ReaderWriterLock.DowngradeFromWriterLock(LockCookie) 方法

定义

将线程的锁状态还原为调用 UpgradeToWriterLock(Int32) 前的状态。Restores the lock status of the thread to what it was before UpgradeToWriterLock(Int32) was called.

public:
 void DowngradeFromWriterLock(System::Threading::LockCookie % lockCookie);
public void DowngradeFromWriterLock (ref System.Threading.LockCookie lockCookie);
member this.DowngradeFromWriterLock : LockCookie -> unit
Public Sub DowngradeFromWriterLock (ByRef lockCookie As LockCookie)

参数

例外

线程没有写线程锁。The thread does not have the writer lock.

lockCookie 的地址为空指针。The address of lockCookie is a null pointer.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何请求读取器锁,将读取器锁升级到写入器锁,并再次降级到读取器锁。The following code example shows how to request a reader lock, upgrade the reader lock to a writer lock, and downgrade to a reader lock again.

此代码是为 ReaderWriterLock 类提供的更大示例的一部分。This code is part of a larger example provided for the ReaderWriterLock class.

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock
// class topic.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
public ref class Test
{
public:

   // Declaring the ReaderWriterLock at the class level
   // makes it visible to all threads.
   static ReaderWriterLock^ rwl = gcnew ReaderWriterLock;

   // For this example, the shared resource protected by the
   // ReaderWriterLock is just an integer.
   static int resource = 0;

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   static ReaderWriterLock rwl = new ReaderWriterLock();
   // Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   static int resource = 0;
' The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
Imports System.Threading

Public Module Example
   Private rwl As New ReaderWriterLock()
   ' Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   Private resource As Integer = 0
// Shows how to request a reader lock, upgrade the
// reader lock to the writer lock, and downgrade to a
// reader lock again.
static void UpgradeDowngrade( Random^ rnd, int timeOut )
{
   try
   {
      rwl->AcquireReaderLock( timeOut );
      try
      {

         // It is safe for this thread to read from
         // the shared resource.
         Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resource ) );
         Interlocked::Increment( reads );

         // If it is necessary to write to the resource,
         // you must either release the reader lock and
         // then request the writer lock, or upgrade the
         // reader lock. Note that upgrading the reader lock
         // puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
         // other threads that might be waiting for the
         // writer lock.
         try
         {
            LockCookie lc = rwl->UpgradeToWriterLock( timeOut );
            try
            {

               // It is safe for this thread to read or write
               // from the shared resource.
               resource = rnd->Next( 500 );
               Display( String::Format( "writes resource value {0}", resource ) );
               Interlocked::Increment( writes );
            }
            finally
            {

               // Ensure that the lock is released.
               rwl->DowngradeFromWriterLock( lc );
            }

         }
         catch ( ApplicationException^ )
         {

            // The upgrade request timed out.
            Interlocked::Increment( writerTimeouts );
         }


         // When the lock has been downgraded, it is
         // still safe to read from the resource.
         Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resource ) );
         Interlocked::Increment( reads );
      }
      finally
      {

         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl->ReleaseReaderLock();
      }

   }
   catch ( ApplicationException^ )
   {

      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked::Increment( readerTimeouts );
   }

}


// Requests a reader lock, upgrades the reader lock to the writer
// lock, and downgrades it to a reader lock again.
static void UpgradeDowngrade(Random rnd, int timeOut)
{
   try {
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
      try {
         // It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
         Display("reads resource value " + resource);
         Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

         // To write to the resource, either release the reader lock and
         // request the writer lock, or upgrade the reader lock. Upgrading
         // the reader lock puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
         // other threads that might be waiting for the writer lock.
         try {
            LockCookie lc = rwl.UpgradeToWriterLock(timeOut);
            try {
               // It's safe for this thread to read or write from the shared resource.
               resource = rnd.Next(500);
               Display("writes resource value " + resource);
               Interlocked.Increment(ref writes);
            }
            finally {
               // Ensure that the lock is released.
               rwl.DowngradeFromWriterLock(ref lc);
            }
         }
         catch (ApplicationException) {
            // The upgrade request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(ref writerTimeouts);
         }

         // If the lock was downgraded, it's still safe to read from the resource.
         Display("reads resource value " + resource);
         Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
      }
      finally {
         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
      }
   }
   catch (ApplicationException) {
      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
   }
}
' Requests a reader lock, upgrades the reader lock to the writer
' lock, and downgrades it to a reader lock again.
Sub UpgradeDowngrade(rnd As Random, timeOut As Integer)
   Try
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut)
      Try
         ' It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
         Display("reads resource value " & resource)
         Interlocked.Increment(reads)
         
         ' To write to the resource, either release the reader lock and
         ' request the writer lock, or upgrade the reader lock. Upgrading
         ' the reader lock puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
         ' other threads that might be waiting for the writer lock.
         Try
            Dim lc As LockCookie = rwl.UpgradeToWriterLock(timeOut)
            Try
               ' It's safe for this thread to read or write from the shared resource.
               resource = rnd.Next(500)
               Display("writes resource value " & resource)
               Interlocked.Increment(writes)
            Finally
               ' Ensure that the lock is released.
               rwl.DowngradeFromWriterLock(lc)
            End Try
         Catch ex As ApplicationException
            ' The upgrade request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(writerTimeouts)
         End Try
         
         ' If the lock was downgraded, it's still safe to read from the resource.
         Display("reads resource value " & resource)
         Interlocked.Increment(reads)
      Finally
         ' Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock()
      End Try
   Catch ex As ApplicationException
      ' The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(readerTimeouts)
   End Try
End Sub
};


}
End Module

注解

DowngradeFromWriterLock 释放编写器锁,而不考虑递归锁计数,并在升级到写入器锁之前还原线程所持有的读取器锁。DowngradeFromWriterLock releases the writer lock, regardless of the recursive lock count, and restores the reader lock that was held by the thread before upgrading to the writer lock. 对读取器锁的锁计数进行了还原。The lock count on the reader lock is restored.

备注

DowngradeFromWriterLock 接受通过调用 UpgradeToWriterLock获得的 LockCookieDowngradeFromWriterLock accepts a LockCookie obtained by calling UpgradeToWriterLock. 不要使用 ReleaseLock返回的 LockCookieDo not use a LockCookie returned by ReleaseLock.

当从编写器锁降级时,即使其他线程正在等待编写器锁,线程也不会阻止,因为在释放编写器锁时,将授予所有读取器锁请求。A thread does not block when downgrading from the writer lock, even if other threads are waiting for the writer lock, because all reader-lock requests are granted when the writer lock is released.

适用于

另请参阅