DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs 类

定义

RowContextMenuStripNeeded 事件提供数据。Provides data for the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event.

public ref class DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs : EventArgs
public class DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs : EventArgs
type DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
继承
DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs

示例

下面的代码示例将处理RowContextMenuStripNeeded事件, 以便ContextMenuStrip基于员工的标题提供。The following code example handles the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event to provide a ContextMenuStrip based on the title of the employee. 在此示例中, 有两个快捷菜单, 一个用于经理, 另一个用于所有其他员工。In this example, there are two shortcut menus, one for managers and one for all other employees.

#region Using directives

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

#endregion

class Form1 : Form
{
    private DataGridView dataGridView1 = new DataGridView();
    private ContextMenuStrip employeeMenuStrip = new ContextMenuStrip();
    private ContextMenuStrip managerMenuStrip = new ContextMenuStrip();
    private ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem1 = new ToolStripMenuItem();
    private ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem2 = new ToolStripMenuItem();
    private ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem3 = new ToolStripMenuItem();

    private int contextMenuRowIndex;

    public Form1()
    {
        // Initialize the form.
        // This code can be replaced with designer generated code.
        this.Size = new Size(700, 300);
        this.Controls.Add(dataGridView1);

        toolStripMenuItem1.Text = "View Employee Sales Report";
        toolStripMenuItem2.Text = "View Team Sales Report";
        toolStripMenuItem3.Text = "View Company Sales Team Ranking Report";
    }

    protected override void OnLoad(EventArgs e)
    {
        dataGridView1.DataBindingComplete +=
            new DataGridViewBindingCompleteEventHandler(
            dataGridView1_DataBindingComplete);
        dataGridView1.CellToolTipTextNeeded +=
            new DataGridViewCellToolTipTextNeededEventHandler(
            dataGridView1_CellToolTipTextNeeded);
        dataGridView1.RowContextMenuStripNeeded +=
            new DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler(
            dataGridView1_RowContextMenuStripNeeded);
        toolStripMenuItem1.Click +=
            new EventHandler(toolStripMenuItem1_Click);
        toolStripMenuItem2.Click +=
            new EventHandler(toolStripMenuItem2_Click);
        toolStripMenuItem3.Click +=
            new EventHandler(toolStripMenuItem3_Click);

        employeeMenuStrip.Items.Add(toolStripMenuItem1);

        managerMenuStrip.Items.Add(toolStripMenuItem2);
        managerMenuStrip.Items.Add(toolStripMenuItem3);

        PopulateDataGridView();

        base.OnLoad(e);
    }

    // Establish the main entry point for the application.
    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    // Replace this with your own code to populate the DataGridView.
    private void PopulateDataGridView()
    {
        dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = false;
        dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;
        dataGridView1.ReadOnly = true;
        dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;

        string query;
        query = "SELECT e1.*, e2.FirstName + ' ' + e2.LastName AS Manager "
            + "FROM employees AS e1 LEFT JOIN employees AS e2 "
            + "ON e1.ReportsTo = e2.EmployeeID";

        // Connect to the database
        SqlConnection sqlConnection1 = new SqlConnection(
            "Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" +
            "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost");
        SqlDataAdapter sqlDataAdapter1 = new SqlDataAdapter(query,
            sqlConnection1);

        DataTable dataTable1 = new DataTable();
        dataTable1.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
        sqlDataAdapter1.Fill(dataTable1);

        dataGridView1.DataSource = dataTable1;
    }

    private void dataGridView1_DataBindingComplete(object sender,
        DataGridViewBindingCompleteEventArgs e)
    {
        // Hide some of the columns.
        dataGridView1.Columns["EmployeeID"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["Address"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["TitleOfCourtesy"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["BirthDate"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["HireDate"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["PostalCode"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["Photo"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["Notes"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["ReportsTo"].Visible = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns["PhotoPath"].Visible = false;

        // Disable sorting for the DataGridView.
        foreach (DataGridViewColumn i in
            dataGridView1.Columns)
        {
            i.SortMode = DataGridViewColumnSortMode.NotSortable;
        }

        dataGridView1.AutoResizeColumns();
    }

    void dataGridView1_RowContextMenuStripNeeded(object sender,
        DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs e)
    {
        DataGridViewRow dataGridViewRow1 = dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex];

        toolStripMenuItem1.Enabled = true;

