TimeZoneInfo.GetAdjustmentRules 方法

定义

检索应用至当前 TimeZoneInfo 对象的 TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule 对象的数组。

public:
 cli::array <TimeZoneInfo::AdjustmentRule ^> ^ GetAdjustmentRules();
public TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] GetAdjustmentRules ();
member this.GetAdjustmentRules : unit -> TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[]
Public Function GetAdjustmentRules () As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule()

返回

AdjustmentRule[]

此时区的对象的数组。

例外

系统内存不足,无法在内存中创建调整规则副本。

示例

以下示例检索在本地系统上定义的所有时区,并向控制台显示有关其调整规则的完整信息。

private enum WeekOfMonth 
{
   First = 1,
   Second = 2,
   Third = 3,
   Fourth = 4,
   Last = 5,
}

private static void ShowStartAndEndDates()
{
   // Get all time zones from system
   ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones();
   string[] monthNames = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat.MonthNames;
   // Get each time zone
   foreach (TimeZoneInfo timeZone in timeZones)
   {
      TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] adjustments = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules();
      // Display message for time zones with no adjustments
      if (adjustments.Length == 0)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("{0} has no adjustment rules", timeZone.StandardName);
      }   
      else
      {
         // Handle time zones with 1 or 2+ adjustments differently
         bool showCount = false;
         int ctr = 0;
         string spacer = "";
         
         Console.WriteLine("{0} Adjustment rules", timeZone.StandardName);
         if (adjustments.Length > 1)
         {
            showCount = true;
            spacer = "   ";
         }   
         // Iterate adjustment rules
         foreach (TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule adjustment in adjustments)
         {
            if (showCount)
            { 
               Console.WriteLine("   Adjustment rule #{0}", ctr+1);
               ctr++;
            }
            // Display general adjustment information
            Console.WriteLine("{0}   Start Date: {1:D}", spacer, adjustment.DateStart);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}   End Date: {1:D}", spacer, adjustment.DateEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}   Time Change: {1}:{2:00} hours", spacer, 
                              adjustment.DaylightDelta.Hours, adjustment.DaylightDelta.Minutes);
            // Get transition start information
            TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transitionStart = adjustment.DaylightTransitionStart;
            Console.Write("{0}   Annual Start: ", spacer);
            if (transitionStart.IsFixedDateRule)
            {
               Console.WriteLine("On {0} {1} at {2:t}", 
                                 monthNames[transitionStart.Month - 1], 
                                 transitionStart.Day, 
                                 transitionStart.TimeOfDay);
            }
            else
            {
               Console.WriteLine("The {0} {1} of {2} at {3:t}", 
                                 ((WeekOfMonth)transitionStart.Week).ToString(), 
                                 transitionStart.DayOfWeek.ToString(), 
                                 monthNames[transitionStart.Month - 1], 
                                 transitionStart.TimeOfDay);
            }
            // Get transition end information
            TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transitionEnd = adjustment.DaylightTransitionEnd;
            Console.Write("{0}   Annual End: ", spacer);
            if (transitionEnd.IsFixedDateRule)
            {
               Console.WriteLine("On {0} {1} at {2:t}", 
                                 monthNames[transitionEnd.Month - 1], 
                                 transitionEnd.Day, 
                                 transitionEnd.TimeOfDay);
            }
            else
            {
               Console.WriteLine("The {0} {1} of {2} at {3:t}", 
                                 ((WeekOfMonth)transitionEnd.Week).ToString(), 
                                 transitionEnd.DayOfWeek.ToString(), 
                                 monthNames[transitionEnd.Month - 1], 
                                 transitionEnd.TimeOfDay);
            }
         }
      }   
      Console.WriteLine();
   } 
}
type WeekOfMonth = 
    | First = 1
    | Second = 2
    | Third = 3
    | Fourth = 4
    | Last = 5

let showStartAndEndDates () =
    // Get all time zones from system
    let timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones()
    let monthNames = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat.MonthNames
    // Get each time zone
    for timeZone in timeZones do
        let adjustments = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
        // Display message for time zones with no adjustments
        if adjustments.Length = 0 then
            printfn $"{timeZone.StandardName} has no adjustment rules"
        else
            // Handle time zones with 1 or 2+ adjustments differently
            let mutable ctr = 0
            let showCount, spacer = 
                if adjustments.Length > 1 then
                    true, "   "
                else 
                    false, ""
            printfn $"{timeZone.StandardName} Adjustment rules"

