FileInfo.MoveTo 方法

定义

重载

MoveTo(String)

将指定文件移到新位置,提供要指定新文件名的选项。Moves a specified file to a new location, providing the option to specify a new file name.

MoveTo(String, Boolean)

将指定文件移动到新位置,提供指定新文件名和覆盖目标文件(如果它已存在)的选项。Moves a specified file to a new location, providing the options to specify a new file name and to overwrite the destination file if it already exists.

MoveTo(String)

将指定文件移到新位置,提供要指定新文件名的选项。Moves a specified file to a new location, providing the option to specify a new file name.

public:
 void MoveTo(System::String ^ destFileName);
public void MoveTo (string destFileName);
member this.MoveTo : string -> unit
Public Sub MoveTo (destFileName As String)

参数

destFileName
String

要将文件移动到的路径,可以指定另一个文件名。The path to move the file to, which can specify a different file name.

异常

发生 I/O 错误,例如目标文件已存在或目标设备未就绪。An I/O error occurs, such as the destination file already exists or the destination device is not ready.

destFileNamenulldestFileName is null.

destFileName 为空,仅包含空格,或包含无效字符。destFileName is empty, contains only white spaces, or contains invalid characters.

调用方没有所要求的权限。The caller does not have the required permission.

destFileName 为只读或是目录。destFileName is read-only or is a directory.

未找到此文件。The file is not found.

指定的路径无效,例如位于未映射的驱动器上。The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

指定的路径和/或文件名超过了系统定义的最大长度。The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length.

destFileName 在字符串中间包含一个冒号 (:)。destFileName contains a colon (:) in the middle of the string.

示例

下面的示例演示如何将文件移动到其他位置并重命名该文件。The following example demonstrates moving a file to a different location and renaming the file.


using System;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Xml;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.MoveTo.CS 
{

    class Program 
    {
        private static string sourcePath = Environment.GetFolderPath
            (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + 
            @"\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml";
        
        private static string destPath = Environment.GetFolderPath
            (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + 
            @"\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml";
        //
        // The main entry point for the application.
        //
        [STAThread()] static void Main () 
        {
            // Change Console properties to make it obvious that 
            // the application is starting.
            Console.Clear();
            // Move it to the upper left corner of the screen.
            Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0);
            // Make it very large.
            Console.SetWindowSize(Console.LargestWindowWidth - 24,
                Console.LargestWindowHeight - 16);
            Console.WriteLine("Welcome.");
            Console.WriteLine("This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press any key to start.");
            string s = Console.ReadLine();
            Console.Write("    Checking whether ");
            Console.Write(sourcePath);
            Console.WriteLine(" exists.");
            FileInfo fInfo = new FileInfo (sourcePath);
            EnsureSourceFileExists();
            DisplayFileProperties(fInfo);
            Console.WriteLine("Preparing to move the file to ");
            Console.Write(destPath);
            Console.WriteLine(".");
            MoveFile(fInfo);
            DisplayFileProperties(fInfo);
            Console.WriteLine("Preparing to delete directories.");
            DeleteFiles();
            Console.WriteLine("Press the ENTER key to close this application.");
            s = Console.ReadLine();
        }
        //
        // Moves the supplied FileInfo instance to destPath.
        //
        private static void MoveFile(FileInfo fInfo) 
        {
            try 
            {
                fInfo.MoveTo(destPath);
                Console.WriteLine("File moved to ");
                Console.WriteLine(destPath);
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                DisplayException(ex);
            }
        }
        //
        // Ensures that the test directories 
        // and the file FromFile.xml all exist.
        // 
        private static void EnsureSourceFileExists() 
        {
            FileInfo fInfo = new FileInfo(sourcePath);
            string dirPath = fInfo.Directory.FullName;
            if (!Directory.Exists(dirPath)) 
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(dirPath);
            }
            if (File.Exists(destPath)) 
            {
                File.Delete(destPath);
            }
            Console.Write("Creating file ");
            Console.Write(fInfo.FullName);
            Console.WriteLine(".");
            try 
            {
                if (!fInfo.Exists) 
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Adding data to the file.");
                    WriteFileContent(10);
                    Console.WriteLine("Successfully created the file.");
                }
            } 
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                DisplayException(ex);
            } 
            finally 
            {
                dirPath = null;
            }
        }
        //
        // Creates and saves an Xml file to sourcePath.
        //
        private static void WriteFileContent(int totalElements) 
        {
            XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
            doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateXmlDeclaration("1.0", null, "yes"));
            doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
            XmlElement root = doc.CreateElement("FileInfo.MoveTo");
            root.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
            int index = 0;
            XmlElement elem;
            while (index < totalElements) 
            {
                
