FileInfo.Open 方法

定义

用各种读/写访问权限和共享特权打开文件。Opens a file with various read/write and sharing privileges.

重载

Open(FileMode)

在指定的模式中打开文件。Opens a file in the specified mode.

Open(FileMode, FileAccess)

用读、写或读/写访问权限在指定模式下打开文件。Opens a file in the specified mode with read, write, or read/write access.

Open(FileMode, FileAccess, FileShare)

用读、写或读/写访问权限和指定的共享选项在指定的模式中打开文件。Opens a file in the specified mode with read, write, or read/write access and the specified sharing option.

Open(FileMode)

在指定的模式中打开文件。Opens a file in the specified mode.

public:
 System::IO::FileStream ^ Open(System::IO::FileMode mode);
public System.IO.FileStream Open (System.IO.FileMode mode);
member this.Open : System.IO.FileMode -> System.IO.FileStream
Public Function Open (mode As FileMode) As FileStream

参数

mode
FileMode

一个 FileMode 常数,它指定打开文件所采用的模式(例如 OpenAppend)。A FileMode constant specifying the mode (for example, Open or Append) in which to open the file.

返回

在指定模式中打开、具有读/写访问权限且不共享的文件。A file opened in the specified mode, with read/write access and unshared.

异常

未找到此文件。The file is not found.

文件为只读或是目录。The file is read-only or is a directory.

指定的路径无效,例如位于未映射的驱动器上。The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

此文件已打开。The file is already open.

示例

下面的示例打开一个文件, 将一些信息添加到该文件中, 并读取该文件。The following example opens a file, adds some information to the file, and reads the file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;

int main()
{
   String^ path = "c:\\MyTest.txt";
   FileInfo^ fi = gcnew FileInfo( path );
   
   // Delete the file if it exists.
   if (  !fi->Exists )
   {
      //Create the file.
      FileStream^ fs = fi->Create();
      try
      {
         array<Byte>^info = (gcnew UTF8Encoding( true ))->GetBytes( "This is some text in the file." );
         
         //Add some information to the file.
         fs->Write( info, 0, info->Length );
      }
      finally
      {
         if ( fs )
            delete (IDisposable^)fs;
      }
   }

   //Open the stream and read it back.
   FileStream^ fs = fi->Open( FileMode::Open );
   try
   {
      array<Byte>^b = gcnew array<Byte>(1024);
      UTF8Encoding^ temp = gcnew UTF8Encoding( true );
      while ( fs->Read( b, 0, b->Length ) > 0 )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( temp->GetString( b ) );
      }
   }
   finally
   {
      if ( fs )
         delete (IDisposable^)fs;
   }
}

//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is some text in the file.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\MyTest.txt";
        FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(path);

        // Delete the file if it exists.
        if (!fi.Exists) 
        {
            //Create the file.
            using (FileStream fs = fi.Create()) 
            {
                Byte[] info = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("This is some text in the file.");
                //Add some information to the file.
                fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
            }
        }

        //Open the stream and read it back.
        using (FileStream fs = fi.Open(FileMode.Open)) 
        {
            byte[] b = new byte[1024];
            UTF8Encoding temp = new UTF8Encoding(true);
            while (fs.Read(b,0,b.Length) > 0) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b));
            }
        }
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is some text in the file.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Public Class Test

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim path As String = "c:\temp\MyTest.txt"
        Dim fi As FileInfo = New FileInfo(path)
        Dim fs As FileStream

        ' Delete the file if it exists.
        If fi.Exists = False Then
            'Create the file.
            fs = fi.Create()
            Dim info As Byte() = New UTF8Encoding(True).GetBytes("This is some text in the file.")
            'Add some information to the file.
            fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length)
            fs.Close()
        End If

        'Open the stream and read it back.
        fs = fi.Open(FileMode.Open)
        Dim b(1023) As Byte
        Dim temp As UTF8Encoding = New UTF8Encoding(True)
        Do While fs.Read(b, 0, b.Length) > 0
            Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b))
        Loop
        fs.Close()
    End Sub
End Class
'This code produces output similar to the following; 
'results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
'
'This is some text in the file.
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'

