Exception 构造函数

定义

初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

重载

Exception()

初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

Exception(String)

用指定的错误消息初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

Exception(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

用序列化数据初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

Exception(String, Exception)

使用指定的错误消息和对作为此异常原因的内部异常的引用来初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

Exception()

初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

public:
 Exception();
public Exception ();
Public Sub New ()

示例

下面的代码示例派生一个 Exception 使用预定义消息的代码示例。 该代码演示了对派生类和基 Exception 类使用无参数构造函数。

// Example for the Exception( ) constructor.
using namespace System;

namespace NDP_UE_CPP
{

   // Derive an exception with a predefined message.
   public ref class NotEvenException: public Exception
   {
   public:
      NotEvenException()
         : Exception( "The argument to a function requiring "
      "even input is not divisible by 2." )
      {}

   };


   // Half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
   int Half( int input )
   {
      if ( input % 2 != 0 )
            throw gcnew Exception;
      else
            return input / 2;
   }


   // Half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
   int Half2( int input )
   {
      if ( input % 2 != 0 )
            throw gcnew NotEvenException;
      else
            return input / 2;
   }


   // CalcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
   void CalcHalf( int input )
   {
      try
      {
         int halfInput = Half( input );
         Console::WriteLine( "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
      }

   }


   // CalcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
   void CalcHalf2( int input )
   {
      try
      {
         int halfInput = Half2( input );
         Console::WriteLine( "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
      }

   }

}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Exception( ) constructor "
   "generates the following output." );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n"
   "parameterless constructor of the base class.\n" );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf( 12 );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf( 15 );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n"
   "parameterless constructor of a derived class.\n" );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf2( 24 );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf2( 27 );
}

/*
This example of the Exception( ) constructor generates the following output.

Here, an exception is thrown using the
parameterless constructor of the base class.

Half of 12 is 6.
System.Exception: Exception of type System.Exception was thrown.
   at NDP_UE_CPP.Half(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CPP.CalcHalf(Int32 input)

Here, an exception is thrown using the
parameterless constructor of a derived class.

Half of 24 is 12.
NDP_UE_CPP.NotEvenException: The argument to a function requiring even input is
 not divisible by 2.
   at NDP_UE_CPP.Half2(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CPP.CalcHalf2(Int32 input)
*/
// Example for the Exception( ) constructor.
using System;

namespace NDP_UE_CS
{
    // Derive an exception with a predefined message.
    class NotEvenException : Exception
    {
        public NotEvenException( ) :
            base( "The argument to a function requiring " +
                "even input is not divisible by 2." )
        { }
    }

    class NewExceptionDemo
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "This example of the Exception( ) constructor " +
                "generates the following output." );
            Console.WriteLine(
                "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n" +
                "parameterless constructor of the base class.\n" );

            CalcHalf( 12 );
            CalcHalf( 15 );

            Console.WriteLine(
                "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n" +
                "parameterless constructor of a derived class.\n" );

            CalcHalf2( 24 );
            CalcHalf2( 27 );
        }
        
        // Half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
        static int Half( int input )
        {
            if( input % 2 != 0 )
                throw new Exception( );

            else return input / 2;
        }

        // Half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
        static int Half2( int input )
        {
            if( input % 2 != 0 )
                throw new NotEvenException( );

            else return input / 2;
        }

        // CalcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
        static void CalcHalf(int input )
        {
            try
            {
                int halfInput = Half( input );
                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
            }
            catch( Exception ex )
            {
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) );
            }
        }

        // CalcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
        static void CalcHalf2(int input )
        {
            try
            {
                int halfInput = Half2( input );
                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
            }
            catch( Exception ex )
            {
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) );
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
This example of the Exception( ) constructor generates the following output.

Here, an exception is thrown using the
parameterless constructor of the base class.

Half of 12 is 6.
System.Exception: Exception of type System.Exception was thrown.
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewExceptionDemo.Half(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewExceptionDemo.CalcHalf(Int32 input)

Here, an exception is thrown using the
parameterless constructor of a derived class.

Half of 24 is 12.
NDP_UE_CS.NotEvenException: The argument to a function requiring even input is
not divisible by 2.
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewExceptionDemo.Half2(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewExceptionDemo.CalcHalf2(Int32 input)
*/
// Example for the Exception() constructor.
open System

// Derive an exception with a predefined message.
type NotEvenException() =
    inherit Exception "The argument to a function requiring even input is not divisible by 2."

// half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
let half input =
    if input % 2 <> 0 then
        raise (Exception())
    else input / 2

// half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
let half2 input =
    if input % 2 <> 0 then
        raise (NotEvenException())
    else input / 2

// calcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
let calcHalf input =
    try
        let halfInput = half input
        printfn $"Half of {input} is {halfInput}."
    with ex ->
        printfn $"{ex}"

// calcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
let calcHalf2 input =
    try
        let halfInput = half2 input
        printfn $"Half of {input} is {halfInput}."
    with ex ->
        printfn $"{ex}"

printfn "This example of the Exception() constructor generates the following output." 
printfn "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \nparameterless constructor of the base class.\n"

calcHalf 12
calcHalf 15

printfn "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \nparameterless constructor of a derived class.\n"

calcHalf2 24
calcHalf2 27 


// This example of the Exception() constructor generates the following output.
// Here, an exception is thrown using the
// parameterless constructor of the base class.
//
// Half of 12 is 6.
// System.Exception: Exception of type 'System.Exception' was thrown.
//    at NDP_UE_FS.half(Int32 input)
//    at at NDP_UE_FS.calcHalf(Int32 input)
//
// Here, an exception is thrown using the
// parameterless constructor of a derived class.
//
// Half of 24 is 12.
// NDP_UE_FS+NotEvenException: The argument to a function requiring even input is
// not divisible by 2.
//    at NDP_UE_FS.half2(Int32 input)
//    at NDP_UE_FS.calcHalf2(Int32 input)
' Example for the Exception( ) constructor.
Namespace NDP_UE_VB