                elem = doc.CreateElement("MyElement");
                elem.SetAttribute("Index", index.ToString());
                elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
                elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateTextNode(String.Format
                    ("MyElement at position {0}.", index)));
                elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
                root.AppendChild(elem);
                root.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
                index++;
            }
            doc.AppendChild(root);
            doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
            doc.Save(sourcePath);
            elem = null;
            root = null;
            doc = null;
        }
        //
        // Displays FullName, CreationTime, and LastWriteTime of the supplied
        // FileInfo instance, then displays the text of the file.
        //
        private static void DisplayFileProperties(FileInfo fInfo) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The FileInfo instance shows these property values.");
            StreamReader reader = null;
            try 
            {
                Console.Write("FullName: ");
                Console.WriteLine(fInfo.FullName);
                Console.Write("CreationTime: ");
                Console.WriteLine(fInfo.CreationTime);
                Console.Write("LastWriteTime: ");
                Console.WriteLine(fInfo.LastWriteTime);
                Console.WriteLine();
                Console.WriteLine("File contents:");
                Console.WriteLine();
                reader = new StreamReader(fInfo.FullName);
                while (!reader.EndOfStream) 
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(reader.ReadLine());
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            } 
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                DisplayException(ex);
            } 
            finally 
            {
                if (reader != null) 
                {
                    reader.Close();
                }
                reader = null;
            }
        }
        //
        // Deletes the test directory and all its files and subdirectories.
        //
        private static void DeleteFiles() 
        {
            try 
            {
                DirectoryInfo dInfo = new DirectoryInfo(Environment.GetFolderPath
                    (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + "\\FileInfoTestDirectory");
                if (dInfo.Exists) 
                {
                    dInfo.Delete(true);
                    Console.WriteLine("Successfully deleted directories and files.");
                }
                dInfo = null;
            } 
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                DisplayException(ex);
            }
        }
        //
        // Displays information about the supplied Exception. This
        // code is not suitable for production applications.
        //
        private static void DisplayException(Exception ex) 
        {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append("An exception of type \"");
            sb.Append(ex.GetType().FullName);
            sb.Append("\" has occurred.\r\n");
            sb.Append(ex.Message);
            sb.Append("\r\nStack trace information:\r\n");
            MatchCollection matchCol = Regex.Matches(ex.StackTrace,
@"(at\s)(.+)(\.)([^\.]*)(\()([^\)]*)(\))((\sin\s)(.+)(:line )([\d]*))?");
            int L = matchCol.Count;
            string[] argList;
            Match matchObj;
            int y, K;
            for(int x = 0; x < L; x++) 
            {
                matchObj = matchCol[x];
                sb.Append(matchObj.Result("\r\n\r\n$1 $2$3$4$5"));
                argList = matchObj.Groups[6].Value.Split(new char[] { ',' });
                K = argList.Length;
                for (y = 0; y < K; y++) 
                {
                    sb.Append("\r\n    ");
                    sb.Append(argList[y].Trim().Replace(" ", "        "));
                    sb.Append(',');
                }
                sb.Remove(sb.Length - 1, 1);
                sb.Append("\r\n)");
                if (0 < matchObj.Groups[8].Length) 
                {
                    sb.Append(matchObj.Result("\r\n$10\r\nline $12"));
                }
            }
            argList = null;
            matchObj = null;
            matchCol = null;
            Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString());
            sb = null;
        }
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
// Welcome.
// This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.
// Press any key to start.
//
//     Checking whether C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml exists.
// Creating file C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml.
// Adding data to the file.
// Successfully created the file.
// The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
// FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml
// CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
// LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
//
// File contents:
//
// <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
// <MyElement Index="0">
// MyElement at position 0.
// <MyElement Index="1">
// MyElement at position 1.
// <MyElement Index="2">
// MyElement at position 2.
// <MyElement Index="3">
// MyElement at position 3.
// <MyElement Index="4">
// MyElement at position 4.
// <MyElement Index="5">
// MyElement at position 5.
// <MyElement Index="6">
// MyElement at position 6.
// <MyElement Index="7">
// MyElement at position 7.
// <MyElement Index="8">
// MyElement at position 8.
// <MyElement Index="9">
// MyElement at position 9.