安全性

FileIOPermission
用于写入和读取文件。for writing to and reading from files. 关联的枚举Write : 和ReadAssociated enumerations: Write and Read

另请参阅

Open(FileMode, FileAccess)

用读、写或读/写访问权限在指定模式下打开文件。Opens a file in the specified mode with read, write, or read/write access.

public:
 System::IO::FileStream ^ Open(System::IO::FileMode mode, System::IO::FileAccess access);
public System.IO.FileStream Open (System.IO.FileMode mode, System.IO.FileAccess access);
member this.Open : System.IO.FileMode * System.IO.FileAccess -> System.IO.FileStream
Public Function Open (mode As FileMode, access As FileAccess) As FileStream

参数

mode
FileMode

一个 FileMode 常数,它指定打开文件所采用的模式(例如 OpenAppend)。A FileMode constant specifying the mode (for example, Open or Append) in which to open the file.

access
FileAccess

一个 FileAccess 常数,它指定是使用 ReadWrite 还是 ReadWrite 文件访问来打开文件。A FileAccess constant specifying whether to open the file with Read, Write, or ReadWrite file access.

返回

用指定模式和访问权限打开的且不共享的 FileStream 对象。A FileStream object opened in the specified mode and access, and unshared.

异常

调用方没有所要求的权限。The caller does not have the required permission.

未找到此文件。The file is not found.

path 为只读或是目录。path is read-only or is a directory.

指定的路径无效,例如位于未映射的驱动器上。The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

此文件已打开。The file is already open.

path 为空,或者只包含空白。path is empty or contains only white spaces.

一个或多个参数为 NULL。One or more arguments is null.

示例

下面的示例以只读方式打开一个文件, 并从该文件中读取。The following example opens a file as read-only and reads from the file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;

int main()
{
   String^ path = "c:\\MyTest.txt";
   FileInfo^ fi = gcnew FileInfo( path );
   
   // Delete the file if it exists.
   if (  !fi->Exists )
   {
      
      //Create the file.
      FileStream^ fs = fi->Create();
      try
      {
         array<Byte>^info = (gcnew UTF8Encoding( true ))->GetBytes( "This is some text in the file." );
         
         //Add some information to the file.
         fs->Write( info, 0, info->Length );
      }
      finally
      {
         if ( fs )
            delete (IDisposable^)fs;
      }
   }

   //Open the stream and read it back.
   FileStream^ fs = fi->Open( FileMode::Open, FileAccess::Read );
   try
   {
      array<Byte>^b = gcnew array<Byte>(1024);
      UTF8Encoding^ temp = gcnew UTF8Encoding( true );
      while ( fs->Read( b, 0, b->Length ) > 0 )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( temp->GetString( b ) );
      }
      try
      {
         //Try to write to the file.
         fs->Write( b, 0, b->Length );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Writing was disallowed, as expected: {0}", e );
      }
   }
   finally
   {
      if ( fs )
         delete (IDisposable^)fs;
   }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is some text in the file.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//Writing was disallowed, as expected: System.NotSupportedException: Stream does 
//not support writing.
//   at System.IO.__Error.WriteNotSupported()
//   at System.IO.FileStream.Write(Byte[] array, Int32 offset, Int32 count)
//   at main() in c:\documents and settings\MyComputer\my documents\
//visual studio 2005\projects\finfo open2\finfo open2\
//cpp_console_application.cpp:line 46
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\MyTest.txt";
        FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(path);

        // Delete the file if it exists.
        if (!fi.Exists) 
        {
            //Create the file.
            using (FileStream fs = fi.Create()) 
            {
                Byte[] info = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("This is some text in the file.");
                //Add some information to the file.
                fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
            }
        }

