ListViewGroupCollection ListViewGroupCollection ListViewGroupCollection ListViewGroupCollection Class

定义

表示 ListView 控件中的组的集合。Represents the collection of groups within a ListView control.

public ref class ListViewGroupCollection : System::Collections::IList
[System.ComponentModel.ListBindable(false)]
public class ListViewGroupCollection : System.Collections.IList
type ListViewGroupCollection = class
    interface IList
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public Class ListViewGroupCollection
Implements IList
继承
ListViewGroupCollectionListViewGroupCollectionListViewGroupCollectionListViewGroupCollection
属性
实现

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用ListView分组功能按详细信息视图中的子项值组织项。The following example demonstrates how to use the ListView grouping feature to organize items by subitem value in the details view. 这种形式的分组类似于 Windows 资源管理器中使用的分组。This form of grouping is similar to the grouping used in Windows Explorer. 在此示例中, 将动态创建组。In the example, the groups are created dynamically. 对于每个子项列, 将为每个唯一子项值创建一个组。For each subitem column, one group is created for each unique subitem value. 对于 "父项" 列, 将为每个唯一的初始字母创建一个组。For the parent item column, one group is created for each unique initial letter. 单击列标题可将项排序到为该列创建的组中。Clicking the header of a column sorts the items into the groups created for that column. 再次单击同一个列标题会反转组的顺序。Clicking the same column header again reverses the order of the groups.

#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections; 
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

public ref class ListViewGroupsExample : public Form
{
private:
   ListView^ myListView;
   bool isRunningXPOrLater;

   // Declare a Hashtable array in which to store the groups.
   array<Hashtable^>^ groupTables;

   // Declare a variable to store the current grouping column.
   int groupColumn;

public:
   ListViewGroupsExample()
   {
      groupColumn = 0;
      // Initialize myListView.
      myListView = gcnew ListView();
      myListView->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
      myListView->View = View::Details;
      myListView->Sorting = SortOrder::Ascending;

      // Create and initialize column headers for myListView.
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader0 = gcnew ColumnHeader();
      columnHeader0->Text = "Title";
      columnHeader0->Width = -1;
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader1 = gcnew ColumnHeader();
      columnHeader1->Text = "Author";
      columnHeader1->Width = -1;
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader2 = gcnew ColumnHeader();
      columnHeader2->Text = "Year";
      columnHeader2->Width = -1;

      // Add the column headers to myListView.

      array<ColumnHeader^>^ temp0 = {columnHeader0, columnHeader1, columnHeader2};
      myListView->Columns->AddRange(temp0);

      // Add a handler for the ColumnClick event.
      myListView->ColumnClick += 
         gcnew ColumnClickEventHandler(this, &ListViewGroupsExample::myListView_ColumnClick);

      // Create items and add them to myListView.

      array<String^>^ temp1 = {"Programming Windows", "Petzold, Charles", "1998"};
      ListViewItem^ item0 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp1 );

      array<String^>^ temp2 = {"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software",
         "Petzold, Charles", "2000"};
      ListViewItem^ item1 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp2 );

      array<String^>^ temp3 = {"Programming Windows with C#", "Petzold, Charles", "2001"};
      ListViewItem^ item2 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp3 );

      array<String^>^ temp4 = {"Coding Techniques for Microsoft Visual Basic .NET",
         "Connell, John", "2001"};
      ListViewItem^ item3 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp4 );

      array<String^>^ temp5 = {"C# for Java Developers", "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam",
         "2002"};
      ListViewItem^ item4 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp5 );

      array<String^>^ temp6 = {"Microsoft .NET XML Web Services Step by Step",
         "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam", "2002"};
      ListViewItem^ item5 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp6 );

      array<ListViewItem^>^ temp7 = {item0, item1, item2, item3, item4, item5};
      myListView->Items->AddRange( temp7 );

