XmlSerializer 构造函数

定义

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class.

重载

XmlSerializer()

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class.

XmlSerializer(Type)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into objects of the specified type.

XmlSerializer(XmlTypeMapping)

使用将一个类型映射到另一个类型的对象来初始化 XmlSerializer 类的实例。Initializes an instance of the XmlSerializer class using an object that maps one type to another.

XmlSerializer(Type, String)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into objects of the specified type. 指定所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。Specifies the default namespace for all the XML elements.

XmlSerializer(Type, Type[])

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into object of a specified type. 如果属性或字段返回一个数组,则 extraTypes 参数指定可插入到该数组的对象。If a property or field returns an array, the extraTypes parameter specifies objects that can be inserted into the array.

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into objects of the specified type. 要序列化的每个对象本身可包含类的实例,此重载可使用其他类重写这些实例。Each object to be serialized can itself contain instances of classes, which this overload can override with other classes.

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlRootAttribute)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize an XML document into object of the specified type. 还可以指定作为 XML 根元素使用的类。It also specifies the class to use as the XML root element.

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type[], XmlRootAttribute, String)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可将 Object 类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档实例,并可将 XML 文档实例反序列化为 Object 类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of type Object into XML document instances, and deserialize XML document instances into objects of type Object. 要序列化的每个对象本身可包含类的实例,此重载可使用其他类重写这些实例。Each object to be serialized can itself contain instances of classes, which this overload overrides with other classes. 此重载还指定所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间和用作 XML 根元素的类。This overload also specifies the default namespace for all the XML elements and the class to use as the XML root element.

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type[], XmlRootAttribute, String, String)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可将 Object 类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档实例,并可将 XML 文档实例反序列化为 Object 类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of type Object into XML document instances, and deserialize XML document instances into objects of type Object. 要序列化的每个对象本身可包含类的实例,此重载可使用其他类重写这些实例。Each object to be serialized can itself contain instances of classes, which this overload overrides with other classes. 此重载还指定所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间和用作 XML 根元素的类。This overload also specifies the default namespace for all the XML elements and the class to use as the XML root element.

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type[], XmlRootAttribute, String, String, Evidence)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML document instances, and deserialize XML document instances into objects of the specified type. 此重载允许您提供在序列化或反序列化操作过程中可能遇到的其他类型;还允许您提供所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间,作为 XML 根元素使用的类,类的位置和访问所需的凭据。This overload allows you to supply other types that can be encountered during a serialization or deserialization operation, as well as a default namespace for all XML elements, the class to use as the XML root element, its location, and credentials required for access.

XmlSerializer()

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class.

protected:
 XmlSerializer();
protected XmlSerializer ();
Protected Sub New ()

XmlSerializer(Type)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into objects of the specified type.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type);
public XmlSerializer (Type type);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

示例

下面的示例构造一个序列化名为 Widget的对象的 XmlSerializerThe following example constructs an XmlSerializer that serializes an object named Widget. 该示例在调用 Serialize 方法之前设置对象的各种属性。The example sets various properties of the object before calling the Serialize method.

private:
   void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ serializer =
         gcnew XmlSerializer( OrderedItem::typeid );

      // Create an instance of the class to be serialized.
      OrderedItem^ i = gcnew OrderedItem;

      // Set the public property values.
      i->ItemName = "Widget";
      i->Description = "Regular Widget";
      i->Quantity = 10;
      i->UnitPrice = (Decimal)2.30;

      // Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

      // Serialize the object, and close the TextWriter.
      serializer->Serialize( writer, i );
      writer->Close();
   }

public:
   // This is the class that will be serialized.
   ref class OrderedItem
   {
   public:
      String^ ItemName;
      String^ Description;
      Decimal UnitPrice;
      int Quantity;
   };
private void SerializeObject(string filename)
{
   XmlSerializer serializer = 
   new XmlSerializer(typeof(OrderedItem));

   // Create an instance of the class to be serialized.
   OrderedItem i = new OrderedItem();

   // Set the public property values.
   i.ItemName = "Widget";
   i.Description = "Regular Widget";
   i.Quantity = 10;
   i.UnitPrice = (decimal) 2.30;

   // Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
   TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

   // Serialize the object, and close the TextWriter.
   serializer.Serialize(writer, i);
   writer.Close();
}