    ' Derive an exception with a predefined message.
    Class NotEvenException
        Inherits Exception
           
        Public Sub New( )
            MyBase.New( _
                "The argument to a function requiring " & _
                "even input is not divisible by 2." )
        End Sub
    End Class

    Module NewExceptionDemo
       
        Sub Main( )
            Console.WriteLine( _
                "This example of the Exception( ) constructor " & _
                "generates the following output." )
            Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                "Here, an exception is thrown using the " & vbCrLf & _
                "parameterless constructor of the base class." & _
                vbCrLf )

            CalcHalf( 12 )
            CalcHalf( 15 )
              
            Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & _
                "Here, an exception is thrown using the " & vbCrLf & _
                "parameterless constructor of a derived class." & _
                vbCrLf )

            CalcHalf2( 24 )
            CalcHalf2( 27 )
        End Sub
           
        ' Half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
        Function Half( input As Integer ) As Integer

            If input Mod 2 <> 0 Then
                Throw New Exception( )
            Else
                Return input / 2
            End If
        End Function ' Half
            
        ' Half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
        Function Half2( input As Integer ) As Integer

            If input Mod 2 <> 0 Then
                Throw New NotEvenException( )
            Else
                Return input / 2
            End If
        End Function ' Half2
            
        ' CalcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
        Sub CalcHalf( input As Integer )

            Try
                Dim halfInput As Integer = Half( input )
                Console.WriteLine( _
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput )

            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
            End Try
        End Sub
           
        ' CalcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
        Sub CalcHalf2( input As Integer )

            Try
                Dim halfInput As Integer = Half2( input )
                Console.WriteLine( _
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput )

            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
            End Try
        End Sub

    End Module ' NewExceptionDemo
End Namespace ' NDP_UE_VB

' This example of the Exception( ) constructor generates the following output.
' 
' Here, an exception is thrown using the
' parameterless constructor of the base class.
' 
' Half of 12 is 6.
' System.Exception: Exception of type System.Exception was thrown.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewExceptionDemo.Half(Int32 input)
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewExceptionDemo.CalcHalf(Int32 input)
' 
' Here, an exception is thrown using the
' parameterless constructor of a derived class.
' 
' Half of 24 is 12.
' NDP_UE_VB.NotEvenException: The argument to a function requiring even input i
' s not divisible by 2.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewExceptionDemo.Half2(Int32 input)
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewExceptionDemo.CalcHalf2(Int32 input)

注解

此构造函数将新实例的 Message 属性初始化为系统提供的消息,该消息描述错误并考虑当前系统区域性。

所有派生类都应提供此无参数构造函数。 下表显示了 Exception 实例的初始属性值。

properties
InnerException 空引用(在 Visual Basic 中为 Nothing)。
Message 系统提供的本地化说明。

适用于

Exception(String)

用指定的错误消息初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

public:
 Exception(System::String ^ message);
public Exception (string message);
public Exception (string? message);
new Exception : string -> Exception
Public Sub New (message As String)

参数

message
String

描述错误的消息。

示例

下面的代码示例派生 Exception 特定条件。 该代码演示了对派生类和基 Exception 类使用调用方指定的消息作为参数的构造函数。

// Example for the Exception( String* ) constructor.
using namespace System;

namespace NDP_UE_CPP
{

   // Derive an exception with a specifiable message.
   public ref class NotEvenException: public Exception
   {
   private:
      static String^ notEvenMessage = "The argument to a function requiring "
      "even input is not divisible by 2.";

   public:
      NotEvenException()
         : Exception( notEvenMessage )
      {}

      NotEvenException( String^ auxMessage )
         : Exception( String::Format( "{0} - {1}", auxMessage, notEvenMessage ) )
      {}

   };


   // Half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
   int Half( int input )
   {
      if ( input % 2 != 0 )
            throw gcnew Exception( String::Format( "The argument {0} is not divisible by 2.", input ) );
      else
            return input / 2;
   }


   // Half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
   int Half2( int input )
   {
      if ( input % 2 != 0 )
            throw gcnew NotEvenException( String::Format( "Invalid argument: {0}", input ) );
      else
            return input / 2;
   }


   // CalcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
   void CalcHalf( int input )
   {
      try
      {
         int halfInput = Half( input );
         Console::WriteLine( "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
      }

   }


   // CalcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
   void CalcHalf2( int input )
   {
      try
      {
         int halfInput = Half2( input );
         Console::WriteLine( "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
      }

   }

}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Exception( String* )\n"
   "constructor generates the following output." );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n"
   "constructor of the base class.\n" );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf( 18 );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf( 21 );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n"
   "constructor of a derived class.\n" );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf2( 30 );
   NDP_UE_CPP::CalcHalf2( 33 );
}

/*
This example of the Exception( String* )
constructor generates the following output.

Here, an exception is thrown using the
constructor of the base class.

