DllImportAttribute.CallingConvention 字段

定义

指示入口点的调用约定。Indicates the calling convention of an entry point.

public: System::Runtime::InteropServices::CallingConvention CallingConvention;
public System.Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention CallingConvention;
val mutable CallingConvention : System.Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention
Public CallingConvention As CallingConvention 

字段值

示例

在某些情况下, Visual Basic 开发人员使用 DllImportAttribute 代替 Declare 语句在托管代码中定义 DLL 函数。In some cases, Visual Basic developers use the DllImportAttribute, instead of the Declare statement, to define a DLL function in managed code. 设置 CallingConvention 字段便是这其中的一种情况。Setting the CallingConvention field is one of those cases.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

private ref class NativeMethods
{
    // Managed class methods don't support varargs so all arguments must be
    // explicitly defined. CallingConvention.Cdecl must be used since the
    // stack is cleaned up by the caller.
    // int printf(const char *format [, argument]...)
public:
    [DllImport("msvcrt.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Ansi,
        CallingConvention = CallingConvention::Cdecl)]
    static int printf(String^ format, int i, double d);

    [DllImport("msvcrt.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Ansi,
        CallingConvention = CallingConvention::Cdecl)]
    static int printf(String^ format, int i, String^ s);
};

void main()
{
    NativeMethods::printf("\nPrint params: %i %f", 99, 99.99);
    NativeMethods::printf("\nPrint params: %i %s", 99, "abcd");
}
using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

internal static class NativeMethods
{
    // C# doesn't support varargs so all arguments must be explicitly defined.
    // CallingConvention.Cdecl must be used since the stack is
    // cleaned up by the caller.
    // int printf(const char *format [, argument]...)
    [DllImport("msvcrt.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Ansi,
        CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl)]
    internal static extern int printf(string format, int i, double d);

    [DllImport("msvcrt.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Ansi,
        CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl)]
    internal static extern int printf(string format, int i, string s);
}

public class App
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        NativeMethods.printf("\nPrint params: %i %f", 99, 99.99);
        NativeMethods.printf("\nPrint params: %i %s", 99, "abcd");
    }
}
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

Friend Class NativeMethods
    ' Visual Basic doesn't support varargs so all arguments must be explicitly defined.
    ' CallingConvention.Cdecl must be used since the stack is
    ' cleaned up by the caller.
    ' int printf(const char *format [, argument]...)
    <DllImport("msvcrt.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Ansi,
        CallingConvention:=CallingConvention.Cdecl)>
    Friend Shared Function printf(format As String, i As Integer, d As Double) As Integer
    End Function
    <DllImport("msvcrt.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Ansi,
        CallingConvention:=CallingConvention.Cdecl)>
    Friend Shared Function printf(format As String, i As Integer, s As String) As Integer
    End Function
End Class

Public Class App
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        NativeMethods.printf(vbCrLf + "Print params: %i %f", 99, 99.99)
        NativeMethods.printf(vbCrLf + "Print params: %i %s", 99, "abcd")
    End Sub
End Class

注解

设置 CallingConvention 字段便是这其中的一种情况。You set this field to one of the CallingConvention enumeration members. "CallingConvention" 字段的默认值为 "Winapi",这反过来又默认为 StdCall 约定。The default value for the CallingConvention field is Winapi, which in turn defaults to StdCall convention.

适用于

另请参阅