LayoutEngine LayoutEngine LayoutEngine LayoutEngine Class

定义

提供用于实现布局引擎的基类。Provides the base class for implementing layout engines.

public ref class LayoutEngine abstract
public abstract class LayoutEngine
type LayoutEngine = class
Public MustInherit Class LayoutEngine
继承
LayoutEngineLayoutEngineLayoutEngineLayoutEngine

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用LayoutEngine类来实现自定义布局行为。The following code example demonstrates the use of the LayoutEngine class to implement custom layout behavior.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::Layout;

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout engine.
public ref class DemoFlowLayout : public LayoutEngine
{
public:
    virtual bool Layout(Object^ container,
        LayoutEventArgs^ layoutEventArgs) override
    {
        Control^ parent = nullptr;
        try
        {
            parent = (Control ^) container;
        }
        catch (InvalidCastException^ ex)
        {
            throw gcnew ArgumentException(
                "The parameter 'container' must be a control", "container", ex);
        }
        // Use DisplayRectangle so that parent.Padding is honored.
        Rectangle parentDisplayRectangle = parent->DisplayRectangle;
        Point nextControlLocation = parentDisplayRectangle.Location;

        for each (Control^ currentControl in parent->Controls)
        {
            // Only apply layout to visible controls.
            if (!currentControl->Visible)
            {
                continue;
            }

            // Respect the margin of the control:
            // shift over the left and the top.
            nextControlLocation.Offset(currentControl->Margin.Left,
                currentControl->Margin.Top);

            // Set the location of the control.
            currentControl->Location = nextControlLocation;

            // Set the autosized controls to their
            // autosized heights.
            if (currentControl->AutoSize)
            {
                currentControl->Size = currentControl->GetPreferredSize(
                    parentDisplayRectangle.Size);
            }

            // Move X back to the display rectangle origin.
            nextControlLocation.X = parentDisplayRectangle.X;

            // Increment Y by the height of the control
            // and the bottom margin.
            nextControlLocation.Y += currentControl->Height +
                currentControl->Margin.Bottom;
        }

        // Optional: Return whether or not the container's
        // parent should perform layout as a result of this
        // layout. Some layout engines return the value of
        // the container's AutoSize property.

        return false;
    }
};

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout panel.
// It overrides the LayoutEngine property of the Panel
// control to provide a custom layout engine.
public ref class DemoFlowPanel : public Panel
{
private:
    DemoFlowLayout^ layoutEngine;

public:
    DemoFlowPanel()
    {
        layoutEngine = gcnew DemoFlowLayout();
    }

public:
    virtual property System::Windows::Forms::Layout::LayoutEngine^ LayoutEngine
    {
        System::Windows::Forms::Layout::LayoutEngine^ get() override
        {
            if (layoutEngine == nullptr)
            {
                layoutEngine = gcnew DemoFlowLayout();
            }

            return layoutEngine;
        }
    }
};

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.Layout;

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout panel.
// It overrides the LayoutEngine property of the Panel
// control to provide a custom layout engine. 
public class DemoFlowPanel : Panel
{
    private DemoFlowLayout layoutEngine;

    public DemoFlowPanel()
    {
    }

    public override LayoutEngine LayoutEngine
    {
        get
        {
            layoutEngine ??= new DemoFlowLayout();

            return layoutEngine;
        }
    }
}

// This class demonstrates a simple custom layout engine.
public class DemoFlowLayout : LayoutEngine
{
    public override bool Layout(
        object container,
        LayoutEventArgs layoutEventArgs)
    {
        Control parent = container as Control;

        // Use DisplayRectangle so that parent.Padding is honored.
        Rectangle parentDisplayRectangle = parent.DisplayRectangle;
        Point nextControlLocation = parentDisplayRectangle.Location;

        foreach (Control c in parent.Controls)
        {
            // Only apply layout to visible controls.
            if (!c.Visible)
            {
                continue;
            }

