CreateParams CreateParams CreateParams CreateParams Class

定义

封装创建控件时所需的信息。Encapsulates the information needed when creating a control.

public ref class CreateParams
public class CreateParams
type CreateParams = class
Public Class CreateParams
继承
CreateParamsCreateParamsCreateParamsCreateParams

示例

下面的代码示例将创建Button派生的类名为MyIconButton,并提供所需的按钮可显示图标而不是图像的实现。The following code example creates a Button derived class named MyIconButton and provides the implementation needed for the button to display an Icon rather than an Image. CreateParams扩展属性和值添加到Style会导致该按钮显示的属性Icon而不是ImageThe CreateParams property is extended and a value added to the Style property that causes the button to display an Icon rather than an Image.

#include <windows.h>

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::IO;

public ref class MyIconButton: public Button
{
private:
   Icon^ icon;

public:
   MyIconButton()
   {
      
      // Set the button's FlatStyle property.
      FlatStyle = ::FlatStyle::System;
   }

   MyIconButton( Icon^ ButtonIcon )
   {
      
      // Set the button's FlatStyle property.
      FlatStyle = ::FlatStyle::System;
      
      // Assign the icon to the private field.
      this->icon = ButtonIcon;
      
      // Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
      this->Height = icon->Height + 4;
      this->Width = icon->Width + 4;
   }


protected:

   property System::Windows::Forms::CreateParams^ CreateParams 
   {

      virtual System::Windows::Forms::CreateParams^ get() override
      {
         
         // Extend the CreateParams property of the Button class.
         System::Windows::Forms::CreateParams^ cp = __super::CreateParams;

         // Update the button Style.
         cp->Style |= 0x00000040; // BS_ICON value
         return cp;
      }
   }

public:
   property System::Drawing::Icon^ Icon
   {
      System::Drawing::Icon^ get()
      {
         return icon;
      }
      void set(System::Drawing::Icon^ value)
      {
         icon = value;
         UpdateIcon();
         this->Height = icon->Height + 4;
         this->Width = icon->Width + 4;
      }
   }

protected:
   virtual void OnHandleCreated( EventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      Button::OnHandleCreated( e );
      
      // Update the icon on the button if there is currently an icon assigned to the icon field.
      if ( icon != nullptr )
      {
         UpdateIcon();
      }
   }


private:
   void UpdateIcon()
   {
      IntPtr iconHandle = IntPtr::Zero;
      
      // Get the icon's handle.
      if ( icon != nullptr )
      {
         iconHandle = icon->Handle;
      }

      
      // Send Windows the message to update the button.
      SendMessage( (HWND)Handle.ToPointer(), 0x00F7, 1, (int)iconHandle );
      
      /*BM_SETIMAGE value*/
      /*IMAGE_ICON value*/
   }

   public:
	[DllImport("user32.dll")]
	static LRESULT SendMessage(HWND hWnd, int msg, int wParam, int lParam);

};


using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Permissions;

[SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, UnmanagedCode = true)]
public class MyIconButton : Button
{

    private Icon icon;

    public MyIconButton()
    {
        // Set the button's FlatStyle property.
        FlatStyle = FlatStyle.System;
    }

    public MyIconButton(Icon ButtonIcon)
        : this()
    {
        // Assign the icon to the private field.   
        this.icon = ButtonIcon;


        // Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
        this.Height = icon.Height + 4;
        this.Width = icon.Width + 4;
    }

    protected override CreateParams CreateParams
    {
        get
        {
            new SecurityPermission(SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode).Demand();

            // Extend the CreateParams property of the Button class.
            CreateParams cp = base.CreateParams;
            // Update the button Style.
            cp.Style |= 0x00000040; // BS_ICON value

            return cp;
        }
    }

    public Icon Icon
    {
        get
        {
            return icon;
        }

        set
        {
            icon = value;
            UpdateIcon();
            // Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
            this.Height = icon.Height + 4;
            this.Width = icon.Width + 4;
        }
    }

