ListView.ColumnClick ListView.ColumnClick ListView.ColumnClick ListView.ColumnClick Event

定义

当用户在列表视图控件中单击列标题时发生。Occurs when the user clicks a column header within the list view control.

public:
 event System::Windows::Forms::ColumnClickEventHandler ^ ColumnClick;
public event System.Windows.Forms.ColumnClickEventHandler ColumnClick;
member this.ColumnClick : System.Windows.Forms.ColumnClickEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ColumnClick As ColumnClickEventHandler 

示例

下面的代码示例创建一个窗体, 该ListView窗体包含一个控件, 该控件在单击ListView控件中的列时手动对项进行排序。The following code example creates a form that contains a ListView control that manually sorts items when a column in the ListView control is clicked. 该示例定义一个名ListViewItemComparer为的类, 该类System.Collections.IComparer实现执行ListViewItem比较的接口。The example defines a class called ListViewItemComparer that implements the System.Collections.IComparer interface that performs the ListViewItem comparison. 该示例创建一个实例ListViewItemComparer , 并使用它来ListViewItemSorter设置ListView控件的属性。The example creates an instance of ListViewItemComparer and uses it to set the ListViewItemSorter property of the ListView control. 事件处理程序Sort ListViewItemComparer中的方法调用使用在中定义的方法, 根据所单击的列来执行项的排序。 ColumnClickThe Sort method call in the ColumnClick event handler uses the methods defined in ListViewItemComparer to perform the sort of items, based on the column that is clicked.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections;

// Implements the manual sorting of items by columns.
ref class ListViewItemComparer: public IComparer
{
private:
   int col;

public:
   ListViewItemComparer()
   {
      col = 0;
   }

   ListViewItemComparer( int column )
   {
      col = column;
   }

   virtual int Compare( Object^ x, Object^ y )
   {
      return String::Compare( (dynamic_cast<ListViewItem^>(x))->SubItems[ col ]->Text,
                              (dynamic_cast<ListViewItem^>(y))->SubItems[ col ]->Text );
   }
};

public ref class ListViewSortForm: public Form
{
private:
   ListView^ listView1;

public:
   ListViewSortForm()
   {
      // Create ListView items to add to the control.
      array<String^>^temp0 = {"Banana","a","b","c"};
      ListViewItem^ listViewItem1 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp0,-1,Color::Empty,Color::Yellow,nullptr );
      array<String^>^temp1 = {"Cherry","v","g","t"};
      ListViewItem^ listViewItem2 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp1,-1,Color::Empty,Color::Red,
                 gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Microsoft Sans Serif",8.25F,FontStyle::Regular,GraphicsUnit::Point,0 ) );
      array<String^>^temp2 = {"Apple","h","j","n"};
      ListViewItem^ listViewItem3 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp2,-1,Color::Empty,Color::Lime,nullptr );
      array<String^>^temp3 = {"Pear","y","u","i"};
      ListViewItem^ listViewItem4 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp3,-1,Color::Empty,Color::FromArgb( 192, 128, 156 ),nullptr );

      //Initialize the ListView control and add columns to it.
      this->listView1 = gcnew ListView;

      // Set the initial sorting type for the ListView.
      this->listView1->Sorting = SortOrder::None;

      // Disable automatic sorting to enable manual sorting.
      this->listView1->View = View::Details;

      // Add columns and set their text.
      this->listView1->Columns->Add( gcnew ColumnHeader );
      this->listView1->Columns[ 0 ]->Text = "Column 1";
      this->listView1->Columns[ 0 ]->Width = 100;
      listView1->Columns->Add( gcnew ColumnHeader );
      listView1->Columns[ 1 ]->Text = "Column 2";
      listView1->Columns->Add( gcnew ColumnHeader );
      listView1->Columns[ 2 ]->Text = "Column 3";
      listView1->Columns->Add( gcnew ColumnHeader );
      listView1->Columns[ 3 ]->Text = "Column 4";

      // Suspend control logic until form is done configuring form.
      this->SuspendLayout();

      // Add Items to the ListView control.
      array<ListViewItem^>^temp4 = {listViewItem1,listViewItem2,listViewItem3,listViewItem4};
      this->listView1->Items->AddRange( temp4 );

      // Set the location and size of the ListView control.
      this->listView1->Location = Point(10,10);
      this->listView1->Name = "listView1";
      this->listView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 300, 100 );
      this->listView1->TabIndex = 0;

