ILookup<TKey,TElement> ILookup<TKey,TElement> ILookup<TKey,TElement> ILookup<TKey,TElement> Interface

定义

定义索引器、大小属性以及将键映射到 IEnumerable<T> 值序列的数据结构的布尔搜索方法。Defines an indexer, size property, and Boolean search method for data structures that map keys to IEnumerable<T> sequences of values.

generic <typename TKey, typename TElement>
public interface class ILookup : System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<System::Linq::IGrouping<TKey, TElement> ^>
public interface ILookup<TKey,TElement> : System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<System.Linq.IGrouping<TKey,TElement>>
type ILookup<'Key, 'Element> = interface
    interface seq<IGrouping<'Key, 'Element>>
    interface IEnumerable
Public Interface ILookup(Of TKey, TElement)
Implements IEnumerable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TElement))

类型参数

TKey

ILookup<TKey,TElement> 中的键的类型。The type of the keys in the ILookup<TKey,TElement>.

TElement

组成 IEnumerable<T> 中的值的 ILookup<TKey,TElement> 序列中的元素的类型。The type of the elements in the IEnumerable<T> sequences that make up the values in the ILookup<TKey,TElement>.

派生
实现

示例

下面的代码示例创建一个ILookup<TKey,TElement>对象并循环访问其内容。The following code example creates an ILookup<TKey,TElement> object and iterates through its contents.

class Package
{
    public string Company { get; set; }
    public double Weight { get; set; }
    public long TrackingNumber { get; set; }
}

public static void ILookupExample()
{
    // Create a list of Packages to put into an ILookup data structure.
    List<Package> packages = new List<Package> { new Package { Company = "Coho Vineyard", Weight = 25.2, TrackingNumber = 89453312L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Lucerne Publishing", Weight = 18.7, TrackingNumber = 89112755L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Wingtip Toys", Weight = 6.0, TrackingNumber = 299456122L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Contoso Pharmaceuticals", Weight = 9.3, TrackingNumber = 670053128L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Wide World Importers", Weight = 33.8, TrackingNumber = 4665518773L } };

    // Create a Lookup to organize the packages. Use the first character of Company as the key value.
    // Select Company appended to TrackingNumber for each element value in the ILookup object.
    ILookup<char, string> packageLookup = packages.ToLookup(
        p => Convert.ToChar(p.Company.Substring(0, 1)),
        p => p.Company + " " + p.TrackingNumber
        );

    // Iterate through each value in the ILookup and output the contents.
    foreach (var packageGroup in packageLookup)
    {
        // Print the key value.
        Console.WriteLine(packageGroup.Key);
        // Iterate through each value in the collection.
        foreach (string str in packageGroup)
            Console.WriteLine("    {0}", str);
    }
                
    // This code produces the following output:
    //
    // C
    //     Coho Vineyard 89453312
    //     Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128
    // L
    //     Lucerne Publishing 89112755
    // W
    //     Wingtip Toys 299456122
    //     Wide World Importers 4665518773
}
Structure Package
    Public Company As String
    Public Weight As Double
    Public TrackingNumber As Long
End Structure

Sub ILookupExample()
    ' Create a list of Packages to put into an ILookup data structure.
    Dim packages As New System.Collections.Generic.List(Of Package)(New Package() _
        {New Package With {.Company = "Coho Vineyard", .Weight = 25.2, .TrackingNumber = 89453312L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Lucerne Publishing", .Weight = 18.7, .TrackingNumber = 89112755L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Wingtip Toys", .Weight = 6.0, .TrackingNumber = 299456122L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Contoso Pharmaceuticals", .Weight = 9.3, .TrackingNumber = 670053128L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Wide World Importers", .Weight = 33.8, .TrackingNumber = 4665518773L}})

    ' Create a ILookup to organize the packages. Use the first character of Company as the key value.
    ' Select Company appended to TrackingNumber for each element value.
    Dim packageLookup As ILookup(Of Char, String) = _
        packages.ToLookup(Function(p) Convert.ToChar(p.Company.Substring(0, 1)), _
                          Function(p) p.Company & " " & p.TrackingNumber)

    Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
    ' Iterate through each group in the Lookup and output the contents.
    For Each packageGroup In packageLookup
        ' Print the key value.
        output.AppendLine(packageGroup.Key)
        ' Iterate through each value in the group and output it.
        For Each str As String In packageGroup
            output.AppendLine(String.Format("    {0}", str))
        Next
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString())

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' C
    '     Coho Vineyard 89453312
    '     Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128
    ' L
    '     Lucerne Publishing 89112755
    ' W
    '     Wingtip Toys 299456122
    '     Wide World Importers 4665518773
End Sub

注解

Lookup<TKey,TElement> 类型ILookup<TKey,TElement>实现接口。The type Lookup<TKey,TElement> implements the ILookup<TKey,TElement> interface.

扩展方法ToLookup可追加到 LINQ 查询的末尾, 返回类型ILookup<TKey,TElement>的对象。The extension method ToLookup, which can be appended to the end of a LINQ query, returns an object of type ILookup<TKey,TElement>.

属性

Count Count Count Count

获取 ILookup<TKey,TElement> 中的键/值对集合的数目。Gets the number of key/value collection pairs in the ILookup<TKey,TElement>.

Item[TKey] Item[TKey] Item[TKey] Item[TKey]

获取按指定键进行索引的值的 IEnumerable<T> 序列。Gets the IEnumerable<T> sequence of values indexed by a specified key.

方法

Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey)

确定指定的键是否位于 ILookup<TKey,TElement> 中。Determines whether a specified key exists in the ILookup<TKey,TElement>.

GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问集合的枚举数。Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection.

(Inherited from IEnumerable)

扩展方法

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataTable 的输入 DataRow 对象的情况下,返回包含 IEnumerable<T> 对象副本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子代节点的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个元素和文档的子元素的集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回源集合中经过筛选的每个元素和文档的子元素集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回节点集合(其中包含源集合中的所有节点),并按文档顺序排列。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子节点集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

将源集合中的每个节点从其父节点中移除。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

适用于

另请参阅