Half of 18 is 9.
System.Exception: The argument 21 is not divisible by 2.
   at NDP_UE_CPP.Half(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CPP.CalcHalf(Int32 input)

Here, an exception is thrown using the
constructor of a derived class.

Half of 30 is 15.
NDP_UE_CPP.NotEvenException: Invalid argument: 33 - The argument to a function
requiring even input is not divisible by 2.
   at NDP_UE_CPP.Half2(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CPP.CalcHalf2(Int32 input)
*/
// Example for the Exception( string ) constructor.
using System;

namespace NDP_UE_CS2
{
    // Derive an exception with a specifiable message.
    class NotEvenException : Exception
    {
        const string notEvenMessage =
            "The argument to a function requiring " +
            "even input is not divisible by 2.";

        public NotEvenException( ) :
            base( notEvenMessage )
        { }

        public NotEvenException( string auxMessage ) :
            base( String.Format( "{0} - {1}",
                auxMessage, notEvenMessage ) )
        { }
    }

    class NewSExceptionDemo
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "This example of the Exception( string )\n" +
                "constructor generates the following output." );
            Console.WriteLine(
                "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n" +
                "constructor of the base class.\n" );

            CalcHalf( 18 );
            CalcHalf( 21 );

            Console.WriteLine(
                "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \n" +
                "constructor of a derived class.\n" );

            CalcHalf2( 30 );
            CalcHalf2( 33 );
        }
        
        // Half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
        static int Half( int input )
        {
            if( input % 2 != 0 )
                throw new Exception( String.Format(
                    "The argument {0} is not divisible by 2.",
                    input ) );

            else return input / 2;
        }

        // Half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
        static int Half2( int input )
        {
            if( input % 2 != 0 )
                throw new NotEvenException(
                    String.Format( "Invalid argument: {0}", input ) );

            else return input / 2;
        }

        // CalcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
        static void CalcHalf(int input )
        {
            try
            {
                int halfInput = Half( input );
                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
            }
            catch( Exception ex )
            {
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) );
            }
        }

        // CalcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
        static void CalcHalf2(int input )
        {
            try
            {
                int halfInput = Half2( input );
                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput );
            }
            catch( Exception ex )
            {
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) );
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
This example of the Exception( string )
constructor generates the following output.

Here, an exception is thrown using the
constructor of the base class.

Half of 18 is 9.
System.Exception: The argument 21 is not divisible by 2.
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewSExceptionDemo.Half(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewSExceptionDemo.CalcHalf(Int32 input)

Here, an exception is thrown using the
constructor of a derived class.

Half of 30 is 15.
NDP_UE_CS.NotEvenException: Invalid argument: 33 - The argument to a function r
equiring even input is not divisible by 2.
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewSExceptionDemo.Half2(Int32 input)
   at NDP_UE_CS.NewSExceptionDemo.CalcHalf2(Int32 input)
*/
// Example for the Exception(string) constructor.
open System

let notEvenMessage = "The argument to a function requiring even input is not divisible by 2."

// Derive an exception with a specifiable message.
type NotEvenException =
    inherit Exception
    new () = { inherit Exception(notEvenMessage) }
    new (auxMessage) = { inherit Exception($"{auxMessage} - {notEvenMessage}") }

// half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
let half input =
    if input % 2 <> 0 then
        raise (Exception $"The argument {input} is not divisible by 2.")
    else input / 2

// half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
let half2 input =
    if input % 2 <> 0 then
        raise (NotEvenException $"Invalid argument: {input}")
    else input / 2

// calcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
let calcHalf input =
    try
        let halfInput = half input
        printfn $"Half of {input} is {halfInput}."
    with ex ->
        printfn $"{ex}"

// calcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
let calcHalf2 input =
    try
        let halfInput = half2 input
        printfn $"Half of {input} is {halfInput}."
    with ex ->
        printfn $"{ex}"

printfn "This example of the Exception(string)\nconstructor generates the following output."
printfn "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \nconstructor of the base class.\n"

calcHalf 18
calcHalf 21

printfn "\nHere, an exception is thrown using the \nconstructor of a derived class.\n"

calcHalf2 30
calcHalf2 33


// This example of the Exception(string)
// constructor generates the following output.
//
// Here, an exception is thrown using the
// constructor of the base class.
//
// Half of 18 is 9.
// System.Exception: The argument 21 is not divisible by 2.
//    at NDP_UE_FS_2.half(Int32 input)
//    at NDP_UE_FS_2.calcHalf(Int32 input)
//
// Here, an exception is thrown using the
// constructor of a derived class.
//
// Half of 30 is 15.
// NDP_UE_FS_2+NotEvenException: Invalid argument: 33 - The argument to a function r
// equiring even input is not divisible by 2.
//    at NDP_UE_FS_2.half2(Int32 input)
//    at NDP_UE_FS_2.calcHalf2(Int32 input)
' Example for the Exception( String ) constructor( String ).
Namespace NDP_UE_VB

    ' Derive an exception with a specifiable message.
    Class NotEvenException
        Inherits Exception

        Private Const notEvenMessage As String = _
            "The argument to a function requiring " & _
            "even input is not divisible by 2."
           
