列的设计时操作进行分组,从而提高性能并能撤销大多数类型的更改。Provides a way to group a series of design-time actions to improve performance and enable most types of changes to be undone.

public ref class DesignerTransaction abstract : IDisposable
public abstract class DesignerTransaction : IDisposable
type DesignerTransaction = class
    interface IDisposable
Public MustInherit Class DesignerTransaction
Implements IDisposable
继承
DesignerTransaction
实现

示例

下面的代码示例程序演示如何从设计器创建 DesignerTransactionThe following code example program demonstrates how to create a DesignerTransaction from a designer. 若要运行此示例,请将源代码编译到类库中。To run this sample, compile the source code into a class library. 必须添加对 System.web 程序集的引用。You must add a reference to the System.Design assembly. 在新项目中,添加对已编译的 DLL 的引用,然后将库中的组件添加到 "工具箱"。In a new project, add a reference to the compiled DLL and add the component in the library to the Toolbox.

Visual Studio 中提供了此功能的广泛支持。There is extensive support for this feature in Visual Studio.

另请参阅演练:用自定义组件自动填充工具箱Also see Walkthrough: Automatically Populating the Toolbox with Custom Components.

设计器可以选择显示有关设计器事务事件的通知。The designer can optionally display notifications about designer transaction events. 如果在设计模式下将 DTComponent 的实例添加到窗体中,则会出现一个消息框,询问你是否想要接收设计器事务事件通知。If you add an instance of the DTComponent to a form while in design mode, a message box appears asking whether you would like to receive designer transaction event notifications. 您可以使用右键单击 DTComponent实例时显示的快捷菜单来切换这些通知。You may toggle these notifications using the shortcut menu that appears when you right-click an instance of the DTComponent. 当使用属性窗口更改值时,将创建事务。Transactions are created when you change values using the Properties window. 您还可以让设计器通过单击组件快捷菜单上的 "执行示例事务" 来执行事务。You can also have the designer perform a transaction by clicking Perform Example Transaction on the shortcut menu for the component.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.design.dll>
#using <system.windows.forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::ComponentModel::Design;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::Design;

/*
This sample demonstrates how to perform a series of actions in a designer
transaction, how to change values of properties of a component from a
designer, and how to complete transactions without being interrupted
by other activities.

To run this sample, add this code to a class library project and compile.
Create a new Windows Forms project or load a form in the designer. Add a
reference to the class library that was compiled in the first step.
Right-click the Toolbox in design mode and click Customize Toolbox.
Browse to the class library that was compiled in the first step and
select OK until the DTComponent item appears in the Toolbox.  Add an
instance of this component to the form.

When the component is created and added to the component tray for your
design project, the Initialize method of the designer is called.
This method displays a message box informing you that designer transaction
event handlers will be registered unless you click Cancel. When you set
properties in the properties window, each change will be encapsulated in
a designer transaction, allowing the change to be undone later.

When you right-click the component, the shortcut menu for the component
is displayed. The designer constructs this menu according to whether
designer transaction notifications are enabled, and offers the option
of enabling or disabling the notifications, depending on the current
mode. The shortcut menu also presents a Perform Example Transaction
item, which will set the values of the component's StringProperty and
CountProperty properties. You can undo the last designer transaction using
the Undo command provided by the Visual Studio development environment.
*/

private ref class DTDesigner: public ComponentDesigner
{
private:
   bool notification_mode;
   int count;
   void LinkDTNotifications( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if (  !notification_mode )
      {
         IDesignerHost^ host = dynamic_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
         if ( host != nullptr )
         {
            notification_mode = true;
            host->TransactionOpened += gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionOpened );
            host->TransactionClosed += gcnew DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionClosed );
         }
      }
   }

   void UnlinkDTNotifications( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      if ( notification_mode )
      {
         IDesignerHost^ host = dynamic_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
         if ( host != nullptr )
         {
            notification_mode = false;
            host->TransactionOpened -= gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionOpened );
            host->TransactionClosed -= gcnew DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionClosed );
         }
      }
   }

   void OnDesignerTransactionOpened( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      MessageBox::Show( "A Designer Transaction was started. (TransactionOpened)" );
   }

   void OnDesignerTransactionClosed( Object^ /*sender*/, DesignerTransactionCloseEventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      MessageBox::Show( "A Designer Transaction was completed. (TransactionClosed)" );
   }

   void DoTransaction( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      IDesignerHost^ host = static_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
      DesignerTransaction^ t = host->CreateTransaction( "Change Text and Size" );
      