    [SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, UnmanagedCode = true)]
    protected override void OnHandleCreated(EventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnHandleCreated(e);

        // Update the icon on the button if there is currently an icon assigned to the icon field.
        if (icon != null)
        {
            UpdateIcon();
        }
    }

    private void UpdateIcon()
    {
        IntPtr iconHandle = IntPtr.Zero;

        // Get the icon's handle.
        if (icon != null)
        {
            iconHandle = icon.Handle;
        }

        // Send Windows the message to update the button. 
        SendMessage(Handle, 0x00F7 /*BM_SETIMAGE value*/, 1 /*IMAGE_ICON value*/, (int)iconHandle);
    }


    // Import the SendMessage method of the User32 DLL.   
    [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
    public static extern IntPtr SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int msg, int wParam, int lParam);

}
Imports System
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Permissions

Public Class MyIconButton
    Inherits Button

    Private ButtonIcon As Icon

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        ' Set the button's FlatStyle property.
        Me.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.System
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal Icon As Icon)
        MyBase.New()

        ' Assign the icon to the private field.   
        Me.ButtonIcon = Icon

        ' Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
        Me.Height = ButtonIcon.Height + 4
        Me.Width = ButtonIcon.Width + 4
    End Sub


    Protected Overrides ReadOnly Property CreateParams() As System.Windows.Forms.CreateParams
        Get
            Dim SecPerm As New SecurityPermission(SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode)
            SecPerm.Demand()

            ' Extend the CreateParams property of the Button class.
            Dim cp As System.Windows.Forms.CreateParams = MyBase.CreateParams
            ' Update the button Style.
            cp.Style = cp.Style Or &H40 ' BS_ICON value

            Return cp
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Property Icon() As Icon
        Get
            Return ButtonIcon
        End Get

        Set(ByVal Value As Icon)
            ButtonIcon = Value
            UpdateIcon()
            ' Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
            Me.Height = ButtonIcon.Height + 4
            Me.Width = ButtonIcon.Width + 4
        End Set
    End Property

    <SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, UnmanagedCode := True)> _
    Protected Overrides Sub OnHandleCreated(ByVal e As EventArgs)
        MyBase.OnHandleCreated(e)

        ' Update the icon on the button if there is currently an icon assigned to the icon field.
        If Me.ButtonIcon IsNot Nothing Then
            UpdateIcon()
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub UpdateIcon()
        Dim IconHandle As IntPtr = IntPtr.Zero

        ' Get the icon's handle.
        If Me.Icon IsNot Nothing Then
            IconHandle = Icon.Handle
        End If

        ' Send Windows the message to update the button. 
        ' BM_SETIMAGE (second parameter) and IMAGE_ICON (third parameter).
        SendMessage(Handle, &HF7, &H1, IconHandle.ToInt32())
    End Sub

    ' Declare the SendMessage function.
    Declare Auto Function SendMessage Lib "user32" (ByVal hWnd As IntPtr, _
            ByVal msg As Integer, ByVal wParam As Integer, ByVal lParam As Integer) As IntPtr
End Class

下面的代码示例创建一个标准的实例Button控制和派生控件的实例MyIconButton上面的示例中创建。The following code example creates an instance of a standard Button control and an instance of the derived control, MyIconButton, created in the example above. 此示例中,则需要Icon名为 Default.ico 与应用程序相同的位置中的文件。This example requires that there is an Icon file named Default.ico in the same location as the application. 当应用程序启动时,则Default上显示图标MyIconButton按钮。When the application starts, the Default icon is displayed on the MyIconButton button. 如果Default图标不存在,按钮表面为空。If the Default icon is not present, the button face is blank. 当标准Button单击时,OpenFileDialog框中会显示,因此您可以选择一个新的图标上显示MyIconButtonWhen the standard Button is clicked, an OpenFileDialog box will appear so you can select a new Icon to display on the MyIconButton.