      // Determine whether Windows XP or a later 
      // operating system is present.
      isRunningXPOrLater = false;

      if (System::Environment::OSVersion->Version->Major > 5 ||
         ( System::Environment::OSVersion->Version->Major == 5 &&
         System::Environment::OSVersion->Version->Minor >= 1) )
      {
         isRunningXPOrLater = true;
      }

      if (isRunningXPOrLater)
      {
         // Create the groupsTable array and populate it with one 
         // hash table for each column.
         groupTables = gcnew array<Hashtable^>(myListView->Columns->Count);
         for (int column = 0; column < myListView->Columns->Count; column++)
         {
            // Create a hash table containing all the groups 
            // needed for a single column.
            groupTables[column] = CreateGroupsTable(column);
         }

         // Start with the groups created for the Title column.
         SetGroups(0);
      }

      // Initialize the form.
      this->Controls->Add(myListView);
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(550, 330);
      this->Text = "ListView Groups Example";
   }

   // Groups the items using the groups created for the clicked 
   // column.
private:
   void myListView_ColumnClick(
      Object^ /*sender*/, ColumnClickEventArgs^ e)
   {
      // Set the sort order to ascending when changing
      // column groups; otherwise, reverse the sort order.
      if ( myListView->Sorting == SortOrder::Descending || 
         ( isRunningXPOrLater && (e->Column != groupColumn) ) )
      {
         myListView->Sorting = SortOrder::Ascending;
      }
      else 
      {
         myListView->Sorting = SortOrder::Descending;
      }
      groupColumn = e->Column;

      // Set the groups to those created for the clicked column.
      if (isRunningXPOrLater)
      {
         SetGroups(e->Column);
      }
   }

   // Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
private:
   void SetGroups(int column)
   {
      // Remove the current groups.
      myListView->Groups->Clear();

      // Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
      Hashtable^ groups = dynamic_cast<Hashtable^>(groupTables[column]);

      // Copy the groups for the column to an array.
      array<ListViewGroup^>^ groupsArray = gcnew array<ListViewGroup^>(groups->Count);
      groups->Values->CopyTo(groupsArray, 0);

      // Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
      Array::Sort(groupsArray, gcnew ListViewGroupSorter(myListView->Sorting));
      myListView->Groups->AddRange(groupsArray);

      // Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
      // one to the appropriate group.
      IEnumerator^ myEnum = myListView->Items->GetEnumerator();
      while (myEnum->MoveNext())
      {
         ListViewItem^ item = safe_cast<ListViewItem^>(myEnum->Current);
         // Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
         String^ subItemText = item->SubItems[column]->Text;

         // For the Title column, use only the first letter.
         if (column == 0) 
         {
            subItemText = subItemText->Substring(0, 1);
         }

         // Assign the item to the matching group.
         item->Group = dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(groups[subItemText]);
      }
   }

   // Creates a Hashtable object with one entry for each unique
   // subitem value (or initial letter for the parent item)
   // in the specified column.
private:
   Hashtable^ CreateGroupsTable(int column)
   {
      // Create a Hashtable object.
      Hashtable^ groups = gcnew Hashtable();

      // Iterate through the items in myListView.
      IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = myListView->Items->GetEnumerator();
      while (myEnum1->MoveNext())
      {
         ListViewItem^ item = safe_cast<ListViewItem^>(myEnum1->Current);
         // Retrieve the text value for the column.
         String^ subItemText = item->SubItems[column]->Text;

         // Use the initial letter instead if it is the first column.
         if (column == 0) 
         {
            subItemText = subItemText->Substring(0, 1);
         }

         // If the groups table does not already contain a group
         // for the subItemText value, add a new group using the 
         // subItemText value for the group header and Hashtable key.
         if (!groups->Contains(subItemText))
         {
            groups->Add( subItemText, gcnew ListViewGroup(subItemText, 
               HorizontalAlignment::Left) );
         }
      }