      /* The code within the using statement is considered to be a single transaction.
              When the user selects Undo, the system will undo everything executed in this code block.
              */
      if ( notification_mode )
            MessageBox::Show( "Entering a Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction" );

      // The .NET Framework automatically associates the TypeDescriptor with the correct component
      PropertyDescriptor^ someText = TypeDescriptor::GetProperties( Component )[ "StringProperty" ];
      someText->SetValue( Component, "This text was set by the designer for this component." );
      PropertyDescriptor^ anInteger = TypeDescriptor::GetProperties( Component )[ "CountProperty" ];
      anInteger->SetValue( Component, count );
      count++;

      // Complete the designer transaction.
      t->Commit();
      if ( notification_mode )
            MessageBox::Show( "Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction Completed" );
   }

public:
   property DesignerVerbCollection^ Verbs 
   {
      // The Verbs property is overridden from ComponentDesigner
      virtual DesignerVerbCollection^ get() override
      {
         DesignerVerbCollection^ dvc = gcnew DesignerVerbCollection;
         dvc->Add( gcnew DesignerVerb( "Perform Example Transaction",gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::DoTransaction ) ) );
         if ( notification_mode )
                  dvc->Add( gcnew DesignerVerb( "End Designer Transaction Notifications",
                     gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::UnlinkDTNotifications ) ) );
         else
                  dvc->Add( gcnew DesignerVerb( "Show Designer Transaction Notifications",
                     gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::LinkDTNotifications ) ) );

         return dvc;
      }
   }
   virtual void Initialize( IComponent^ component ) override
   {
      ComponentDesigner::Initialize( component );
      notification_mode = false;
      count = 10;
      IDesignerHost^ host = dynamic_cast<IDesignerHost^>(GetService( IDesignerHost::typeid ));
      if ( host == nullptr )
      {
         MessageBox::Show( "The IDesignerHost service interface could not be obtained." );
         return;
      }

      if ( MessageBox::Show( "Press the Yes button to display notification message boxes for the designer transaction opened and closed notifications.", "Link DesignerTransaction Notifications?", MessageBoxButtons::YesNo, MessageBoxIcon::Question, MessageBoxDefaultButton::Button1, MessageBoxOptions::RightAlign ) == DialogResult::Yes )
      {
         host->TransactionOpened += gcnew EventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionOpened );
         host->TransactionClosed += gcnew DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler( this, &DTDesigner::OnDesignerTransactionClosed );
         notification_mode = true;
      }
   }

public:
   ~DTDesigner()
   {
      UnlinkDTNotifications( this, gcnew EventArgs );
   }
};

// Associate the DTDesigner with this component

[DesignerAttribute(DTDesigner::typeid)]
public ref class DTComponent: public System::ComponentModel::Component
{
private:
   String^ m_String;
   int m_Count;
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      m_String = "Initial Value";
      m_Count = 0;
   }

public:
   property String^ StringProperty 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return m_String;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         m_String = value;
      }
   }

   property int CountProperty 
   {
      int get()
      {
         return m_Count;
      }

      void set( int value )
      {
         m_Count = value;
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.ComponentModel.Design;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.Design;

/*
    This sample demonstrates how to perform a series of actions in a designer 
    transaction, how to change values of properties of a component from a 
    designer, and how to complete transactions without being interrupted 
    by other activities.