        // Show the appropriate ContextMenuStrip based on the employees title.
        if ((dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Title"].Value.ToString() ==
            "Sales Manager") ||
            (dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Title"].Value.ToString() ==
            "Vice President, Sales"))
        {
            e.ContextMenuStrip = managerMenuStrip;
        }
        else
        {
            e.ContextMenuStrip = employeeMenuStrip;
        }

        contextMenuRowIndex = e.RowIndex;
    }

    void dataGridView1_CellToolTipTextNeeded(object sender,
        DataGridViewCellToolTipTextNeededEventArgs e)
    {
        string newLine = Environment.NewLine;
        if (e.RowIndex > -1)
        {
            DataGridViewRow dataGridViewRow1 = dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex];

            // Add the employee's ID to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText = String.Format("EmployeeID {0}:{1}",
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["EmployeeID"].Value, newLine);

            // Add the employee's name to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0} {1} {2}{3}",
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["TitleOfCourtesy"].Value.ToString(),
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["FirstName"].Value.ToString(),
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["LastName"].Value.ToString(),
                newLine);

            // Add the employee's title to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}{1}{2}",
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Title"].Value.ToString(),
                newLine, newLine);

            // Add the employee's contact information to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}{1}{2}, ",
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Address"].Value.ToString(), newLine,
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["City"].Value.ToString());
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Region"].Value.ToString()))
            {
                e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}, ",
                    dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Region"].Value.ToString());
            }
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}, {1}{2}{3} EXT:{4}{5}{6}",
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Country"].Value.ToString(),
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["PostalCode"].Value.ToString(),
                newLine, dataGridViewRow1.Cells["HomePhone"].Value.ToString(),
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Extension"].Value.ToString(),
                newLine, newLine);

            // Add employee information to the ToolTipText.
            DateTime HireDate =
                (DateTime)dataGridViewRow1.Cells["HireDate"].Value;
            e.ToolTipText +=
                String.Format("Employee since: {0}/{1}/{2}{3}Manager: {4}",
                HireDate.Month.ToString(), HireDate.Day.ToString(),
                HireDate.Year.ToString(), newLine,
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells["Manager"].Value.ToString());
        }
    }

    void toolStripMenuItem1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DataGridViewRow dataGridViewRow1 =
            dataGridView1.Rows[contextMenuRowIndex];

        MessageBox.Show(String.Format(
            "Sales Report for {0} {1}{2}{3}Reporting not implemented.",
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells["FirstName"].Value.ToString(),
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells["LastName"].Value.ToString(),
            Environment.NewLine, Environment.NewLine));
    }

    void toolStripMenuItem2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DataGridViewRow dataGridViewRow1 =
            dataGridView1.Rows[contextMenuRowIndex];
        MessageBox.Show(String.Format(
            "Sales Report for {0} {1}'s Team{2}{3}Reporting not implemented.",
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells["FirstName"].Value.ToString(),
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells["LastName"].Value.ToString(),
            Environment.NewLine, Environment.NewLine));
    }

    void toolStripMenuItem3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DataGridViewRow dataGridViewRow1 =
            dataGridView1.Rows[contextMenuRowIndex];
        MessageBox.Show(String.Format(
            "Company Sales Ranking Report:{0}{1}Reporting not implemented.",
            Environment.NewLine, Environment.NewLine));
    }
}
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Class Form1
    Inherits Form

    Private WithEvents dataGridView1 As New DataGridView()
    Private WithEvents employeeMenuStrip As New ContextMenuStrip()
    Private WithEvents managerMenuStrip As New ContextMenuStrip()
    Private WithEvents toolStripMenuItem1 As New ToolStripMenuItem()
    Private WithEvents toolStripMenuItem2 As New ToolStripMenuItem()
    Private WithEvents toolStripMenuItem3 As New ToolStripMenuItem()

    Private contextMenuRowIndex As Integer

    Public Sub New()
        Me.Size = New Size(700, 300)
        Me.Controls.Add(dataGridView1)

        toolStripMenuItem1.Text = "View Employee Sales Report"
        toolStripMenuItem2.Text = "View Team Sales Report"
        toolStripMenuItem3.Text = "View Company Sales Team Ranking Report"

