Decimal.CompareTo 方法

定义

将此实例与指定的对象或 Decimal 进行比较,并返回二者相对值的指示。Compares this instance to a specified object or Decimal and returns an indication of their relative values.

重载

CompareTo(Decimal)

将此实例与指定的 Decimal 对象进行比较并返回一个对二者的相对值的比较。Compares this instance to a specified Decimal object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

CompareTo(Object)

将此实例与指定对象进行比较并返回一个对二者的相对值的比较。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

CompareTo(Decimal)

将此实例与指定的 Decimal 对象进行比较并返回一个对二者的相对值的比较。Compares this instance to a specified Decimal object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(System::Decimal value);
public int CompareTo (decimal value);
abstract member CompareTo : decimal -> int
override this.CompareTo : decimal -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Decimal) As Integer

参数

value
Decimal

与该实例进行比较的对象。The object to compare with this instance.

返回

一个带符号数字,指示此实例和 value 的相对值。A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

返回值Return value 含义Meaning
小于零Less than zero 此实例小于 valueThis instance is less than value.
Zero 此实例等于 valueThis instance is equal to value.
大于零Greater than zero 此实例大于 valueThis instance is greater than value.

实现

示例

下面的代码示例演示了多个值和引用类型的 CompareTo 方法的泛型和非泛型版本。The following code example demonstrates generic and nongeneric versions of the CompareTo method for several value and reference types.

// This example demonstrates the two versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The general version takes a parameter of type Object, while the specific
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.
using namespace System;

void Show( String^ caption, Object^ var1, Object^ var2, int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric )
{
   String^ relation;
   Console::Write( caption );
   if ( resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric )
   {
      if ( resultGeneric < 0 )
            relation = "less than";
      else
      if ( resultGeneric > 0 )
            relation = "greater than";
      else
            relation = "equal to";
      Console::WriteLine( "{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2 );
   }
   // The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
   // CompareTo methods are equivalent.
   else
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric );
   }
}

int main()
{
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   String^ msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}"
   "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";
   Object^ obj; // An Object used to insure CompareTo(Object) is called.

   DateTime now = DateTime::Now;
   
   // Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
   TimeSpan tsX = TimeSpan(11,22,33,44);
   
   // Version = 1.2.333.4
   Version^ versX = gcnew Version(  "1.2.333.4" );
   
   // Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
   Guid guidX = Guid( "{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");
   Boolean a1 = true,a2 = true;
   Byte b1 = 1,b2 = 1;
   Int16 c1 = -2,c2 = 2;
   Int32 d1 = 3,d2 = 3;
   Int64 e1 = 4,e2 = -4;
   Decimal f1 = Decimal(-5.5), f2 = Decimal(5.5);
   Single g1 = 6.6f,g2 = 6.6f;
   Double h1 = 7.7,h2 = -7.7;
   Char i1 = 'A',i2 = 'A';
   String^ j1 = "abc", ^j2 = "abc";
   DateTime k1 = now,k2 = now;
   TimeSpan l1 = tsX,l2 = tsX;
   Version^ m1 = versX, ^m2 = gcnew Version(  "2.0" );
   Guid n1 = guidX,n2 = guidX;
   
   // The following types are not CLS-compliant.
   SByte w1 = 8,w2 = 8;
   UInt16 x1 = 9,x2 = 9;
   UInt32 y1 = 10,y2 = 10;
   UInt64 z1 = 11,z2 = 11;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( msg, nl );
   try
   {
      Show( "Boolean: ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo( a2 ), a1.CompareTo( a2 ) );
      Show( "Byte:    ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo( b2 ), b1.CompareTo( b2 ) );
      Show( "Int16:   ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo( c2 ), c1.CompareTo( c2 ) );
      Show( "Int32:   ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo( d2 ), d1.CompareTo( d2 ) );
      Show( "Int64:   ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo( e2 ), e1.CompareTo( e2 ) );
      Show( "Decimal: ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo( f2 ), f1.CompareTo( f2 ) );
      Show( "Single:  ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo( g2 ), g1.CompareTo( g2 ) );
      Show( "Double:  ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo( h2 ), h1.CompareTo( h2 ) );
      Show( "Char:    ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo( i2 ), i1.CompareTo( i2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the String object.
      obj = j2;
      Show( "String:  ", j1, j2, j1->CompareTo( j2 ), j1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show( "DateTime:", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo( k2 ), k1.CompareTo( k2 ) );
      Show(  "TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo( l2 ), l1.CompareTo( l2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the Version object.
      obj = m2;
      Show(  "Version:  ", m1, m2, m1->CompareTo( m2 ), m1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show(  "Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo( n2 ), n1.CompareTo( n2 ) );
      