      // Return the Hashtable object.
      return groups;
   }

   // Sorts ListViewGroup objects by header value.
   ref class ListViewGroupSorter : public IComparer
   {
   private:
      SortOrder order;

      // Stores the sort order.
   public:
      ListViewGroupSorter(SortOrder theOrder) 
      { 
         order = theOrder;
      }

      // Compares the groups by header value, using the saved sort
      // order to return the correct value.
      virtual int Compare(Object^ x, Object^ y)
      {
         int result = String::Compare(
            (dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(x))->Header,
            (dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(y))->Header
            );
         if (order == SortOrder::Ascending)
         {
            return result;
         }
         else 
         {
            return -result;
         }
      }
   };
};

[STAThread]
int main() 
{
   Application::EnableVisualStyles();
   Application::Run(gcnew ListViewGroupsExample());
}
using System;
using System.Collections; 
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class ListViewGroupsExample : Form
{
    private ListView myListView;

    // Determine whether Windows XP or a later
    // operating system is present.
    private bool isRunningXPOrLater = 
        OSFeature.Feature.IsPresent(OSFeature.Themes);

    // Declare a Hashtable array in which to store the groups.
    private Hashtable[] groupTables;

    // Declare a variable to store the current grouping column.
    int groupColumn = 0;

    public ListViewGroupsExample()
    {
        // Initialize myListView.
        myListView = new ListView();
        myListView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        myListView.View = View.Details;
        myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending;

        // Create and initialize column headers for myListView.
        ColumnHeader columnHeader0 = new ColumnHeader();
        columnHeader0.Text = "Title";
        columnHeader0.Width = -1;
        ColumnHeader columnHeader1 = new ColumnHeader();
        columnHeader1.Text = "Author";
        columnHeader1.Width = -1;
        ColumnHeader columnHeader2 = new ColumnHeader();
        columnHeader2.Text = "Year";
        columnHeader2.Width = -1;

        // Add the column headers to myListView.
        myListView.Columns.AddRange(new ColumnHeader[] 
            {columnHeader0, columnHeader1, columnHeader2});

        // Add a handler for the ColumnClick event.
        myListView.ColumnClick += 
            new ColumnClickEventHandler(myListView_ColumnClick);

        // Create items and add them to myListView.
        ListViewItem item0 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Programming Windows", 
            "Petzold, Charles", 
            "1998"} );
        ListViewItem item1 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software", 
            "Petzold, Charles", 
            "2000"} );
        ListViewItem item2 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Programming Windows with C#", 
            "Petzold, Charles", 
            "2001"} );
        ListViewItem item3 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Coding Techniques for Microsoft Visual Basic .NET", 
            "Connell, John", 
            "2001"} );
        ListViewItem item4 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"C# for Java Developers", 
            "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam", 
            "2002"} );
        ListViewItem item5 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Microsoft .NET XML Web Services Step by Step", 
            "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam", 
            "2002"} );
        myListView.Items.AddRange(
            new ListViewItem[] {item0, item1, item2, item3, item4, item5});

        if (isRunningXPOrLater)
        {
            // Create the groupsTable array and populate it with one 
            // hash table for each column.
            groupTables = new Hashtable[myListView.Columns.Count];
            for (int column = 0; column < myListView.Columns.Count; column++)
            {
                // Create a hash table containing all the groups 
                // needed for a single column.
                groupTables[column] = CreateGroupsTable(column);
            }

            // Start with the groups created for the Title column.
            SetGroups(0);
        }

        // Initialize the form.
        this.Controls.Add(myListView);
        this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(550, 330);
        this.Text = "ListView Groups Example";
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new ListViewGroupsExample());
    }

    // Groups the items using the groups created for the clicked 
    // column.
    private void myListView_ColumnClick(
        object sender, ColumnClickEventArgs e)
    {
        // Set the sort order to ascending when changing
        // column groups; otherwise, reverse the sort order.
        if ( myListView.Sorting == SortOrder.Descending || 
            ( isRunningXPOrLater && (e.Column != groupColumn) ) )
        {
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending;
        }
        else 
        {
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Descending;
        }
        groupColumn = e.Column;

