Math.Sinh(Double) 方法

定义

返回指定角度的双曲正弦值。Returns the hyperbolic sine of the specified angle.

public:
 static double Sinh(double value);
public static double Sinh (double value);
static member Sinh : double -> double
Public Shared Function Sinh (value As Double) As Double

参数

value
Double

以弧度计量的角度。An angle, measured in radians.

返回

Double

value 的双曲正弦值。The hyperbolic sine of value. 如果 value 等于 NegativeInfinityPositiveInfinityNaN,则此方法返回等于 DoublevalueIf value is equal to NegativeInfinity, PositiveInfinity, or NaN, this method returns a Double equal to value.

示例

下面的示例使用 Sinh 来计算选定值的某些双曲标识。The following example uses Sinh to evaluate certain hyperbolic identities for selected values.

// Example for the hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) 
// and Math.Cosh( double ) methods.
using namespace System;

// Evaluate hyperbolic identities with a given argument.
void UseSinhCosh( double arg )
{
   double sinhArg = Math::Sinh( arg );
   double coshArg = Math::Cosh( arg );
   
   // Evaluate cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1.
   Console::WriteLine( "\n                          Math::Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}\n"
   "                          Math::Cosh({0}) == {2:E16}", arg, Math::Sinh( arg ), Math::Cosh( arg ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "(Math::Cosh({0}))^2 - (Math::Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}", arg, coshArg * coshArg - sinhArg * sinhArg );
   
   // Evaluate sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X).
   Console::WriteLine( "                          Math::Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}", 2.0 * arg, Math::Sinh( 2.0 * arg ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "    2 * Math::Sinh({0}) * Math::Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", arg, 2.0 * sinhArg * coshArg );
   
   // Evaluate cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X).
   Console::WriteLine( "                          Math::Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", 2.0 * arg, Math::Cosh( 2.0 * arg ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "(Math::Cosh({0}))^2 + (Math::Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}", arg, coshArg * coshArg + sinhArg * sinhArg );
}


// Evaluate hyperbolic identities that are functions of two arguments.
void UseTwoArgs( double argX, double argY )
{
   
   // Evaluate sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y).
   Console::WriteLine( "\n        Math::Sinh({0}) * Math::Cosh({1}) +\n"
   "        Math::Cosh({0}) * Math::Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}", argX, argY, Math::Sinh( argX ) * Math::Cosh( argY ) + Math::Cosh( argX ) * Math::Sinh( argY ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "                          Math::Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}", argX + argY, Math::Sinh( argX + argY ) );
   
   // Evaluate cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y).
   Console::WriteLine( "        Math::Cosh({0}) * Math::Cosh({1}) +\n"
   "        Math::Sinh({0}) * Math::Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}", argX, argY, Math::Cosh( argX ) * Math::Cosh( argY ) + Math::Sinh( argX ) * Math::Sinh( argY ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "                          Math::Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", argX + argY, Math::Cosh( argX + argY ) );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of hyperbolic "
   "Math::Sinh( double ) and Math::Cosh( double )\n"
   "generates the following output.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Evaluate these hyperbolic identities "
   "with selected values for X:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1\n"
   "   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)" );
   UseSinhCosh( 0.1 );
   UseSinhCosh( 1.2 );
   UseSinhCosh( 4.9 );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nEvaluate these hyperbolic identities "
   "with selected values for X and Y:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)" );
   UseTwoArgs( 0.1, 1.2 );
   UseTwoArgs( 1.2, 4.9 );
}

/*
This example of hyperbolic Math::Sinh( double ) and Math::Cosh( double )
generates the following output.