// Preparing to move the file to
// C:\Documents and Settings\MYComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml.
// File moved to
// C:\Documents and Settings\MYComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
// The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
// FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MYComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
// CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
// LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
// 
// File contents:
// 
// <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
// <MyElement Index="0">
// MyElement at position 0.
// <MyElement Index="1">
// MyElement at position 1.
// <MyElement Index="2">
// MyElement at position 2.
// <MyElement Index="3">
// MyElement at position 3.
// <MyElement Index="4">
// MyElement at position 4.
// <MyElement Index="5">
// MyElement at position 5.
// <MyElement Index="6">
// MyElement at position 6.
// <MyElement Index="7">
// MyElement at position 7.
// <MyElement Index="8">
// MyElement at position 8.
// <MyElement Index="9">
// MyElement at position 9.
// 
// Preparing to delete directories.
// Successfully deleted directories and files.
// Press the ENTER key to close this application.
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Xml

Module Program

    Private sourcePath As String = Environment.GetFolderPath _
    (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) & _
    "\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml"
    '
    Private destPath As String = Environment.GetFolderPath _
    (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) & _
    "\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml"
    '
    ' The main entry point for the application.
    '
    <STAThread()> Sub Main()
        ' Change Console properties to make it obvious that 
        ' the application is starting.
        Console.Clear()
        ' Move it to the upper left corner of the screen.
        Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0)
        ' Make it very large.
        Console.SetWindowSize(Console.LargestWindowWidth - 24, _
            Console.LargestWindowHeight - 16)
        Console.WriteLine("Welcome.")
        Console.WriteLine("This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.")
        Console.WriteLine("Press any key to start.")
        Dim s As String = Console.ReadLine()
        Console.Write("    Checking whether ")
        Console.Write(sourcePath)
        Console.WriteLine(" exists.")
        Dim fInfo As FileInfo = New FileInfo(sourcePath)
        EnsureSourceFileExists()
        DisplayFileProperties(fInfo)
        Console.WriteLine("Preparing to move the file to ")
        Console.Write(destPath)
        Console.WriteLine(".")
        MoveFile(fInfo)
        DisplayFileProperties(fInfo)
        Console.WriteLine("Preparing to delete directories.")
        DeleteFiles()
        Console.WriteLine("Press the ENTER key to close this application.")
        s = Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub
    '
    ' Moves the supplied FileInfo instance to destPath.
    '
    Private Sub MoveFile(ByVal fInfo As FileInfo)
        Try
            fInfo.MoveTo(destPath)
            Console.WriteLine("File moved to ")
            Console.WriteLine(destPath)
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Ensures that the test directories 
    ' and the file FromFile.xml all exist.
    '
    Private Sub EnsureSourceFileExists()
        ' Create a FileInfo instance, and get the full path 
        ' to the parent directory.
        Dim fInfo As FileInfo = New FileInfo(sourcePath)
        Dim dirPath As String = fInfo.Directory.FullName
        ' If the directory does not exist, create it.
        If Not Directory.Exists(dirPath) Then
            Directory.CreateDirectory(dirPath)
        End If
        ' If DestFile.xml exists, delete it.
        If File.Exists(destPath) Then
            File.Delete(destPath)
        End If
        Console.Write("Creating file ")
        Console.Write(fInfo.FullName)
        Console.WriteLine(".")
        Try
            If Not fInfo.Exists Then
                ' Call WriteFileContent to create the file.
                Console.WriteLine("Adding data to the file.")
                WriteFileContent(10)
                Console.WriteLine("Successfully created the file.")
            End If
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        Finally
            dirPath = Nothing
            fInfo = Nothing
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Creates and saves an Xml file to sourcePath.
    '
    Private Sub WriteFileContent(ByVal totalElements As Integer)
        Dim doc As New XmlDocument()
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = True
        doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateXmlDeclaration("1.0", Nothing, "yes"))
        doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
        Dim root As XmlElement = doc.CreateElement("FileInfo.MoveTo")
        Dim index As Integer = 0
        Dim elem As XmlElement
        While index < totalElements
            elem = doc.CreateElement("MyElement")
            elem.SetAttribute("Index", index.ToString())
            elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
            elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateTextNode(String.Format _
             ("MyElement at position {0}.", index)))
            elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
            root.AppendChild(elem)
            index += 1
        End While
        doc.AppendChild(root)
        doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
        doc.Save(sourcePath)
    End Sub
    '
    ' Displays FullName, CreationTime, and LastWriteTime of the supplied
    ' FileInfo instance, then displays the text of the file.
    '
    Private Sub DisplayFileProperties(ByVal fInfo As FileInfo)
        Console.WriteLine("The FileInfo instance shows these property values.")
        Dim reader As StreamReader = Nothing
        Try
            Console.Write("FullName: ")
            Console.WriteLine(fInfo.FullName)
            Console.Write("CreationTime: ")
            Console.WriteLine(fInfo.CreationTime)
            Console.Write("LastWriteTime: ")
            Console.WriteLine(fInfo.LastWriteTime)
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("File contents:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            reader = New StreamReader(fInfo.FullName)
            While Not reader.EndOfStream
                Console.WriteLine(reader.ReadLine())
            End While
            Console.WriteLine()
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        Finally
            If Not reader Is Nothing Then
                reader.Close()
                reader = Nothing
            End If
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Deletes the test directory and all its files and subdirectories.
    '
    Private Sub DeleteFiles()
        Try
            Dim dInfo As DirectoryInfo = New DirectoryInfo(Environment.GetFolderPath _
              (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + "\FileInfoTestDirectory")
            If dInfo.Exists Then
                dInfo.Delete(True)
                Console.WriteLine("Successfully deleted directories and files.")
            End If
            dInfo = Nothing
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Displays information about the supplied Exception. This
    ' code is not suitable for production applications.
    '
    Private Sub DisplayException(ByVal ex As Exception)
        Dim sb As New StringBuilder("An exception of type """)
        sb.Append(ex.GetType().FullName)
        sb.Append(""" has occurred.")
        sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
        sb.Append(ex.Message)
        sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
        sb.Append("Stack trace information:")
        sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
        Dim matchCol As MatchCollection = Regex.Matches(ex.StackTrace, _
        "(at\s)(.+)(\.)([^\.]*)(\()([^\)]*)(\))((\sin\s)(.+)(:line )([\d]*))?")
        Dim L As Integer = matchCol.Count
        Dim y, K As Integer
        Dim argList() As String
        Dim matchObj As Match
        Dim x As Integer = 0
        While x < L
            matchObj = matchCol(x)
            sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
            sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
            sb.Append(matchObj.Result("$1 $2$3$4$5"))
            argList = matchObj.Groups(6).Value.Split(New Char() {","})
            K = argList.Length
            y = 0
            While y < K
                sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
                sb.Append("    ")
                sb.Append(argList(y).Trim().Replace(" ", "        "))
                sb.Append(",")
                y += 1
            End While
            sb.Remove(sb.Length - 1, 1)
            sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
            If 0 < matchObj.Groups(8).Length Then
                sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
                sb.Append(matchObj.Result("$10"))
                sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
                sb.Append(matchObj.Result("line $12"))
            End If
            x += 1
        End While
        argList = Nothing
        matchObj = Nothing
        matchCol = Nothing
        Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString())
        sb = Nothing
        Return
    End Sub
End Module