        // Set the groups to those created for the clicked column.
        if (isRunningXPOrLater)
        {
            SetGroups(e.Column);
        }
    }

    // Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
    private void SetGroups(int column)
    {
        // Remove the current groups.
        myListView.Groups.Clear();

        // Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
        Hashtable groups = (Hashtable)groupTables[column];

        // Copy the groups for the column to an array.
        ListViewGroup[] groupsArray = new ListViewGroup[groups.Count];
        groups.Values.CopyTo(groupsArray, 0);

        // Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
        Array.Sort(groupsArray, new ListViewGroupSorter(myListView.Sorting));
        myListView.Groups.AddRange(groupsArray);

        // Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
        // one to the appropriate group.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in myListView.Items)
        {
            // Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
            string subItemText = item.SubItems[column].Text;

            // For the Title column, use only the first letter.
            if (column == 0) 
            {
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1);
            }

            // Assign the item to the matching group.
            item.Group = (ListViewGroup)groups[subItemText];
        }
    }

    // Creates a Hashtable object with one entry for each unique
    // subitem value (or initial letter for the parent item)
    // in the specified column.
    private Hashtable CreateGroupsTable(int column)
    {
        // Create a Hashtable object.
        Hashtable groups = new Hashtable();

        // Iterate through the items in myListView.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in myListView.Items)
        {
            // Retrieve the text value for the column.
            string subItemText = item.SubItems[column].Text;

            // Use the initial letter instead if it is the first column.
            if (column == 0) 
            {
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1);
            }

            // If the groups table does not already contain a group
            // for the subItemText value, add a new group using the 
            // subItemText value for the group header and Hashtable key.
            if (!groups.Contains(subItemText))
            {
                groups.Add( subItemText, new ListViewGroup(subItemText, 
                    HorizontalAlignment.Left) );
            }
        }

        // Return the Hashtable object.
        return groups;
    }

    // Sorts ListViewGroup objects by header value.
    private class ListViewGroupSorter : IComparer
    {
        private SortOrder order;

        // Stores the sort order.
        public ListViewGroupSorter(SortOrder theOrder) 
        { 
            order = theOrder;
        }

        // Compares the groups by header value, using the saved sort
        // order to return the correct value.
        public int Compare(object x, object y)
        {
            int result = String.Compare(
                ((ListViewGroup)x).Header,
                ((ListViewGroup)y).Header
            );
            if (order == SortOrder.Ascending)
            {
                return result;
            }
            else 
            {
                return -result;
            }
        }
    }

}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class ListViewGroupsExample
    Inherits Form

    Private myListView As ListView

    ' Determine whether Windows XP or a later
    ' operating system is present.
    Private isRunningXPOrLater As Boolean = _
        OSFeature.Feature.IsPresent(OSFeature.Themes)
    
    ' Declare a Hashtable array in which to store the groups.
    Private groupTables() As Hashtable
    
    ' Declare a variable to store the current grouping column.
    Private groupColumn As Integer = 0
    
    Public Sub New()
        ' Initialize myListView.
        myListView = New ListView()
        myListView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
        myListView.View = View.Details
        myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending
        
        ' Create and initialize column headers for myListView.
        Dim columnHeader0 As New ColumnHeader()
        columnHeader0.Text = "Title"
        columnHeader0.Width = -1
        Dim columnHeader1 As New ColumnHeader()
        columnHeader1.Text = "Author"
        columnHeader1.Width = -1
        Dim columnHeader2 As New ColumnHeader()
        columnHeader2.Text = "Year"
        columnHeader2.Width = -1
        
        ' Add the column headers to myListView.
        myListView.Columns.AddRange( New ColumnHeader() _
            {columnHeader0, columnHeader1, columnHeader2} )
        