            // Iterate adjustment rules
            for adjustment in adjustments do
                if showCount then
                    printfn $"   Adjustment rule #{ctr + 1}"
                    ctr <- ctr + 1
                // Display general adjustment information
                printfn $"{spacer}   Start Date: {adjustment.DateStart:D}"
                printfn $"{spacer}   End Date: {adjustment.DateEnd:D}"
                printfn $"{spacer}   Time Change: {adjustment.DaylightDelta.Hours}:{adjustment.DaylightDelta.Minutes:D2} hours"
                // Get transition start information
                let transitionStart = adjustment.DaylightTransitionStart
                printf $"{spacer}   Annual Start: "
                if transitionStart.IsFixedDateRule then
                    printfn $"On {monthNames[transitionStart.Month - 1]} {transitionStart.Day} at {transitionStart.TimeOfDay:t}"
                else
                    printfn $"The {transitionStart.Week |> enum<WeekOfMonth>} {transitionStart.DayOfWeek} of {monthNames[transitionStart.Month - 1]} at {transitionStart.TimeOfDay:t}"
                // Get transition end information
                let transitionEnd = adjustment.DaylightTransitionEnd
                printf $"{spacer}   Annual End: "
                if transitionEnd.IsFixedDateRule then
                    printfn $"On {monthNames[transitionEnd.Month - 1]} {transitionEnd.Day} at {transitionEnd.TimeOfDay:t}"
                else
                    printfn $"The {enum<WeekOfMonth> transitionEnd.Week} {transitionEnd.DayOfWeek} of {monthNames[transitionEnd.Month - 1]} at {transitionEnd.TimeOfDay:t}" 
        Console.WriteLine()
Private Enum WeekOfMonth As Integer
   First = 1
   Second = 2
   Third = 3
   Fourth = 4
   Last = 5
End Enum

Private Sub ShowStartAndEndDates()
   ' Get all time zones from system
   Dim timeZones As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo) = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones()
   ' Get each time zone
   For Each timeZone As TimeZoneInfo In timeZones
      Dim adjustments() As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
      ' Display message for time zones with no adjustments
      If adjustments.Length = 0 Then
         Console.WriteLine("{0} has no adjustment rules", timeZone.StandardName)
      Else
         ' Handle time zones with 1 or 2+ adjustments differently
         Dim showCount As Boolean = False
         Dim ctr As Integer = 0
         Dim spacer As String = ""
         
         Console.WriteLine("{0} Adjustment rules", timeZone.StandardName)
         If adjustments.Length > 1 Then showCount = True : spacer = "   "  
         ' Iterate adjustment rules
         For Each adjustment As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule in adjustments
            If showCount Then 
               Console.WriteLine("   Adjustment rule #{0}", ctr+1)
               ctr += 1
            End If
            ' Display general adjustment information
            Console.WriteLine("{0}   Start Date: {1:D}", spacer, adjustment.DateStart)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}   End Date: {1:D}", spacer, adjustment.DateEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}   Time Change: {1}:{2:00} hours", spacer, _
                              adjustment.DaylightDelta.Hours, adjustment.DaylightDelta.Minutes)
            ' Get transition start information
            Dim transitionStart As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = adjustment.DaylightTransitionStart
            Console.Write("{0}   Annual Start: ", spacer)
            If transitionStart.IsFixedDateRule Then
               Console.WriteLine("On {0} {1} at {2:t}", _
                                 MonthName(transitionStart.Month), _
                                 transitionStart.Day, _
                                 transitionStart.TimeOfDay)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine("The {0} {1} of {2} at {3:t}", _
                                 CType(transitionStart.Week, WeekOfMonth).ToString(), _
                                 transitionStart.DayOfWeek.ToString(), _
                                 MonthName(transitionStart.Month), _
                                 transitionStart.TimeOfDay)
            End If
            ' Get transition end information
            Dim transitionEnd As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime = adjustment.DaylightTransitionEnd
                              
            Console.Write("{0}   Annual End: ", spacer)
            If transitionEnd.IsFixedDateRule Then
               Console.WriteLine("On {0} {1} at {2:t}", _
                                 MonthName(transitionEnd.Month), _
                                 transitionEnd.Day, _
                                 transitionEnd.TimeOfDay)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine("The {0} {1} of {2} at {3:t}", _
                                 CType(transitionEnd.Week, WeekOfMonth).ToString(), _
                                 transitionEnd.DayOfWeek.ToString(), _
                                 MonthName(transitionEnd.Month), _
                                 transitionEnd.TimeOfDay)
            End If
         Next
      End If   
      Console.WriteLine()
   Next 
End Sub

注解

该方法 GetAdjustmentRules 检索对象的数组 System.TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule 。 数组中的每个对象定义该时区调整的有效开始和结束日期,以及其增量 (调整导致时间更改) 的确切量。 此外,两个属性返回 System.TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime 对象,这些对象定义每个年度转换到标准时间的时间和从标准时间转换的时间。

如果时区有多个调整规则,则通常从索引 0) 的最早 (排序到索引 Length 处的最新 (- 1) 。

如果时区没有调整规则,该方法 GetAdjustmentRules 将返回一个空数组, (一个) 为零的 Length 数组。

方法返回 GetAdjustmentRules 的数组元素的任何修改都不会反映在属于特定时区的调整规则中。 若要修改时区的调整规则 (,例如,要反映其历史过渡到夏令时和夏令时) 必须使用适当的调整规则创建新的时区,而不是修改现有时区。

适用于

另请参阅