Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest>.Rest 属性

定义

获取当前 Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> 对象的剩余分量。Gets the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> object's remaining components.

public:
 property TRest Rest { TRest get(); };
public TRest Rest { get; }
member this.Rest : 'Rest
Public ReadOnly Property Rest As TRest

属性值

TRest

当前 Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> 对象的剩余分量的值。The value of the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> object's remaining components.

示例

下面的示例创建一个17元组对象, 该对象包含从1860到2000的 Detroit 的城市人口数据。The following example creates a 17-tuple object that contains population data for the city of Detroit, Michigan, from 1860 to 2000. 17元组的第七个分量是1900的人口。The seventh component of the 17-tuple is the population in 1900. 该示例使用Rest属性检索第8个到第十四个组件的值, 并使用嵌套Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest>对象Rest的属性来检索其余组件的值。The example uses the Rest property to retrieve the values of the eighth through fourteenth components, and it uses the Rest property of the nested Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> object to retrieve the values of the remaining components.

using System;

class Example
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        Tuple<int, int, int> from1980 = Tuple.Create(1203339, 1027974, 951270);
        var from1910 = new Tuple<int, int, int, int, int, int, int, Tuple<int, int, int>> 
            (465766, 993078, 1568622, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, from1980);
        var population = new Tuple<string, int, int, int, int, int, int,
            Tuple<int, int, int, int, int, int, int, Tuple<int, int, int>>> 
            ("Detroit", 1860, 45619, 79577, 116340, 205876, 285704, from1910);

        Console.WriteLine("Population of {0}", population.Item1);
        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("{0,5}  {1,14}  {2,10}", "Year", "Population", "Change");

        int year = population.Item2;
        ShowPopulation(year, population.Item3);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item4, population.Item3);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item5, population.Item4);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item6, population.Item5);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item7, population.Item6);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item1, population.Item7);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item2, population.Rest.Item1);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item3, population.Rest.Item2);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item4, population.Rest.Item3);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item5, population.Rest.Item4);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item6, population.Rest.Item5);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item7, population.Rest.Item6);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Rest.Item1, population.Rest.Item7);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Rest.Item2, population.Rest.Rest.Item1);
        year += 10;
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Rest.Item3, population.Rest.Rest.Item2);
    }

    private static void ShowPopulationChange(int year, int newPopulation, int oldPopulation)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0,5}  {1,14:N0}  {2,10:P2}", year, newPopulation,
                          ((double)(newPopulation - oldPopulation) / oldPopulation) / 10);
    }

    private static void ShowPopulation(int year, int newPopulation)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0,5}  {1,14:N0}  {2,10:P2}", year, newPopulation, "n/a");
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//
//    Population of Detroit
//    Year      Population      Change
//    1860          45,619         n/a
//    1870          79,577      7.44 %
//    1880         116,340      4.62 %
//    1890         205,876      7.70 %
//    1900         285,704      3.88 %
//    1910         465,766      6.30 %
//    1920         993,078     11.32 %
//    1930       1,568,622      5.80 %
//    1940       1,623,452      0.35 %
//    1950       1,849,568      1.39 %
//    1960       1,670,144     -0.97 %
//    1970       1,511,462     -0.95 %
//    1980       1,203,339     -2.04 %
//    1990       1,027,974     -1.46 %
//    2000         951,270     -0.75 %
Module Example
    Sub Main()
        Dim from1980 As Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer) =
            Tuple.Create(1203339, 1027974, 951270)
        Dim from1910 As New Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, _
            Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer)) _
            (465766, 993078, 1568622, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, from1980)
        Dim population As New Tuple(Of String, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, _ 
            Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer))) _
            ("Detroit", 1860, 45619, 79577, 116340, 205876, 285704, from1910)

        Console.WriteLine("Population of {0}", population.Item1)
        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("{0,5}  {1,14}  {2,10}", "Year", "Population", "Change")