      //
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl );
      Show( "SByte:   ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo( w2 ), w1.CompareTo( w2 ) );
      Show( "UInt16:  ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo( x2 ), x1.CompareTo( x2 ) );
      Show( "UInt32:  ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo( y2 ), y1.CompareTo( y2 ) );
      Show( "UInt64:  ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo( z2 ), z1.CompareTo( z2 ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

}
//     This example displays the following output:
//     
//     The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
//     CompareTo method for several base types:
//     
//     Boolean:  True is equal to True
//     Byte:     1 is equal to 1
//     Int16:    -2 is less than 2
//     Int32:    3 is equal to 3
//     Int64:    4 is greater than -4
//     Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
//     Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
//     Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
//     Char:     A is equal to A
//     String:   abc is equal to abc
//     DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
//     TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
//     Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
//     Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
//     aa0057b223
//     
//     The following types are not CLS-compliant:
//     SByte:    8 is equal to 8
//     UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
//     UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
//     UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
// This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string    nl = Environment.NewLine;
    string    msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" +
                    "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";

    DateTime  now = DateTime.Now;
// Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
    TimeSpan  tsX = new TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44); 
// Version = 1.2.333.4
    Version   versX = new Version("1.2.333.4");  
// Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
    Guid      guidX = new Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");

    Boolean  a1 = true,  a2 = true;
    Byte     b1 = 1,     b2 = 1;
    Int16    c1 = -2,    c2 = 2;
    Int32    d1 = 3,     d2 = 3;
    Int64    e1 = 4,     e2 = -4;
    Decimal  f1 = -5.5m, f2 = 5.5m;
    Single   g1 = 6.6f,  g2 = 6.6f;
    Double   h1 = 7.7d,  h2 = -7.7d;
    Char     i1 = 'A',   i2 = 'A';
    String   j1 = "abc", j2 = "abc";
    DateTime k1 = now,   k2 = now;
    TimeSpan l1 = tsX,   l2 = tsX;
    Version  m1 = versX, m2 = new Version("2.0");
    Guid     n1 = guidX, n2 = guidX;

// The following types are not CLS-compliant.
    SByte    w1 = 8,     w2 = 8;
    UInt16   x1 = 9,     x2 = 9;
    UInt32   y1 = 10,    y2 = 10;
    UInt64   z1 = 11,    z2 = 11;
//
    Console.WriteLine(msg, nl);
    try 
        {
// The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
// the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

        Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo((Object)a2));
        Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo((Object)b2));
        Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo((Object)c2));
        Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo((Object)d2));
        Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo((Object)e2));
        Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo((Object)f2));
        Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo((Object)g2));
        Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo((Object)h2));
        Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo((Object)i2));
        Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo((Object)j2));
        Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo((Object)k2));
        Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo((Object)l2));
        Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo((Object)m2));
        Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo((Object)n2));
//
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl);
        Show("SByte:    ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo(w2), w1.CompareTo((Object)w2));
        Show("UInt16:   ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo(x2), x1.CompareTo((Object)x2));
        Show("UInt32:   ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo(y2), y1.CompareTo((Object)y2));
        Show("UInt64:   ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo(z2), z1.CompareTo((Object)z2));
        }
    catch (Exception e)
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
    }

    public static void Show(string caption, Object var1, Object var2, 
                            int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric)
    {
    string relation;

    Console.Write(caption);
    if (resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric) 
        {
        if      (resultGeneric < 0) relation = "less than";
        else if (resultGeneric > 0) relation = "greater than";
        else                        relation = "equal to";
        Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2);
        }

// The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
// CompareTo methods are equivalent.

    else
        {
        Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", 
                           resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric);
        }
   }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
CompareTo method for several base types:

Boolean:  True is equal to True
Byte:     1 is equal to 1
Int16:    -2 is less than 2
Int32:    3 is equal to 3
Int64:    4 is greater than -4
Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
Char:     A is equal to A
String:   abc is equal to abc
DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
aa0057b223

