ReaderWriterLock.WriterSeqNum 属性

定义

获取当前序列号。Gets the current sequence number.

public:
 property int WriterSeqNum { int get(); };
public int WriterSeqNum { get; }
member this.WriterSeqNum : int
Public ReadOnly Property WriterSeqNum As Integer

属性值

Int32

当前序列号。The current sequence number.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 WriterSeqNum 属性和 AnyWritersSince 方法来确定自当前线程上次持有写入器锁后,另一个线程是否获取受保护资源上的编写器锁。The following code example shows how to use the WriterSeqNum property and the AnyWritersSince method to determine whether another thread acquired the writer lock on the protected resource since the current thread last held the writer lock.

此代码是为 ReaderWriterLock 类提供的更大示例的一部分。This code is part of a larger example provided for the ReaderWriterLock class.

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock
// class topic.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
public ref class Test
{
public:

   // Declaring the ReaderWriterLock at the class level
   // makes it visible to all threads.
   static ReaderWriterLock^ rwl = gcnew ReaderWriterLock;

   // For this example, the shared resource protected by the
   // ReaderWriterLock is just an integer.
   static int resource = 0;

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   static ReaderWriterLock rwl = new ReaderWriterLock();
   // Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   static int resource = 0;
' The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
Imports System.Threading

Public Module Example
   Private rwl As New ReaderWriterLock()
   ' Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   Private resource As Integer = 0
// Shows how to release all locks and later restore
// the lock state. Shows how to use sequence numbers
// to determine whether another thread has obtained
// a writer lock since this thread last accessed the
// resource.
static void ReleaseRestore( Random^ rnd, int timeOut )
{
   int lastWriter;
   try
   {
      rwl->AcquireReaderLock( timeOut );
      try
      {

         // It is safe for this thread to read from
         // the shared resource. Cache the value. (You
         // might do this if reading the resource is
         // an expensive operation.)
         int resourceValue = resource;
         Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resourceValue ) );
         Interlocked::Increment( reads );

         // Save the current writer sequence number.
         lastWriter = rwl->WriterSeqNum;

         // Release the lock, and save a cookie so the
         // lock can be restored later.
         LockCookie lc = rwl->ReleaseLock();

         // Wait for a random interval (up to a
         // quarter of a second), and then restore
         // the previous state of the lock. Note that
         // there is no timeout on the Restore method.
         Thread::Sleep( rnd->Next( 250 ) );
         rwl->RestoreLock( lc );

         // Check whether other threads obtained the
         // writer lock in the interval. If not, then
         // the cached value of the resource is still
         // valid.
         if ( rwl->AnyWritersSince( lastWriter ) )
         {
            resourceValue = resource;
            Interlocked::Increment( reads );
            Display( String::Format( "resource has changed {0}", resourceValue ) );
         }
         else
         {
            Display( String::Format( "resource has not changed {0}", resourceValue ) );
         }
      }
      finally
      {

         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl->ReleaseReaderLock();
      }

   }
   catch ( ApplicationException^ )
   {

      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked::Increment( readerTimeouts );
   }

}


// Release all locks and later restores the lock state.
// Uses sequence numbers to determine whether another thread has
// obtained a writer lock since this thread last accessed the resource.
static void ReleaseRestore(Random rnd, int timeOut)
{
   int lastWriter;

   try {
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
      try {
         // It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource,
         // so read and cache the resource value.
         int resourceValue = resource;     // Cache the resource value.
         Display("reads resource value " + resourceValue);
         Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

         // Save the current writer sequence number.
         lastWriter = rwl.WriterSeqNum;

         // Release the lock and save a cookie so the lock can be restored later.
         LockCookie lc = rwl.ReleaseLock();

         // Wait for a random interval and then restore the previous state of the lock.
         Thread.Sleep(rnd.Next(250));
         rwl.RestoreLock(ref lc);

         // Check whether other threads obtained the writer lock in the interval.
         // If not, then the cached value of the resource is still valid.
         if (rwl.AnyWritersSince(lastWriter)) {
            resourceValue = resource;
            Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
            Display("resource has changed " + resourceValue);
         }
         else {
            Display("resource has not changed " + resourceValue);
         }
      }
      finally {
         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
      }
   }
   catch (ApplicationException) {
      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
   }
}
' Release all locks and later restores the lock state.
' Uses sequence numbers to determine whether another thread has
' obtained a writer lock since this thread last accessed the resource.
Sub ReleaseRestore(rnd As Random ,timeOut As Integer)
   Dim lastWriter As Integer
   
   Try
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut)
      Try
         ' It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource,
         ' so read and cache the resource value.
         Dim resourceValue As Integer = resource
         Display("reads resource value " & resourceValue)
         Interlocked.Increment(reads)
         
         ' Save the current writer sequence number.
         lastWriter = rwl.WriterSeqNum
         
         ' Release the lock and save a cookie so the lock can be restored later.
         Dim lc As LockCookie = rwl.ReleaseLock()
         
         ' Wait for a random interval and then restore the previous state of the lock.
         Thread.Sleep(rnd.Next(250))
         rwl.RestoreLock(lc)
        
         ' Check whether other threads obtained the writer lock in the interval.
         ' If not, then the cached value of the resource is still valid.
         If rwl.AnyWritersSince(lastWriter) Then
            resourceValue = resource
            Interlocked.Increment(reads)
            Display("resource has changed " & resourceValue)
         Else
            Display("resource has not changed " & resourceValue)
         End If
      Finally
         ' Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock()
      End Try
   Catch ex As ApplicationException
      ' The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(readerTimeouts)
   End Try
End Sub
};


}
End Module

注解

每当线程获取写线程锁时,序列号就会增加。The sequence number increases whenever a thread acquires the writer lock. 如果要确定其他线程是否在同一时间获取了编写器锁,可以保存序列号并将其传递到 AnyWritersSinceYou can save the sequence number and pass it to AnyWritersSince at a later time, if you want to determine whether other threads have acquired the writer lock in the meantime.

你可以使用 WriterSeqNum 来提高应用程序性能。You can use WriterSeqNum to improve application performance. 例如,线程可能会缓存它在持有读线程锁时获得的信息。For example, a thread might cache the information it obtains while holding a reader lock. 在释放并之后 reacquiring 锁定后,线程可以通过调用 AnyWritersSince来确定是否已将其他线程写入资源。如果不是,则可以使用缓存的信息。After releasing and later reacquiring the lock, the thread can determine whether other threads have written to the resource by calling AnyWritersSince; if not, the cached information can be used. 当读取受锁定保护的信息时,此方法非常有用;例如,运行数据库查询。This technique is useful when reading the information protected by the lock is expensive; for example, running a database query.

为了使序列号有用,调用方必须持有读取器锁或写入器锁。The caller must be holding a reader lock or a writer lock in order for the sequence number to be useful.

适用于

另请参阅