' Welcome.
' This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.
' Press any key to start.
' 
'     Checking whether C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml exists.
' Creating file C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml.
' Adding data to the file.
' Successfully created the file.
' The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
' FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml
' CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' 
' File contents:
' 
' <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
' <FileInfo.MoveTo><MyElement Index="0">
' MyElement at position 0.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="1">
' MyElement at position 1.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="2">
' MyElement at position 2.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="3">
' MyElement at position 3.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="4">
' MyElement at position 4.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="5">
' MyElement at position 5.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="6">
' MyElement at position 6.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="7">
' MyElement at position 7.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="8">
' MyElement at position 8.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="9">
' MyElement at position 9.
' </MyElement></FileInfo.MoveTo>
' 
' Preparing to move the file to
' C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml.
' File moved to
' C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
' The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
' FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
' CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' 
' File contents:
' 
' <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
' <FileInfo.MoveTo><MyElement Index="0">
' MyElement at position 0.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="1">
' MyElement at position 1.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="2">
' MyElement at position 2.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="3">
' MyElement at position 3.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="4">
' MyElement at position 4.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="5">
' MyElement at position 5.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="6">
' MyElement at position 6.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="7">
' MyElement at position 7.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="8">
' MyElement at position 8.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="9">
' MyElement at position 9.
' </MyElement></FileInfo.MoveTo>
' 
' Preparing to delete directories.
' Successfully deleted directories and files.
' Press the ENTER key to close this application.

注解

此方法跨磁盘卷工作。This method works across disk volumes. 例如,可以将文件 c:\MyFile.txt 移动到 d:\public 和重命名的 NewFile。For example, the file c:\MyFile.txt can be moved to d:\public and renamed NewFile.txt.

如果目标文件已存在,则此方法不会覆盖它。This method does not overwrite the destination file if it already exists. 为此,请改为调用 MoveTo(String, Boolean)For that purpose, call MoveTo(String, Boolean) instead.