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X:
   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1
   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)
   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)

                          Math::Sinh(0.1) == 1.0016675001984403E-001
                          Math::Cosh(0.1) == 1.0050041680558035E+000
(Math::Cosh(0.1))^2 - (Math::Sinh(0.1))^2 == 9.9999999999999989E-001
                          Math::Sinh(0.2) == 2.0133600254109399E-001
    2 * Math::Sinh(0.1) * Math::Cosh(0.1) == 2.0133600254109396E-001
                          Math::Cosh(0.2) == 1.0200667556190759E+000
(Math::Cosh(0.1))^2 + (Math::Sinh(0.1))^2 == 1.0200667556190757E+000

                          Math::Sinh(1.2) == 1.5094613554121725E+000
                          Math::Cosh(1.2) == 1.8106555673243747E+000
(Math::Cosh(1.2))^2 - (Math::Sinh(1.2))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                          Math::Sinh(2.4) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
    2 * Math::Sinh(1.2) * Math::Cosh(1.2) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
                          Math::Cosh(2.4) == 5.5569471669655064E+000
(Math::Cosh(1.2))^2 + (Math::Sinh(1.2))^2 == 5.5569471669655064E+000

                          Math::Sinh(4.9) == 6.7141166550932297E+001
                          Math::Cosh(4.9) == 6.7148613134003227E+001
(Math::Cosh(4.9))^2 - (Math::Sinh(4.9))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                          Math::Sinh(9.8) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
    2 * Math::Sinh(4.9) * Math::Cosh(4.9) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
                          Math::Cosh(9.8) == 9.0168724916400624E+003
(Math::Cosh(4.9))^2 + (Math::Sinh(4.9))^2 == 9.0168724916400606E+003

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X and Y:
   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)
   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)

        Math::Sinh(0.1) * Math::Cosh(1.2) +
        Math::Cosh(0.1) * Math::Sinh(1.2) == 1.6983824372926155E+000
                          Math::Sinh(1.3) == 1.6983824372926160E+000
        Math::Cosh(0.1) * Math::Cosh(1.2) +
        Math::Sinh(0.1) * Math::Sinh(1.2) == 1.9709142303266281E+000
                          Math::Cosh(1.3) == 1.9709142303266285E+000

        Math::Sinh(1.2) * Math::Cosh(4.9) +
        Math::Cosh(1.2) * Math::Sinh(4.9) == 2.2292776360739879E+002
                          Math::Sinh(6.1) == 2.2292776360739885E+002
        Math::Cosh(1.2) * Math::Cosh(4.9) +
        Math::Sinh(1.2) * Math::Sinh(4.9) == 2.2293000647511826E+002
                          Math::Cosh(6.1) == 2.2293000647511832E+002
*/
// Example for the hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double )
// and Math.Cosh( double ) methods.
using System;

class SinhCosh
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) " +
            "and Math.Cosh( double )\n" +
            "generates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Evaluate these hyperbolic identities " +
            "with selected values for X:" );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1\n" +
            "   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)" );
        Console.WriteLine( "   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)" );

        UseSinhCosh(0.1);
        UseSinhCosh(1.2);
        UseSinhCosh(4.9);

        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nEvaluate these hyperbolic identities " +
            "with selected values for X and Y:" );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)" );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)" );

        UseTwoArgs(0.1, 1.2);
        UseTwoArgs(1.2, 4.9);
    }

    // Evaluate hyperbolic identities with a given argument.
    static void UseSinhCosh(double arg)
    {
        double sinhArg = Math.Sinh(arg);
        double coshArg = Math.Cosh(arg);

        // Evaluate cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1.
        Console.WriteLine(
            "\n                         Math.Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}\n" +
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) == {2:E16}",
            arg, Math.Sinh(arg), Math.Cosh(arg) );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 - (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}",
            arg, coshArg * coshArg - sinhArg * sinhArg );

        // Evaluate sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X).
        Console.WriteLine(
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            2.0 * arg, Math.Sinh(2.0 * arg) );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "    2 * Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            arg, 2.0 * sinhArg * coshArg );

        // Evaluate cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X).
        Console.WriteLine(
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            2.0 * arg, Math.Cosh(2.0 * arg) );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 + (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}",
            arg, coshArg * coshArg + sinhArg * sinhArg );
    }