            // Respect the margin of the control:
            // shift over the left and the top.
            nextControlLocation.Offset(c.Margin.Left, c.Margin.Top);

            // Set the location of the control.
            c.Location = nextControlLocation;

            // Set the autosized controls to their 
            // autosized heights.
            if (c.AutoSize)
            {
                c.Size = c.GetPreferredSize(parentDisplayRectangle.Size);
            }

            // Move X back to the display rectangle origin.
            nextControlLocation.X = parentDisplayRectangle.X;

            // Increment Y by the height of the control 
            // and the bottom margin.
            nextControlLocation.Y += c.Height + c.Margin.Bottom;
        }

        // Optional: Return whether or not the container's 
        // parent should perform layout as a result of this 
        // layout. Some layout engines return the value of 
        // the container's AutoSize property.

        return false;
    }
}
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Layout

' This class demonstrates a simple custom layout panel.
' It overrides the LayoutEngine property of the Panel
' control to provide a custom layout engine. 
Public Class DemoFlowPanel
    Inherits Panel

    Private layoutEng As DemoFlowLayout

    Public Sub New()
    End Sub

    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property LayoutEngine() As LayoutEngine
        Get
            If layoutEng Is Nothing Then
                layoutEng = New DemoFlowLayout()
            End If

            Return layoutEng
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

' This class demonstrates a simple custom layout engine.
Public Class DemoFlowLayout
   Inherits LayoutEngine

    Public Overrides Function Layout( _
    ByVal container As Object, _
    ByVal layoutEventArgs As LayoutEventArgs) As Boolean

        Dim parent As Control = container

        ' Use DisplayRectangle so that parent.Padding is honored.
        Dim parentDisplayRectangle As Rectangle = parent.DisplayRectangle
        Dim nextControlLocation As Point = parentDisplayRectangle.Location

        Dim c As Control
        For Each c In parent.Controls

            ' Only apply layout to visible controls.
            If c.Visible <> True Then
                Continue For
            End If

            ' Respect the margin of the control:
            ' shift over the left and the top.
            nextControlLocation.Offset(c.Margin.Left, c.Margin.Top)

            ' Set the location of the control.
            c.Location = nextControlLocation

            ' Set the autosized controls to their 
            ' autosized heights.
            If c.AutoSize Then
                c.Size = c.GetPreferredSize(parentDisplayRectangle.Size)
            End If

            ' Move X back to the display rectangle origin.
            nextControlLocation.X = parentDisplayRectangle.X

            ' Increment Y by the height of the control 
            ' and the bottom margin.
            nextControlLocation.Y += c.Height + c.Margin.Bottom
        Next c

        ' Optional: Return whether or not the container's 
        ' parent should perform layout as a result of this 
        ' layout. Some layout engines return the value of 
        ' the container's AutoSize property.
        Return False

    End Function
End Class

注解

如果要在运行时创建自定义布局行为, 请使用类。LayoutEngineUse the LayoutEngine class when you want to create custom layout behavior at run time. 从类派生你自己的LayoutEngine类, 并重Layout写方法以定义你的自定义布局行为。Derive your own class from the LayoutEngine class and override the Layout method to define your custom layout behavior.

构造函数

LayoutEngine() LayoutEngine() LayoutEngine() LayoutEngine()

初始化 LayoutEngine 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the LayoutEngine class.

方法

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InitLayout(Object, BoundsSpecified) InitLayout(Object, BoundsSpecified) InitLayout(Object, BoundsSpecified) InitLayout(Object, BoundsSpecified)

初始化布局引擎。Initializes the layout engine.

Layout(Object, LayoutEventArgs) Layout(Object, LayoutEventArgs) Layout(Object, LayoutEventArgs) Layout(Object, LayoutEventArgs)

请求布局引擎执行布局操作。Requests that the layout engine perform a layout operation.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

适用于

另请参阅