      // Enable editing of the items in the ListView.
      this->listView1->LabelEdit = true;

      // Connect the ListView::ColumnClick event to the ColumnClick event handler.
      this->listView1->ColumnClick += gcnew ColumnClickEventHandler( this, &ListViewSortForm::ColumnClick );

      // Initialize the form.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 400, 400 );
      array<Control^>^temp5 = {this->listView1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp5 );
      this->Name = "ListViewSortForm";
      this->Text = "Sorted ListView Control";

      // Resume lay[Out] of* the form.
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

private:

   // ColumnClick event handler.
   void ColumnClick( Object^ /*o*/, ColumnClickEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Set the ListViewItemSorter property to a new ListViewItemComparer 
      // object. Setting this property immediately sorts the 
      // ListView using the ListViewItemComparer object.
      this->listView1->ListViewItemSorter = gcnew ListViewItemComparer( e->Column );
   }
};

[System::STAThreadAttribute]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew ListViewSortForm );
}
using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;

namespace ListViewSortFormNamespace
{
    
   
    public class ListViewSortForm : Form
    {
        private ListView listView1;
       
        public ListViewSortForm()
        {
            // Create ListView items to add to the control.
            ListViewItem listViewItem1 = new ListViewItem(new string[] {"Banana","a","b","c"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.Yellow, null);
            ListViewItem listViewItem2 = new ListViewItem(new string[] {"Cherry","v","g","t"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.Red, new Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 8.25F, FontStyle.Regular, GraphicsUnit.Point, ((System.Byte)(0))));
            ListViewItem listViewItem3 = new ListViewItem(new string[] {"Apple","h","j","n"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.Lime, null);
            ListViewItem listViewItem4 = new ListViewItem(new string[] {"Pear","y","u","i"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.FromArgb(((System.Byte)(192)), ((System.Byte)(128)), ((System.Byte)(156))), null);
     
            //Initialize the ListView control and add columns to it.
            this.listView1 = new ListView();

            // Set the initial sorting type for the ListView.
            this.listView1.Sorting = SortOrder.None;
            // Disable automatic sorting to enable manual sorting.
            this.listView1.View = View.Details;
            // Add columns and set their text.
            this.listView1.Columns.Add(new ColumnHeader());
            this.listView1.Columns[0].Text = "Column 1";
            this.listView1.Columns[0].Width = 100;
            listView1.Columns.Add(new ColumnHeader());
            listView1.Columns[1].Text = "Column 2";
            listView1.Columns.Add(new ColumnHeader());
            listView1.Columns[2].Text = "Column 3";
            listView1.Columns.Add(new ColumnHeader());
            listView1.Columns[3].Text = "Column 4";
            // Suspend control logic until form is done configuring form.
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // Add Items to the ListView control.
            this.listView1.Items.AddRange(new ListViewItem[] {listViewItem1,
                listViewItem2,
                listViewItem3,
                listViewItem4});
            // Set the location and size of the ListView control.
            this.listView1.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            this.listView1.Name = "listView1";
            this.listView1.Size = new Size(300, 100);
            this.listView1.TabIndex = 0;
            // Enable editing of the items in the ListView.
            this.listView1.LabelEdit = true;
            // Connect the ListView.ColumnClick event to the ColumnClick event handler.
            this.listView1.ColumnClick += new ColumnClickEventHandler(ColumnClick);
   			
            // Initialize the form.
            this.ClientSize = new Size(400, 400);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] {this.listView1});
            this.Name = "ListViewSortForm";
            this.Text = "Sorted ListView Control";
            // Resume layout of the form.
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
        }
        
	
        // ColumnClick event handler.
        private void ColumnClick(object o, ColumnClickEventArgs e)
        {
            // Set the ListViewItemSorter property to a new ListViewItemComparer 
            // object. Setting this property immediately sorts the 
            // ListView using the ListViewItemComparer object.
            this.listView1.ListViewItemSorter = new ListViewItemComparer(e.Column);
        }

        [System.STAThreadAttribute()]
        public static void Main()
        {
            Application.Run(new ListViewSortForm());
        }

    }

    // Implements the manual sorting of items by columns.
    class ListViewItemComparer : IComparer
    {
        private int col;
        public ListViewItemComparer()
        {
            col = 0;
        }
        public ListViewItemComparer(int column)
        {
            col = column;
        }
        public int Compare(object x, object y)
        {
            return String.Compare(((ListViewItem)x).SubItems[col].Text, ((ListViewItem)y).SubItems[col].Text);
        }
    }