        With employeeMenuStrip
            .Items.Add(toolStripMenuItem1)
        End With
        With managerMenuStrip
            .Items.Add(toolStripMenuItem2)
            .Items.Add(toolStripMenuItem3)
        End With

        PopulateDataGridView()
    End Sub

    ' Establish the main entry point for the application.
    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub

    Private Sub PopulateDataGridView()

        With dataGridView1
            .Dock = DockStyle.Fill
            .AllowUserToAddRows = False
            .MultiSelect = False
            .ReadOnly = True
            .AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
        End With

        Dim query As String
        query = "SELECT e1.*, e2.FirstName + ' ' + e2.LastName AS Manager "
        query &= "FROM employees AS e1 LEFT JOIN employees AS e2 "
        query &= "ON e1.ReportsTo = e2.EmployeeID"

        ' Connect to the database
        Dim sqlConnection1 As New SqlConnection( _
            "Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost")
        Dim sqlDataAdapter1 As New SqlDataAdapter(query, _
            sqlConnection1)

        Dim dataTable1 As New System.Data.DataTable()
        dataTable1.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
        sqlDataAdapter1.Fill(dataTable1)

        dataGridView1.DataSource = dataTable1
    End Sub

    Private Sub dataGridView1_DataBindingComplete(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DataGridViewBindingCompleteEventArgs) _
    Handles dataGridView1.DataBindingComplete

        ' Hide some of the columns.
        With dataGridView1
            .Columns("EmployeeID").Visible = False
            .Columns("Address").Visible = False
            .Columns("TitleOfCourtesy").Visible = False
            .Columns("BirthDate").Visible = False
            .Columns("HireDate").Visible = False
            .Columns("PostalCode").Visible = False
            .Columns("Photo").Visible = False
            .Columns("Notes").Visible = False
            .Columns("ReportsTo").Visible = False
            .Columns("PhotoPath").Visible = False
        End With

        ' Disable sorting for the DataGridView.
        Dim i As DataGridViewColumn
        For Each i In dataGridView1.Columns
            i.SortMode = DataGridViewColumnSortMode.NotSortable
        Next i

        dataGridView1.AutoResizeColumns()

    End Sub

    Public Sub dataGridView1_RowContextMenuStripNeeded( _
        ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.RowContextMenuStripNeeded

        Dim dataGridViewRow1 As DataGridViewRow = _
        dataGridView1.Rows(e.RowIndex)

        toolStripMenuItem1.Enabled = True

        ' Show the appropriate ContextMenuStrip based on the employees title.
        If dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Title").Value.ToString() = _
            "Sales Manager" OrElse _
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Title").Value.ToString() = _
            "Vice President, Sales" Then

            e.ContextMenuStrip = managerMenuStrip
        Else
            e.ContextMenuStrip = employeeMenuStrip
        End If

        contextMenuRowIndex = e.RowIndex
    End Sub

    Public Sub dataGridView1_CellToolTipTextNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DataGridViewCellToolTipTextNeededEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.CellToolTipTextNeeded

        Dim newLine As String = Environment.NewLine
        If e.RowIndex > -1 Then
            Dim dataGridViewRow1 As DataGridViewRow = _
            dataGridView1.Rows(e.RowIndex)

            ' Add the employee's ID to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText = String.Format("EmployeeID {0}: {1}", _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("EmployeeID").Value.ToString(), _
                newLine)

            ' Add the employee's name to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0} {1} {2} {3}", _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("TitleOfCourtesy").Value.ToString(), _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("FirstName").Value.ToString(), _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("LastName").Value.ToString(), _
                newLine)

            ' Add the employee's title to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}{1}{2}", _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Title").Value.ToString(), _
                newLine, newLine)

            ' Add the employee's contact information to the ToolTipText.
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}{1}{2}, ", _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Address").Value.ToString(), newLine, _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("City").Value.ToString())
            If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty( _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Region").Value.ToString())

                e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}, ", _
                   dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Region").Value.ToString())
            End If
            e.ToolTipText += String.Format("{0}, {1}{2}{3} EXT:{4}{5}{6}", _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Country").Value.ToString(), _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("PostalCode").Value.ToString(), _
                newLine, _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("HomePhone").Value.ToString(), _
                dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Extension").Value.ToString(), _
                newLine, newLine)