// This is the class that will be serialized.
public class OrderedItem
{
   public string ItemName;
   public string Description;
   public decimal UnitPrice;
   public int Quantity;
}

Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
    Dim serializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(OrderedItem))
    
    ' Create an instance of the class to be serialized.
    Dim i As New OrderedItem()
    
    ' Set the public property values.
    With i
        .ItemName = "Widget"
        .Description = "Regular Widget"
        .Quantity = 10
        .UnitPrice = CDec(2.3)
    End With
    
    ' Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
    Dim writer As New StreamWriter(filename)
    
    ' Serialize the object, and close the TextWriter.
    serializer.Serialize(writer, i)
    writer.Close()
End Sub


' This is the class that will be serialized.
Public Class OrderedItem
    Public ItemName As String
    Public Description As String
    Public UnitPrice As Decimal
    Public Quantity As Integer
End Class

注解

通常,应用程序定义多个 XmlSerializer 转换为单个 XML 实例文档的类。Commonly, an application defines several classes that the XmlSerializer converts into a single XML-instance document. XmlSerializer 仅需知道一种类型,即表示 XML 根元素的类的类型。However, the XmlSerializer must know only one type--the type of the class that represents the XML root element. XmlSerializer 会自动序列化所有从属类实例。The XmlSerializer automatically serializes all subordinate class instances. 同样,反序列化只需要 XML 根元素的类型。Similarly, only the type of the XML root element is required for deserialization.

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(XmlTypeMapping)

使用将一个类型映射到另一个类型的对象来初始化 XmlSerializer 类的实例。Initializes an instance of the XmlSerializer class using an object that maps one type to another.

public:
 XmlSerializer(System::Xml::Serialization::XmlTypeMapping ^ xmlTypeMapping);
public XmlSerializer (System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTypeMapping xmlTypeMapping);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTypeMapping -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

xmlTypeMapping
XmlTypeMapping

将一种类型映射到另一种类型的 XmlTypeMappingAn XmlTypeMapping that maps one type to another.

示例

下面的示例将名为 Group的类进行序列化。The following example serializes a class named Group. 重写 GroupNameIgnoreThis 字段和 GroupType 枚举的成员的序列化。The serialization of the GroupName, IgnoreThis fields, and the members of the GroupType enumeration are overridden. CreateOverrideSerializer 方法中,将创建一个 SoapAttributeOverrides 对象,并为每个被重写的成员或枚举创建一个 SoapAttributes 对象,并将相应的属性集添加到 SoapAttributeOverrides 对象。In the CreateOverrideSerializer method, a SoapAttributeOverrides object is created, and for each overridden member or enumeration, a SoapAttributes object is created with the appropriate property set and added to the SoapAttributeOverrides object. 使用 SoapAttributeOverrides 对象创建 XmlMapping 对象,XmlMapping 对象用于创建覆盖默认序列化的 XmlSerializerAn XmlMapping object is created using the SoapAttributeOverrides object, and that XmlMapping object is used to create the XmlSerializer that overrides the default serialization.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;
ref class Car;

// SoapInclude allows Vehicle to accept Car type.

[SoapInclude(Car::typeid)]
public ref class Vehicle abstract
{
public:
   String^ licenseNumber;
   DateTime makeDate;
};

public ref class Car: public Vehicle{};

public enum class GroupType
{
   // These enums can be overridden.
   [SoapEnum("Small")]
   A,
   [SoapEnum("Large")]
   B
};

public ref class Group
{
public:

   [SoapAttributeAttribute(Namespace="http://www.cpandl.com")]
   String^ GroupName;

   [SoapAttributeAttribute(DataType="base64Binary")]
   array<Byte>^GroupNumber;

   [SoapAttributeAttribute(DataType="date",AttributeName="CreationDate")]
   DateTime Today;

   [SoapElement(DataType="nonNegativeInteger",ElementName="PosInt")]
   String^ PostitiveInt;

   // This is ignored when serialized unless it's overridden.

   [SoapIgnore]
   bool IgnoreThis;
   GroupType Grouptype;
   Vehicle^ MyVehicle;

   // The SoapInclude allows the method to return a Car.

