DataTable.CreateDataReader 方法

定义

返回与此 DataTableReader 内的数据对应的 DataTableReturns a DataTableReader corresponding to the data within this DataTable.

public:
 System::Data::DataTableReader ^ CreateDataReader();
public System.Data.DataTableReader CreateDataReader ();
member this.CreateDataReader : unit -> System.Data.DataTableReader
Public Function CreateDataReader () As DataTableReader

返回

DataTableReader 包含一个对应于源 DataTable 实例的结果集。A DataTableReader containing one result set, corresponding to the source DataTable instance.

示例

以下控制台应用程序创建一个 DataTable 实例。The following console application creates a DataTable instance. 然后,该示例将已填充的 DataTable 传递给调用 CreateDataReader 方法的过程,该方法循环访问 DataTableReader中包含的结果。The example then passes the filled DataTable to a procedure that calls the CreateDataReader method, which iterates through the results contained within the DataTableReader.

static void Main()
{
    TestCreateDataReader(GetCustomers());
    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static void TestCreateDataReader(DataTable dt)
{
    // Given a DataTable, retrieve a DataTableReader
    // allowing access to all the tables' data:
    using (DataTableReader reader = dt.CreateDataReader())
    {
        do
        {
            if (!reader.HasRows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader");
            }
            else
            {
                PrintColumns(reader);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("========================");
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
Sub Main()
  TestCreateDataReader(GetCustomers())
  Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.")
  Console.ReadKey()
End Sub

Private Sub TestCreateDataReader(ByVal dt As DataTable)
  ' Given a DataTable, retrieve a DataTableReader
  ' allowing access to all the tables's data:
  Using reader As DataTableReader = dt.CreateDataReader()
    Do
      If Not reader.HasRows Then
        Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader")
      Else
        PrintColumns(reader)
      End If
      Console.WriteLine("========================")
    Loop While reader.NextResult()
  End Using
End Sub

Private Function GetCustomers() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Customers table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

   ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Mary"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Andy"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Peter"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "Russ"})
  Return table
End Function

Private Sub PrintColumns( _
   ByVal reader As DataTableReader)

  ' Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader.
  Do While reader.Read()
    For i As Integer = 0 To reader.FieldCount - 1
      Console.Write(reader(i).ToString() & " ")
    Next
    Console.WriteLine()
  Loop
End Sub

该示例在控制台窗口中显示以下输出:The example displays the following output in the console window:

1 Mary

2 Andy

3 Peter

4 Russ

适用于

另请参阅