        Public Sub New()
            MyBase.New(notEvenMessage)
        End Sub
           
        Public Sub New(auxMessage As String)
            MyBase.New(String.Format("{0} - {1}", _
                auxMessage, notEvenMessage))
        End Sub
    End Class

    Module NewSExceptionDemo
       
        Sub Main()
            Console.WriteLine( _
                "This example of the Exception( String )" & vbCrLf & _
                "constructor generates the following output." )
            Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                "Here, an exception is thrown using the " & vbCrLf & _
                "constructor of the base class." & vbCrLf )

            CalcHalf(18)
            CalcHalf(21)
              
            Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & _
                "Here, an exception is thrown using the " & vbCrLf & _
                "constructor of a derived class." & vbCrLf )

            CalcHalf2(30)
            CalcHalf2(33)
        End Sub
           
        ' Half throws a base exception if the input is not even.
        Function Half(input As Integer) As Integer

            If input Mod 2 <> 0 Then
                Throw New Exception( String.Format( _
                    "The argument {0} is not divisible by 2.", _
                    input ) )
            Else
                Return input / 2
            End If
        End Function ' Half
            
        ' Half2 throws a derived exception if the input is not even.
        Function Half2(input As Integer) As Integer

            If input Mod 2 <> 0 Then
                Throw New NotEvenException( _
                    String.Format( "Invalid argument: {0}", input ) )
            Else
                Return input / 2
            End If
        End Function ' Half2
            
        ' CalcHalf calls Half and catches any thrown exceptions.
        Sub CalcHalf(input As Integer)

            Try
                Dim halfInput As Integer = Half(input)
                Console.WriteLine( _
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput )

            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
            End Try
        End Sub
           
           
        ' CalcHalf2 calls Half2 and catches any thrown exceptions.
        Sub CalcHalf2( input As Integer )

            Try
                Dim halfInput As Integer = Half2( input )
                Console.WriteLine( _
                    "Half of {0} is {1}.", input, halfInput )

            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
            End Try
        End Sub

    End Module ' NewSExceptionDemo
End Namespace ' NDP_UE_VB

' This example of the Exception( String )
' constructor generates the following output.
' 
' Here, an exception is thrown using the
' constructor of the base class.
' 
' Half of 18 is 9.
' System.Exception: The argument 21 is not divisible by 2.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewSExceptionDemo.Half(Int32 input)
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewSExceptionDemo.CalcHalf(Int32 input)
' 
' Here, an exception is thrown using the
' constructor of a derived class.
' 
' Half of 30 is 15.
' NDP_UE_VB.NotEvenException: Invalid argument: 33 - The argument to a function
'  requiring even input is not divisible by 2.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewSExceptionDemo.Half2(Int32 input)
'    at NDP_UE_VB.NewSExceptionDemo.CalcHalf2(Int32 input)

注解

此构造函数使用message参数初始化Message新实例的属性。 message如果参数为null,则这与调用Exception构造函数相同。

下表显示了 Exception 实例的初始属性值。

properties
InnerException 空引用(在 Visual Basic 中为 Nothing)。
Message 错误消息字符串。

适用于

Exception(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

用序列化数据初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

protected:
 Exception(System::Runtime::Serialization::SerializationInfo ^ info, System::Runtime::Serialization::StreamingContext context);
protected Exception (System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo info, System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext context);
new Exception : System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationInfo * System.Runtime.Serialization.StreamingContext -> Exception
Protected Sub New (info As SerializationInfo, context As StreamingContext)

参数

info
SerializationInfo

包含有关所引发异常的序列化对象数据的 SerializationInfo

context
StreamingContext

StreamingContext,它包含关于源或目标的上下文信息。

例外

infonull

类名为 null 或者 HResult 为零 (0)。

示例

下面的代码示例定义派生的可 Exception 序列化类。 代码强制使用除法 0 错误,然后使用 (SerializationInfoStreamingContext () 构造函数)创建派生异常的实例。 代码将实例序列化为文件,将文件反序列化为新的异常,它会引发该文件,然后捕获并显示异常的数据。

#using <System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization::Formatters::Soap;

// Define a serializable derived exception class.

[Serializable]
ref class SecondLevelException: public Exception, public ISerializable
{
public:

   // This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
   SecondLevelException( String^ message, Exception^ inner )
      : Exception( message, inner )
   {
      HelpLink = "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com";
      Source = "Exception_Class_Samples";
   }


protected:

   // This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
   SecondLevelException( SerializationInfo^ info, StreamingContext context )
      : Exception( info, context )
   {}


public:

   // GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
   [System::Security::Permissions::SecurityPermissionAttribute
   (System::Security::Permissions::SecurityAction::LinkDemand, 
   Flags=System::Security::Permissions::SecurityPermissionFlag::SerializationFormatter)]
   virtual void GetObjectData( SerializationInfo^ info, StreamingContext context ) override
   {
      
      // Change the case of two properties, and then use the 
      // method of the base class.
      HelpLink = HelpLink->ToLower();
      Source = Source->ToUpperInvariant();
      Exception::GetObjectData( info, context );
   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Exception constructor "
   "and Exception.GetObjectData\nwith Serialization"
   "Info and StreamingContext parameters "
   "generates \nthe following output.\n" );
   try
   {
      
      // This code forces a division by 0 and catches the 
      // resulting exception.
      try
      {
         int zero = 0;
         int ecks = 1 / zero;
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         
         // Create a new exception to throw again.
         SecondLevelException^ newExcept = gcnew SecondLevelException( "Forced a division by 0 and threw "
         "another exception.",ex );
         Console::WriteLine( "Forced a division by 0, caught the "
         "resulting exception, \n"
         "and created a derived exception:\n" );
         Console::WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", newExcept->HelpLink );
         Console::WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", newExcept->Source );
         
