ScriptManager.AsyncPostBackError 事件

定义

当异步回发期间出现页面错误时发生。Occurs when there is a page error during an asynchronous postback.

public:
 event EventHandler<System::Web::UI::AsyncPostBackErrorEventArgs ^> ^ AsyncPostBackError;
public event EventHandler<System.Web.UI.AsyncPostBackErrorEventArgs> AsyncPostBackError;
member this.AsyncPostBackError : EventHandler<System.Web.UI.AsyncPostBackErrorEventArgs> 
Public Custom Event AsyncPostBackError As EventHandler(Of AsyncPostBackErrorEventArgs) 

示例

下面的示例演示如何处理 AsyncPostBackError 事件,以将 AsyncPostBackErrorMessage 属性(发送到客户端)设置为服务器异常错误消息。The following example shows how to handle the AsyncPostBackError event to set the AsyncPostBackErrorMessage property (which is sent to the client) to the server exception error message.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
  "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    protected void ErrorProcessClick_Handler(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // This handler demonstrates an error condition. In this example
        // the server error gets intercepted on the client and an alert is shown. 
        throw new ArgumentException();
    }
    protected void SuccessProcessClick_Handler(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // This handler demonstrates no server side exception.
        UpdatePanelMessage.Text = "The asynchronous postback completed successfully.";
    }

    // <Snippet3>
    protected void ScriptManager1_AsyncPostBackError(object sender, AsyncPostBackErrorEventArgs e)
    {
        ScriptManager1.AsyncPostBackErrorMessage = e.Exception.Message;
    }
    // </Snippet3>

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>PageRequestManager endRequestEventArgs Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
    body {
        font-family: Tahoma;
    }
    #AlertDiv{
    left: 40%; top: 40%;
    position: absolute; width: 200px;
    padding: 12px; 
    border: #000000 1px solid;
    background-color: white; 
    text-align: left;
    visibility: hidden;
    z-index: 99;
    }
    #AlertButtons{
    position: absolute;
    right: 5%;
    bottom: 5%;
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body id="bodytag">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        <div>
            <asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1" runat="server" 
            OnAsyncPostBackError="ScriptManager1_AsyncPostBackError">
            </asp:ScriptManager>

            <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript">
                var divElem = 'AlertDiv';
                var messageElem = 'AlertMessage';
                var errorMessageAdditional = 'Please try again.';
                var bodyTag = 'bodytag';
                Sys.WebForms.PageRequestManager.getInstance().add_endRequest(EndRequestHandler);
                function ToggleAlertDiv(visString)
                {
                     if (visString == 'hidden')
                     {
                         $get(bodyTag).style.backgroundColor = 'white';                         
                     }
                     else
                     {
                         $get(bodyTag).style.backgroundColor = 'gray';                         
                        
                     }
                     var adiv = $get(divElem);
                     adiv.style.visibility = visString;
                     
                }
                function ClearErrorState() {
                     $get(messageElem).innerHTML = '';
                     ToggleAlertDiv('hidden');                     
                }
                function EndRequestHandler(sender, args)
                {
                   if (args.get_error() != undefined && args.get_error().httpStatusCode == '500')
                   {
                       var errorMessage = args.get_error().message
                       args.set_errorHandled(true);
                       ToggleAlertDiv('visible');
                       $get(messageElem).innerHTML = '"' + 
                                errorMessage + '" ' + errorMessageAdditional;
                   }
                   
                }
            </script>
            <asp:UpdatePanel runat="Server" UpdateMode="Conditional" ID="UpdatePanel1">
                <ContentTemplate>
                    <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" GroupingText="Update Panel">
                        <asp:Label ID="UpdatePanelMessage" runat="server" />
                        <br />
                        Last update:
                        <%= DateTime.Now.ToString() %>
                        .
                        <br />
                        <asp:Button runat="server" ID="Button1" Text="Submit Successful Async Postback"
                            OnClick="SuccessProcessClick_Handler" OnClientClick="ClearErrorState()" />
                        <asp:Button runat="server" ID="Button2" Text="Submit Async Postback With Error"
                            OnClick="ErrorProcessClick_Handler" OnClientClick="ClearErrorState()" />
                        <br />
                    </asp:Panel>
                </ContentTemplate>
            </asp:UpdatePanel>
            <div id="AlertDiv">
                <div id="AlertMessage">
                </div>
                <br />
                <div id="AlertButtons" >
                    <input id="OKButton" type="button" value="OK" 
                           runat="server" onclick="ClearErrorState()" />
                </div>
           </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
  "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    Protected Sub ErrorProcessClick_Handler(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        'This handler demonstrates an error condition. In this example
        ' the server error gets intercepted on the client and an alert is shown. 
        Throw New ArgumentException()
        