        ' Add a handler for the ColumnClick event.
        AddHandler myListView.ColumnClick, AddressOf myListView_ColumnClick
        
        ' Create items and add them to myListView.
        Dim item0 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Programming Windows", _
            "Petzold, Charles", _
            "1998"} )
        Dim item1 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software", _
            "Petzold, Charles", _
            "2000"} )
        Dim item2 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Programming Windows with C#", _
            "Petzold, Charles", _
            "2001"} )
        Dim item3 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Coding Techniques for Microsoft Visual Basic .NET", _
            "Connell, John", _
            "2001"} )
        Dim item4 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"C# for Java Developers", _
            "Jones, Allen / Freeman, Adam", _
            "2002"} )
        Dim item5 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Microsoft .NET XML Web Services Step by Step", _
            "Jones, Allen / Freeman, Adam", _
            "2002"} )
        myListView.Items.AddRange( _
            New ListViewItem() {item0, item1, item2, item3, item4, item5})
        
        If isRunningXPOrLater
            ' Create the groupsTable array and populate it with one 
            ' hash table for each column.
            groupTables = New Hashtable(myListView.Columns.Count) {}
            Dim column As Integer
            For column = 0 To myListView.Columns.Count - 1
                ' Create a hash table containing all the groups 
                ' needed for a single column.
                groupTables(column) = CreateGroupsTable(column)
            Next column
            
            ' Start with the groups created for the Title column.
            SetGroups(0)
        End If
        
        ' Initialize the form.
        Me.Controls.Add(myListView)
        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(550, 330)
        Me.Text = "ListView Groups Example"
    End Sub
    
    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New ListViewGroupsExample())
    End Sub
    
    ' Groups the items using the groups created for the clicked 
    ' column.
    Private Sub myListView_ColumnClick( _
        sender As Object, e As ColumnClickEventArgs)

        ' Set the sort order to ascending when changing
        ' column groups; otherwise, reverse the sort order.
        If myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Descending OrElse _
            isRunningXPOrLater And e.Column <> groupColumn Then
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending
        Else
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Descending
        End If
        groupColumn = e.Column
        
        ' Set the groups to those created for the clicked column.
        If isRunningXPOrLater Then
            SetGroups(e.Column)
        End If
    End Sub
    
    ' Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
    Private Sub SetGroups(column As Integer)
        ' Remove the current groups.
        myListView.Groups.Clear()
        
        ' Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
        Dim groups As Hashtable = CType(groupTables(column), Hashtable)
        
        ' Copy the groups for the column to an array.
        Dim groupsArray(groups.Count - 1) As ListViewGroup
        groups.Values.CopyTo(groupsArray, 0)
        
        ' Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
        Array.Sort(groupsArray, New ListViewGroupSorter(myListView.Sorting))
        myListView.Groups.AddRange(groupsArray)
        
        ' Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
        ' one to the appropriate group.
        Dim item As ListViewItem
        For Each item In myListView.Items
            ' Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
            Dim subItemText As String = item.SubItems(column).Text
            
            ' For the Title column, use only the first letter.
            If column = 0 Then
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1)
            End If 

            ' Assign the item to the matching group.
            item.Group = CType(groups(subItemText), ListViewGroup)
        Next item
    End Sub

    ' Creates a Hashtable object with one entry for each unique
    ' subitem value (or initial letter for the parent item)
    ' in the specified column.
    Private Function CreateGroupsTable(column As Integer) As Hashtable
        ' Create a Hashtable object.
        Dim groups As New Hashtable()
        
        ' Iterate through the items in myListView.
        Dim item As ListViewItem
        For Each item In myListView.Items
            ' Retrieve the text value for the column.
            Dim subItemText As String = item.SubItems(column).Text
            
            ' Use the initial letter instead if it is the first column.
            If column = 0 Then
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1)
            End If 