            ' Add employee information to the ToolTipText.
            Dim HireDate As DateTime = _
                CType(dataGridViewRow1.Cells("HireDate").Value, DateTime)
            e.ToolTipText += _
                String.Format("Employee since: {0}/{1}/{2}{3}Manager: {4}", _
                    HireDate.Month.ToString(), HireDate.Day.ToString(), _
                    HireDate.Year.ToString(), newLine, _
                    dataGridViewRow1.Cells("Manager").Value.ToString())
        End If
    End Sub

    Public Sub toolStripMenuItem1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles toolStripMenuItem1.Click

        Dim dataGridViewRow1 As DataGridViewRow = _
            dataGridView1.Rows(contextMenuRowIndex)

        MessageBox.Show(String.Format( _
            "Sales Report for {0} {1}:{2}{3}Reporting Not Implemented", _
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells("FirstName").Value.ToString(), _
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells("LastName").Value.ToString(), _
            Environment.NewLine, Environment.NewLine))
    End Sub

    Public Sub toolStripMenuItem2_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles toolStripMenuItem2.Click

        Dim dataGridViewRow1 As DataGridViewRow = _
            dataGridView1.Rows(contextMenuRowIndex)

        MessageBox.Show(String.Format( _
            "Sales Report for {0} {1}:{2}{3}Reporting Not Implemented", _
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells("FirstName").Value.ToString(), _
            dataGridViewRow1.Cells("LastName").Value.ToString(), _
            Environment.NewLine, Environment.NewLine))
    End Sub

    Public Sub toolStripMenuItem3_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles toolStripMenuItem3.Click

        Dim dataGridViewRow1 As DataGridViewRow = _
            dataGridView1.Rows(contextMenuRowIndex)

        MessageBox.Show(String.Format( _
          "Company Sales Ranking Report:{0}{1}Reporting not implemented.", _
            Environment.NewLine, Environment.NewLine))
    End Sub
End Class

注解

RowContextMenuStripNeeded VirtualMode true当控件属性DataSource已设置或其属性为时, 才会发生此事件。 DataGridViewThe RowContextMenuStripNeeded event occurs only when the DataGridView control DataSource property is set or its VirtualMode property is true. 当您想要显示由行的当前状态或它包含的值确定的快捷菜单时, 处理事件很有用。RowContextMenuStripNeededHandling the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event is useful when you want to display a shortcut menu determined by a row's current state or the values it contains.

处理RowContextMenuStripNeeded事件时, 无论用户何时右键单击行, 都将显示您在处理程序中指定的快捷菜单, 除非该CellContextMenuStripNeeded事件会重写所单击的特定单元格的快捷菜单。When you handle the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event, the shortcut menu that you specify in the handler is shown whenever the user right-clicks a row unless the CellContextMenuStripNeeded event overrides the shortcut menu for the specific cell that was clicked.

RowContextMenuStripNeeded以编程方式或在用户右键单击DataGridViewRow.ContextMenuStrip行的情况下检索属性值时, 也会发生该事件。The RowContextMenuStripNeeded event also occurs whenever the value of the DataGridViewRow.ContextMenuStrip property is retrieved, either programmatically or when the user right-clicks a row.

您可以使用RowIndex属性来确定行的状态或它包含的值, 并使用此信息来更改或ContextMenuStrip修改属性。You can use the RowIndex property to determine the state of a row or the values it contains, and use this information to change or modify the ContextMenuStrip property. 此属性将用行ContextMenuStrip属性的值进行初始化, 该属性的值将重写。This property is initialized with the value of the row ContextMenuStrip property, which the event value overrides.

处理大量数据时处理ContextMenuStrip 事件,以避免设置多行的行值时的性能损失。RowContextMenuStripNeededHandle the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event when working with large amounts of data to avoid the performance penalties of setting the row ContextMenuStrip value for multiple rows. 有关详细信息,请参阅 缩放 Windows 窗体 DataGridView 控件的最佳做法For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

有关如何处理事件的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

构造函数

DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs(Int32)

初始化 DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DataGridViewRowContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs class.

属性

ContextMenuStrip

获取或设置引发 RowContextMenuStripNeeded 事件的行的快捷菜单。Gets or sets the shortcut menu for the row that raised the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event.

RowIndex

获取请求快捷菜单的行的索引。Gets the index of the row that is requesting a shortcut menu.

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