    End Sub
    
    Protected Sub SuccessProcessClick_Handler(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        'This handler demonstrates no server side exception.
        UpdatePanelMessage.Text = "The asynchronous postback completed successfully."        
    End Sub
    
    ' <Snippet3>
    Protected Sub ScriptManager1_AsyncPostBackError(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.AsyncPostBackErrorEventArgs)
        ScriptManager1.AsyncPostBackErrorMessage = e.Exception.Message
    End Sub
    ' </Snippet3>

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>PageRequestManager endRequestEventArgs Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
    body {
        font-family: Tahoma;
    }
    #AlertDiv{
    left: 40%; top: 40%;
    position: absolute; width: 200px;
    padding: 12px; 
    border: #000000 1px solid;
    background-color: white; 
    text-align: left;
    visibility: hidden;
    z-index: 99;
    }
    #AlertButtons{
    position: absolute;
    right: 5%;
    bottom: 5%;
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body id="bodytag">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        <div>
            <asp:ScriptManager runat="server" ID="ScriptManager1" 
            OnAsyncPostBackError="ScriptManager1_AsyncPostBackError">
            </asp:ScriptManager>

            <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript">
                var divElem = 'AlertDiv';
                var messageElem = 'AlertMessage';
                var errorMessageAdditional = 'Please try again.';
                var bodyTag = 'bodytag';
                Sys.WebForms.PageRequestManager.getInstance().add_endRequest(EndRequestHandler);
                function ToggleAlertDiv(visString)
                {
                     if (visString == 'hidden')
                     {
                         $get(bodyTag).style.backgroundColor = 'white';                         
                     }
                     else
                     {
                         $get(bodyTag).style.backgroundColor = 'gray';                         
                        
                     }
                     var adiv = $get(divElem);
                     adiv.style.visibility = visString;
                     
                }
                function ClearErrorState() {
                     $get(messageElem).innerHTML = '';
                     ToggleAlertDiv('hidden');                     
                }
                function EndRequestHandler(sender, args)
                {
                   if (args.get_error() != undefined && args.get_error().httpStatusCode == '500')
                   {
                       var errorMessage = args.get_error().message
                       args.set_errorHandled(true);
                       ToggleAlertDiv('visible');
                       $get(messageElem).innerHTML = '"' + 
                                errorMessage + '" ' + errorMessageAdditional;
                   }
                   
                }
            </script>
            <asp:UpdatePanel runat="Server" UpdateMode="Conditional" ID="UpdatePanel1">
                <ContentTemplate>
                    <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" GroupingText="Update Panel">
                        <asp:Label ID="UpdatePanelMessage" runat="server" />
                        <br />
                        Last update:
                        <%= DateTime.Now.ToString() %>
                        .
                        <br />
                        <asp:Button runat="server" ID="Button1" Text="Submit Successful Async Postback"
                            OnClick="SuccessProcessClick_Handler" OnClientClick="ClearErrorState()" />
                        <asp:Button runat="server" ID="Button2" Text="Submit Async Postback With Error"
                            OnClick="ErrorProcessClick_Handler" OnClientClick="ClearErrorState()" />
                        <br />
                    </asp:Panel>
                </ContentTemplate>
            </asp:UpdatePanel>
            <div id="AlertDiv">
                <div id="AlertMessage">
                </div>
                <br />
                <div id="AlertButtons" >
                    <input id="OKButton" type="button" value="OK" 
                           runat="server" onclick="ClearErrorState()" />
                </div>
           </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

注解

当异步回发期间出现页面错误时,将引发 AsyncPostBackError 事件。The AsyncPostBackError event is raised when there is a page error during asynchronous postbacks. 服务器上的错误发送到客户端的方式取决于 AllowCustomErrorsRedirect 属性、AsyncPostBackErrorMessage 属性和 web.config 文件的自定义错误部分。How errors on the server are sent to the client depends on the AllowCustomErrorsRedirect property, the AsyncPostBackErrorMessage property, and the custom errors section of the Web.config file.

适用于

另请参阅