            ' If the groups table does not already contain a group
            ' for the subItemText value, add a new group using the 
            ' subItemText value for the group header and Hashtable key.
            If Not groups.Contains(subItemText) Then
                groups.Add( subItemText, New ListViewGroup(subItemText, _
                    HorizontalAlignment.Left) )
            End If
        Next item
        
        ' Return the Hashtable object.
        Return groups
    End Function 'CreateGroupsTable

    ' Sorts ListViewGroup objects by header value.
    Private Class ListViewGroupSorter
        Implements IComparer 
        
        Private order As SortOrder
        
        ' Stores the sort order.
        Public Sub New(theOrder As SortOrder)
            order = theOrder
        End Sub
        
        ' Compares the groups by header value, using the saved sort
        ' order to return the correct value.
        Public Function Compare(x As Object, y As Object) As Integer _
            Implements IComparer.Compare
            Dim result As Integer = String.Compare( _
                CType(x, ListViewGroup).Header, _
                CType(y, ListViewGroup).Header )
            If order = SortOrder.Ascending Then
                Return result
            Else
                Return -result
            End If
        End Function 'Compare
    End Class

End Class

注解

使用属性可获取与ListView控件ListViewGroupCollection关联的。 ListView.GroupsUse the ListView.Groups property to get the ListViewGroupCollection associated with a ListView control. 当属性设置ListViewGroup为之外的值时, 此集合包含的对象表示控件中显示的组。 View.List ListView.ViewThis collection contains the ListViewGroup objects that represent the groups shown in the control when the ListView.View property is set to a value other than View.List. 未分配给组的任何项都将显示在默认组中, 其标题标签为 "DefaultGroup{0}"。Any items that are not assigned to a group will appear in the default group, which has the header label "DefaultGroup{0}". 默认组不包含在ListView.Groups集合中, 因此无法更改。The default group is not contained in the ListView.Groups collection, and cannot be altered. 它主要用于调试, 以确保所有项都已正确添加到组中。It is primarily useful in debugging to ensure that all items have been properly added to groups. 如果ListView.Groups集合中没有组, 则禁用分组功能。If there are no groups in the ListView.Groups collection, the grouping feature is disabled.

Add使用方法向集合中添加单个组。Use the Add method to add a single group to the collection. Insert使用方法可在集合中的特定索引处添加组。Use the Insert method to add a group at a particular index within the collection. 若要删除组, 请使用Remove方法。To remove a group, use the Remove method. RemoveAt使用方法可移除特定索引处的组。Use the RemoveAt method to remove the group at a particular index.

不能多次将ListViewGroup添加到集合中。You cannot add a ListViewGroup to the collection more than once. 若要在集合中重新定位组, 必须先将其从集合中删除, 然后再插入到所需的位置。To reposition a group within the collection, it must first be removed from the collection, and then inserted at the desired location. Contains使用方法可确定集合中是否已存在特定组。Use the Contains method to determine whether a particular group is already in the collection. 若要检索集合中组的索引, 请使用IndexOf方法。To retrieve the index of a group within the collection, use the IndexOf method. 您可以使用Item[Int32]索引器获取或设置特定索引处的组。You can get or set the group at a particular index with the Item[Int32] indexer.

AddRange使用方法将多个组添加到集合中。Use the AddRange method to add multiple groups to the collection. 可以将多个组添加为组的数组ListViewGroupCollection , 或添加为ListView.Groups通过另一个ListView控件的属性检索的组。You can add multiple groups either as an array of groups or as a ListViewGroupCollection that you retrieve through the ListView.Groups property of another ListView control. Clear使用方法可从集合中删除所有组。Use the Clear method to remove all the groups from the collection.

备注

、和方法从集合中移除组, ListView但不会从控件中移除任何项。 Clear RemoveAt RemoveThe Remove, RemoveAt, and Clear methods remove groups from the collection, but do not remove any items from the ListView control. 如果ListView.Groups集合中没有组, 则会禁用分组功能, 并正常显示控件中的所有项。If there are no groups in the ListView.Groups collection, the grouping feature is disabled and all items in the control are displayed normally.