public ref class MyApplication: public Form
{
private:
   MyIconButton^ myIconButton;
   Button^ stdButton;
   OpenFileDialog^ openDlg;

public:
   MyApplication()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create the button with the default icon.
         myIconButton = gcnew MyIconButton( gcnew System::Drawing::Icon( String::Concat( Application::StartupPath, "\\Default.ico" ) ) );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         
         // If the default icon does not exist, create the button without an icon.
         myIconButton = gcnew MyIconButton;
         #if defined(DEBUG)
         Debug::WriteLine( ex );
         #endif
      }
      finally
      {
         stdButton = gcnew Button;
         
         // Add the Click event handlers.
         myIconButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplication::myIconButton_Click );
         stdButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplication::stdButton_Click );
         
         // Set the location, text and width of the standard button.
         stdButton->Location = Point(myIconButton->Location.X,myIconButton->Location.Y + myIconButton->Height + 20);
         stdButton->Text = "Change Icon";
         stdButton->Width = 100;
         
         // Add the buttons to the Form.
         this->Controls->Add( stdButton );
         this->Controls->Add( myIconButton );
      }

   }


private:
   void myIconButton_Click( Object^ /*Sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
#undef MessageBox 
      
      // Make sure MyIconButton works.
      MessageBox::Show( "MyIconButton was clicked!" );
   }

   void stdButton_Click( Object^ /*Sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Use an OpenFileDialog to allow the user to assign a new image to the derived button.
      openDlg = gcnew OpenFileDialog;
      openDlg->InitialDirectory = Application::StartupPath;
      openDlg->Filter = "Icon files (*.ico)|*.ico";
      openDlg->Multiselect = false;
      openDlg->ShowDialog();
      if (  !openDlg->FileName->Equals( "" ) )
      {
         myIconButton->Icon = gcnew System::Drawing::Icon( openDlg->FileName );
      }
   }

};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew MyApplication );
}

public class MyApplication : Form
{
    private MyIconButton myIconButton;
    private Button stdButton;
    private OpenFileDialog openDlg;

    static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new MyApplication());
    }

    public MyApplication()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create the button with the default icon.
            myIconButton = new MyIconButton(new Icon(Application.StartupPath + "\\Default.ico"));
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            // If the default icon does not exist, create the button without an icon.
            myIconButton = new MyIconButton();
            Debug.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
        }
        finally
        {
            stdButton = new Button();

            // Add the Click event handlers.
            myIconButton.Click += new EventHandler(this.myIconButton_Click);
            stdButton.Click += new EventHandler(this.stdButton_Click);

            // Set the location, text and width of the standard button.
            stdButton.Location = new Point(myIconButton.Location.X, myIconButton.Location.Y + myIconButton.Height + 20);
            stdButton.Text = "Change Icon";
            stdButton.Width = 100;

            // Add the buttons to the Form.
            this.Controls.Add(stdButton);
            this.Controls.Add(myIconButton);
        }

    }

    private void myIconButton_Click(object Sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Make sure MyIconButton works.
        MessageBox.Show("MyIconButton was clicked!");
    }

    private void stdButton_Click(object Sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Use an OpenFileDialog to allow the user to assign a new image to the derived button.
        openDlg = new OpenFileDialog();
        openDlg.InitialDirectory = Application.StartupPath;
        openDlg.Filter = "Icon files (*.ico)|*.ico";
        openDlg.Multiselect = false;
        openDlg.ShowDialog();

        if (openDlg.FileName != "")
        {
            myIconButton.Icon = new Icon(openDlg.FileName);
        }
    }

}
Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Friend WithEvents MyStdButton As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents MyIconButton As MyIconButton
    Friend WithEvents OpenDlg As OpenFileDialog

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        Try
            ' Create the button with the default icon.
            MyIconButton = New MyIconButton(New Icon(Application.StartupPath + "\Default.ico"))