        Dim year As Integer = population.Item2
        ShowPopulation(year, population.Item3)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item4, population.Item3)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item5, population.Item4)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item6, population.Item5)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Item7, population.Item6)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item1, population.Item7)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item2, population.Rest.Item1)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item3, population.Rest.Item2)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item4, population.Rest.Item3)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item5, population.Rest.Item4)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item6, population.Rest.Item5)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Item7, population.Rest.Item6)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Rest.Item1, population.Rest.Item7)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Rest.Item2, population.Rest.Rest.Item1)
        year += 10
        ShowPopulationChange(year, population.Rest.Rest.Item3, population.Rest.Rest.Item2)
    End Sub

    Private Sub ShowPopulationChange(ByVal year As Integer, ByVal newPopulation As Integer, ByVal oldPopulation As Integer)
        Console.WriteLine("{0,5}  {1,14:N0}  {2,10:P2}", year, newPopulation,
                          (newPopulation - oldPopulation) / oldPopulation / 10)
    End Sub

    Private Sub ShowPopulation(ByVal year As Integer, ByVal newPopulation As Integer)
        Console.WriteLine("{0,5}  {1,14:N0}  {2,10:P2}", year, newPopulation, "n/a")
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'
'    Population of Detroit
'    Year      Population      Change
'    1860          45,619         n/a
'    1870          79,577      7.44 %
'    1880         116,340      4.62 %
'    1890         205,876      7.70 %
'    1900         285,704      3.88 %
'    1910         465,766      6.30 %
'    1920         993,078     11.32 %
'    1930       1,568,622      5.80 %
'    1940       1,623,452      0.35 %
'    1950       1,849,568      1.39 %
'    1960       1,670,144     -0.97 %
'    1970       1,511,462     -0.95 %
'    1980       1,203,339     -2.04 %
'    1990       1,027,974     -1.46 %
'    2000         951,270     -0.75 %

注解

属性返回一个嵌套Tuple对象, 该对象允许访问元组的第八个第8个组件。 RestThe Rest property returns a nested Tuple object that allows access to the eighth though nth components of the tuple. 根据元组中的组件总数, 可以从嵌套Tuple对象的Item1通过Item7属性检索第8个到第十四个组件的值。Depending on the total number of components in the tuple, the values of the eighth through fourteenth components can be retrieved from the nested Tuple object's Item1 through Item7 properties. 然后, 您可以使用Rest嵌套Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest>对象的属性来检索下一Tuple层嵌套的对象。You can then use the Rest property of a nested Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> object to retrieve the Tuple object at the next level of nesting.

您可以通过从其类型名称提取数字来动态Tuple确定Rest由属性返回的嵌套对象中的组件数。You can dynamically determine the number of components in a nested Tuple object that is returned by the Rest property by extracting the digit from its type name. 下面的示例进行了这方面的演示。The following example provides an illustration.

Imports System.Reflection

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        Dim from1980 As Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer) =
            Tuple.Create(1203339, 1027974, 951270)
        Dim from1910 As New Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, _
            Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer)) _
            (465766, 993078, 1568622, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, from1980)
        Dim population As New Tuple(Of String, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, _ 
            Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Tuple(Of Integer, Integer, Integer))) _
            ("Detroit", 1860, 45619, 79577, 116340, 205876, 285704, from1910)
      
        ShowComponentCount(population)
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub ShowComponentCount(tuple As Object) 
      Static ctr As Integer = 0
      Static totalComponents As Integer = 0
      Dim components As Integer = 0
      
      ctr += 1
      Dim name As String = tuple.GetType().Name
      components += Int32.Parse(name.Substring(name.IndexOf("`") + 1))
      If components = 8 Then
         totalComponents += 7
         Console.WriteLine("The tuple at level {0} has 7 components.", ctr)
         ShowComponentCount(tuple.Rest)
      Else
         totalComponents += components
         Console.WriteLine("The tuple at level {0} has {1} components.", 
                           ctr, components)
         Console.WriteLine("Total components in tuple: {0}", totalComponents)
      End If      
   End Sub        
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       The tuple at level 1 has 7 components.
'       The tuple at level 2 has 7 components.
'       The tuple at level 3 has 3 components.
'       Total components in tuple: 17

适用于