   [SoapInclude(Car::typeid)]
   Vehicle^ myCar( String^ licNumber )
   {
      Vehicle^ v;
      if ( licNumber->Equals( "" ) )
      {
         v = gcnew Car;
         v->licenseNumber = "!!!!!!";
      }
      else
      {
         v = gcnew Car;
         v->licenseNumber = licNumber;
      }

      return v;
   }
};

public ref class Run
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Run^ test = gcnew Run;
      test->SerializeOriginal( "SoapOriginal.xml" );
      test->SerializeOverride( "SoapOverrides.xml" );
      test->DeserializeOriginal( "SoapOriginal.xml" );
      test->DeserializeOverride( "SoapOverrides.xml" );
   }

   void SerializeOriginal( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter)->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );
      Group^ myGroup = MakeGroup();

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      XmlTextWriter^ writer = gcnew XmlTextWriter( filename,Encoding::UTF8 );
      writer->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      writer->WriteStartElement( "wrapper" );

      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->WriteEndElement();
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeOverride( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class
      // that overrides the serialization.
      XmlSerializer^ overRideSerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();
      Group^ myGroup = MakeGroup();

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      XmlTextWriter^ writer = gcnew XmlTextWriter( filename,Encoding::UTF8 );
      writer->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      writer->WriteStartElement( "wrapper" );

      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      overRideSerializer->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->WriteEndElement();
      writer->Close();
   }

private:
   Group^ MakeGroup()
   {
      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

      // Set the object properties.
      myGroup->GroupName = ".NET";
      array<Byte>^hexByte = {Convert::ToByte( 100 ),Convert::ToByte( 50 )};
      myGroup->GroupNumber = hexByte;
      DateTime myDate = DateTime(2002,5,2);
      myGroup->Today = myDate;
      myGroup->PostitiveInt = "10000";
      myGroup->IgnoreThis = true;
      myGroup->Grouptype = GroupType::B;
      Car^ thisCar = dynamic_cast<Car^>(myGroup->myCar( "1234566" ));
      myGroup->MyVehicle = thisCar;
      return myGroup;
   }

public:
   void DeserializeOriginal( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter)->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );

      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader^ reader = gcnew XmlTextReader( filename );
      reader->ReadStartElement( "wrapper" );

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group^ myGroup;
      myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( reader ));
      reader->ReadEndElement();
      reader->Close();
   }

   void DeserializeOverride( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlSerializer^ overRideSerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires an XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader^ reader = gcnew XmlTextReader( filename );
      reader->ReadStartElement( "wrapper" );

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group^ myGroup;
      myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(overRideSerializer->Deserialize( reader ));
      reader->ReadEndElement();
      reader->Close();
      ReadGroup( myGroup );
   }

private:
   void ReadGroup( Group^ myGroup )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( myGroup->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( myGroup->GroupNumber[ 0 ] );
      Console::WriteLine( myGroup->GroupNumber[ 1 ] );
      Console::WriteLine( myGroup->Today );
      Console::WriteLine( myGroup->PostitiveInt );
      Console::WriteLine( myGroup->IgnoreThis );
      Console::WriteLine();
   }

   XmlSerializer^ CreateOverrideSerializer()
   {
      SoapAttributeOverrides^ mySoapAttributeOverrides = gcnew SoapAttributeOverrides;
      SoapAttributes^ soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;
      SoapElementAttribute^ mySoapElement = gcnew SoapElementAttribute;
      mySoapElement->ElementName = "xxxx";
      soapAtts->SoapElement = mySoapElement;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( Group::typeid, "PostitiveInt", soapAtts );

      // Override the IgnoreThis property.
      SoapIgnoreAttribute^ myIgnore = gcnew SoapIgnoreAttribute;
      soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;
      soapAtts->SoapIgnore = false;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( Group::typeid, "IgnoreThis", soapAtts );

      // Override the GroupType enumeration. 
      soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;
      SoapEnumAttribute^ xSoapEnum = gcnew SoapEnumAttribute;
      xSoapEnum->Name = "Over1000";
      soapAtts->GroupType::SoapEnum = xSoapEnum;

      // Add the SoapAttributes to the 
      // mySoapAttributeOverridesrides object.
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( GroupType::typeid, "A", soapAtts );