The following types are not CLS-compliant:
SByte:    8 is equal to 8
UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
*/
' This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
' CompareTo method for several base types.
' The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
' version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      Dim msg As String = _
          "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" & _
          "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}"
      
      Dim now As DateTime = DateTime.Now
      ' Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
      Dim tsX As New TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44)
      ' Version = 1.2.333.4
      Dim versX As New Version("1.2.333.4")
      ' Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
      Dim guidX As New Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}")
      
      Dim a1 As [Boolean] = True,    a2 As [Boolean] = True
      Dim b1 As [Byte] = 1,          b2 As [Byte] = 1
      Dim c1 As Int16 = -2,          c2 As Int16 = 2
      Dim d1 As Int32 = 3,           d2 As Int32 = 3
      Dim e1 As Int64 = 4,           e2 As Int64 = -4
      Dim f1 As [Decimal] = -5.5D,   f2 As [Decimal] = 5.5D
      Dim g1 As [Single] = 6.6F,     g2 As [Single] = 6.6F
      Dim h1 As [Double] = 7.7,      h2 As [Double] = -7.7
      Dim i1 As [Char] = "A"c,       i2 As [Char] = "A"c
      Dim j1 As String = "abc",      j2 As String = "abc"
      Dim k1 As DateTime = now,      k2 As DateTime = now
      Dim l1 As TimeSpan = tsX,      l2 As TimeSpan = tsX
      Dim m1 As Version = versX,     m2 As New Version("2.0")
      Dim n1 As Guid = guidX,        n2 As Guid = guidX
      
      ' The following types are not CLS-compliant.
      ' SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64

      Console.WriteLine(msg, nl)
      Try
         ' The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
         ' the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

         Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo(CObj(a2)))
         Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo(CObj(b2)))
         Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo(CObj(c2)))
         Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo(CObj(d2)))
         Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo(CObj(e2)))
         Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo(CObj(f2)))
         Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo(CObj(g2)))
         Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo(CObj(h2)))
         Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo(CObj(i2)))
         Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo(CObj(j2)))
         Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo(CObj(k2)))
         Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo(CObj(l2)))
         Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo(CObj(m2)))
         Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo(CObj(n2)))
         '
         Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl)
         Console.WriteLine("SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64")

      Catch e As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(e)
      End Try
   End Sub
   
   Public Shared Sub Show(caption As String, var1 As [Object], var2 As [Object], _
                          resultGeneric As Integer, resultNonGeneric As Integer)
      Dim relation As String
      
      Console.Write(caption)
      If resultGeneric = resultNonGeneric Then
         If resultGeneric < 0 Then
            relation = "less than"
         ElseIf resultGeneric > 0 Then
            relation = "greater than"
         Else
            relation = "equal to"
         End If
         Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2)
      
      ' The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
      ' CompareTo methods are equivalent.

      Else
         Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", _
                            resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric)
      End If
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
'CompareTo method for several base types:
'
'Boolean:  True is equal to True
'Byte:     1 is equal to 1
'Int16:    -2 is less than 2
'Int32:    3 is equal to 3
'Int64:    4 is greater than -4
'Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
'Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
'Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
'Char:     A is equal to A
'String:   abc is equal to abc
'DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
'TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
'Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
'Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
'aa0057b223
'
'The following types are not CLS-compliant:
'SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64
'

注解

此方法实现 System.IComparable<T> 接口,并比 Decimal.CompareTo 方法稍微好些,因为它不必将 value 参数转换为对象。This method implements the System.IComparable<T> interface and performs slightly better than the Decimal.CompareTo method because it does not have to convert the value parameter to an object.

根据您的编程语言,可能会编写一个 CompareTo 方法,其中参数类型的位数(比实例类型小)。Depending on your programming language, it might be possible to code a CompareTo method where the parameter type has fewer bits (is narrower) than the instance type. 这是可能的,因为某些编程语言会执行将参数表示为类型的隐式扩大转换,该类型的位数与实例的位数一样多。This is possible because some programming languages perform an implicit widening conversion that represents the parameter as a type with as many bits as the instance.

