Console.BackgroundColor 属性

定义

获取或设置控制台的背景色。Gets or sets the background color of the console.

public:
 static property ConsoleColor BackgroundColor { ConsoleColor get(); void set(ConsoleColor value); };
public static ConsoleColor BackgroundColor { get; set; }
member this.BackgroundColor : ConsoleColor with get, set
Public Shared Property BackgroundColor As ConsoleColor

属性值

一个值,指定控制台的背景色;也就是显示在每个字符后面的颜色。A value that specifies the background color of the console; that is, the color that appears behind each character. 默认为黑色。The default is black.

例外

设置操作中指定的颜色不是 ConsoleColor 的有效成员。The color specified in a set operation is not a valid member of ConsoleColor.

用户没有执行此操作的权限。The user does not have permission to perform this action.

出现 I/O 错误。An I/O error occurred.

示例

下面的示例将 ConsoleColor 枚举的值保存到数组,并将 BackgroundColorForegroundColor 属性的当前值存储到变量。The following example saves the values of the ConsoleColor enumeration to an array and stores the current values of the BackgroundColor and ForegroundColor properties to variables. 然后,它会将前景色更改为 ConsoleColor 枚举中的每种颜色(与当前背景匹配的颜色除外),并且它会将背景色更改为 ConsoleColor 枚举中的每种颜色,与当前前景匹配的颜色除外。It then changes the foreground color to each color in the ConsoleColor enumeration except to the color that matches the current background, and it changes the background color to each color in the ConsoleColor enumeration except to the color that matches the current foreground. (如果前景色与背景色相同,则不显示文本。)最后,它调用 ResetColor 方法来还原原来的控制台颜色。(If the foreground color is the same as the background color, the text isn't visible.) Finally, it calls the ResetColor method to restore the original console colors.

using System;

class Example
{
   public static void Main() 
   {
      // Get an array with the values of ConsoleColor enumeration members.
      ConsoleColor[] colors = (ConsoleColor[]) ConsoleColor.GetValues(typeof(ConsoleColor));
      // Save the current background and foreground colors.
      ConsoleColor currentBackground = Console.BackgroundColor;
      ConsoleColor currentForeground = Console.ForegroundColor;

      // Display all foreground colors except the one that matches the background.
      Console.WriteLine("All the foreground colors except {0}, the background color:",
                        currentBackground);
      foreach (var color in colors) {
         if (color == currentBackground) continue;
         
         Console.ForegroundColor = color;
         Console.WriteLine("   The foreground color is {0}.", color);
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
      // Restore the foreground color.
      Console.ForegroundColor = currentForeground;
      
      // Display each background color except the one that matches the current foreground color.
      Console.WriteLine("All the background colors except {0}, the foreground color:",
                        currentForeground);
      foreach (var color in colors) {
         if (color == currentForeground) continue;
         
         Console.BackgroundColor = color;
         Console.WriteLine("   The background color is {0}.", color);
      }
      
      // Restore the original console colors.
      Console.ResetColor();
      Console.WriteLine("\nOriginal colors restored...");
   }
}
//The example displays output like the following:
//    All the foreground colors except DarkCyan, the background color:
//       The foreground color is Black.
//       The foreground color is DarkBlue.
//       The foreground color is DarkGreen.
//       The foreground color is DarkRed.
//       The foreground color is DarkMagenta.
//       The foreground color is DarkYellow.
//       The foreground color is Gray.
//       The foreground color is DarkGray.
//       The foreground color is Blue.
//       The foreground color is Green.
//       The foreground color is Cyan.
//       The foreground color is Red.
//       The foreground color is Magenta.
//       The foreground color is Yellow.
//       The foreground color is White.
//    
//    All the background colors except White, the foreground color:
//       The background color is Black.
//       The background color is DarkBlue.
//       The background color is DarkGreen.
//       The background color is DarkCyan.
//       The background color is DarkRed.
//       The background color is DarkMagenta.
//       The background color is DarkYellow.
//       The background color is Gray.
//       The background color is DarkGray.
//       The background color is Blue.
//       The background color is Green.
//       The background color is Cyan.
//       The background color is Red.
//       The background color is Magenta.
//       The background color is Yellow.
//    
//    Original colors restored...
Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Get an array with the values of ConsoleColor enumeration members.
      Dim colors() As ConsoleColor = ConsoleColor.GetValues(GetType(ConsoleColor))
      ' Save the current background and foreground colors.
      Dim currentBackground As ConsoleColor = Console.BackgroundColor
      Dim currentForeground As ConsoleColor = Console.ForegroundColor
      