    To run this sample, add this code to a class library project and compile. 
    Create a new Windows Forms project or load a form in the designer. Add a 
    reference to the class library that was compiled in the first step.
    Right-click the Toolbox in design mode and click Customize Toolbox.  
    Browse to the class library that was compiled in the first step and 
    select OK until the DTComponent item appears in the Toolbox.  Add an 
    instance of this component to the form.  
    
    When the component is created and added to the component tray for your
    design project, the Initialize method of the designer is called. 
    This method displays a message box informing you that designer transaction
    event handlers will be registered unless you click Cancel. When you set 
    properties in the properties window, each change will be encapsulated in 
    a designer transaction, allowing the change to be undone later.  
    
    When you right-click the component,	the shortcut menu for the component 
    is displayed. The designer constructs this menu according to whether 
    designer transaction notifications are enabled, and offers the option
    of enabling or disabling the notifications, depending on the current 
    mode. The shortcut menu also presents a Perform Example Transaction 
    item, which will set the values of the component's StringProperty and 
    CountProperty properties. You can undo the last designer transaction using 
    the Undo command provided by the Visual Studio development environment.
*/

namespace DesignerTransactionSample
{
    // Associate the DTDesigner with this component
    [DesignerAttribute(typeof(DTDesigner))]
    public class DTComponent : System.ComponentModel.Component
    {
        private string m_String;
    private int m_Count;
            
    public string StringProperty
    {
        get
            { return m_String; }
        set
        { m_String = value; }
    }
            
    public int CountProperty
    {
        get
        { return m_Count; }
        set
        { m_Count = value; }
    }

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        m_String = "Initial Value";
        m_Count = 0;
    }
    }
    
    internal class DTDesigner : ComponentDesigner
    {
    private bool notification_mode = false;
    private int count = 10;
        
    // The Verbs property is overridden from ComponentDesigner
    public override DesignerVerbCollection Verbs
    {
        get
        {				
            DesignerVerbCollection dvc = new DesignerVerbCollection();				
        dvc.Add( new DesignerVerb("Perform Example Transaction", new EventHandler(this.DoTransaction)) );
        if(notification_mode)
            dvc.Add(new DesignerVerb("End Designer Transaction Notifications", new EventHandler(this.UnlinkDTNotifications)));
        else
            dvc.Add(new DesignerVerb("Show Designer Transaction Notifications", new EventHandler(this.LinkDTNotifications)));				return dvc;
        }
    }
        
        public override void Initialize(System.ComponentModel.IComponent component)
        {
            base.Initialize(component);

            IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));			
            if(host == null)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("The IDesignerHost service interface could not be obtained.");
                return;
            }

            if( MessageBox.Show("Press the Yes button to display notification message boxes for the designer transaction opened and closed notifications.","Link DesignerTransaction Notifications?", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo, MessageBoxIcon.Question, MessageBoxDefaultButton.Button1, MessageBoxOptions.RightAlign) == DialogResult.Yes )
            {							
            host.TransactionOpened += new EventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionOpened);
                host.TransactionClosed += new DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionClosed);
                notification_mode = true;
            }
        }
        
        private void LinkDTNotifications(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if(notification_mode == false)
            {
            IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));							
                if(host != null)
            {
            notification_mode = true;
                   host.TransactionOpened += new EventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionOpened);
                   host.TransactionClosed += new DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionClosed);
            }
        }
        }

        private void UnlinkDTNotifications(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
        if(notification_mode)
            {
                IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));							
            if(host != null)
                {				
            notification_mode = false;
                    host.TransactionOpened -= new EventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionOpened);
                    host.TransactionClosed -= new DesignerTransactionCloseEventHandler(OnDesignerTransactionClosed);
                }
            }
        }

        private void OnDesignerTransactionOpened(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {			
        System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was started. (TransactionOpened)");
        }

        private void OnDesignerTransactionClosed(object sender, DesignerTransactionCloseEventArgs e)
        {			
        System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was completed. (TransactionClosed)");
        }   

        private void DoTransaction(object sender, EventArgs e) 
        {			
            IDesignerHost host = (IDesignerHost)GetService(typeof(IDesignerHost));			
            DesignerTransaction t = host.CreateTransaction("Change Text and Size");