    // Evaluate hyperbolic identities that are functions of two arguments.
    static void UseTwoArgs(double argX, double argY)
    {
        // Evaluate sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine(
            "\n        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +\n" +
            "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}",
            argX, argY, Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) +
            Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY));
        Console.WriteLine(
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            argX + argY, Math.Sinh(argX + argY));

        // Evaluate cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine(
            "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +\n" +
            "        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}",
            argX, argY, Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) +
            Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY));
        Console.WriteLine(
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            argX + argY, Math.Cosh(argX + argY));
    }
}

/*
This example of hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) and Math.Cosh( double )
generates the following output.

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X:
   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1
   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)
   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)

                         Math.Sinh(0.1) == 1.0016675001984403E-001
                         Math.Cosh(0.1) == 1.0050041680558035E+000
(Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 - (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 == 9.9999999999999989E-001
                         Math.Sinh(0.2) == 2.0133600254109399E-001
    2 * Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(0.1) == 2.0133600254109396E-001
                         Math.Cosh(0.2) == 1.0200667556190759E+000
(Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 + (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 == 1.0200667556190757E+000

                         Math.Sinh(1.2) == 1.5094613554121725E+000
                         Math.Cosh(1.2) == 1.8106555673243747E+000
(Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 - (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                         Math.Sinh(2.4) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
    2 * Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(1.2) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
                         Math.Cosh(2.4) == 5.5569471669655064E+000
(Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 + (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 == 5.5569471669655064E+000

                         Math.Sinh(4.9) == 6.7141166550932297E+001
                         Math.Cosh(4.9) == 6.7148613134003227E+001
(Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 - (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                         Math.Sinh(9.8) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
    2 * Math.Sinh(4.9) * Math.Cosh(4.9) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
                         Math.Cosh(9.8) == 9.0168724916400624E+003
(Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 + (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 == 9.0168724916400606E+003

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X and Y:
   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)
   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)

        Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
        Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) == 1.6983824372926155E+000
                         Math.Sinh(1.3) == 1.6983824372926160E+000
        Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
        Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) == 1.9709142303266281E+000
                         Math.Cosh(1.3) == 1.9709142303266285E+000

        Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
        Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) == 2.2292776360739879E+002
                         Math.Sinh(6.1) == 2.2292776360739885E+002
        Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
        Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) == 2.2293000647511826E+002
                         Math.Cosh(6.1) == 2.2293000647511832E+002
*/
' Example for the hyperbolic Math.Sinh( Double ) and Math.Cosh( Double ) methods.
Module SinhCosh
   
    Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of hyperbolic " & _
            "Math.Sinh( Double ) and Math.Cosh( Double )" & vbCrLf & _
            "generates the following output." & vbCrLf)
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Evaluate these hyperbolic identities " & _
            "with selected values for X:")
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) = 1" & vbCrLf & _
            "   sinh(2 * X) = 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)")
        Console.WriteLine("   cosh(2 * X) = cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)")
          
        UseSinhCosh(0.1)
        UseSinhCosh(1.2)
        UseSinhCosh(4.9)
          
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "Evaluate these hyperbolic " & _
            "identities with selected values for X and Y:")
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "   sinh(X + Y) = sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)")
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "   cosh(X + Y) = cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)")

        UseTwoArgs(0.1, 1.2)
        UseTwoArgs(1.2, 4.9)
    End Sub
      
    ' Evaluate hyperbolic identities with a given argument.
    Sub UseSinhCosh(arg As Double)
        Dim sinhArg As Double = Math.Sinh(arg)
        Dim coshArg As Double = Math.Cosh(arg)
          
        ' Evaluate cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) = 1.
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "                         Math.Sinh({0}) = {1:E16}" + _
            vbCrLf & "                         Math.Cosh({0}) = {2:E16}", _
            arg, Math.Sinh(arg), Math.Cosh(arg))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 - (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 = {1:E16}", _
            arg, coshArg * coshArg - sinhArg * sinhArg)
          