      ' Display all foreground colors except the one that matches the background.
      Console.WriteLine("All the foreground colors except {0}, the background color:",
                        currentBackground)
      For Each color In colors
         If color = currentBackground Then Continue For
          
         Console.ForegroundColor = color
         Console.WriteLine("   The foreground color is {0}.", color)
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' Restore the foreground color.
      Console.ForegroundColor = currentForeground
      
      ' Display each background color except the one that matches the current foreground color.
      Console.WriteLine("All the background colors except {0}, the foreground color:",
                        currentForeground)
      For Each color In colors
         If color = currentForeground  then Continue For
         Console.BackgroundColor = color
         Console.WriteLine("   The background color is {0}.", color)
      Next
      ' Restore the original console colors.
      Console.ResetColor
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original colors restored...")
   End Sub
End Module
'The example displays output like the following:
'       The background color is DarkCyan.
'       The background color is DarkRed.
'       The background color is DarkMagenta.
'       The background color is DarkYellow.
'       The background color is Gray.
'       The background color is DarkGray.
'       The background color is Blue.
'       The background color is Green.
'       The background color is Cyan.
'       The background color is Red.
'       The background color is Magenta.
'       The background color is Yellow.
'    
'    Original colors restored...

注解

BackgroundColor 属性的更改仅影响在背景色更改后写入到各个字符单元格的输出。A change to the BackgroundColor property affects only output that is written to individual character cells after the background color is changed. 若要整体更改控制台窗口的背景色,请设置 BackgroundColor 属性,并调用 Clear 方法。To change the background color of the console window as a whole, set the BackgroundColor property and call the Clear method. 下面的示例进行了这方面的演示。The following example provides an illustration.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      WriteCharacterStrings(1, 26, true);
      Console.MoveBufferArea(0, Console.CursorTop - 10, 30, 1, 
                             Console.CursorLeft, Console.CursorTop + 1);
      Console.CursorTop = Console.CursorTop + 3;
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key..."); 
      Console.ReadKey();

      Console.Clear();
      WriteCharacterStrings(1, 26, false);
   }

   private static void WriteCharacterStrings(int start, int end, 
                                             bool changeColor)
   {                                             
      for (int ctr = start; ctr <= end; ctr++) {
         if (changeColor)
            Console.BackgroundColor = (ConsoleColor) ((ctr - 1) % 16);

         Console.WriteLine(new String(Convert.ToChar(ctr + 64), 30));
      }   
   }
}
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      WriteCharacterStrings(1, 26, True)
      Console.MoveBufferArea(0, Console.CursorTop - 10, 30, 1, Console.CursorLeft, Console.CursorTop + 1)
      Console.CursorTop = Console.CursorTop + 3
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key...") : Console.ReadKey()

      Console.Clear()
      WriteCharacterStrings(1, 26, False)
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub WriteCharacterStrings(start As Integer, _end As Integer, 
                                     changeColor As Boolean)
      For ctr As Integer = start To _end
         If changeColor Then
            Console.BackgroundColor = CType((ctr - 1) Mod 16, ConsoleColor)
         End If      
         Console.WriteLine(New String(Convert.ToChar(ctr + 64), 30))
      Next   
   End Sub
End Module

对于基于 Windows 的应用程序(在该应用程序中不存在控制台)的 get 操作,将返回 ConsoleColor.BlackA get operation for a Windows-based application, in which a console does not exist, returns ConsoleColor.Black.

适用于