DataTable.ChildRelations 属性


获取此 DataTable 的子关系的集合。Gets the collection of child relations for this DataTable.

 property System::Data::DataRelationCollection ^ ChildRelations { System::Data::DataRelationCollection ^ get(); };
public System.Data.DataRelationCollection ChildRelations { get; }
member this.ChildRelations : System.Data.DataRelationCollection
Public ReadOnly Property ChildRelations As DataRelationCollection


一个 DataRelationCollection,包含该表的子关系。A DataRelationCollection that contains the child relations for the table. 如果 DataRelation 对象不存在,将返回空集合。An empty collection is returned if no DataRelation objects exist.



下面的示例使用ChildRelations属性返回中的DataTable每个子DataRelation元素。The following example uses the ChildRelations property to return each child DataRelation in a DataTable. 然后,每个关系在的GetChildRows方法DataRow中用作参数以返回行的数组。Each relation is then used as an argument in the GetChildRows method of the DataRow to return an array of rows. 然后打印该行中每列的值。The value of each column in the row is then printed.

private static void GetChildRowsFromDataRelation()
    /* For each row in the table, get the child rows using the
    ChildRelations. For each item in the array, print the value
    of each column. */
    DataTable table = CreateDataSet().Tables["Customers"];
    DataRow[] childRows;
    foreach(DataRelation relation in table.ChildRelations)
        foreach(DataRow row in table.Rows)
            PrintRowValues(new DataRow[] {row}, "Parent Row");
            childRows = row.GetChildRows(relation);
            // Print values of rows.
            PrintRowValues(childRows, "child rows");

public static DataSet CreateDataSet()
    // create a DataSet with one table, two columns
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();

    // create Customer table
    DataTable table = new DataTable("Customers");
    table.Columns.Add("customerId", typeof(int)).AutoIncrement = true;
    table.Columns.Add("name", typeof(string));
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { table.Columns["customerId"] };

    // create Orders table
    table = new DataTable("Orders");
    table.Columns.Add("orderId", typeof(int)).AutoIncrement = true;
    table.Columns.Add("customerId", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("amount", typeof(double));
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { table.Columns["orderId"] };

    // create relation

    // populate the tables
    int orderId = 1;
    for(int customerId=1; customerId<=10; customerId++)
        // add customer record
            new object[] { customerId, 
            string.Format("customer{0}", customerId) });
        // add 5 order records for each customer
        for(int i=1; i<=5; i++)
                new object[] { orderId++, customerId, orderId * 10 });

    return dataSet;

private static void PrintRowValues(DataRow[] rows, string label)
    Console.WriteLine("\n{0}", label);
    if(rows.Length <= 0)
        Console.WriteLine("no rows found");
    foreach(DataRow row in rows)
        foreach(DataColumn column in row.Table.Columns)
            Console.Write("\table {0}", row[column]);
Public Sub GetChildRowsFromDataRelation()
    ' For each row in the table, get the child rows using the
    ' ChildRelations. For each item in the array, print the value
    ' of each column.
    Dim table As DataTable = CreateDataSet().Tables("Customers")

    Dim childRows() As DataRow
    Dim relation as DataRelation
    Dim row as DataRow
    For Each  relation In table.ChildRelations
        For Each row In table.Rows
            PrintRowValues(new DataRow() {row}, "Parent Row")
            childRows = row.GetChildRows(relation)
            ' Print values of rows.
            PrintRowValues(childRows, "child rows")
        Next row
    Next relation
End Sub

Public Function CreateDataSet() As DataSet
    ' create a DataSet with one table, two columns
    Dim dataSet As DataSet
    dataSet = new DataSet()

    ' create Customer table
    Dim table As DataTable
    table = new DataTable("Customers")

    table.Columns.Add("customerId", _
        GetType(Integer)).AutoIncrement = true
    table.Columns.Add("name", GetType(String))
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn() _
        { table.Columns("customerId") }

    ' create Orders table
    table = new DataTable("Orders")
    table.Columns.Add("orderId", GetType(Integer)).AutoIncrement = true
    table.Columns.Add("customerId", GetType(Integer))
    table.Columns.Add("amount", GetType(Double))
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn() { table.Columns("orderId") }

    ' create relation
    dataSet.Relations.Add(dataSet.Tables("Customers").Columns("customerId"), _
    ' populate the tables
    Dim orderId As Integer = 1
    Dim customerId As Integer
    Dim i As Integer
    For customerId = 1 To 10
        ' add customer record
        dataSet.Tables("Customers").Rows.Add( _
            new object() { customerId, _
            string.Format("customer{0}", customerId) })
        ' add 5 order records for each customer

        For i = 1 To 5
            dataSet.Tables("Orders").Rows.Add( _
                new object() { orderId, customerId, orderId * 10 })
        orderId = orderId+1 

    CreateDataSet = dataSet
End Function

private sub PrintRowValues(rows() As DataRow, label As String)
    Console.WriteLine("\n{0}", label)
    If rows.Length <= 0
        Console.WriteLine("no rows found")
        Exit Sub
    End If

    Dim row As DataRow
    Dim column As DataColumn

    For Each row In rows
        For Each column In row.Table.Columns
            Console.Write("\table {0}", row(column))
        Next column
    Next row
End Sub


DataRelation定义两个表之间的关系。A DataRelation defines the relationship between two tables. 通常,两个表通过包含相同数据的单个字段进行链接。Typically, two tables are linked through a single field that contains the same data. 例如,包含地址数据的表可能包含一个字段,其中包含表示国家/地区的代码。For example, a table which contains address data may have a single field containing codes that represent countries/regions. 包含国家/地区数据的第二个表中将包含一个字段,其中包含标识该国家/地区的代码,并将此代码插入到第一个表中的相应字段。A second table that contains country/region data will have a single field that contains the code that identifies the country/region, and it is this code which is inserted into the corresponding field in the first table. DataRelation然后,至少包含四个信息片段:(1)第一个表的名称,(2)第一个表中的列名称,(3)第二个表的名称,第二个表中的列名称。A DataRelation, then, contains at least four pieces of information: (1) the name of the first table, (2) the column name in the first table, (3) the name of the second table, and (4) the column name in the second table.