        ' Evaluate sinh(2 * X) = 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            2.0 * arg, Math.Sinh((2.0 * arg)))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "    2 * Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            arg, 2.0 * sinhArg * coshArg)
          
        ' Evaluate cosh(2 * X) = cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            2.0 * arg, Math.Cosh((2.0 * arg)))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 + (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 = {1:E16}", _
            arg, coshArg * coshArg + sinhArg * sinhArg)

    End Sub
       
    ' Evaluate hyperbolic identities that are functions of two arguments.
    Sub UseTwoArgs(argX As Double, argY As Double)

        ' Evaluate sinh(X + Y) = sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +" + _
            vbCrLf & "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) = {2:E16}", _
            argX, argY, Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) + _
            Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            argX + argY, Math.Sinh((argX + argY)))
          
        ' Evaluate cosh(X + Y) = cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +" + _
            vbCrLf & "        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) = {2:E16}", _
            argX, argY, Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) + _
            Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            argX + argY, Math.Cosh((argX + argY)))

    End Sub
End Module 'SinhCosh

' This example of hyperbolic Math.Sinh( Double ) and Math.Cosh( Double )
' generates the following output.
' 
' Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X:
'    cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) = 1
'    sinh(2 * X) = 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)
'    cosh(2 * X) = cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)
' 
'                          Math.Sinh(0.1) = 1.0016675001984403E-001
'                          Math.Cosh(0.1) = 1.0050041680558035E+000
' (Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 - (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 = 9.9999999999999989E-001
'                          Math.Sinh(0.2) = 2.0133600254109399E-001
'     2 * Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(0.1) = 2.0133600254109396E-001
'                          Math.Cosh(0.2) = 1.0200667556190759E+000
' (Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 + (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 = 1.0200667556190757E+000
' 
'                          Math.Sinh(1.2) = 1.5094613554121725E+000
'                          Math.Cosh(1.2) = 1.8106555673243747E+000
' (Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 - (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 = 1.0000000000000000E+000
'                          Math.Sinh(2.4) = 5.4662292136760939E+000
'     2 * Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(1.2) = 5.4662292136760939E+000
'                          Math.Cosh(2.4) = 5.5569471669655064E+000
' (Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 + (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 = 5.5569471669655064E+000
' 
'                          Math.Sinh(4.9) = 6.7141166550932297E+001
'                          Math.Cosh(4.9) = 6.7148613134003227E+001
' (Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 - (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 = 1.0000000000000000E+000
'                          Math.Sinh(9.8) = 9.0168724361884615E+003
'     2 * Math.Sinh(4.9) * Math.Cosh(4.9) = 9.0168724361884615E+003
'                          Math.Cosh(9.8) = 9.0168724916400624E+003
' (Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 + (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 = 9.0168724916400606E+003
' 
' Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X and Y:
'    sinh(X + Y) = sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)
'    cosh(X + Y) = cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)
' 
'         Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
'         Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) = 1.6983824372926155E+000
'                          Math.Sinh(1.3) = 1.6983824372926160E+000
'         Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
'         Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) = 1.9709142303266281E+000
'                          Math.Cosh(1.3) = 1.9709142303266285E+000
' 
'         Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
'         Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) = 2.2292776360739879E+002
'                          Math.Sinh(6.1) = 2.2292776360739885E+002
'         Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
'         Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) = 2.2293000647511826E+002
'                          Math.Cosh(6.1) = 2.2293000647511832E+002

注解

角度( value )必须为弧度。The angle, value, must be in radians. 乘以 Math.PI /180 将度转换为弧度。Multiply by Math.PI/180 to convert degrees to radians.

此方法调入基础 C 运行时,并且不同的操作系统或体系结构的确切结果或有效输入范围可能不同。This method calls into the underlying C runtime, and the exact result or valid input range may differ between different operating systems or architectures.

适用于