Control.CausesValidation Control.CausesValidation Control.CausesValidation Control.CausesValidation Property

定义

获取或设置一个值,该值指示控件是否会引起在任何需要在接收焦点时执行验证的控件上执行验证。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the control causes validation to be performed on any controls that require validation when it receives focus.

public:
 property bool CausesValidation { bool get(); void set(bool value); };
public bool CausesValidation { get; set; }
member this.CausesValidation : bool with get, set
Public Property CausesValidation As Boolean

属性值

如果控件引起在任何需要在接收焦点时执行验证的控件上执行验证,则为 true;否则为 falsetrue if the control causes validation to be performed on any controls requiring validation when it receives focus; otherwise, false. 默认值为 trueThe default is true.

示例

下面的代码示例使用派生类TextBox并验证用户输入的电子邮件地址。The following code example uses the derived class TextBox and validates an email address that the user enters. 如果电子邮件地址不是标准格式(包含 "@" and "."),则验证将失败,并会显示一个ErrorProvider图标,并取消该事件。If the email address is not in the standard format (containing "@" and "."), the validation fails, an ErrorProvider icon is displayed, and the event is canceled. 窗体CausesValidation上的其中一个按钮的属性设置为falseOne of the buttons on the form has its CausesValidation property set to false. 单击或将焦点设置到此按钮不会触发验证。Clicking or setting focus to this button does not trigger validation. 此示例要求在窗TextBox体上ErrorProvider创建了、控件Button和。This example requires that a TextBox, an ErrorProvider control, and a Button have been created on a form.

public:
   Form1()
   {
      InitializeComponent();    
      //Set button2 to be non-validating.
      this->button2->CausesValidation = false;
   }

private:
   void textBox1_Validating( Object^ sender, System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs^ e )
   {
      String^ errorMsg;
      if ( !ValidEmailAddress( textBox1->Text, &errorMsg ) )
      {
         // Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
         e->Cancel = true;
         textBox1->Select( 0, textBox1->Text->Length );
         
         // Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display.
         this->errorProvider1->SetError( textBox1, errorMsg );
      }
   }

   void textBox1_Validated( Object^ sender, System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      // If all conditions have been met, clear the ErrorProvider of errors.
      errorProvider1->SetError( textBox1, "" );
   }

public:
   bool ValidEmailAddress( String^ emailAddress, [Out]interior_ptr<String^> errorMessage )
   {
      // Confirm that the email address String* is not empty.
      if ( emailAddress->Length == 0 )
      {
         *errorMessage = "email address is required.";
         return false;
      }

      // Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
      if ( emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) > -1 )
      {
         if ( emailAddress->IndexOf( ".", emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) ) > emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) )
         {
            *errorMessage = "";
            return true;
         }
      }

      *errorMessage = "email address must be valid email address format.\n" +
         "For example 'someone@example.com' ";
      return false;
   }
public Form1()
{
    InitializeComponent();
    //Set button2 to be non-validating.
    this.button2.CausesValidation = false;
}


private void textBox1_Validating(object sender, 
                System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
{
   string errorMsg;
   if(!ValidEmailAddress(textBox1.Text, out errorMsg))
   {
      // Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
      e.Cancel = true;
      textBox1.Select(0, textBox1.Text.Length);

      // Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display. 
      this.errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, errorMsg);
   }
}

private void textBox1_Validated(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
   // If all conditions have been met, clear the ErrorProvider of errors.
   errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, "");
}
public bool ValidEmailAddress(string emailAddress, out string errorMessage)
{
   // Confirm that the email address string is not empty.
   if(emailAddress.Length == 0)
   {
      errorMessage = "email address is required.";
         return false;
   }

   // Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
   if(emailAddress.IndexOf("@") > -1)
   {
      if(emailAddress.IndexOf(".", emailAddress.IndexOf("@") ) > emailAddress.IndexOf("@") )
      {
         errorMessage = "";
         return true;
      }
   }
   
   errorMessage = "email address must be valid email address format.\n" +
      "For example 'someone@example.com' ";
      return false;
}
    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        InitializeComponent()
        'Set button2 to be non-validating.
        Me.button2.CausesValidation = False
    End Sub

   Private Function ValidEmailAddress(ByVal emailAddress As String, ByRef errorMessage As String) As Boolean
      ' Confirm there is text in the control.
      If textBox1.Text.Length = 0 Then
         errorMessage = "Email address is required."
         Return False

      End If

      ' Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
      If emailAddress.IndexOf("@") > -1 Then
         If (emailAddress.IndexOf(".", emailAddress.IndexOf("@")) > emailAddress.IndexOf("@")) Then
            errorMessage = ""
            Return True
         End If
      End If

      errorMessage = "Email address must be valid email address format." + ControlChars.Cr + _
        "For example 'someone@example.com' "
      Return False
End Function

   Private Sub textBox1_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles textBox1.Validating

      Dim errorMsg As String
      If Not ValidEmailAddress(textBox1.Text, errorMsg) Then
         ' Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
         e.Cancel = True
         textBox1.Select(0, textBox1.Text.Length)

         ' Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display. 
         Me.errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, errorMsg)
      End If
   End Sub


   Private Sub textBox1_Validated(ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.Validated
      ' If all conditions have been met, clear the error provider of errors.
      errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, "")
   End Sub

注解

如果将false Validating属性设置为,则将取消Validated和事件。 CausesValidationIf the CausesValidation property is set to false, the Validating and Validated events are suppressed.

对于控件(例如 "帮助" false按钮),属性值通常设置为。CausesValidationThe CausesValidation property value is typically set to false for controls such as a Help button.

适用于

另请参阅