BigInteger.Divide(BigInteger, BigInteger) 方法

定义

用另一个值除 BigInteger 值并返回结果。Divides one BigInteger value by another and returns the result.

public:
 static System::Numerics::BigInteger Divide(System::Numerics::BigInteger dividend, System::Numerics::BigInteger divisor);
public static System.Numerics.BigInteger Divide (System.Numerics.BigInteger dividend, System.Numerics.BigInteger divisor);
static member Divide : System.Numerics.BigInteger * System.Numerics.BigInteger -> System.Numerics.BigInteger
Public Shared Function Divide (dividend As BigInteger, divisor As BigInteger) As BigInteger

参数

dividend
BigInteger

要作为被除数的值。The value to be divided.

divisor
BigInteger

要作为除数的值。The value to divide by.

返回

BigInteger

相除后的商。The quotient of the division.

例外

divisor 是 0(零)。divisor is 0 (zero).

示例

下面的示例创建值的数组 BigIntegerThe following example creates an array of BigInteger values. 然后,它使用每个元素作为除法运算中使用方法的商 Divide 、除法运算符 (/) 和 DivRem 方法。It then uses each element as the quotient in a division operation that uses the Divide method, the division operator (/), and the DivRem method.

using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      BigInteger divisor = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2);

      BigInteger[] dividends = { BigInteger.Multiply((BigInteger) Single.MaxValue, 2),
                                 BigInteger.Parse("90612345123875509091827560007100099"),
                                 BigInteger.One,
                                 BigInteger.Multiply(Int32.MaxValue, Int64.MaxValue),
                                 divisor + BigInteger.One };

      // Divide each dividend by divisor in three different ways.
      foreach (BigInteger dividend in dividends)
      {
         BigInteger quotient;
         BigInteger remainder = 0;

         Console.WriteLine("Dividend: {0:N0}", dividend);
         Console.WriteLine("Divisor:  {0:N0}", divisor);
         Console.WriteLine("Results:");
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Divide method:     {0:N0}",
                           BigInteger.Divide(dividend, divisor));
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Division operator: {0:N0}",
                           dividend / divisor);
         quotient = BigInteger.DivRem(dividend, divisor, out remainder);
         Console.WriteLine("   Using DivRem method:     {0:N0}, remainder {1:N0}",
                           quotient, remainder);

         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Dividend: 680,564,693,277,057,719,623,408,366,969,033,850,880
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     7
//       Using Division operator: 7
//       Using DivRem method:     7, remainder 85,070,551,165,415,408,691,630,012,479,406,342,137
//
//    Dividend: 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
//
//    Dividend: 1
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 1
//
//    Dividend: 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
//
//    Dividend: 85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,250
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     1
//       Using Division operator: 1
//       Using DivRem method:     1, remainder 1
Imports System.Numerics

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim divisor As BigInteger = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2)
      
      Dim dividends() As BigInteger = { BigInteger.Multiply(CType(Single.MaxValue, BigInteger), 2), 
                                        BigInteger.Parse("90612345123875509091827560007100099"), 
                                        BigInteger.One, 
                                        BigInteger.Multiply(Int32.MaxValue, Int64.MaxValue),
                                        divisor + BigInteger.One }

      ' Divide each dividend by divisor in three different ways.
      For Each dividend As BigInteger In dividends
         Dim quotient As BigInteger
         Dim remainder As BigInteger = 0
         
         ' Divide using division operator.
         Console.WriteLine("Dividend: {0:N0}", dividend)
         Console.WriteLine("Divisor:  {0:N0}", divisor)
         Console.WriteLine("Results:")
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Divide method:     {0:N0}", 
                           BigInteger.Divide(dividend, divisor))
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Division operator: {0:N0}", 
                           dividend / divisor)
         quotient = BigInteger.DivRem(dividend, divisor, remainder)
         Console.WriteLine("   Using DivRem method:     {0:N0}, remainder {1:N0}", 
                           quotient, remainder)
         
         Console.WriteLine()         
      Next                                        
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Dividend: 680,564,693,277,057,719,623,408,366,969,033,850,880
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     7
'       Using Division operator: 7
'       Using DivRem method:     7, remainder 85,070,551,165,415,408,691,630,012,479,406,342,137
'    
'    Dividend: 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     0
'       Using Division operator: 0
'       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
'    
'    Dividend: 1
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     0
'       Using Division operator: 0
'       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 1
'    
'    Dividend: 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     0
'       Using Division operator: 0
'       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
'    
'    Dividend: 85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,250
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     1
'       Using Division operator: 1
'       Using DivRem method:     1, remainder 1

注解

Divide方法执行整数除法运算,将放弃由相除产生的任何余数。The Divide method performs integer division; any remainder that results from the division is discarded. 若要在保留余数的同时执行整数除法,请调用 DivRem 方法。To perform integer division while preserving the remainder, call the DivRem method. 若要仅检索余数,请调用 Remainder 方法。To retrieve only the remainder, call the Remainder method.

Divide方法可由不支持运算符重载的语言使用。The Divide method can be used by languages that do not support operator overloading. 其行为与使用除法运算符的除法相同。Its behavior is identical to division using the division operator.

适用于

另请参阅