            /* The code within the using statement is considered to be a single transaction.
           When the user selects Undo, the system will undo everything executed in this code block. */
            using (t)
            {
            if(notification_mode)
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Entering a Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction");
                
                // The .NET Framework automatically associates the TypeDescriptor with the correct component
            PropertyDescriptor someText = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)["StringProperty"];
                someText.SetValue(Component, "This text was set by the designer for this component.");

                PropertyDescriptor anInteger = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)["CountProperty"];
            anInteger.SetValue(Component, count);
            count++;

                // Complete the designer transaction.
            t.Commit();
                
            if(notification_mode)
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction Completed");
            }
        }
        
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        UnlinkDTNotifications(this, new EventArgs());
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }
    }
}
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.ComponentModel.Design
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Design

'   This sample demonstrates how to perform a series of actions in a designer 
'   transaction, how to change values of properties of a component from a 
'   designer, and how to complete transactions without being interrupted 
'   by other activities.

'   To run this sample, add this code to a class library project and compile. 
'   Create a new Windows Forms project or load a form in the designer. Add a 
'   reference to the class library that was compiled in the first step.
'   Right-click the Toolbox in design mode and click Customize Toolbox.  
'   Browse to the class library that was compiled in the first step and 
'   select OK until the DTComponent item appears in the Toolbox.  Add an 
'   instance of this component to the form.  

'   When the component is created and added to the component tray for your
'   design project, the Initialize method of the designer is called. 
'   This method displays a message box informing you that designer transaction
'   event handlers are being registered unless you click Cancel. When you set 
'   properties in the properties window, each change will be encapsulated in 
'   a designer transaction, allowing the change to be undone later.  

'   When you right-click the component, the shortcut menu for the component 
'   is displayed. The designer constructs this menu according to whether 
'   designer transaction notifications are enabled, and offers the option
'   of enabling or disabling the notifications, depending on the current 
'   mode. The shortcut menu also presents a Perform Example Transaction 
'   item which will set the values of the component's StringProperty and 
'   CountProperty properties. You can undo the last designer transaction using 
'   the Undo command provided by the Visual Studio development environment.	

Namespace DesignerTransactionSample

    ' Associate the DTDesigner with this component
    <DesignerAttribute(GetType(DTDesigner))> _
    Public Class DTComponent
        Inherits System.ComponentModel.Component
        Private m_String As String
        Private m_Count As Integer

        Public Property StringProperty() As String
            Get
                Return m_String
            End Get
            Set(ByVal Value As String)
                m_String = Value
            End Set
        End Property

        Public Property CountProperty() As Integer
            Get
                Return m_Count
            End Get
            Set(ByVal Value As Integer)
                m_Count = Value
            End Set
        End Property

        Private Sub InitializeComponent()
            m_String = "Initial Value"
            m_Count = 0
        End Sub

    End Class

    Friend Class DTDesigner
        Inherits ComponentDesigner

        Private notification_mode As Boolean = False
        Private count As Integer = 10

        ' The Verbs property is overridden from ComponentDesigner
        Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Verbs() As DesignerVerbCollection
            Get
                Dim dvc As New DesignerVerbCollection()
                dvc.Add(New DesignerVerb("Perform Example Transaction", AddressOf Me.DoTransaction))
                If notification_mode Then
                    dvc.Add(New DesignerVerb("End Designer Transaction Notifications", AddressOf Me.UnlinkDTNotifications))
                Else
                    dvc.Add(New DesignerVerb("Show Designer Transaction Notifications", AddressOf Me.LinkDTNotifications))
                End If
                Return dvc
            End Get
        End Property

        Public Overrides Sub Initialize(ByVal component As System.ComponentModel.IComponent)
            MyBase.Initialize(component)

            Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
            If host Is Nothing Then
                MessageBox.Show("The IDesignerHost service interface could not be obtained.")
                Return
            End If