        Catch ex As Exception
            ' If the default icon does not exist, create the button without an icon.
            MyIconButton = New MyIconButton()
            System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(ex.ToString())
        Finally
            MyStdButton = New Button()

            'Set the location, text and width of the standard button.
            MyStdButton.Location = New Point(MyIconButton.Location.X, _
                        MyIconButton.Location.Y + MyIconButton.Height + 20)
            MyStdButton.Text = "Change Icon"
            MyStdButton.Width = 100

            ' Add the buttons to the Form.
            Me.Controls.Add(MyStdButton)
            Me.Controls.Add(MyIconButton)
        End Try

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub

    Private Sub MyStdButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyStdButton.Click
        ' Use an OpenFileDialog to allow the user to assign a new image to the derived button.
        OpenDlg = New OpenFileDialog()
        OpenDlg.InitialDirectory = Application.StartupPath
        OpenDlg.Filter = "Icon files (*.ico)|*.ico"
        OpenDlg.Multiselect = False
        OpenDlg.ShowDialog()

        If OpenDlg.FileName <> "" Then
            MyIconButton.Icon = New Icon(OpenDlg.FileName)
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub MyIconButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyIconButton.Click
        ' Make sure MyIconButton works.
        MessageBox.Show("MyIconButton was clicked!")
    End Sub
End Class

注解

中的信息CreateParams可用于传递有关初始状态和控件外观的信息。The information in a CreateParams can be used to pass information about the initial state and appearance of a control. 大多数Control派生控件重写CreateParams属性可在适当的值传递或包括中的其他信息CreateParamsMost Control derived controls override the CreateParams property to pass in the appropriate values or include additional information in the CreateParams.

有关创建控制参数的详细信息,请参阅CreateWindowCreateWindowEx函数和CREATESTRUCT结构中的 Windows Platform SDK 参考文档位于 MSDN 库中。For more information about creating control parameters, see the CreateWindow and CreateWindowEx functions and the CREATESTRUCT structure documentation in the Windows Platform SDK reference located in the MSDN Library.

备注

用于设置的常量StyleExStyle,和ClassStyleWinuser.h 标头文件中定义属性。The constants used to set the Style, ExStyle, and ClassStyle properties are defined in the Winuser.h header file. 此文件由平台 SDK 或 Visual Studio 安装。This file is installed by the Platform SDK or Visual Studio.

构造函数

CreateParams() CreateParams() CreateParams() CreateParams()

初始化 CreateParams 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the CreateParams class.

属性

Caption Caption Caption Caption

获取或设置控件的初始文本。Gets or sets the control's initial text.

ClassName ClassName ClassName ClassName

获取或设置从中派生该控件的 Windows 类的名称。Gets or sets the name of the Windows class to derive the control from.

ClassStyle ClassStyle ClassStyle ClassStyle

获取或设置类样式值的按位组合。Gets or sets a bitwise combination of class style values.

ExStyle ExStyle ExStyle ExStyle

获取或设置扩展窗口样式值的按位组合。Gets or sets a bitwise combination of extended window style values.

Height Height Height Height

获取或设置控件的初始高度。Gets or sets the initial height of the control.

Param Param Param Param

获取或设置创建控件所需的附加参数信息。Gets or sets additional parameter information needed to create the control.

Parent Parent Parent Parent

获取或设置控件的父级。Gets or sets the control's parent.

Style Style Style Style

获取或设置窗口样式值的按位组合。Gets or sets a bitwise combination of window style values.

Width Width Width Width

获取或设置控件的初始宽度。Gets or sets the initial width of the control.

X X X X

获取或设置控件的初始左边位置。Gets or sets the initial left position of the control.

Y Y Y Y

获取或设置控件的初始顶部位置。Gets or sets the top position of the initial location of the control.

方法

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

适用于

另请参阅