DataTable.PrimaryKey DataTable.PrimaryKey DataTable.PrimaryKey DataTable.PrimaryKey Property

定义

获取或设置用作数据表主键的列数组。Gets or sets an array of columns that function as primary keys for the data table.

public:
 property cli::array <System::Data::DataColumn ^> ^ PrimaryKey { cli::array <System::Data::DataColumn ^> ^ get(); void set(cli::array <System::Data::DataColumn ^> ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Data.PrimaryKeyTypeConverter))]
[System.Data.DataSysDescription("DataTablePrimaryKeyDescr")]
public System.Data.DataColumn[] PrimaryKey { get; set; }
member this.PrimaryKey : System.Data.DataColumn[] with get, set
Public Property PrimaryKey As DataColumn()

属性值

一个 DataColumn 对象数组。An array of DataColumn objects.

异常

该键是外键。The key is a foreign key.

示例

第一个示例演示如何返回DataTable DataGrid中显示的的主键列。The first example shows how to return the primary key columns for a DataTable displayed in a DataGrid. 第二个示例演示如何设置的主键列DataTableThe second example demonstrates how to set the primary key columns for a DataTable.

private void GetPrimaryKeys(DataTable table)
{
    // Create the array for the columns.
    DataColumn[] columns;
    columns = table.PrimaryKey;

    // Get the number of elements in the array.
    Console.WriteLine("Column Count: " + columns.Length);
    for(int i = 0; i < columns.Length; i++)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(columns[i].ColumnName + columns[i].DataType);
    }
}

private void SetPrimaryKeys()
{
    // Create a new DataTable and set two DataColumn objects as primary keys.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();
    DataColumn[] keys = new DataColumn[2];
    DataColumn column;

    // Create column 1.
    column = new DataColumn();
    column.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
    column.ColumnName= "FirstName";

    // Add the column to the DataTable.Columns collection.
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    // Add the column to the array.
    keys[0] = column;

    // Create column 2 and add it to the array.
    column = new DataColumn();
    column.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
    column.ColumnName = "LastName";
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    // Add the column to the array.
    keys[1] = column;

    // Set the PrimaryKeys property to the array.
    table.PrimaryKey = keys;
}
Private Sub GetPrimaryKeys(table As DataTable)
   ' Create the array for the columns.
   Dim columns() As DataColumn 
   columns = table.PrimaryKey

   ' Get the number of elements in the array.
   Console.WriteLine("Column Count: " & columns.Length.ToString())
   Dim i As Integer
   For i = 0 To columns.GetUpperBound(0)
      Console.WriteLine(columns(i).ColumnName & columns(i).DataType.ToString())
   Next i
End Sub

Private Sub SetPrimaryKeys()
   ' Create a new DataTable and set two DataColumn objects as primary keys.
   Dim table As DataTable = new DataTable()
   Dim keys(2) As DataColumn
   Dim column  As DataColumn

   ' Create column 1.
   column = New DataColumn()
   column.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
   column.ColumnName= "FirstName"

   ' Add the column to the DataTable.Columns collection.
   table.Columns.Add(column)
   ' Add the column to the array.
   keys(0) = column

   ' Create column 2 and add it to the array.
   column = New DataColumn()
   column.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
   column.ColumnName = "LastName"
   table.Columns.Add(column)

   ' Add the column to the array.
   keys(1) = column

   ' Set the PrimaryKeys property to the array.
   table.PrimaryKey = keys
End Sub

注解

表的主键必须唯一,以标识表中的记录。The primary key of a table must be unique to identify the record in the table. 还可以有一个表,其中的主键由两列或更多列组成。It's also possible to have a table with a primary key made up of two or more columns. 当单列不能包含足够的唯一值时,会发生这种情况。This occurs when a single column can't contain enough unique values. 例如,两个列的主键可能由 "FirstName" 和 "LastName" 列组成。For example, a two column primary key might consist of a "FirstName" and "LastName" column. 因为主键可以由多个列组成, PrimaryKey所以属性由一个DataColumn对象数组组成。Because primary keys can be made up of more than one column, the PrimaryKey property consists of an array of DataColumn objects.

适用于

另请参阅