例如,假设实例类型为 Int32 并且参数类型为 ByteFor example, suppose the instance type is Int32 and the parameter type is Byte. Microsoft C#编译器将生成表示参数的说明作为 Int32 对象,然后生成 Int32.CompareTo 方法来比较 Int32 实例的值和 Int32 参数表示形式。The Microsoft C# compiler generates instructions to represent the parameter as an Int32 object, then generates a Int32.CompareTo method to compare the values of the Int32 instance and the Int32 parameter representation.

请查阅编程语言的文档,以确定其编译器是否对数值类型执行隐式扩大转换。Consult your programming language's documentation to determine whether its compiler performs implicit widening conversions on numeric types.

另请参阅

CompareTo(Object)

将此实例与指定对象进行比较并返回一个对二者的相对值的比较。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns a comparison of their relative values.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(System::Object ^ value);
public int CompareTo (object value);
abstract member CompareTo : obj -> int
override this.CompareTo : obj -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Object) As Integer

参数

value
Object

要与此实例进行比较的对象,或 nullThe object to compare with this instance, or null.

返回

一个带符号数字,指示此实例和 value 的相对值。A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

返回值Return value 含义Meaning
小于零Less than zero 此实例小于 valueThis instance is less than value.
Zero 此实例等于 valueThis instance is equal to value.
大于零Greater than zero 此实例大于 valueThis instance is greater than value. -or- valuenullvalue is null.

实现

异常

value 不是 Decimalvalue is not a Decimal.

示例

下面的代码示例使用 CompareTo 方法,将多个 Decimal 和其他对象与引用 Decimal 值进行比较。The following code example compares several Decimal and other objects to a reference Decimal value using the CompareTo method.

// Example of the Decimal::CompareTo and Decimal::Equals instance 
// methods.
using namespace System;

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Compare the Decimal to the Object parameters, 
// and display the Object parameters with the results.
void CompDecimalToObject( Decimal Left, Object^ Right, String^ RightText )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", String::Concat( "Object: ", RightText ), Right );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Left.Equals( Object )", Left.Equals( Right ) );
   Console::Write( "{0,-46}", "Left.CompareTo( Object )" );
   try
   {
      
      // Catch the exception if CompareTo( ) throws one.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}\n", Left.CompareTo( Right ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}\n", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
   }

}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Decimal::Equals( Object* ) and \n"
   "Decimal::CompareTo( Object* ) methods generates the \n"
   "following output. It creates several different "
   "Decimal \nvalues and compares them with the following "
   "reference value.\n" );
   
   // Create a reference Decimal value.
   Decimal Left = Decimal(987.654);
   Console::WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}\n", "Left: Decimal( 987.654 )", Left );
   
   // Create objects to compare with the reference.
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal(9.8765400E+2), "Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal::Parse( "987.6541" ), "Decimal::Parse( \"987.6541\" )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal::Parse( "987.6539" ), "Decimal::Parse( \"987.6539\" )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, Decimal(987654000,0,0,false,6), "Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, 9.8765400E+2, "Double 9.8765400E+2" );
   CompDecimalToObject( Left, "987.654", "String \"987.654\"" );
}

/*
This example of the Decimal::Equals( Object* ) and
Decimal::CompareTo( Object* ) methods generates the
following output. It creates several different Decimal
values and compares them with the following reference value.

Left: Decimal( 987.654 )                      987.654

Object: Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )               987.654
Left.Equals( Object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0

Object: Decimal::Parse( "987.6541" )          987.6541
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      -1

Object: Decimal::Parse( "987.6539" )          987.6539
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      1

Object: Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )  987.654000
Left.Equals( Object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0

Object: Double 9.8765400E+2                   987.654
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException

Object: String "987.654"                      987.654
Left.Equals( Object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException
*/
// Example of the decimal.CompareTo and decimal.Equals instance 
// methods.
using System;

class DecCompToEqualsObjDemo
{
    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring( 
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Compare the decimal to the object parameters, 
    // and display the object parameters with the results.
    public static void CompDecimalToObject( decimal Left, 
        object Right, string RightText )
    {