当你Clear希望提供多种方式来对ListView控件中的项进行分组时,和方法非常有用。AddRangeThe AddRange and Clear methods are useful when you want to provide multiple ways to group the items in a ListView control. 为此, 请创建多个组数组。To do this, create multiple group arrays. 若要更改分组, 请首先使用Clear方法从集合中移除所有组, 然后AddRange使用方法添加要显示的下一组组。To change the grouping, first use the Clear method to remove all the groups from the collection, then use the AddRange method to add the next array of groups to display.

CopyTo使用方法可从指定索引处开始, 将集合中的组复制到兼容的数组。Use the CopyTo method to copy the groups in a collection to a compatible array starting at a specified index. 例如, 当你想要使用Array.Sort方法对集合中的组进行排序时, 这会很有用。This is useful, for example, when you want to sort the groups in the collection using the Array.Sort method. 为此, 请将组复制到一个兼容的数组中, 然后对该数组进行排序。To do this, copy the groups into a compatible array, then sort the array. 接下来, 使用Clear方法从集合中移除所有组, 然后AddRange使用方法将已排序的数组添加回集合。Next, use the Clear method to remove all the groups from the collection, then use the AddRange method to add the sorted array back to the collection.

Count使用属性来确定集合中有多少个组。Use the Count property to determine how many groups are in the collection. 若要循环访问集合, 请使用IEnumerator GetEnumerator从方法返回的。To iterate through the collection, use the IEnumerator returned from the GetEnumerator method.

备注

只有在应用程序调用Application.EnableVisualStyles方法时, 才可以在 windows XP 和 windows Server 2003 家族上使用分组功能。The grouping feature is available only on Windows XP and the Windows Server 2003 family when your application calls the Application.EnableVisualStyles method. 在早期的操作系统上, 将忽略任何与组相关的代码, 且不会显示这些组。On earlier operating systems, any code relating to groups will be ignored and the groups will not appear. 因此, 依赖于分组功能的任何代码可能无法正常工作。As a result, any code that depends on the grouping feature might not work correctly. 您可能想要包括一个确定分组功能是否可用的测试, 并在其不可用时提供其他功能。You might want to include a test that determines whether the grouping feature is available, and provide alternate functionality when it is unavailable. 例如, 当在不支持按组进行排序的操作系统上运行时, 可能需要提供备用排序。For example, you might want to provide alternate sorting when running on operating systems that do not support sorting by group.

插入标记功能由提供操作系统主题功能的相同库提供。The insertion mark feature is provided by the same library that provides the operating system themes feature. 若要检查此库的可用性, 请调用FeatureSupport.IsPresent(Object)方法重载, 并传入OSFeature.Themes值。To check for the availability of this library, call the FeatureSupport.IsPresent(Object) method overload and pass in the OSFeature.Themes value.

属性

Count Count Count Count

获取集合中的组数。Gets the number of groups in the collection.

Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32]

获取或设置集合中指定索引处的 ListViewGroupGets or sets the ListViewGroup at the specified index within the collection.

Item[String] Item[String] Item[String] Item[String]

获取或设置具有指定 ListViewGroup 属性值的 NameGets or sets the ListViewGroup with the specified Name property value.

方法

Add(ListViewGroup) Add(ListViewGroup) Add(ListViewGroup) Add(ListViewGroup)

将指定的 ListViewGroup 添加到集合。Adds the specified ListViewGroup to the collection.

Add(String, String) Add(String, String) Add(String, String) Add(String, String)

将新的 ListViewGroup 添加到集合中,并使用指定的值初始化 NameHeader 属性Adds a new ListViewGroup to the collection using the specified values to initialize the Name and Header properties

AddRange(ListViewGroupCollection) AddRange(ListViewGroupCollection) AddRange(ListViewGroupCollection) AddRange(ListViewGroupCollection)

向集合中添加现有 ListViewGroupCollection 中的组。Adds the groups in an existing ListViewGroupCollection to the collection.