安全性

FileIOPermission
用于读取和写入文件。for reading and writing files. 关联的枚举: ReadWriteAssociated enumerations: Read, Write

另请参阅

MoveTo(String, Boolean)

将指定文件移动到新位置,提供指定新文件名和覆盖目标文件(如果它已存在)的选项。Moves a specified file to a new location, providing the options to specify a new file name and to overwrite the destination file if it already exists.

public:
 void MoveTo(System::String ^ destFileName, bool overwrite);
public void MoveTo (string destFileName, bool overwrite);
member this.MoveTo : string * bool -> unit
Public Sub MoveTo (destFileName As String, overwrite As Boolean)

参数

destFileName
String

要将文件移动到的路径,可以指定另一个文件名。The path to move the file to, which can specify a different file name.

overwrite
Boolean

如果要覆盖目标文件(如果它已存在),则为 true;否则为 falsetrue to overwrite the destination file if it already exists; false otherwise.

异常

出现 I/O 错误,例如目标设备未就绪。An I/O error occurred, such as the destination device is not ready.

destFileNamenulldestFileName is null.

destFileName 为空,仅包含空格,或包含无效字符。destFileName is empty, contains only white spaces, or contains invalid characters.

调用方没有所要求的权限。The caller does not have the required permission.

destFileName 为只读或是目录。destFileName is read-only or is a directory.

未找到此文件。The file is not found.

指定的路径无效,例如位于未映射的驱动器上。The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

指定的路径和/或文件名超过了系统定义的最大长度。The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length.

destFileName 在字符串中间包含一个冒号 (:)。destFileName contains a colon (:) in the middle of the string.

示例

下面的示例演示如何将文件移动到其他位置并重命名该文件。The following example demonstrates moving a file to a different location and renaming the file.


using System;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Xml;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.MoveTo.CS 
{

    class Program 
    {
        private static string sourcePath = Environment.GetFolderPath
            (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + 
            @"\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml";
        
        private static string destPath = Environment.GetFolderPath
            (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + 
            @"\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml";
        //
        // The main entry point for the application.
        //
        [STAThread()] static void Main () 
        {
            // Change Console properties to make it obvious that 
            // the application is starting.
            Console.Clear();
            // Move it to the upper left corner of the screen.
            Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0);
            // Make it very large.
            Console.SetWindowSize(Console.LargestWindowWidth - 24,
                Console.LargestWindowHeight - 16);
            Console.WriteLine("Welcome.");
            Console.WriteLine("This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press any key to start.");
            string s = Console.ReadLine();
            Console.Write("    Checking whether ");
            Console.Write(sourcePath);
            Console.WriteLine(" exists.");
            FileInfo fInfo = new FileInfo (sourcePath);
            EnsureSourceFileExists();
            DisplayFileProperties(fInfo);
            Console.WriteLine("Preparing to move the file to ");
            Console.Write(destPath);
            Console.WriteLine(".");
            MoveFile(fInfo);
            DisplayFileProperties(fInfo);
            Console.WriteLine("Preparing to delete directories.");
            DeleteFiles();
            Console.WriteLine("Press the ENTER key to close this application.");
            s = Console.ReadLine();
        }
        //
        // Moves the supplied FileInfo instance to destPath.
        //
        private static void MoveFile(FileInfo fInfo) 
        {
            try 
            {
                fInfo.MoveTo(destPath);
                Console.WriteLine("File moved to ");
                Console.WriteLine(destPath);
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                DisplayException(ex);
            }
        }
        //
        // Ensures that the test directories 
        // and the file FromFile.xml all exist.
        // 
        private static void EnsureSourceFileExists() 
        {
            FileInfo fInfo = new FileInfo(sourcePath);
            string dirPath = fInfo.Directory.FullName;
            if (!Directory.Exists(dirPath)) 
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(dirPath);
            }
            if (File.Exists(destPath)) 
            {
                File.Delete(destPath);
            }
            Console.Write("Creating file ");
            Console.Write(fInfo.FullName);
            Console.WriteLine(".");
            try 
            {
                if (!fInfo.Exists) 
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Adding data to the file.");
                    WriteFileContent(10);
                    Console.WriteLine("Successfully created the file.");
                }
            } 
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                DisplayException(ex);
            } 
            finally 
            {
                dirPath = null;
            }
        }
        //
        // Creates and saves an Xml file to sourcePath.
        //
        private static void WriteFileContent(int totalElements) 
        {
            XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
            doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateXmlDeclaration("1.0", null, "yes"));
            doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
            XmlElement root = doc.CreateElement("FileInfo.MoveTo");
            root.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
            int index = 0;
            XmlElement elem;
            while (index < totalElements) 
            {
                