         // This FileStream is used for the serialization.
         FileStream^ stream = gcnew FileStream( "NewException.dat",FileMode::Create );
         try
         {
            
            // Serialize the derived exception.
            SoapFormatter^ formatter = gcnew SoapFormatter( nullptr,StreamingContext(StreamingContextStates::File) );
            formatter->Serialize( stream, newExcept );
            
            // Rewind the stream and deserialize the 
            // exception.
            stream->Position = 0;
            SecondLevelException^ deserExcept = dynamic_cast<SecondLevelException^>(formatter->Deserialize( stream ));
            Console::WriteLine( "\nSerialized the exception, and then "
            "deserialized the resulting stream "
            "into a \nnew exception. "
            "The deserialization changed the case "
            "of certain properties:\n" );
            
            // Throw the deserialized exception again.
            throw deserExcept;
         }
         catch ( SerializationException^ se ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "Failed to serialize: {0}", se->ToString() );
         }
         finally
         {
            stream->Close();
         }

      }

   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", ex->HelpLink );
      Console::WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", ex->Source );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
   }

}

/*
This example of the Exception constructor and Exception.GetObjectData
with SerializationInfo and StreamingContext parameters generates
the following output.

Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
and created a derived exception:

HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
Source:   Exception_Class_Samples

Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:

HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES

SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another exception. ---> S
ystem.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
   at main()
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at main()

*/
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap;

// Define a serializable derived exception class.
[Serializable()]
class SecondLevelException : Exception, ISerializable
{
    // This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
    public SecondLevelException(string message, Exception inner) :
        base(message, inner)
    {
        HelpLink = "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com";
        Source = "Exception_Class_Samples";
    }

    // This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
    protected SecondLevelException(SerializationInfo info,
        StreamingContext context) :
            base(info, context)
    { }

    // GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
    public override void GetObjectData(SerializationInfo info,
        StreamingContext context)
    {
        // Change the case of two properties, and then use the
        // method of the base class.
        HelpLink = HelpLink.ToLower();
        Source = Source.ToUpperInvariant();

        base.GetObjectData(info, context);
    }
}

class SerializationDemo
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the Exception constructor " +
            "and Exception.GetObjectData\nwith Serialization" +
            "Info and StreamingContext parameters " +
            "generates \nthe following output.\n");

        try
        {
            // This code forces a division by 0 and catches the
            // resulting exception.
            try
            {
                int zero = 0;
                int ecks = 1 / zero;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                // Create a new exception to throw again.
                SecondLevelException newExcept =
                    new SecondLevelException(
                        "Forced a division by 0 and threw " +
                        "another exception.", ex);

                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Forced a division by 0, caught the " +
                    "resulting exception, \n" +
                    "and created a derived exception:\n");
                Console.WriteLine("HelpLink: {0}",
                    newExcept.HelpLink);
                Console.WriteLine("Source:   {0}",
                    newExcept.Source);

                // This FileStream is used for the serialization.
                FileStream stream =
                    new FileStream("NewException.dat",
                        FileMode.Create);

                try
                {
                    // Serialize the derived exception.
                    SoapFormatter formatter =
                        new SoapFormatter(null,
                            new StreamingContext(
                                StreamingContextStates.File));
                    formatter.Serialize(stream, newExcept);

                    // Rewind the stream and deserialize the
                    // exception.
                    stream.Position = 0;
                    SecondLevelException deserExcept =
                        (SecondLevelException)
                            formatter.Deserialize(stream);

                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "\nSerialized the exception, and then " +
                        "deserialized the resulting stream " +
                        "into a \nnew exception. " +
                        "The deserialization changed the case " +
                        "of certain properties:\n");

                    // Throw the deserialized exception again.
                    throw deserExcept;
                }
                catch (SerializationException se)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Failed to serialize: {0}",
                        se.ToString());
                }
                finally
                {
                    stream.Close();
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("HelpLink: {0}", ex.HelpLink);
            Console.WriteLine("Source:   {0}", ex.Source);

            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
        }
    }
}
/*
This example displays the following output.

Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
and created a derived exception:

HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
Source:   Exception_Class_Samples

Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:

HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES

NDP_UE_CS.SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another except
ion. ---> System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
   at NDP_UE_CS.SerializationDemo.Main()
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at NDP_UE_CS.SerializationDemo.Main()
*/
open System
open System.IO
open System.Runtime.Serialization
open System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap
open System.Security.Permissions

 // Define a serializable derived exception class.
 [<Serializable>]
 type SecondLevelException =
    inherit Exception

    interface ISerializable with
        // GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
        member this.GetObjectData(info: SerializationInfo, context: StreamingContext) =
            // Change the case of two properties, and then use the
            // method of the base class.
            this.HelpLink <- this.HelpLink.ToLower()
            this.Source <- this.Source.ToUpperInvariant()

            base.GetObjectData( info, context )
    // This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
    new (message: string, inner: Exception) as this =
        { inherit Exception(message, inner) }
        then
            this.HelpLink <- "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com"
            this.Source <- "Exception_Class_Samples" 

