ObjectDataSource.TypeName 属性

定义

获取或设置 ObjectDataSource 对象表示的类的名称。Gets or sets the name of the class that the ObjectDataSource object represents.

public:
 property System::String ^ TypeName { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string TypeName { get; set; }
member this.TypeName : string with get, set
Public Property TypeName As String

属性值

标识 ObjectDataSource 表示的对象类型的部分或完全限定类名。A partially or fully qualified class name that identifies the type of the object that the ObjectDataSource represents. 默认值为空字符串("")。The default is an empty string ("").

示例

下面的代码示例演示GridView控件如何通过使用 Web 窗体页上的ObjectDataSource控件来显示数据。The following code example demonstrates how a GridView control can display data by using an ObjectDataSource control on a Web Forms page. 标识部分或完全限定类名TypeName及其属性和调用以检索数据及其SelectMethod属性的方法。 ObjectDataSourceThe ObjectDataSource identifies a partially or fully qualified class name with its TypeName property and a method that is called to retrieve data with its SelectMethod property. 在运行时, 将创建对象并使用反射调用方法。At run time, the object is created and the method is called using reflection. GridView控件枚举属性返回SelectMethod的集合,并显示数据IEnumerableThe GridView control enumerates through the IEnumerable collection that is returned by the SelectMethod property, and displays the data.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1" />

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - Visual Basic Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1" />

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

下面的示例演示TypeName属性值引用的类。The following example shows the class that the TypeName property value refers to.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations one can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");

      try {

        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        foreach (DataRowView row in IDs) {
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }
    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      return new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
    }

    public static void UpdateEmployeeInfo(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Save();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("UpdateEmployee failed."); }
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) { }

  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee () {
      ID = DBNull.Value;
      lastName = "";
      firstName = "";
      title="";
      titleOfCourtesy = "";
      reportsTo = -1;
    }

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

        SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection (cts.ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Title,TitleOfCourtesy,ReportsTo " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName        = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName         = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
          this.title            = sdr["Title"].ToString();
          this.titleOfCourtesy  = sdr["TitleOfCourtesy"].ToString();
          if (! sdr.IsDBNull(4)) {
            this.reportsTo        = sdr.GetInt32(4);
          }
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      get { return lastName; }
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      get { return firstName; }
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }

    private string title;
    public String Title {
      get { return title; }
      set { title = value; }
    }

    private string titleOfCourtesy;
    public string Courtesy {
      get { return titleOfCourtesy; }
      set { titleOfCourtesy = value; }
    }

    private int    reportsTo;
    public int Supervisor {
      get { return reportsTo; }
      set { reportsTo = value; }
    }

    public bool Save () {
      return true;
    }
  }

  internal class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB
'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
' the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
' When the class is written in Visual Basic, you cannot use the Shared
' part.
Public Class EmployeeLogic
   ' Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection
      Dim al As New ArrayList()

      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim sds As New SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees")
      Try
         Dim IDs As IEnumerable = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty)

         ' Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
         ' NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
         For Each row As DataRowView In IDs
            Dim id As String = row("EmployeeID").ToString()
            Dim nwe As New NorthwindEmployee(id)
            ' Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
            al.Add(nwe)
         Next
      Finally
         ' If anything strange happens, clean up.
         sds.Dispose()
      End Try

      Return al
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees

   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      Return New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
   End Function 'GetEmployee


   Public Shared Sub UpdateEmployeeInfo(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Save()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("UpdateEmployee failed.")
      End If
   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployee(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
   End Sub

End Class


Public Class NorthwindEmployee


   Public Sub New()
      ID = DBNull.Value
      aLastName = ""
      aFirstName = ""
      aTitle = ""
      titleOfCourtesy = ""
      reportsTo = - 1
   End Sub


   Public Sub New(anID As Object)
      Me.ID = anID
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim conn As New SqlConnection(cts.ConnectionString)
      Dim sc As New SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Title,TitleOfCourtesy,ReportsTo " & _
                               " FROM Employees " & _
                               " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn)
      ' Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(New SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Dim sdr As SqlDataReader = Nothing

      Try
         conn.Open()
         sdr = sc.ExecuteReader()

         ' This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
         If Not (sdr Is Nothing) AndAlso sdr.Read() Then
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Me.aFirstName = sdr("FirstName").ToString()
            Me.aLastName = sdr("LastName").ToString()
            Me.aTitle = sdr("Title").ToString()
            Me.titleOfCourtesy = sdr("TitleOfCourtesy").ToString()
            If Not sdr.IsDBNull(4) Then
               Me.reportsTo = sdr.GetInt32(4)
            End If
         Else
            Throw New NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.")
         End If
      Finally
         Try
            If Not (sdr Is Nothing) Then
               sdr.Close()
            End If
            conn.Close()
         Catch se As SqlException
            ' Log an event in the Application Event Log.
            Throw
         End Try
      End Try
   End Sub

   Private ID As Object

   Private aLastName As String
   Public Property LastName() As String
      Get
         Return aLastName
      End Get
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aFirstName As String
   Public Property FirstName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName
      End Get
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aTitle As String
   Public Property Title() As String
      Get
         Return aTitle
      End Get
      Set
         aTitle = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private titleOfCourtesy As String
   Public Property Courtesy() As String
      Get
         Return titleOfCourtesy
      End Get
      Set
         titleOfCourtesy = value
      End Set
   End Property
   Private reportsTo As Integer

   Public Property Supervisor() As Integer
      Get
         Return reportsTo
      End Get
      Set
         reportsTo = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public Function Save() As Boolean
      Return True
   End Function 'Save
End Class


Friend Class NorthwindDataException
   Inherits Exception

   Public Sub New(msg As String)
      MyBase.New(msg)
   End Sub
End Class
End Namespace

注解

若要创建ObjectDataSource控件绑定到的对象的实例, 控件将使用反射来加载运行时由类型名称标识的类型。To create an instance of the object that the ObjectDataSource control binds to, the control uses reflection to load the type that is identified by the type name at run time. 因此, TypeName属性的值可以是位于 Bin 或 App_Code 目录中的代码的部分限定类型, 也可以是在全局程序集缓存中注册的代码的完全限定类型名称。Therefore, the value of the TypeName property can be a partially qualified type for code that is located in the Bin or App_Code directories or a fully qualified type name for code that is registered in the global assembly cache. 如果使用全局程序集缓存, 则必须将相应的引用添加到 machine.config assemblies或 web.config 文件的节中。If you use the global assembly cache, you must add the appropriate reference to the assemblies section of the Machine.config or Web.config file.

该类型必须具有无参数的构造函数, 除非你ObjectCreating自行处理事件以创建它的实例。The type must have a parameterless constructor, unless you handle the ObjectCreating event to create an instance of it yourself. 如果该类型的方法是成员方法, 则为每SelectUpdate调用Insert、、 Delete和方法创建类型的实例。An instance of the type is created for each call to the Select, Update, Insert, and Delete methods, if the methods on the type are member methods. 如果方法static为, 则不创建实例 (Shared在 Visual Basic 中)。An instance is not created if the methods are static (Shared in Visual Basic). 如果类型实现IDisposable接口Dispose , 则在销毁对象之前调用方法。If the type implements the IDisposable interface, the Dispose method is called before the object is destroyed.

适用于

另请参阅