            If MessageBox.Show("Press the Yes button to display notification message boxes for the designer transaction opened and closed notifications.", "Link DesignerTransaction Notifications?", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo, MessageBoxIcon.Question, MessageBoxDefaultButton.Button1, MessageBoxOptions.RightAlign) = DialogResult.Yes Then
                AddHandler host.TransactionOpened, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionOpened
                AddHandler host.TransactionClosed, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionClosed
                notification_mode = True
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub LinkDTNotifications(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            If notification_mode = False Then
                Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
                If (host IsNot Nothing) Then
                    notification_mode = True
                    AddHandler host.TransactionOpened, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionOpened
                    AddHandler host.TransactionClosed, AddressOf OnDesignerTransactionClosed
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub UnlinkDTNotifications(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            If notification_mode Then
                Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
                If (host IsNot Nothing) Then
                    notification_mode = False
                    RemoveHandler host.TransactionOpened, AddressOf Me.OnDesignerTransactionOpened
                    RemoveHandler host.TransactionClosed, AddressOf Me.OnDesignerTransactionClosed
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub OnDesignerTransactionOpened(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was started. (TransactionOpened)")
        End Sub

        Private Sub OnDesignerTransactionClosed(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DesignerTransactionCloseEventArgs)
            System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("A Designer Transaction was completed. (TransactionClosed)")
        End Sub

        Private Sub DoTransaction(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            Dim host As IDesignerHost = CType(GetService(GetType(IDesignerHost)), IDesignerHost)
            Dim t As DesignerTransaction = host.CreateTransaction("Change Text and Size")

            ' The code within the using statement is considered to be a single transaction.
            ' When the user selects Undo, the system will undo everything executed in this code block. 
            Try
                If (notification_mode) Then
                    System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Entering a Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction")
                End If

                Dim someText As PropertyDescriptor = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)("StringProperty")
                someText.SetValue(Component, "This text was set by the designer for this component.")
                Dim anInteger As PropertyDescriptor = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Component)("CountProperty")
                anInteger.SetValue(Component, count)
                count = count + 1

                Exit Try
            Finally
                t.Commit()                
            End Try
            If (notification_mode) Then
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Designer-Initiated Designer Transaction Completed")
            End If
        End Sub

        Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            UnlinkDTNotifications(Me, New EventArgs())
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace 'DesignerTransactionSample

注解

事务可以跟踪稍后可撤消的操作。Transactions can track actions that can be undone later. 可以通过取消事务来撤消事务中所做的更改,这会通过将每个已更改的属性设置为其预更改值来自动尝试反转每个更改。Changes made during a transaction can be reversed by canceling a transaction, which automatically attempts to reverse each change by setting each changed property to its pre-change value. 事务还可以在执行一系列操作期间提高性能,方法是将对显示的更新推迟到事务完成。Transactions can also improve performance during a series of operations by deferring updates to the display until the completion of the transaction.

当事务正在进行时,某些组件会通过侦听 TransactionOpeningTransactionClosed 事件来推迟其处理,直到事务完成。When a transaction is in progress, some components defer their processing until the transaction has completed by listening to the TransactionOpening and TransactionClosed events. 例如,在事务关闭之前,属性窗口不会更新其显示。The Properties window, for example, does not update its display after a transaction has opened until the transaction has closed.

若要将事务用于可逆或多个操作,请让设计器为每个要可逆的操作或一系列操作创建 DesignerTransactionTo use transactions for reversible or multiple operations, have your designer create a DesignerTransaction for each operation or series of operations which should be reversible. 请注意,不要在可能阻止撤消事件序列成功完成的事务之外执行操作。Be careful not to perform actions outside the transactions that might prevent a sequence of undo events from completing successfully.

可以通过调用 IDesignerHostCreateTransaction 方法来获取新的 DesignerTransactionYou can obtain a new DesignerTransaction by calling the CreateTransaction method of an IDesignerHost. 请确保从活动 IDesignerHost 获取每个 DesignerTransaction,以便与设计器事务处理机制正确集成,而不是直接创建新的 DesignerTransactionBe sure to obtain each DesignerTransaction from the active IDesignerHost in order to correctly integrate with the designer transaction processing mechanism, rather than creating a new DesignerTransaction directly.