        //Open the stream and read it back.
        using (FileStream fs = fi.Open(FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)) 
        {
            byte[] b = new byte[1024];
            UTF8Encoding temp = new UTF8Encoding(true);
            while (fs.Read(b,0,b.Length) > 0) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b));
            }

            try 
            {
                //Try to write to the file.
                fs.Write(b,0,b.Length);
            } 
            catch (Exception e) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Writing was disallowed, as expected: {0}",
                    e.ToString());
            }
        }
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is some text in the file.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//Writing was disallowed, as expected: System.NotSupportedException: Stream does 
//not support writing.
//   at System.IO.__Error.WriteNotSupported()
//   at System.IO.FileStream.Write(Byte[] array, Int32 offset, Int32 count)
//   at Test.Main() in C:\Documents and Settings\My Computer\My Documents\
//Visual Studio 2005\Projects\finfo open2\finfo open2\Program.cs:line 39

imports System.IO
imports System.Text

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim path As String = "c:\MyTest.txt"
        Dim fi As FileInfo = new FileInfo(path)
        Dim fs As FileStream

        ' Delete the file if it exists.
        If fi.Exists = False
            'Create the file.
            fs = fi.Create()
            Dim info As Byte() = _
                    New UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes( _
                        "This is some text in the file.")

            'Add some information to the file.
            fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length)
            fs.Close()
        End If

        'Open the stream and read it back.
        fs = fi.Open(FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
        Dim b(1023) As byte
        Dim temp As UTF8Encoding = New UTF8Encoding(true)

        Do While fs.Read(b,0,b.Length) > 0
            Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b))
        Loop
            Try
                fs.Write(b,0,b.Length)
                Catch e As Exception
                Console.WriteLine("Writing was disallowed, as expected: {0}", e.ToString())
            End Try
        fs.Close()
    End Sub
End Class
'This code produces output similar to the following; 
'results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
'
'This is some text in the file.
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'Writing was disallowed, as expected: System.NotSupportedException: Stream does 
'not support writing.
'   at System.IO.__Error.WriteNotSupported()
'   at System.IO.FileStream.Write(Byte[] array, Int32 offset, Int32 count)
'   at VB_Console_Application.Test.Main() in C:\Documents and Settings\MyComputer
'\My Documents\Visual Studio 2005\Projects\finfo open2\finfo open2\Module1.vb:line 34
'

安全性

FileIOPermission
用于写入和读取文件。for writing to and reading from files. 关联的枚举Write : 和ReadAssociated enumerations: Write and Read

另请参阅

Open(FileMode, FileAccess, FileShare)

用读、写或读/写访问权限和指定的共享选项在指定的模式中打开文件。Opens a file in the specified mode with read, write, or read/write access and the specified sharing option.

public:
 System::IO::FileStream ^ Open(System::IO::FileMode mode, System::IO::FileAccess access, System::IO::FileShare share);
public System.IO.FileStream Open (System.IO.FileMode mode, System.IO.FileAccess access, System.IO.FileShare share);
member this.Open : System.IO.FileMode * System.IO.FileAccess * System.IO.FileShare -> System.IO.FileStream
Public Function Open (mode As FileMode, access As FileAccess, share As FileShare) As FileStream

参数

mode
FileMode

一个 FileMode 常数,它指定打开文件所采用的模式(例如 OpenAppend)。A FileMode constant specifying the mode (for example, Open or Append) in which to open the file.

access
FileAccess

一个 FileAccess 常数,它指定是使用 ReadWrite还是 ReadWrite 文件访问来打开文件。A FileAccess constant specifying whether to open the file with Read, Write, or ReadWrite file access.

share
FileShare

一个 FileShare 常数,它指定其他 FileStream 对象对此文件拥有的访问类型。A FileShare constant specifying the type of access other FileStream objects have to this file.

返回

用指定的模式、访问权限和共享选项打开的 FileStream 对象。A FileStream object opened with the specified mode, access, and sharing options.

异常

调用方没有所要求的权限。The caller does not have the required permission.

