DataGridViewCell.ColumnIndex 属性

定义

获取此单元格的列索引。Gets the column index for this cell.

public:
 property int ColumnIndex { int get(); };
public int ColumnIndex { get; }
member this.ColumnIndex : int
Public ReadOnly Property ColumnIndex As Integer

属性值

包含该单元格的列的索引;如果该单元格未包含在列中,则为 -1。The index of the column that contains the cell; -1 if the cell is not contained within a column.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 ColumnIndex 属性来确定要检查哪些列的整数值。The following code example demonstrates how to use the ColumnIndex property to determine which columns to check for integer values. 在此示例中,当所选单元格的内容求和时,将忽略 Description 列中的单元格。In this example, the cells in the Description column are ignored when the contents of the selected cells are summed. 此示例是 DataGridView.SelectionChanged 事件中提供的更大示例的一部分。This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridView.SelectionChanged event.

private void UpdateLabelText()
{
    int WithdrawalTotal = 0;
    int DepositTotal = 0;
    int SelectedCellTotal = 0;
    int counter;

    // Iterate through all the rows and sum up the appropriate columns.
    for (counter = 0; counter < (DataGridView1.Rows.Count);
        counter++)
    {
        if (DataGridView1.Rows[counter].Cells["Withdrawals"].Value
            != null)
        {
            if (DataGridView1.Rows[counter].
                Cells["Withdrawals"].Value.ToString().Length != 0)
            {
                WithdrawalTotal += int.Parse(DataGridView1.Rows[counter].
                    Cells["Withdrawals"].Value.ToString());
            }
        }

        if (DataGridView1.Rows[counter].Cells["Deposits"].Value != null)
        {
            if (DataGridView1.Rows[counter]
                .Cells["Deposits"].Value.ToString().Length != 0)
            {
                DepositTotal += int.Parse(DataGridView1.Rows[counter]
                    .Cells["Deposits"].Value.ToString());
            }
        }
    }

    // Iterate through the SelectedCells collection and sum up the values.
    for (counter = 0;
        counter < (DataGridView1.SelectedCells.Count); counter++)
    {
        if (DataGridView1.SelectedCells[counter].FormattedValueType ==
            Type.GetType("System.String"))
        {
            string value = null;

            // If the cell contains a value that has not been commited,
            // use the modified value.
            if (DataGridView1.IsCurrentCellDirty == true)
            {

                value = DataGridView1.SelectedCells[counter]
                    .EditedFormattedValue.ToString();
            }
            else
            {
                value = DataGridView1.SelectedCells[counter]
                    .FormattedValue.ToString();
            }
            if (value != null)
            {
                // Ignore cells in the Description column.
                if (DataGridView1.SelectedCells[counter].ColumnIndex !=
                    DataGridView1.Columns["Description"].Index)
                {
                    if (value.Length != 0)
                    {
                        SelectedCellTotal += int.Parse(value);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    // Set the labels to reflect the current state of the DataGridView.
    Label1.Text = "Withdrawals Total: " + WithdrawalTotal.ToString();
    Label2.Text = "Deposits Total: " + DepositTotal.ToString();
    Label3.Text = "Selected Cells Total: " + SelectedCellTotal.ToString();
    Label4.Text = "Total entries: " + DataGridView1.RowCount.ToString();
}
Private Sub UpdateLabelText()
    Dim WithdrawalTotal As Integer = 0
    Dim DepositTotal As Integer = 0
    Dim SelectedCellTotal As Integer = 0
    Dim counter As Integer

    ' Iterate through all the rows and sum up the appropriate columns.
    For counter = 0 To (DataGridView1.Rows.Count - 1)
        If Not DataGridView1.Rows(counter) _
            .Cells("Withdrawals").Value Is Nothing Then

            If Not DataGridView1.Rows(counter) _
                .Cells("Withdrawals").Value.ToString().Length = 0 Then

                WithdrawalTotal += _
                    Integer.Parse(DataGridView1.Rows(counter) _
                    .Cells("Withdrawals").Value.ToString())
            End If
        End If

        If Not DataGridView1.Rows(counter) _
            .Cells("Deposits").Value Is Nothing Then

            If Not DataGridView1.Rows(counter) _
                .Cells("Deposits").Value.ToString().Length = 0 Then

                DepositTotal += _
                    Integer.Parse(DataGridView1.Rows(counter) _
                    .Cells("Deposits").Value.ToString())
            End If
        End If
    Next

    ' Iterate through the SelectedCells collection and sum up the values.
    For counter = 0 To (DataGridView1.SelectedCells.Count - 1)
        If DataGridView1.SelectedCells(counter).FormattedValueType Is _
        Type.GetType("System.String") Then

            Dim value As String = Nothing

            ' If the cell contains a value that has not been commited,
            ' use the modified value.
            If (DataGridView1.IsCurrentCellDirty = True) Then

                value = DataGridView1.SelectedCells(counter) _
                    .EditedFormattedValue.ToString()
            Else

                value = DataGridView1.SelectedCells(counter) _
                    .FormattedValue.ToString()
            End If

            If value IsNot Nothing Then

                ' Ignore cells in the Description column.
                If Not DataGridView1.SelectedCells(counter).ColumnIndex = _
                    DataGridView1.Columns("Description").Index Then

                    If Not value.Length = 0 Then
                        SelectedCellTotal += Integer.Parse(value)
                    End If
                End If
            End If
        End If

    Next

    ' Set the labels to reflect the current state of the DataGridView.
    Label1.Text = "Withdrawals Total: " & WithdrawalTotal.ToString()
    Label2.Text = "Deposits Total: " & DepositTotal.ToString()
    Label3.Text = "Selected Cells Total: " & SelectedCellTotal.ToString()
    Label4.Text = "Total entries: " & DataGridView1.RowCount.ToString()
End Sub

注解

包含行标题的行的列索引的值为-1。The column index for the row that contains the row headers has a value of -1.

适用于

另请参阅