      // Create second enumeration and add it.
      soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;
      xSoapEnum = gcnew SoapEnumAttribute;
      xSoapEnum->Name = "ZeroTo1000";
      soapAtts->GroupType::SoapEnum = xSoapEnum;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( GroupType::typeid, "B", soapAtts );

      // Override the Group type.
      soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;
      SoapTypeAttribute^ soapType = gcnew SoapTypeAttribute;
      soapType->TypeName = "Team";
      soapAtts->SoapType = soapType;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( Group::typeid, soapAtts );

      // Create an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance 
      // of the XmlSerializer. Then return the XmlSerializer object.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter( mySoapAttributeOverrides ))->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );
      return ser;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Run::main();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group
{
   [SoapAttribute (Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public string GroupName;
   
   [SoapAttribute(DataType = "base64Binary")]
   public Byte [] GroupNumber;

   [SoapAttribute(DataType = "date", AttributeName = "CreationDate")]
   public DateTime Today;
   [SoapElement(DataType = "nonNegativeInteger", ElementName = "PosInt")]
   public string PostitiveInt;
   // This is ignored when serialized unless it's overridden.
   [SoapIgnore] 
   public bool IgnoreThis;
   
   public GroupType Grouptype;

   public Vehicle MyVehicle;

   // The SoapInclude allows the method to return a Car.
   [SoapInclude(typeof(Car))]
   public Vehicle myCar(string licNumber)
   {
      Vehicle v;
      if(licNumber == "")
         {
            v = new Car();
        v.licenseNumber = "!!!!!!";
     }
      else
     {
       v = new Car();
       v.licenseNumber = licNumber;
     }
      return v;
   }
}
  
// SoapInclude allows Vehicle to accept Car type.
[SoapInclude(typeof(Car))]
public abstract class Vehicle
{
   public string licenseNumber;
   public DateTime makeDate;
}

public class Car: Vehicle
{
}

public enum GroupType
{
   // These enums can be overridden.
   [SoapEnum("Small")]
   A,
   [SoapEnum("Large")]
   B
}
 
public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.SerializeOriginal("SoapOriginal.xml");
      test.SerializeOverride("SoapOverrides.xml");
      test.DeserializeOriginal("SoapOriginal.xml");
      test.DeserializeOverride("SoapOverrides.xml");
   }
   public void SerializeOriginal(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping myMapping = 
      (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping(
      typeof(Group)));
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  
      new XmlSerializer(myMapping);
      Group myGroup=MakeGroup();
      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }

   public void SerializeOverride(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class
      // that overrides the serialization.
      XmlSerializer overRideSerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();
      Group myGroup=MakeGroup();
      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      overRideSerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }

   private Group MakeGroup(){
      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group myGroup = new Group();

      // Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";

      Byte [] hexByte = new Byte[2]{Convert.ToByte(100),
      Convert.ToByte(50)};
      myGroup.GroupNumber = hexByte;

      DateTime myDate = new DateTime(2002,5,2);
      myGroup.Today = myDate;
      myGroup.PostitiveInt= "10000";
      myGroup.IgnoreThis=true;
      myGroup.Grouptype= GroupType.B;
      Car thisCar =(Car)  myGroup.myCar("1234566");
      myGroup.MyVehicle=thisCar;
      return myGroup;
   }   	

   public void DeserializeOriginal(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping myMapping = 
      (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping(
      typeof(Group)));
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  
      new XmlSerializer(myMapping);

      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader reader= 
      new XmlTextReader(filename);
      reader.ReadStartElement("wrapper");

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group myGroup; 
      myGroup = (Group) mySerializer.Deserialize(reader);
      reader.ReadEndElement();
      reader.Close();
   }

   public void DeserializeOverride(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlSerializer overRideSerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader reader= 
      new XmlTextReader(filename);
      reader.ReadStartElement("wrapper");

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group myGroup; 
      myGroup = (Group) overRideSerializer.Deserialize(reader);
      reader.ReadEndElement();
      reader.Close();
      ReadGroup(myGroup);
   }

   private void ReadGroup(Group myGroup){
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber[0]);
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber[1]);
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.Today);
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.PostitiveInt);
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.IgnoreThis);
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
   private XmlSerializer CreateOverrideSerializer()
   {
      SoapAttributeOverrides mySoapAttributeOverrides = 
      new SoapAttributeOverrides();
      SoapAttributes soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();

