ListView.Clear Method

Definition

从控件中移除所有项和列。Removes all items and columns from the control.

public:
 void Clear();
public void Clear ();
member this.Clear : unit -> unit
Public Sub Clear ()

Examples

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 ClearListViewItem.Selected 成员。The following code example demonstrates the use of Clear and ListViewItem.Selected members. 若要运行此示例,请将以下代码粘贴到包含名为 ListView1ListView 的窗体中,并将一个按钮拖到名为 Button1的窗体底部。To run this example, paste the following code into a form that contains a ListView named ListView1 and a button, located toward the bottom of the form, named Button1. 从窗体的构造函数或 Load 方法中调用 InitializeListView 方法。Call the InitializeListView method from the form's constructor or Load method.

private:
   void InitializeListView()
   {
      // Set up the inital values for the ListView and populate it.
      this->ListView1 = gcnew ListView;
      this->ListView1->Dock = DockStyle::Top;
      this->ListView1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 0, 0 );
      this->ListView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 130 );
      this->ListView1->View = View::Details;
      this->ListView1->FullRowSelect = true;
      array<String^>^breakfast = {"Continental Breakfast","Pancakes and Sausage","Denver Omelet","Eggs & Bacon","Bagel & Cream Cheese"};
      array<String^>^breakfastPrices = {"3.09","4.09","4.19","4.79","2.09"};
      PopulateMenu( "Breakfast", breakfast, breakfastPrices );
   }

   void PopulateMenu( String^ meal, array<String^>^menuItems, array<String^>^menuPrices )
   {
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader1 = gcnew ColumnHeader;
      columnHeader1->Text = String::Concat( meal, " Choices" );
      columnHeader1->TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment::Left;
      columnHeader1->Width = 146;
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader2 = gcnew ColumnHeader;
      columnHeader2->Text = "Price";
      columnHeader2->TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment::Center;
      columnHeader2->Width = 142;
      this->ListView1->Columns->Add( columnHeader1 );
      this->ListView1->Columns->Add( columnHeader2 );
      for ( int count = 0; count < menuItems->Length; count++ )
      {
         ListViewItem^ listItem = gcnew ListViewItem( menuItems[ count ] );
         listItem->SubItems->Add( menuPrices[ count ] );
         ListView1->Items->Add( listItem );

      }
      
      // Use the Selected property to select the first item on 
      // the list.
      ListView1->Focus();
      ListView1->Items[ 0 ]->Selected = true;
   }

   void Button1_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Create new values for the ListView, clear the list, 
      // and repopulate it.
      array<String^>^lunch = {"Hamburger","Grilled Cheese","Soup & Salad","Club Sandwich","Hotdog"};
      array<String^>^lunchPrices = {"4.09","5.09","5.19","4.79","2.09"};
      ListView1->Clear();
      PopulateMenu( "Lunch", lunch, lunchPrices );
      Button1->Enabled = false;
   }
private void InitializeListView()
{
    // Set up the inital values for the ListView and populate it.
    this.ListView1 = new ListView();
    this.ListView1.Dock = DockStyle.Top;
    this.ListView1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
    this.ListView1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 130);
    this.ListView1.View = View.Details;
    this.ListView1.FullRowSelect = true;

    string[] breakfast = new string[]{"Continental Breakfast", 
        "Pancakes and Sausage", "Denver Omelet", "Eggs & Bacon", 
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"};

    string[] breakfastPrices = new string[]{"3.09", "4.09", 
        "4.19", "4.79", "2.09"};

    PopulateMenu("Breakfast", breakfast, breakfastPrices);
}

private void PopulateMenu(string meal, 
    string[] menuItems, string[] menuPrices)
{
    ColumnHeader columnHeader1 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader1.Text = meal + " Choices";
    columnHeader1.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
    columnHeader1.Width = 146;

    ColumnHeader columnHeader2 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader2.Text = "Price";
    columnHeader2.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
    columnHeader2.Width = 142;

    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1);
    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2);

    for(int count=0; count < menuItems.Length; count++)
    {
        ListViewItem listItem = 
            new ListViewItem(menuItems[count]);
        listItem.SubItems.Add(menuPrices[count]);
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem);
    }

    // Use the Selected property to select the first item on 
    // the list.
    ListView1.Focus();
    ListView1.Items[0].Selected = true;
}

private void Button1_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    // Create new values for the ListView, clear the list, 
    // and repopulate it.
    string[] lunch = new string[]{"Hamburger", "Grilled Cheese",
        "Soup & Salad", "Club Sandwich", "Hotdog"};

    string[] lunchPrices = new string[]{"4.09", "5.09", "5.19", 
        "4.79", "2.09"};

    ListView1.Clear();

    PopulateMenu("Lunch", lunch, lunchPrices);
    Button1.Enabled = false;
}
Private Sub InitializeListView()

    ' Set up the inital values for the ListView and populate it.
    Me.ListView1 = New ListView
    Me.ListView1.Dock = DockStyle.Top
    Me.ListView1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
    Me.ListView1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 130)
    Me.ListView1.View = View.Details
    Me.ListView1.FullRowSelect = True

    Dim breakfast() As String = New String() {"Continental Breakfast", "Pancakes and Sausage", _
   "Denver Omelet", "Eggs & Bacon", "Bagel & Cream Cheese"}

    Dim breakfastPrices() As String = New String() {"3.09", "4.09", "4.19", _
       "4.79", "2.09"}

    PopulateMenu("Breakfast", breakfast, breakfastPrices)
End Sub

Private Sub PopulateMenu(ByVal meal As String, _
    ByVal menuItems() As String, ByVal menuPrices() As String)
    Dim columnHeader1 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader1
        .Text = meal & " Choices"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left
        .Width = 146
    End With
    Dim columnHeader2 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader2
        .Text = "Price"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center
        .Width = 142
    End With
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1)
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2)

    Dim count As Integer

    For count = 0 To menuItems.Length - 1
        Dim listItem As New ListViewItem(menuItems(count))
        listItem.SubItems.Add(menuPrices(count))
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem)
    Next

    ' Use the Selected property to select the first item on 
    ' the list.
    ListView1.Focus()
    ListView1.Items(0).Selected = True
End Sub


Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
    ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

    ' Create new values for the ListView, clear the list, 
    ' and repopulate it.
    Dim lunch() As String = New String() {"Hamburger", _ 
        "Grilled Cheese", "Soup & Salad", "Club Sandwich", "Hotdog"}

    Dim lunchPrices() As String = New String() {"4.09", "5.09", _
        "5.19", "4.79", "2.09"}

    ListView1.Clear()

    PopulateMenu("Lunch", lunch, lunchPrices)
    Button1.Enabled = False
End Sub

Remarks

您可以使用此方法从 ListView 控件中移除所有项和列,而不必从 ListView.ColumnHeaderCollectionListView.ListViewItemCollection 类中调用单独的 Clear 方法。You can use this method to remove all items and columns from the ListView control without having to call the individual Clear methods from the ListView.ColumnHeaderCollection and ListView.ListViewItemCollection classes.

Note

Clear 方法不会清除为 ListView 控件指定 GroupsThe Clear method does not clear Groups specified for the ListView control. 若要清除 Groups 调用 ListViewGroupCollection.ClearTo clear Groups call ListViewGroupCollection.Clear.

Applies to

See also