Single.NaN 字段

定义

表示非数字 (NaN)。Represents not a number (NaN). 此字段为常数。This field is constant.

public: float NaN = NaN;
public const float NaN = NaN;
val mutable NaN : single
Public Const NaN As Single  = NaN

字段值

Single

示例

下面的示例演示了 NaN 常数。The following example demonstrates the NaN constant.

Single zero = 0;

// This condition will return false.
if ( (0 / zero) == Single::NaN )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "0 / 0 can be tested with Single::NaN." );
}
else
{
   Console::WriteLine( "0 / 0 cannot be tested with Single::NaN; use Single::IsNan() instead." );
}
Single zero = 0;

// This condition will return false.
if ((0 / zero) == Single.NaN)
{
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 can be tested with Single.NaN.");
}
else
{
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 cannot be tested with Single.NaN; use Single.IsNan() instead.");
}
Dim zero As Single = 0

' This condition will return false.
If (0 / zero) = Single.NaN Then
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 can be tested with Single.NaN.")
Else
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 cannot be tested with Single.NaN; use Single.IsNan() instead.")
End If

注解

NaN当操作的结果不确定时,方法或运算符将返回。A method or operator returns NaN when the result of an operation is undefined. 例如,零除以零的结果为 NaN ,如下面的示例所示。For example, the result of dividing zero by zero is NaN, as the following example shows. (但要注意的是,将非零数除以零会返回 PositiveInfinityNegativeInfinity ,具体取决于除数的符号。 ) (But note that dividing a non-zero number by zero returns either PositiveInfinity or NegativeInfinity, depending on the sign of the divisor.)

float zero = 0.0f;
Console.WriteLine("{0} / {1} = {2}", zero, zero, zero/zero);
// The example displays the following output:
//         0 / 0 = NaN      
Dim zero As Single = 0
Console.WriteLine("{0} / {1} = {2}", zero, zero, zero/zero)
' The example displays the following output:
'         0 / 0 = NaN      

此外,对于 NaN 值或对值进行操作的方法调用将 NaN 返回 NaN ,如下面的示例所示。In addition, a method call with a NaN value or an operation on a NaN value returns NaN, as the following example shows.

float nan1 = Single.NaN;

Console.WriteLine("{0} + {1} = {2}", 3, nan1, 3 + nan1);
Console.WriteLine("Abs({0}) = {1}", nan1, Math.Abs(nan1));
// The example displays the following output:
//       3 + NaN = NaN
//       Abs(NaN) = NaN
Dim nan1 As Single = Single.NaN

Console.WriteLine("{0} + {1} = {2}", 3, nan1, 3 + nan1)
Console.WriteLine("Abs({0}) = {1}", nan1, Math.Abs(nan1))
' The example displays the following output:
'       3 + NaN = NaN
'       Abs(NaN) = NaN

使用 IsNaN 方法确定某个值是否不是数字。Use the IsNaN method to determine whether a value is not a number. 通常, Single 运算符不能用于 Single.NaN 与其他值进行比较 Single ,不过比较方法 (例如 EqualsCompareTo) 可以。In general, Single operators cannot be used to compare Single.NaN with other Single values, although comparison methods (such as Equals and CompareTo) can. 下面的示例阐释 Single 比较运算符与方法之间的行为差异。The following example illustrates the difference in behavior between Single comparison operators and methods.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("NaN == NaN: {0}", Single.NaN == Single.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN != NaN: {0}", Single.NaN != Single.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Single.NaN.Equals(Single.NaN)); 
      Console.WriteLine("! NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", ! Single.NaN.Equals(Single.NaN)); 
      Console.WriteLine("IsNaN: {0}", Double.IsNaN(Double.NaN));
      
      Console.WriteLine("\nNaN > NaN: {0}", Single.NaN > Single.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= NaN: {0}", Single.NaN >= Single.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < NaN: {0}", Single.NaN < Single.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < 100.0: {0}", Single.NaN < 100.0f); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <= 100.0: {0}", Single.NaN <= 100.0f); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= 100.0: {0}", Single.NaN > 100.0f);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(NaN): {0}", Single.NaN.CompareTo(Single.NaN)); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(100.0): {0}", Single.NaN.CompareTo(100.0f)); 
      Console.WriteLine("(100.0).CompareTo(Single.NaN): {0}", (100.0f).CompareTo(Single.NaN)); 
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       NaN == NaN: False
//       NaN != NaN: True
//       NaN.Equals(NaN): True
//       ! NaN.Equals(NaN): False
//       IsNaN: True
//
//       NaN > NaN: False
//       NaN >= NaN: False
//       NaN < NaN: False
//       NaN < 100.0: False
//       NaN <= 100.0: False
//       NaN >= 100.0: False
//       NaN.CompareTo(NaN): 0
//       NaN.CompareTo(100.0): -1
//       (100.0).CompareTo(Single.NaN): 1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("NaN = NaN: {0}", Single.NaN = Single.NaN) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <> NaN: {0}", Single.NaN <> Single.NaN) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Single.NaN.Equals(Single.NaN)) 
      Console.WriteLine("Not NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Not Single.NaN.Equals(Single.NaN)) 
      Console.WriteLine("IsNaN: {0}", Double.IsNaN(Double.NaN))
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("NaN > NaN: {0}", Single.NaN > 100.0f) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= NaN: {0}", Single.NaN >= 100.0f) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < NaN: {0}", Single.NaN < Single.NaN)
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < 100.0: {0}", Single.NaN < 100.0f) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <= 100.0: {0}", Single.NaN <= 100.0f) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= 100.0: {0}", Single.NaN > 100.0f)
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(NaN): {0}", Single.NaN.CompareTo(Single.Nan)) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(100.0): {0}", Single.NaN.CompareTo(100.0f)) 
      Console.WriteLine("(100.0).CompareTo(Single.NaN): {0}", (100.0f).CompareTo(Single.NaN)) 
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       NaN == NaN: False
'       NaN != NaN: True
'       NaN.Equals(NaN): True
'       ! NaN.Equals(NaN): False
'       IsNaN: True
'
'       NaN > NaN: False
'       NaN >= NaN: False
'       NaN < NaN: False
'       NaN < 100.0: False
'       NaN <= 100.0: False
'       NaN >= 100.0: False
'       NaN.CompareTo(NaN): 0
'       NaN.CompareTo(100.0): -1
'       (100.0).CompareTo(Single.NaN): 1

适用于

另请参阅