    // This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
    new (info: SerializationInfo, context: StreamingContext) =
        { inherit Exception(info, context) }

printfn 
    """This example of the Exception constructor and Exception.GetObjectData
with SerializationInfo and StreamingContext parameters generates 
the following output.
"""

try
    // This code forces a division by 0 and catches the
    // resulting exception.
    try
        let zero = 0
        let ecks = 1 / zero
        ()
    with ex ->
        // Create a new exception to throw again.
        let newExcept = SecondLevelException("Forced a division by 0 and threw another exception.", ex)

        printfn "Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception, \nand created a derived exception:\n"
        printfn $"HelpLink: {newExcept.HelpLink}"
        printfn $"Source:   {newExcept.Source}"

        // This FileStream is used for the serialization.
        use stream = new FileStream("NewException.dat", FileMode.Create)

        try
            // Serialize the derived exception.
            let formatter = SoapFormatter(null, StreamingContext StreamingContextStates.File)
            formatter.Serialize(stream, newExcept)

            // Rewind the stream and deserialize the
            // exception.
            stream.Position <- 0L
            let deserExcept = formatter.Deserialize stream :?> SecondLevelException

            printfn 
                """
Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a 
new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:
"""

            // Throw the deserialized exception again.
            raise deserExcept
        with :? SerializationException as se -> 
            printfn $"Failed to serialize: {se}"

with ex ->
    printfn $"HelpLink: {ex.HelpLink}"
    printfn $"Source:   {ex.Source}"
    printfn $"\n{ex}"

// This example displays the following output.
//     Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
//     and created a derived exception:
//    
//     HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
//     Source:   Exception_Class_Samples
//    
//     Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
//     new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:
//    
//     HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
//     Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES
//    
//     NDP_UE_FS_3+SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another except
//     ion. ---> System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
//        at <StartupCode$fs>.$NDP_UE_FS_3.main@()
//        --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
//        at <StartupCode$fs>.$NDP_UE_FS_3.main@()
' If compiling with the Visual Basic compiler (vbc.exe) from the command
' prompt, be sure to add the following switch:
'    /reference:System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap.dll 
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap
Imports System.Security.Permissions

 ' Define a serializable derived exception class.
 <Serializable()>  _
 Class SecondLevelException
     Inherits Exception

     ' This public constructor is used by class instantiators.
     Public Sub New( message As String, inner As Exception )
         MyBase.New( message, inner )

         HelpLink = "http://MSDN.Microsoft.com"
         Source = "Exception_Class_Samples"
     End Sub

     ' This protected constructor is used for deserialization.
     Protected Sub New( info As SerializationInfo, _
         context As StreamingContext )
             MyBase.New( info, context )
     End Sub

     ' GetObjectData performs a custom serialization.
     <SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, _
                                  SerializationFormatter:=True)> _
     Overrides Sub GetObjectData( info As SerializationInfo, _
         context As StreamingContext)

         ' Change the case of two properties, and then use the
         ' method of the base class.
         HelpLink = HelpLink.ToLower()
         Source = Source.ToUpperInvariant()

         MyBase.GetObjectData(info, context)
     End Sub
 End Class

 Module SerializationDemo

     Sub Main()
         Console.WriteLine( _
             "This example of the Exception constructor " & _
             "and Exception.GetObjectData " & vbCrLf & _
             "with SerializationInfo and StreamingContext " & _
             "parameters generates " & vbCrLf & _
             "the following output." & vbCrLf )

         ' This code forces a division by 0 and catches the
         ' resulting exception.
         Try
             Try
                 Dim zero As Integer = 0
                 Dim ecks As Integer = 1 \ zero

             ' Create a new exception to throw again.
             Catch ex As Exception

                 Dim newExcept As New SecondLevelException( _
                     "Forced a division by 0 and threw " & _
                     "another exception.", ex )

                 Console.WriteLine( _
                     "Forced a division by 0, caught the " & _
                     "resulting exception, " & vbCrLf & _
                     "and created a derived exception:" & vbCrLf )
                 Console.WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", _
                     newExcept.HelpLink )
                 Console.WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", _
                     newExcept.Source )

                 ' This FileStream is used for the serialization.
                 Dim stream As New FileStream( _
                     "NewException.dat", FileMode.Create )

                 ' Serialize the derived exception.
                 Try
                     Dim formatter As New SoapFormatter( Nothing, _
                         New StreamingContext( _
                             StreamingContextStates.File ) )
                     formatter.Serialize( stream, newExcept )

                     ' Rewind the stream and deserialize the
                     ' exception.
                     stream.Position = 0
                     Dim deserExcept As SecondLevelException = _
                         CType( formatter.Deserialize( stream ), _
                             SecondLevelException )

                     Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                         "Serialized the exception, and then " & _
                         "deserialized the resulting stream " & _
                         "into a " & vbCrLf & "new exception. " & _
                         "The deserialization changed the case " & _
                         "of certain properties:" & vbCrLf )

                     ' Throw the deserialized exception again.
                     Throw deserExcept

                 Catch se As SerializationException
                     Console.WriteLine( "Failed to serialize: {0}", _
                         se.ToString( ) )

                 Finally
                     stream.Close( )
                 End Try
             End Try
         Catch ex As Exception
             Console.WriteLine( "HelpLink: {0}", ex.HelpLink )
             Console.WriteLine( "Source:   {0}", ex.Source )

