DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs 类

定义

ItemUpdating 事件提供数据。Provides data for the ItemUpdating event.

public ref class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs : System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs
public class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs : System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
type DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs = class
    inherit CancelEventArgs
Public Class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs
Inherits CancelEventArgs
继承
DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs 传递到事件的事件处理程序的对象 ItemUpdating 来验证用户输入的值。The following code example demonstrates how to use the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs object passed to the event handler for the ItemUpdating event to validate the values entered by the user.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
    void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {

        // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
        // example determines whether the user left any fields
        // empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
        // values entered by the user.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = 
          ValidateFields((IOrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

        if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
        {

            // The user left some fields empty. 
            // Display an error message.

            // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
            String keyValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

            MessageLabel.Text = 
              "You must enter a value for all fields of record " +
              keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

            // Display the missing fields.
            foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
            {
                // Use the OldValues property access the original
                // value of a field.
                MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " +
                  e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
            }

            // Cancel the update operation.
            e.Cancel = true;

        }
        else
        {
            // The field values passed validation. Clear the
            // error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }

    }

    ArrayList ValidateFields(IOrderedDictionary list)
    {

        // Create an ArrayList object to store the
        // names of any empty fields.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

        // Iterate though the field values entered by
        // the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        // fields contain a null value.
        foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
        {
            if (entry.Value == null)
            {
                // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
            }
        }

        return emptyFieldList;
    }

    void CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewModeEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.CancelingEdit)
        {
            // The user canceled the update operation.
            // Clear the error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
          onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs)

    ' Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    ' example determines whether the user left any fields
    ' empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    ' values entered by the user.
    Dim emptyFieldList As ArrayList = _
      ValidateFields(CType(e.NewValues, IOrderedDictionary))

    If emptyFieldList.Count > 0 Then

      ' The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.
      
      ' Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      Dim keyValue As String = e.Keys("CustomerID").ToString()

      MessageLabel.Text = _
        "You must enter a value for all fields of record " & _
        keyValue & ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>"

      ' Display the missing fields.
      Dim value As String
      For Each value In emptyFieldList
      
        ' Use the OldValues property access the original value
        ' of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text &= value & " - Original Value = " & _
          e.OldValues(value).ToString() & "<br />"
        
      Next

      ' Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = True

    Else
    
      ' The field values passed validation. Clear the
      ' error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
      
    End If

  End Sub

    Function ValidateFields(ByVal list As IOrderedDictionary) _
      As ArrayList
    
        ' Create an ArrayList object to store the
        ' names of any empty fields.
        Dim emptyFieldList As New ArrayList()

        ' Iterate though the field values entered by
        ' the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        ' fields contain a null value.
        Dim entry As DictionaryEntry
    
        For Each entry In list
    
            If entry.Value Is Nothing Then
      
                ' Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString())
        
            End If
        Next

        Return emptyFieldList
  
    End Function

  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewModeEventArgs)
  
    If e.CancelingEdit Then
      
      ' The user canceled the update operation.
      ' Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
          onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

DetailsView ItemUpdatingCommandName 单击控件中的 "更新" 按钮 (其属性设置为 "Update" ) 的按钮时,但在控件更新记录之前,控件引发事件 DetailsViewThe DetailsView control raises the ItemUpdating event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but before the DetailsView control updates the record. 这使您可以在每次发生此事件时,提供一个执行自定义例程的事件处理程序,如在数据源中更新记录之前对记录的值进行 HTML 编码。This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine, such as HTML-encoding the values of a record before updating it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs对象传递到事件处理程序,该处理程序允许您确定发送到控件的可选命令参数的值 DetailsView ,并指示是否应取消更新操作。A DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which allows you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the DetailsView control and to indicate whether the update operation should be canceled. 若要确定 command 参数的值,请使用 CommandArgument 属性。To determine the value of the command argument, use the CommandArgument property. 若要取消更新操作,请将 Cancel 属性设置为 trueTo cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property to true. 你还可以使用和属性来读取或修改用户输入的新值 Keys NewValuesYou can also read or modify the new values entered by the user by using the Keys and NewValues properties. Keys属性包含键字段,而 NewValues 属性包含非键字段。The Keys property contains the key fields, while the NewValues property contains the non-key fields. 如果需要访问原始非键字段值,请使用 OldValues 属性。If you need to access the original non-key field values, use the OldValues property.

有关如何处理事件的详细信息,请参阅 处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

有关 DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs 类的实例的初始属性值列表,请参见 DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs 构造函数。For a list of initial property values for an instance of the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs class, see the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs constructor.

构造函数

DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs(Object)

初始化 DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs class.

属性

Cancel

获取或设置指示是否应取消事件的值。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the event should be canceled.

(继承自 CancelEventArgs)
CommandArgument

获取传递给 DetailsView 控件的更新操作命令参数。Gets the command argument for the update operation passed to the DetailsView control.

Keys

获取一个字典,其中包含要更新的记录的键字段名称/值对。Gets a dictionary that contains the key field name/value pairs for the record to update.

NewValues

获取包含要插入的记录所对应的字段名/值对的字典。Gets a dictionary that contains the new field name/value pairs for the record to update.

OldValues

获取一个字典,其中包含要更新的记录的原始字段名称/值对。Gets a dictionary that contains the original field name/value pairs for the record to update.

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