FileSystemWatcher.Renamed FileSystemWatcher.Renamed FileSystemWatcher.Renamed FileSystemWatcher.Renamed Event

定义

重命名指定 Path 中的文件或目录时发生。Occurs when a file or directory in the specified Path is renamed.

public:
 event System::IO::RenamedEventHandler ^ Renamed;
[System.IO.IODescription("Occurs when a file/directory rename matches the filter")]
[System.IO.IODescription("FSW_Renamed")]
public event System.IO.RenamedEventHandler Renamed;
member this.Renamed : System.IO.RenamedEventHandler 
Public Custom Event Renamed As RenamedEventHandler 
属性

示例

下面的示例使用Renamed事件在每次重命名监视的文件时显示控制台的文件路径。The following example uses the Renamed event to display the file path to the console whenever the watched file is renamed.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Watcher
{
private:
   // Define the event handlers.
   static void OnChanged( Object^ /*source*/, FileSystemEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Specify what is done when a file is changed, created, or deleted.
      Console::WriteLine( "File: {0} {1}", e->FullPath, e->ChangeType );
   }

   static void OnRenamed( Object^ /*source*/, RenamedEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Specify what is done when a file is renamed.
      Console::WriteLine( "File: {0} renamed to {1}", e->OldFullPath, e->FullPath );
   }

public:
   [PermissionSet(SecurityAction::Demand, Name="FullTrust")]
   int static run()
   {
      array<String^>^args = System::Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();

      // If a directory is not specified, exit program.
      if ( args->Length != 2 )
      {
         // Display the proper way to call the program.
         Console::WriteLine( "Usage: Watcher.exe (directory)" );
         return 0;
      }

      // Create a new FileSystemWatcher and set its properties.
      FileSystemWatcher^ watcher = gcnew FileSystemWatcher;
      watcher->Path = args[ 1 ];

      /* Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and 
          the renaming of files or directories. */
      watcher->NotifyFilter = static_cast<NotifyFilters>(NotifyFilters::LastAccess |
            NotifyFilters::LastWrite | NotifyFilters::FileName | NotifyFilters::DirectoryName);

      // Only watch text files.
      watcher->Filter = "*.txt";

      // Add event handlers.
      watcher->Changed += gcnew FileSystemEventHandler( Watcher::OnChanged );
      watcher->Created += gcnew FileSystemEventHandler( Watcher::OnChanged );
      watcher->Deleted += gcnew FileSystemEventHandler( Watcher::OnChanged );
      watcher->Renamed += gcnew RenamedEventHandler( Watcher::OnRenamed );

      // Begin watching.
      watcher->EnableRaisingEvents = true;

      // Wait for the user to quit the program.
      Console::WriteLine( "Press \'q\' to quit the sample." );
      while ( Console::Read() != 'q' );

      return 0;
   }
};

int main() {
   Watcher::run();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Permissions;

public class Watcher
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Run();
    }

    [PermissionSet(SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    private static void Run()
    {
        string[] args = Environment.GetCommandLineArgs();

        // If a directory is not specified, exit program.
        if (args.Length != 2)
        {
            // Display the proper way to call the program.
            Console.WriteLine("Usage: Watcher.exe (directory)");
            return;
        }

        // Create a new FileSystemWatcher and set its properties.
        using (FileSystemWatcher watcher = new FileSystemWatcher())
        {
            watcher.Path = args[1];

            // Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
            // the renaming of files or directories.
            watcher.NotifyFilter = NotifyFilters.LastAccess
                                 | NotifyFilters.LastWrite
                                 | NotifyFilters.FileName
                                 | NotifyFilters.DirectoryName;

            // Only watch text files.
            watcher.Filter = "*.txt";

            // Add event handlers.
            watcher.Changed += OnChanged;
            watcher.Created += OnChanged;
            watcher.Deleted += OnChanged;
            watcher.Renamed += OnRenamed;

            // Begin watching.
            watcher.EnableRaisingEvents = true;

            // Wait for the user to quit the program.
            Console.WriteLine("Press 'q' to quit the sample.");
            while (Console.Read() != 'q') ;
        }
    }

    // Define the event handlers.
    private static void OnChanged(object source, FileSystemEventArgs e) =>
        // Specify what is done when a file is changed, created, or deleted.
        Console.WriteLine($"File: {e.FullPath} {e.ChangeType}");

    private static void OnRenamed(object source, RenamedEventArgs e) =>
        // Specify what is done when a file is renamed.
        Console.WriteLine($"File: {e.OldFullPath} renamed to {e.FullPath}");
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Permissions

Public Class Watcher

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Run()

    End Sub

    <PermissionSet(SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")>
    Private Shared Sub Run()

        Dim args() As String = Environment.GetCommandLineArgs()

        ' If a directory is not specified, exit the program.
        If args.Length <> 2 Then
            ' Display the proper way to call the program.
            Console.WriteLine("Usage: Watcher.exe (directory)")
            Return
        End If

        ' Create a new FileSystemWatcher and set its properties.
        Using watcher As New FileSystemWatcher()
            watcher.Path = args(1)

            ' Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
            ' the renaming of files or directories. 
            watcher.NotifyFilter = (NotifyFilters.LastAccess _
                                 Or NotifyFilters.LastWrite _
                                 Or NotifyFilters.FileName _
                                 Or NotifyFilters.DirectoryName)

            ' Only watch text files.
            watcher.Filter = "*.txt"

            ' Add event handlers.
            AddHandler watcher.Changed, AddressOf OnChanged
            AddHandler watcher.Created, AddressOf OnChanged
            AddHandler watcher.Deleted, AddressOf OnChanged
            AddHandler watcher.Renamed, AddressOf OnRenamed

            ' Begin watching.
            watcher.EnableRaisingEvents = True

            ' Wait for the user to quit the program.
            Console.WriteLine("Press 'q' to quit the sample.")
            While Chr(Console.Read()) <> "q"c
            End While
        End Using
    End Sub

    ' Define the event handlers.
    Private Shared Sub OnChanged(source As Object, e As FileSystemEventArgs)
        ' Specify what is done when a file is changed, created, or deleted.
        Console.WriteLine($"File: {e.FullPath} {e.ChangeType}")
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub OnRenamed(source As Object, e As RenamedEventArgs)
        ' Specify what is done when a file is renamed.
        Console.WriteLine($"File: {e.OldFullPath} renamed to {e.FullPath}")
    End Sub

End Class

注解

事件是具有以下签名的委托:RenamedEventHandler RenamedThe Renamed event is an RenamedEventHandler delegate that has the following signature:

public delegate void Renamed(object sender, RenamedEventArgs e);
Public Delegate Sub RenamedEventHandler(sender As Object, e As RenamedEventArgs)

对象提供有关重命名操作的信息,如重命名的类型ChangeType (属性)、旧名称和新名称,以及新旧路径。 RenamedEventArgsThe RenamedEventArgs object provides information about the renaming operation, such as the type of the rename (the ChangeType property), the old and new name, and the old and new path. 请注意, Name FileSystemWatcher如果重命名的事件不会从操作系统中获得匹配的旧名称和新名称事件,则该属性可能为 null。Note that the Name property may be null for renamed events if the FileSystemWatcher does not get matching old and new name events from the operating system.

重命名所监视的目录不会引发通知。Renaming the directory you are watching will not raise a notification. 只会为你所监视的目录内的条目引发通知。Notifications are only raised for entries inside the directory you are watching.

适用于

另请参阅