             Console.WriteLine( )
             Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
         End Try
     End Sub
 End Module
' This example displays the following output:
' 
' Forced a division by 0, caught the resulting exception,
' and created a derived exception:
' 
' HelpLink: http://MSDN.Microsoft.com
' Source:   Exception_Class_Samples
' 
' Serialized the exception, and then deserialized the resulting stream into a
' new exception. The deserialization changed the case of certain properties:
' 
' HelpLink: http://msdn.microsoft.com
' Source:   EXCEPTION_CLASS_SAMPLES
' 
' NDP_UE_VB.SecondLevelException: Forced a division by 0 and threw another exce
' ption. ---> System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.SerializationDemo.Main()
'    --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
'    at NDP_UE_VB.SerializationDemo.Main()

注解

在反序列化期间调用此构造函数以重新构造在流上传输的异常对象。 有关详细信息,请参阅 XML 和 SOAP 序列化

另请参阅

适用于

Exception(String, Exception)

使用指定的错误消息和对作为此异常原因的内部异常的引用来初始化 Exception 类的新实例。

public:
 Exception(System::String ^ message, Exception ^ innerException);
public Exception (string message, Exception innerException);
public Exception (string? message, Exception? innerException);
new Exception : string * Exception -> Exception
Public Sub New (message As String, innerException As Exception)

参数

message
String

解释异常原因的错误消息。

innerException
Exception

导致当前异常的异常;如果未指定内部异常,则是一个 null 引用(在 Visual Basic 中为 Nothing)。

示例

下面的代码示例派生 Exception 特定条件。 该代码演示了对派生类和基 Exception 类采用消息和内部异常作为参数的构造函数的使用。

// Example for the Exception( String*, Exception* ) constructor.
using namespace System;

namespace NDP_UE_CPP
{

   // Derive an exception with a specifiable message and inner exception.
   public ref class LogTableOverflowException: public Exception
   {
   private:
      static String^ overflowMessage =  "The log table has overflowed.";

   public:
      LogTableOverflowException()
         : Exception( overflowMessage )
      {}

      LogTableOverflowException( String^ auxMessage )
         : Exception( String::Format( "{0} - {1}", overflowMessage, auxMessage ) )
      {}

      LogTableOverflowException( String^ auxMessage, Exception^ inner )
         : Exception( String::Format( "{0} - {1}", overflowMessage, auxMessage ), inner )
      {}

   };

   public ref class LogTable
   {
   public:
      LogTable( int numElements )
      {
         logArea = gcnew array<String^>(numElements);
         elemInUse = 0;
      }


   protected:
      array<String^>^logArea;
      int elemInUse;

   public:

      // The AddRecord method throws a derived exception 
      // if the array bounds exception is caught.
      int AddRecord( String^ newRecord )
      {
         try
         {
            logArea[ elemInUse ] = newRecord;
            return elemInUse++;
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            throw gcnew LogTableOverflowException( String::Format( "Record \"{0}\" was not logged.", newRecord ),ex );
         }

      }

   };


   // Create a log table and force an overflow.
   void ForceOverflow()
   {
      LogTable^ log = gcnew LogTable( 4 );
      try
      {
         for ( int count = 1; ; count++ )
         {
            log->AddRecord( String::Format( "Log record number {0}", count ) );

         }
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( ex->ToString() );
      }

   }

}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Exception( String*, Exception* )\n"
   "constructor generates the following output." );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nExample of a derived exception "
   "that references an inner exception:\n" );
   NDP_UE_CPP::ForceOverflow();
}

/*
This example of the Exception( String*, Exception* )
constructor generates the following output.

Example of a derived exception that references an inner exception:

NDP_UE_CPP.LogTableOverflowException: The log table has overflowed. - Record "L
og record number 5" was not logged. ---> System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index
 was outside the bounds of the array.
   at NDP_UE_CPP.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at NDP_UE_CPP.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
   at NDP_UE_CPP.ForceOverflow()
*/
// Example for the Exception( string, Exception ) constructor.
using System;

namespace NDP_UE_CS
{
    // Derive an exception with a specifiable message and inner exception.
    class LogTableOverflowException : Exception
    {
        const string overflowMessage =
            "The log table has overflowed.";

        public LogTableOverflowException( ) :
            base( overflowMessage )
        { }

        public LogTableOverflowException( string auxMessage ) :
            base( String.Format( "{0} - {1}",
                overflowMessage, auxMessage ) )
        { }

        public LogTableOverflowException(
            string auxMessage, Exception inner ) :
                base( String.Format( "{0} - {1}",
                    overflowMessage, auxMessage ), inner )
        { }
    }

    class LogTable
    {
        public LogTable( int numElements )
        {
            logArea = new string[ numElements ];
            elemInUse = 0;
        }

        protected string[ ] logArea;
        protected int       elemInUse;

        // The AddRecord method throws a derived exception
        // if the array bounds exception is caught.
        public    int       AddRecord( string newRecord )
        {
            try
            {
                logArea[ elemInUse ] = newRecord;
                return elemInUse++;
            }
            catch( Exception ex )
            {
                throw new LogTableOverflowException(
                    String.Format( "Record \"{0}\" was not logged.",
                        newRecord ), ex );
            }
        }
    }

    class OverflowDemo
    {
        // Create a log table and force an overflow.
        public static void Main()
        {
            LogTable log = new LogTable( 4 );

            Console.WriteLine(
                "This example of the Exception( string, Exception )" +
                "\nconstructor generates the following output." );
            Console.WriteLine(
                "\nExample of a derived exception " +
                "that references an inner exception:\n" );
            try
            {
                for( int count = 1; ; count++ )
                {
                    log.AddRecord(
                        String.Format(
                            "Log record number {0}", count ) );
                }
            }
            catch( Exception ex )
            {
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) );
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
This example of the Exception( string, Exception )
constructor generates the following output.