                elem = doc.CreateElement("MyElement");
                elem.SetAttribute("Index", index.ToString());
                elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
                elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateTextNode(String.Format
                    ("MyElement at position {0}.", index)));
                elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
                root.AppendChild(elem);
                root.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
                index++;
            }
            doc.AppendChild(root);
            doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace("\r\n"));
            doc.Save(sourcePath);
            elem = null;
            root = null;
            doc = null;
        }
        //
        // Displays FullName, CreationTime, and LastWriteTime of the supplied
        // FileInfo instance, then displays the text of the file.
        //
        private static void DisplayFileProperties(FileInfo fInfo) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The FileInfo instance shows these property values.");
            StreamReader reader = null;
            try 
            {
                Console.Write("FullName: ");
                Console.WriteLine(fInfo.FullName);
                Console.Write("CreationTime: ");
                Console.WriteLine(fInfo.CreationTime);
                Console.Write("LastWriteTime: ");
                Console.WriteLine(fInfo.LastWriteTime);
                Console.WriteLine();
                Console.WriteLine("File contents:");
                Console.WriteLine();
                reader = new StreamReader(fInfo.FullName);
                while (!reader.EndOfStream) 
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(reader.ReadLine());
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            } 
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                DisplayException(ex);
            } 
            finally 
            {
                if (reader != null) 
                {
                    reader.Close();
                }
                reader = null;
            }
        }
        //
        // Deletes the test directory and all its files and subdirectories.
        //
        private static void DeleteFiles() 
        {
            try 
            {
                DirectoryInfo dInfo = new DirectoryInfo(Environment.GetFolderPath
                    (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + "\\FileInfoTestDirectory");
                if (dInfo.Exists) 
                {
                    dInfo.Delete(true);
                    Console.WriteLine("Successfully deleted directories and files.");
                }
                dInfo = null;
            } 
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                DisplayException(ex);
            }
        }
        //
        // Displays information about the supplied Exception. This
        // code is not suitable for production applications.
        //
        private static void DisplayException(Exception ex) 
        {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append("An exception of type \"");
            sb.Append(ex.GetType().FullName);
            sb.Append("\" has occurred.\r\n");
            sb.Append(ex.Message);
            sb.Append("\r\nStack trace information:\r\n");
            MatchCollection matchCol = Regex.Matches(ex.StackTrace,
@"(at\s)(.+)(\.)([^\.]*)(\()([^\)]*)(\))((\sin\s)(.+)(:line )([\d]*))?");
            int L = matchCol.Count;
            string[] argList;
            Match matchObj;
            int y, K;
            for(int x = 0; x < L; x++) 
            {
                matchObj = matchCol[x];
                sb.Append(matchObj.Result("\r\n\r\n$1 $2$3$4$5"));
                argList = matchObj.Groups[6].Value.Split(new char[] { ',' });
                K = argList.Length;
                for (y = 0; y < K; y++) 
                {
                    sb.Append("\r\n    ");
                    sb.Append(argList[y].Trim().Replace(" ", "        "));
                    sb.Append(',');
                }
                sb.Remove(sb.Length - 1, 1);
                sb.Append("\r\n)");
                if (0 < matchObj.Groups[8].Length) 
                {
                    sb.Append(matchObj.Result("\r\n$10\r\nline $12"));
                }
            }
            argList = null;
            matchObj = null;
            matchCol = null;
            Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString());
            sb = null;
        }
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
// Welcome.
// This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.
// Press any key to start.
//
//     Checking whether C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml exists.
// Creating file C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml.
// Adding data to the file.
// Successfully created the file.
// The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
// FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml
// CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
// LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
//
// File contents:
//
// <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
// <MyElement Index="0">
// MyElement at position 0.
// <MyElement Index="1">
// MyElement at position 1.
// <MyElement Index="2">
// MyElement at position 2.
// <MyElement Index="3">
// MyElement at position 3.
// <MyElement Index="4">
// MyElement at position 4.
// <MyElement Index="5">
// MyElement at position 5.
// <MyElement Index="6">
// MyElement at position 6.
// <MyElement Index="7">
// MyElement at position 7.
// <MyElement Index="8">
// MyElement at position 8.
// <MyElement Index="9">
// MyElement at position 9.