}
Imports System
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections


Namespace ListViewSortFormNamespace

    Public Class ListViewSortForm
        Inherits Form

        Private listView1 As ListView

        Public Sub New()
            ' Create ListView items to add to the control.
            Dim listViewItem1 As New ListViewItem(New String() {"Banana", "a", "b", "c"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.Yellow, Nothing)
            Dim listViewItem2 As New ListViewItem(New String() {"Cherry", "v", "g", "t"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.Red, New Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 8.25F, FontStyle.Regular, GraphicsUnit.Point, CType(0, System.Byte)))
            Dim listViewItem3 As New ListViewItem(New String() {"Apple", "h", "j", "n"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.Lime, Nothing)
            Dim listViewItem4 As New ListViewItem(New String() {"Pear", "y", "u", "i"}, -1, Color.Empty, Color.FromArgb(CType(192, System.Byte), CType(128, System.Byte), CType(156, System.Byte)), Nothing)

            'Initialize the ListView control and add columns to it.
            Me.listView1 = New ListView

            ' Set the initial sorting type for the ListView.
            Me.listView1.Sorting = SortOrder.None
            ' Disable automatic sorting to enable manual sorting.
            Me.listView1.View = View.Details
            ' Add columns and set their text.
            Me.listView1.Columns.Add(New ColumnHeader)
            Me.listView1.Columns(0).Text = "Column 1"
            Me.listView1.Columns(0).Width = 100
            listView1.Columns.Add(New ColumnHeader)
            listView1.Columns(1).Text = "Column 2"
            listView1.Columns.Add(New ColumnHeader)
            listView1.Columns(2).Text = "Column 3"
            listView1.Columns.Add(New ColumnHeader)
            listView1.Columns(3).Text = "Column 4"
            ' Suspend control logic until form is done configuring form.
            Me.SuspendLayout()
            ' Add Items to the ListView control.
            Me.listView1.Items.AddRange(New ListViewItem() {listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4})
            ' Set the location and size of the ListView control.
            Me.listView1.Location = New Point(10, 10)
            Me.listView1.Name = "listView1"
            Me.listView1.Size = New Size(300, 100)
            Me.listView1.TabIndex = 0
            ' Enable editing of the items in the ListView.
            Me.listView1.LabelEdit = True
            ' Connect the ListView.ColumnClick event to the ColumnClick event handler.
            AddHandler Me.listView1.ColumnClick, AddressOf ColumnClick

            ' Initialize the form.
            Me.ClientSize = New Size(400, 400)
            Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {Me.listView1})
            Me.Name = "ListViewSortForm"
            Me.Text = "Sorted ListView Control"
            ' Resume layout of the form.
            Me.ResumeLayout(False)
        End Sub 'New


        ' ColumnClick event handler.
        Private Sub ColumnClick(ByVal o As Object, ByVal e As ColumnClickEventArgs)
            ' Set the ListViewItemSorter property to a new ListViewItemComparer 
            ' object. Setting this property immediately sorts the 
            ' ListView using the ListViewItemComparer object.
            Me.listView1.ListViewItemSorter = New ListViewItemComparer(e.Column)
        End Sub

    End Class

    ' Implements the manual sorting of items by columns.
    Class ListViewItemComparer
        Implements IComparer

        Private col As Integer

        Public Sub New()
            col = 0
        End Sub

        Public Sub New(ByVal column As Integer)
            col = column
        End Sub

        Public Function Compare(ByVal x As Object, ByVal y As Object) As Integer _
           Implements IComparer.Compare
            Return [String].Compare(CType(x, ListViewItem).SubItems(col).Text, CType(y, ListViewItem).SubItems(col).Text)
        End Function
    End Class
End Namespace

注解

ColumnClick用户单击ListView控件中各项的详细信息视图中的某个列标题时 (当View属性设置为Details时), 将发生此事件。The ColumnClick event occurs when the user clicks one of the column headers in a details view of the items in a ListView control (when the View property is set to Details). 此事件通常用于对ListView中的项进行排序, 以便使用单击的列作为要排序的列。 ColumnClickThe ColumnClick event is typically handled to sort the items in the ListView using the clicked column as the column to sort by.

有关处理事件的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

适用于

另请参阅