Example of a derived exception that references an inner exception:

NDP_UE_CS.LogTableOverflowException: The log table has overflowed. - Record "Lo
g record number 5" was not logged. ---> System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index
was outside the bounds of the array.
   at NDP_UE_CS.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at NDP_UE_CS.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
   at NDP_UE_CS.OverflowDemo.Main()
*/
// Example for the Exception(string, Exception) constructor.
open System

let overflowMessage = "The log table has overflowed."

// Derive an exception with a specifiable message and inner exception.
type LogTableOverflowException =
    inherit Exception

    new () =  { inherit Exception(overflowMessage) }

    new (auxMessage: string) = 
        { inherit Exception($"{overflowMessage} - {auxMessage}") }

    new (auxMessage: string, inner: Exception) =
        { inherit Exception($"{overflowMessage} - {auxMessage}", inner ) }

type LogTable(numElements: int) =
    let mutable logArea = Array.zeroCreate<string> numElements
    let mutable elemInUse = 0

    // The AddRecord method throws a derived exception
    // if the array bounds exception is caught.
    member _.AddRecord(newRecord: string): int =
        try
            logArea[elemInUse] <- newRecord
            elemInUse <- elemInUse + 1
            elemInUse - 1
        with ex ->
            raise (LogTableOverflowException($"Record \"{newRecord}\" was not logged.", ex ) )

// Create a log table and force an overflow.
let log = LogTable 4

printfn "This example of the Exception(string, Exception)\nconstructor generates the following output."
printfn "\nExample of a derived exception that references an inner exception:\n"
try
    for count = 1 to 1000 do
        log.AddRecord $"Log record number {count}"
        |> ignore
with ex ->
    printfn $"{ex}"


// This example of the Exception(string, Exception)
// constructor generates the following output.
//
// Example of a derived exception that references an inner exception:
//
// NDP_UE_FS_4+LogTableOverflowException: The log table has overflowed. - Record "Lo
// g record number 5" was not logged. ---> System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index
// was outside the bounds of the array.
//    at NDP_UE_FS_4.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
//    --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
//    at NDP_UE_FS_4.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
//    at <StartupCode$fs>.$NDP_UE_FS_4.main@()
' Sample for Exception( String, Exception ) constructor.
Namespace NDP_UE_VB

    ' Derive an exception with a specifiable message and inner exception.
    Class LogTableOverflowException
        Inherits Exception

        Private Const overflowMessage As String = _
            "The log table has overflowed."
           
        Public Sub New( )
            MyBase.New( overflowMessage )
        End Sub
           
        Public Sub New( auxMessage As String )
            MyBase.New( String.Format( "{0} - {1}", _
                overflowMessage, auxMessage ) )
        End Sub
           
        Public Sub New( auxMessage As String, inner As Exception )
            MyBase.New( String.Format( "{0} - {1}", _
                overflowMessage, auxMessage ), inner )
        End Sub
    End Class

    Class LogTable
       
        Public Sub New( numElements As Integer )
            logArea = New String( numElements ) { }
            elemInUse = 0
        End Sub
           
        Protected logArea( ) As String
        Protected elemInUse As Integer
           
        ' The AddRecord method throws a derived exception 
        ' if the array bounds exception is caught.
        Public Function AddRecord( newRecord As String ) As Integer

            Try
                Dim curElement as Integer = elemInUse
                logArea( elemInUse ) = newRecord
                elemInUse += 1
                Return curElement

            Catch ex As Exception
                Throw New LogTableOverflowException( String.Format( _
                    "Record ""{0}"" was not logged.", newRecord ), ex )
            End Try
        End Function ' AddRecord
        End Class

        Module OverflowDemo
           
        ' Create a log table and force an overflow.
        Sub Main()
            Dim log As New LogTable(4)
              
            Console.WriteLine( _
                "This example of the Exception( String, Exception )" & _
                vbCrLf & "constructor generates the following output." )
            Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                "Example of a derived exception " & vbCrLf & _
                "that references an inner exception:" & vbCrLf )
            Try
                Dim count As Integer = 0
                 
                Do
                    log.AddRecord( _
                        String.Format( _
                            "Log record number {0}", count ) )
                    count += 1
                Loop

            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine( ex.ToString( ) )
            End Try
        End Sub

    End Module ' OverflowDemo
End Namespace ' NDP_UE_VB

' This example of the Exception( String, Exception )
' constructor generates the following output.
' 
' Example of a derived exception
' that references an inner exception:
' 
' NDP_UE_VB.LogTableOverflowException: The log table has overflowed. - Record "
' Log record number 5" was not logged. ---> System.IndexOutOfRangeException: In
' dex was outside the bounds of the array.
'    at NDP_UE_VB.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
'    --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
'    at NDP_UE_VB.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord)
'    at NDP_UE_VB.OverflowDemo.Main()

注解

因前一个异常而直接引发的异常应在 InnerException 属性中包含对前一个异常的引用。 InnerException 属性返回传递到构造函数中的相同值,或者如果 Nothing 属性不向构造函数提供内部异常值,则为空引用(在 Visual Basic 中为 InnerException)。

下表显示了 Exception 实例的初始属性值。

properties “值”
InnerException 内部异常引用。
Message 错误消息字符串。

适用于