// Preparing to move the file to
// C:\Documents and Settings\MYComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml.
// File moved to
// C:\Documents and Settings\MYComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
// The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
// FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MYComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
// CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
// LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:24:19 PM
// 
// File contents:
// 
// <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
// <MyElement Index="0">
// MyElement at position 0.
// <MyElement Index="1">
// MyElement at position 1.
// <MyElement Index="2">
// MyElement at position 2.
// <MyElement Index="3">
// MyElement at position 3.
// <MyElement Index="4">
// MyElement at position 4.
// <MyElement Index="5">
// MyElement at position 5.
// <MyElement Index="6">
// MyElement at position 6.
// <MyElement Index="7">
// MyElement at position 7.
// <MyElement Index="8">
// MyElement at position 8.
// <MyElement Index="9">
// MyElement at position 9.
// 
// Preparing to delete directories.
// Successfully deleted directories and files.
// Press the ENTER key to close this application.
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Xml

Module Program

    Private sourcePath As String = Environment.GetFolderPath _
    (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) & _
    "\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml"
    '
    Private destPath As String = Environment.GetFolderPath _
    (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) & _
    "\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml"
    '
    ' The main entry point for the application.
    '
    <STAThread()> Sub Main()
        ' Change Console properties to make it obvious that 
        ' the application is starting.
        Console.Clear()
        ' Move it to the upper left corner of the screen.
        Console.SetWindowPosition(0, 0)
        ' Make it very large.
        Console.SetWindowSize(Console.LargestWindowWidth - 24, _
            Console.LargestWindowHeight - 16)
        Console.WriteLine("Welcome.")
        Console.WriteLine("This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.")
        Console.WriteLine("Press any key to start.")
        Dim s As String = Console.ReadLine()
        Console.Write("    Checking whether ")
        Console.Write(sourcePath)
        Console.WriteLine(" exists.")
        Dim fInfo As FileInfo = New FileInfo(sourcePath)
        EnsureSourceFileExists()
        DisplayFileProperties(fInfo)
        Console.WriteLine("Preparing to move the file to ")
        Console.Write(destPath)
        Console.WriteLine(".")
        MoveFile(fInfo)
        DisplayFileProperties(fInfo)
        Console.WriteLine("Preparing to delete directories.")
        DeleteFiles()
        Console.WriteLine("Press the ENTER key to close this application.")
        s = Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub
    '
    ' Moves the supplied FileInfo instance to destPath.
    '
    Private Sub MoveFile(ByVal fInfo As FileInfo)
        Try
            fInfo.MoveTo(destPath)
            Console.WriteLine("File moved to ")
            Console.WriteLine(destPath)
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Ensures that the test directories 
    ' and the file FromFile.xml all exist.
    '
    Private Sub EnsureSourceFileExists()
        ' Create a FileInfo instance, and get the full path 
        ' to the parent directory.
        Dim fInfo As FileInfo = New FileInfo(sourcePath)
        Dim dirPath As String = fInfo.Directory.FullName
        ' If the directory does not exist, create it.
        If Not Directory.Exists(dirPath) Then
            Directory.CreateDirectory(dirPath)
        End If
        ' If DestFile.xml exists, delete it.
        If File.Exists(destPath) Then
            File.Delete(destPath)
        End If
        Console.Write("Creating file ")
        Console.Write(fInfo.FullName)
        Console.WriteLine(".")
        Try
            If Not fInfo.Exists Then
                ' Call WriteFileContent to create the file.
                Console.WriteLine("Adding data to the file.")
                WriteFileContent(10)
                Console.WriteLine("Successfully created the file.")
            End If
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        Finally
            dirPath = Nothing
            fInfo = Nothing
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Creates and saves an Xml file to sourcePath.
    '
    Private Sub WriteFileContent(ByVal totalElements As Integer)
        Dim doc As New XmlDocument()
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = True
        doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateXmlDeclaration("1.0", Nothing, "yes"))
        doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
        Dim root As XmlElement = doc.CreateElement("FileInfo.MoveTo")
        Dim index As Integer = 0
        Dim elem As XmlElement
        While index < totalElements
            elem = doc.CreateElement("MyElement")
            elem.SetAttribute("Index", index.ToString())
            elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
            elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateTextNode(String.Format _
             ("MyElement at position {0}.", index)))
            elem.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
            root.AppendChild(elem)
            index += 1
        End While
        doc.AppendChild(root)
        doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateWhitespace(ControlChars.CrLf))
        doc.Save(sourcePath)
    End Sub
    '
    ' Displays FullName, CreationTime, and LastWriteTime of the supplied
    ' FileInfo instance, then displays the text of the file.
    '
    Private Sub DisplayFileProperties(ByVal fInfo As FileInfo)
        Console.WriteLine("The FileInfo instance shows these property values.")
        Dim reader As StreamReader = Nothing
        Try
            Console.Write("FullName: ")
            Console.WriteLine(fInfo.FullName)
            Console.Write("CreationTime: ")
            Console.WriteLine(fInfo.CreationTime)
            Console.Write("LastWriteTime: ")
            Console.WriteLine(fInfo.LastWriteTime)
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("File contents:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            reader = New StreamReader(fInfo.FullName)
            While Not reader.EndOfStream
                Console.WriteLine(reader.ReadLine())
            End While
            Console.WriteLine()
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        Finally
            If Not reader Is Nothing Then
                reader.Close()
                reader = Nothing
            End If
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Deletes the test directory and all its files and subdirectories.
    '
    Private Sub DeleteFiles()
        Try
            Dim dInfo As DirectoryInfo = New DirectoryInfo(Environment.GetFolderPath _
              (Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments) + "\FileInfoTestDirectory")
            If dInfo.Exists Then
                dInfo.Delete(True)
                Console.WriteLine("Successfully deleted directories and files.")
            End If
            dInfo = Nothing
        Catch ex As Exception
            DisplayException(ex)
        End Try
    End Sub
    '
    ' Displays information about the supplied Exception. This
    ' code is not suitable for production applications.
    '
    Private Sub DisplayException(ByVal ex As Exception)
        Dim sb As New StringBuilder("An exception of type """)
        sb.Append(ex.GetType().FullName)
        sb.Append(""" has occurred.")
        sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
        sb.Append(ex.Message)
        sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
        sb.Append("Stack trace information:")
        sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
        Dim matchCol As MatchCollection = Regex.Matches(ex.StackTrace, _
        "(at\s)(.+)(\.)([^\.]*)(\()([^\)]*)(\))((\sin\s)(.+)(:line )([\d]*))?")
        Dim L As Integer = matchCol.Count
        Dim y, K As Integer
        Dim argList() As String
        Dim matchObj As Match
        Dim x As Integer = 0
        While x < L
            matchObj = matchCol(x)
            sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
            sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
            sb.Append(matchObj.Result("$1 $2$3$4$5"))
            argList = matchObj.Groups(6).Value.Split(New Char() {","})
            K = argList.Length
            y = 0
            While y < K
                sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
                sb.Append("    ")
                sb.Append(argList(y).Trim().Replace(" ", "        "))
                sb.Append(",")
                y += 1
            End While
            sb.Remove(sb.Length - 1, 1)
            sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
            If 0 < matchObj.Groups(8).Length Then
                sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
                sb.Append(matchObj.Result("$10"))
                sb.Append(ControlChars.CrLf)
                sb.Append(matchObj.Result("line $12"))
            End If
            x += 1
        End While
        argList = Nothing
        matchObj = Nothing
        matchCol = Nothing
        Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString())
        sb = Nothing
        Return
    End Sub
End Module