若要在事务中执行操作,必须首先创建一个事务。To perform an action within a transaction, you must first create a transaction. 然后,必须先调用 OnComponentChanging 方法,然后才能进行每个更改或一组更改,并在每次更改或发生更改集之后 OnComponentChanged 方法。Then you must call the OnComponentChanging method before each change or set of changes occurs, and the OnComponentChanged method after each change or set of changes occur. 最后,通过调用 Commit 方法完成并关闭事务。Finally, complete and close the transaction by calling the Commit method.

备注

更改属性值时,请使用 PropertyDescriptorSetValue 方法,该方法调用 IComponentChangeService 的组件更改方法并创建一个 DesignerTransaction 来自动表示更改。When making changes to property values, use the SetValue method of a PropertyDescriptor, which calls the component change methods of the IComponentChangeService and creates a DesignerTransaction representing the change automatically.

若要执行事务,请完成以下步骤:To perform a transaction, complete the following steps:

  1. 调用 CreateTransaction 以获取可用于控制事务的 DesignerTransactionCall CreateTransaction to obtain a DesignerTransaction that can be used to control the transaction.

  2. try 块中,对于你想要使用 DesignerTransaction进行跟踪的每个操作,请调用 OnComponentChanging 方法,进行更改或更改,然后调用 OnComponentChanged 方法以通知已进行了更改或更改。Within a try block, for each action that you want to track with a DesignerTransaction, call the OnComponentChanging method, make the change or changes, then call the OnComponentChanged method to signal that the change or changes have been made.

  3. 若要完成事务,请从 finally 块内调用 CommitTo complete the transaction, call Commit from within a finally block.

在C#中,可以使用 using 语句,而不是 try/finally 块,如以下示例中所示。In C#, you can use the using statement rather than a try/finally block, such as in the following example.

using (host.CreateTransaction() {  
// Insert your code here.  
}  

若要在提交事务之前取消并尝试回滚事务,请调用 Cancel 方法。To cancel and attempt to roll back a transaction before it has been committed, call the Cancel method. 调用 Cancel 方法时,将反转 DesignerTransaction 跟踪的操作以尝试回滚更改。When the Cancel method is invoked, the actions tracked by the DesignerTransaction are reversed to attempt to roll back the changes. 若要撤消作为先前事务的一部分发生的操作,必须使用开发环境提供的 "撤消" 命令。To undo actions that occurred as part of earlier transactions, you must use the undo command provided by the development environment.

构造函数

DesignerTransaction()

在不使用说明的情况下初始化 DesignerTransaction 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DesignerTransaction class with no description.

DesignerTransaction(String)

使用指定的事务说明初始化 DesignerTransaction 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DesignerTransaction class using the specified transaction description.

属性

Canceled

获取一个值,该值指示是否已取消事务。Gets a value indicating whether the transaction was canceled.

Committed

获取一个值,该值指示是否已提交事务。Gets a value indicating whether the transaction was committed.

Description

获取事务的说明。Gets a description for the transaction.

方法

Cancel()

取消事务并尝试回滚由事务的事件作出的更改。Cancels the transaction and attempts to roll back the changes made by the events of the transaction.

Commit()

提交此事务。Commits this transaction.

Dispose(Boolean)

释放 DesignerTransaction 使用的非托管资源并选择性地释放托管资源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the DesignerTransaction and optionally releases the managed resources.

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
Finalize()

释放与此对象关联的资源。Releases the resources associated with this object. 如果此事务尚未提交,则此重写方法将提交此事务。This override commits this transaction if it was not already committed.

GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
OnCancel()

引发 Cancel 事件。Raises the Cancel event.

OnCommit()

执行提交事务的实际工作。Performs the actual work of committing a transaction.

ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

显式接口实现

IDisposable.Dispose()

释放 DesignerTransaction 使用的所有资源。Releases all resources used by the DesignerTransaction.

适用于

另请参阅