DataGrid.ItemStyle 属性

定义

获取 DataGrid 控件中各项的样式属性。Gets the style properties of the items in the DataGrid control.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::TableItemStyle ^ ItemStyle { System::Web::UI::WebControls::TableItemStyle ^ get(); };
[System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode(System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode.InnerProperty)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle ItemStyle { get; }
member this.ItemStyle : System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property ItemStyle As TableItemStyle

属性值

一个 TableItemStyle 对象,该对象包含 DataGrid 控件中各项的样式属性。A TableItemStyle object that contains the style properties of the items in the DataGrid control. 默认值是一个空 TableItemStyle 对象。The default value is an empty TableItemStyle object.

属性

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用ItemStyle属性将DataGrid中的项的背景色设置为黄色。The following code example demonstrates how to use the ItemStyle property to set the background color of the items in the DataGrid to yellow.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
 <script language="C#" runat="server">
 
    DataTable Cart;
    DataView CartView;
 
    ICollection CreateDataSource() 
    {
       DataTable dt = new DataTable();
       DataRow dr;
 
       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
       for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) 
       {
          dr = dt.NewRow();
 
          dr[0] = i;
          dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
          dr[2] = 1.23 * (i+1);
 
          dt.Rows.Add(dr);
       }
 
       DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
       return dv;
    }
 
    void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
    {
 
       if (!IsPostBack) 
       {
          // Load this data only once.
          ItemsGrid.DataSource= CreateDataSource();
          ItemsGrid.DataBind();
       }
 
    }
 
 </script>
 
 <head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

       <h3>DataGrid Example</h3>
 
       <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" runat="server"
            BorderColor="black"
            BorderWidth="1"
            CellPadding="10"
            ShowFooter="true"
            AutoGenerateColumns="true">

          <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
          </HeaderStyle>

          <ItemStyle BackColor="yellow">
          </ItemStyle>

          <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
          </FooterStyle>

       </asp:DataGrid>
 
    </form>
 
 </body>
 </html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
 <script language="VB" runat="server">
 
    Dim Cart As DataTable
    Dim CartView As DataView
    
    Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection
        Dim dt As New DataTable()
        Dim dr As DataRow
        
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
        
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 9
            dr = dt.NewRow()
            
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 *(i + 1)
            
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
        Next i
        
        Dim dv As New DataView(dt)
        Return dv
    End Function 'CreateDataSource


    Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        
        If Not IsPostBack Then
            ' Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()
        End If
    End Sub 'Page_Load 
 
 </script>
 
 <head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

       <h3>DataGrid Example</h3>
 
       <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" runat="server"
            BorderColor="black"
            BorderWidth="1"
            CellPadding="10"
            ShowFooter="true"
            AutoGenerateColumns="true">

          <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
          </HeaderStyle>

          <ItemStyle BackColor="yellow">
          </ItemStyle>

          <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
          </FooterStyle>

       </asp:DataGrid>
 
    </form>
 
 </body>
 </html>


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for the items and alternating items in
         // the DataGrid control. Notice that the ItemStyle property affects
         // the even-numbered items, while the AlternatingItemStyle property 
         // affects the odd-numbered items.
         ItemsGrid.ItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value);
         ItemsGrid.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value);

      }

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:

            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(string)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(double)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 to 4 
        
            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
  
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Selection_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for the items and alternating items in
         ' the DataGrid control. Notice that the ItemStyle property affects
         ' the even-numbered items, while the AlternatingItemStyle property 
         ' affects the odd-numbered items.
         ItemsGrid.ItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value)
         ItemsGrid.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:

            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

注解

使用此属性为DataGrid控件的项提供自定义样式。Use this property to provide a custom style for the items of the DataGrid control. 可以调整的常见样式属性包括单元中的前景色、背景色、字体和内容对齐方式。Common style attributes that can be adjusted include forecolor, backcolor, font, and content alignment within the cell. 提供不同的样式可增强DataGrid控件的外观。Providing a different style enhances the appearance of the DataGrid control.

控件中的DataGrid项样式属性从一个项样式属性继承到层次结构中的另一个。Item style properties in the DataGrid control are inherited from one item style property to another through a hierarchy. 在层次结构中设置较低的项样式属性将由层次结构中较高的项样式属性继承。Item style properties set lower in the hierarchy are inherited by item style properties higher in the hierarchy. 例如,如果为ItemStyle属性指定红色字体,则DataGrid控件中的所有其他项样式属性还将具有红色字体。For example, if you specify a red font for the ItemStyle property, all other item style properties in the DataGrid control will also have a red font. 这使您可以通过设置单个项样式属性来为控件提供常见的外观。This allows you to provide a common appearance for the control by setting a single item style property. 您可以通过设置层次结构中较高的项样式属性的样式属性来覆盖该属性的继承样式设置。You can override the inherited style settings for an item style property that is higher in the hierarchy by setting its style properties. 例如,您可以为AlternatingItemStyle属性指定一个蓝色字体,并覆盖ItemStyle在属性中指定的红色字体。For example, you can specify a blue font for the AlternatingItemStyle property, overriding the red font specified in the ItemStyle property. 下表按从高到低的顺序列出了层次结构顺序。The following table lists the hierarchy order from highest to lowest.

优先级Precedence Style 属性Style Property
11 EditItemStyle
22 SelectedItemStyle
33 AlternatingItemStyle
44 ItemStyle
55 ControlStyle

若要为DataGrid控件的项指定自定义样式,请<ItemStyle>将标记放置在DataGrid控件的开始标记和结束标记之间。To specify a custom style for the items of the DataGrid control, place the <ItemStyle> tags between the opening and closing tags of the DataGrid control. 然后,你可以在开始<ItemStyle>标记中列出样式属性。You can then list the style attributes within the opening <ItemStyle> tag.

还可以使用AlternatingItemStyle属性为DataGrid控件中的交替项提供不同的外观。You can also use the AlternatingItemStyle property to provide a different appearance for the alternating items in the DataGrid control.

适用于

另请参阅