' Welcome.
' This application demonstrates the FileInfo.MoveTo method.
' Press any key to start.
' 
'     Checking whether C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml exists.
' Creating file C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml.
' Adding data to the file.
' Successfully created the file.
' The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
' FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\MoveFrom\FromFile.xml
' CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' 
' File contents:
' 
' <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
' <FileInfo.MoveTo><MyElement Index="0">
' MyElement at position 0.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="1">
' MyElement at position 1.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="2">
' MyElement at position 2.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="3">
' MyElement at position 3.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="4">
' MyElement at position 4.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="5">
' MyElement at position 5.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="6">
' MyElement at position 6.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="7">
' MyElement at position 7.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="8">
' MyElement at position 8.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="9">
' MyElement at position 9.
' </MyElement></FileInfo.MoveTo>
' 
' Preparing to move the file to
' C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml.
' File moved to
' C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
' The FileInfo instance shows these property values.
' FullName: C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer\My Documents\FileInfoTestDirectory\DestFile.xml
' CreationTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' LastWriteTime: 4/18/2006 1:38:19 PM
' 
' File contents:
' 
' <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
' <FileInfo.MoveTo><MyElement Index="0">
' MyElement at position 0.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="1">
' MyElement at position 1.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="2">
' MyElement at position 2.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="3">
' MyElement at position 3.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="4">
' MyElement at position 4.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="5">
' MyElement at position 5.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="6">
' MyElement at position 6.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="7">
' MyElement at position 7.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="8">
' MyElement at position 8.
' </MyElement><MyElement Index="9">
' MyElement at position 9.
' </MyElement></FileInfo.MoveTo>
' 
' Preparing to delete directories.
' Successfully deleted directories and files.
' Press the ENTER key to close this application.

注解

此方法跨磁盘卷工作。This method works across disk volumes. 例如,可以将文件 c:\MyFile.txt 移动到 d:\public 和重命名的 NewFile。For example, the file c:\MyFile.txt can be moved to d:\public and renamed NewFile.txt.

安全性

FileIOPermission
用于读取和写入文件。for reading and writing files. 关联的枚举: ReadWriteAssociated enumerations: Read, Write

另请参阅

适用于