未找到此文件。The file is not found.

path 为只读或是目录。path is read-only or is a directory.

指定的路径无效,例如位于未映射的驱动器上。The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

此文件已打开。The file is already open.

path 为空,或者只包含空白。path is empty or contains only white spaces.

一个或多个参数为 NULL。One or more arguments is null.

示例

下面的示例演示如何打开文件以进行读取和写入, 但不允许访问其他用户或进程。The following example demonstrates opening a file for reading and writing, but disallowing access to other users or processes.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   
   // Open an existing file, or create a new one.
   FileInfo^ fi = gcnew FileInfo( "temp.txt" );
   
   // Open the file just specified such that no one else can use it.
   FileStream^ fs = fi->Open( FileMode::OpenOrCreate, FileAccess::ReadWrite, FileShare::None );
   
   // Create another reference to the same file.
   FileInfo^ nextfi = gcnew FileInfo( "temp.txt" );
   try
   {
      
      // Try opening the same file, which was locked by the previous process.
      nextfi->Open( FileMode::OpenOrCreate, FileAccess::Read );
      Console::WriteLine( "The file was not locked, and was opened by a second process." );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "The file could not be opened because it was locked by another process." );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   
   // Close the file so it can be deleted.
   fs->Close();
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//The file could not be opened because it was locked by another process.
using System;
using System.IO;

public class OpenTest 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        // Open an existing file, or create a new one.
        FileInfo fi = new FileInfo("temp.txt");

        // Open the file just specified such that no one else can use it.
        FileStream fs = fi.Open( FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.None );

        // Create another reference to the same file.
        FileInfo nextfi = new FileInfo("temp.txt");        

        try 
        {
            // Try opening the same file, which was locked by the previous process.
            nextfi.Open( FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Read );

            Console.WriteLine("The file was not locked, and was opened by a second process.");
        } 
        catch (IOException) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The file could not be opened because it was locked by another process.");
        } 
        catch (Exception e) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
        }

        // Close the file so it can be deleted.
        fs.Close();
    }
}

//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//The file could not be opened because it was locked by another process.
Imports System.IO

Public Class OpenTest

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Open an existing file, or create a new one.
        Dim fi As New FileInfo("temp.txt")

        ' Open the file just specified such that no one else can use it.
        Dim fs As FileStream = fi.Open(FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.None)

        ' Create another reference to the same file.
        Dim nextfi As New FileInfo("temp.txt")

        Try
            ' Try opening the same file, which was locked by the previous process.
            nextfi.Open(FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Read)
            Console.WriteLine("The file was not locked, and was opened by a second process.")
        Catch i as IOException
            Console.WriteLine(i.ToString())
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString())
        End Try

        ' Close the file so it can be deleted.
        fs.Close()
    End Sub
End Class
'This code produces output similar to the following; 
'results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
'
'System.IO.IOException: The process cannot access the file 
''C:\Documents and Settings\mydirectory\My Documents\Visual Studio 2005
'\Projects\fileinfoopen\fileinfoopen\obj\Release\temp.txt' 
'because it is being used by another process.
'at System.IO.__Error.WinIOError(Int32 errorCode, String maybeFullPath)
'at System.IO.FileStream.Init(String path, FileMode mode, FileAccess access, 
'Int32 rights, Boolean useRights, FileShare share, Int32 bufferSize, FileOptions
'options, SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES secAttrs, String msgPath, Boolean bFromProxy)
'at System.IO.FileStream..ctor(String path, FileMode mode, FileAccess access,
'FileShare share) at System.IO.FileInfo.Open(FileMode mode, FileAccess access)
'at VB_Console_Application.OpenTest.Main() in C:\Documents and Settings
'\mydirectory\My Documents\Visual Studio 2005\Projects\VB_Console_Application
'\VB_Console_Application\Module1.vb:line 19

安全性

FileIOPermission
用于写入和读取文件。for writing to and reading from files. 关联的枚举Write : 和ReadAssociated enumerations: Write and Read

另请参阅

适用于