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "object: "+RightText, 
            Right );
        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Left.Equals( object )", 
            Left.Equals( Right ) );
        Console.Write( "{0,-46}", "Left.CompareTo( object )" );

        try
        {
            // Catch the exception if CompareTo( ) throws one.
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}\n", Left.CompareTo( Right ) );
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}\n", GetExceptionType( ex ) );
        }
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of the decimal.Equals( object ) and \n" +
            "decimal.CompareTo( object ) methods generates the \n" +
            "following output. It creates several different " +
            "decimal \nvalues and compares them with the following " +
            "reference value.\n" );

        // Create a reference decimal value.
        decimal Left = new decimal( 987.654 );

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}\n", 
            "Left: decimal( 987.654 )", Left );

        // Create objects to compare with the reference.
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, new decimal( 9.8765400E+2 ), 
            "decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6541M, "987.6541D" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6539M, "987.6539D" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 
            new decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 ), 
            "decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 9.8765400E+2, 
            "Double 9.8765400E+2" );
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, "987.654", "String \"987.654\"" );
    }
}

/*
This example of the decimal.Equals( object ) and
decimal.CompareTo( object ) methods generates the
following output. It creates several different decimal
values and compares them with the following reference value.

Left: decimal( 987.654 )                      987.654

object: decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )               987.654
Left.Equals( object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( object )                      0

object: 987.6541D                             987.6541
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      -1

object: 987.6539D                             987.6539
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      1

object: decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )  987.654000
Left.Equals( object )                         True
Left.CompareTo( object )                      0

object: Double 9.8765400E+2                   987.654
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      ArgumentException

object: String "987.654"                      987.654
Left.Equals( object )                         False
Left.CompareTo( object )                      ArgumentException
*/ 
' Example of the Decimal.CompareTo and Decimal.Equals instance methods.
Module DecCompToEqualsObjDemo
    
    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    ' Compare the Decimal to the Object parameters, 
    ' and display the Object parameters with the results.
    Sub CompDecimalToObject( Left as Decimal, Right as Object, _
        RightText as String )

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Object: " & RightText, _
            Right )
        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}", "Left.Equals( Object )", _
            Left.Equals( Right ) )
        Console.Write( "{0,-46}", "Left.CompareTo( Object )" )

        ' Catch the exception if CompareTo( ) throws one.
        Try
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}" & vbCrLf, _
                Left.CompareTo( Right ) )
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine( "{0}" & vbCrLf, _
                GetExceptionType( ex ) )
        End Try
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the Decimal.Equals( Object ) " & _
            "and " & vbCrLf & "Decimal.CompareTo( Object ) " & _
            "methods generates the " & vbCrLf & _
            "following output. It creates several different " & _
            "Decimal " & vbCrLf & "values and compares them " & _
            "with the following reference value." & vbCrLf )

        ' Create a reference Decimal value.
        Dim Left as New Decimal( 987.654 )

        Console.WriteLine( "{0,-46}{1}" & vbCrLf, _
            "Left: Decimal( 987.654 )", Left )

        ' Create objects to compare with the reference.
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, New Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 ), _
            "Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6541D, "987.6541D" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 987.6539D, "987.6539D" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, _
            New Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 ), _
            "Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, 9.8765400E+2, _
            "Double 9.8765400E+2" )
        CompDecimalToObject( Left, "987.654", _
            "String ""987.654""" )
    End Sub
End Module 

' This example of the Decimal.Equals( Object ) and
' Decimal.CompareTo( Object ) methods generates the
' following output. It creates several different Decimal
' values and compares them with the following reference value.
' 
' Left: Decimal( 987.654 )                      987.654
' 
' Object: Decimal( 9.8765400E+2 )               987.654
' Left.Equals( Object )                         True
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0
' 
' Object: 987.6541D                             987.6541
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      -1
' 
' Object: 987.6539D                             987.6539
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      1
' 
' Object: Decimal( 987654000, 0, 0, false, 6 )  987.654000
' Left.Equals( Object )                         True
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      0
' 
' Object: Double 9.8765400E+2                   987.654
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException
' 
' Object: String "987.654"                      987.654
' Left.Equals( Object )                         False
' Left.CompareTo( Object )                      ArgumentException

注解

无论其值如何,Decimal的任何实例都视为大于 nullAny instance of Decimal, regardless of its value, is considered greater than null.

参数 value 必须 nullDecimal的实例;否则,将引发异常。Parameter value must be null or an instance of Decimal; otherwise, an exception is thrown.

另请参阅

适用于