AddRange(ListViewGroup[]) AddRange(ListViewGroup[]) AddRange(ListViewGroup[]) AddRange(ListViewGroup[])

向集合中添加组的数组。Adds an array of groups to the collection.

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

从集合中移除所有组。Removes all groups from the collection.

Contains(ListViewGroup) Contains(ListViewGroup) Contains(ListViewGroup) Contains(ListViewGroup)

确定指定的组是否位于集合内。Determines whether the specified group is located in the collection.

CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32)

将集合中的组复制到一个兼容的一维 Array 中(从目标数组的指定索引处开始)。Copies the groups in the collection to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

返回用于循环访问集合的枚举数。Returns an enumerator used to iterate through the collection.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IndexOf(ListViewGroup) IndexOf(ListViewGroup) IndexOf(ListViewGroup) IndexOf(ListViewGroup)

返回集合中指定 ListViewGroup 的索引。Returns the index of the specified ListViewGroup within the collection.

Insert(Int32, ListViewGroup) Insert(Int32, ListViewGroup) Insert(Int32, ListViewGroup) Insert(Int32, ListViewGroup)

将指定的 ListViewGroup 插入集合中的指定索引处。Inserts the specified ListViewGroup into the collection at the specified index.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Remove(ListViewGroup) Remove(ListViewGroup) Remove(ListViewGroup) Remove(ListViewGroup)

从集合中移除指定的 ListViewGroupRemoves the specified ListViewGroup from the collection.

RemoveAt(Int32) RemoveAt(Int32) RemoveAt(Int32) RemoveAt(Int32)

移除集合中指定索引位置的 ListViewGroupRemoves the ListViewGroup at the specified index within the collection.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

显式界面实现

ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized

获取一个值,该值指示对集合的访问是否为同步的(线程安全)。Gets a value indicating whether access to the collection is synchronized (thread safe).

ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot

获取可用于同步对集合的访问的对象。Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the collection.

IList.Add(Object) IList.Add(Object) IList.Add(Object) IList.Add(Object)

将新 ListViewGroup 添加到 ListViewGroupCollection 中。Adds a new ListViewGroup to the ListViewGroupCollection.

IList.Contains(Object) IList.Contains(Object) IList.Contains(Object) IList.Contains(Object)

确定指定的值是否位于集合内。Determines whether the specified value is located in the collection.

IList.IndexOf(Object) IList.IndexOf(Object) IList.IndexOf(Object) IList.IndexOf(Object)

返回指定的值在集合中的索引。Returns the index within the collection of the specified value.

IList.Insert(Int32, Object) IList.Insert(Int32, Object) IList.Insert(Int32, Object) IList.Insert(Int32, Object)

ListViewGroup 插入 ListViewGroupCollectionInserts a ListViewGroup into the ListViewGroupCollection.

IList.IsFixedSize IList.IsFixedSize IList.IsFixedSize IList.IsFixedSize

获取一个值,该值指示集合是否具有固定大小。Gets a value indicating whether the collection has a fixed size.

IList.IsReadOnly IList.IsReadOnly IList.IsReadOnly IList.IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示集合是否为只读。Gets a value indicating whether the collection is read-only.

IList.Item[Int32] IList.Item[Int32] IList.Item[Int32] IList.Item[Int32]

获取或设置集合中指定索引处的 ListViewGroupGets or sets the ListViewGroup at the specified index within the collection.

IList.Remove(Object) IList.Remove(Object) IList.Remove(Object) IList.Remove(Object)

ListViewGroup 中移除 ListViewGroupCollectionRemoves the ListViewGroup from the ListViewGroupCollection.

扩展方法

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

适用于

另请参阅