      SoapElementAttribute mySoapElement = new SoapElementAttribute();
      mySoapElement.ElementName = "xxxx";
      soapAtts.SoapElement = mySoapElement;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group), "PostitiveInt", 
      soapAtts);

      // Override the IgnoreThis property.
      SoapIgnoreAttribute myIgnore = new SoapIgnoreAttribute();
      soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
      soapAtts.SoapIgnore = false;      
      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group), "IgnoreThis", 
      soapAtts);

      // Override the GroupType enumeration.	
      soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
      SoapEnumAttribute xSoapEnum = new SoapEnumAttribute();
      xSoapEnum.Name = "Over1000";
      soapAtts.SoapEnum = xSoapEnum;

      // Add the SoapAttributes to the 
      // mySoapAttributeOverridesrides object.
      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(GroupType), "A", 
      soapAtts);

      // Create second enumeration and add it.
      soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
      xSoapEnum = new SoapEnumAttribute();
      xSoapEnum.Name = "ZeroTo1000";
      soapAtts.SoapEnum = xSoapEnum;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(GroupType), "B", 
      soapAtts);

      // Override the Group type.
      soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
      SoapTypeAttribute soapType = new SoapTypeAttribute();
      soapType.TypeName = "Team";
      soapAtts.SoapType = soapType;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group),soapAtts);

      // Create an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance 
      // of the XmlSerializer. Then return the XmlSerializer object.
      XmlTypeMapping myMapping = (new SoapReflectionImporter(
      mySoapAttributeOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping(typeof(Group));
    
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(myMapping);
      return ser;
   }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Public Class Group
   <SoapAttribute (Namespace:= "http:'www.cpandl.com")> _
   Public GroupName As String 
   
   <SoapAttribute(DataType:= "base64Binary")> _
   Public GroupNumber() As Byte

   <SoapAttribute(DataType:= "date", _
   AttributeName:= "CreationDate")> _
   Public Today As DateTime 
   <SoapElement(DataType:= "nonNegativeInteger", _
   ElementName:= "PosInt")> _
   Public PostitiveInt As String 
   ' This is ignored when serialized unless it's overridden.
   <SoapIgnore> _ 
   Public IgnoreThis As Boolean 
   
   Public Grouptype As GroupType 

   Public MyVehicle As Vehicle 

   '  The SoapInclude allows the method to return a Car.
   <SoapInclude(GetType(Car))> _
   Public Function myCar(licNumber As String ) As Vehicle 
      Dim v As Vehicle 
      if licNumber = "" Then
         v = New Car()
         v.licenseNumber = "!!!!!!"
      else  
       v = New Car()
       v.licenseNumber = licNumber
      End If
      
      return v
   End Function
End Class
  
' SoapInclude allows Vehicle to accept Car type.
<SoapInclude(GetType(Car))> _
Public MustInherit  class Vehicle
   Public licenseNumber As String 
   Public makeDate As DateTime 
End Class

Public Class Car
   Inherits Vehicle

End Class

Public enum GroupType
   ' These enums can be overridden.
   <SoapEnum("Small")> _
   A
   <SoapEnum("Large")> _ 
   B
End Enum
 
Public Class Run

   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim test As Run = New Run()
      test.SerializeOriginal("SoapOriginal.xml")
      test.SerializeOverride("SoapOverrides.xml")
      test.DeserializeOriginal("SoapOriginal.xml")
      test.DeserializeOverride("SoapOverrides.xml")
   End SUb
   
   Public Sub SerializeOriginal(filename As String)

      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      Dim myMapping As XmlTypeMapping = _
      (New SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping _
      (GetType(Group)))
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  _
      New XmlSerializer(myMapping)
      
      Dim myGroup As Group =MakeGroup()
      ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      Dim writer As XmlTextWriter  = _
      New XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8)
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper")
      ' Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.WriteEndElement()
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Public Sub SerializeOverride(filename As String)
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class
      ' that overrides the serialization.
      Dim overRideSerializer As XmlSerializer = _
      CreateOverrideSerializer()
      Dim myGroup As Group =MakeGroup()
      ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      Dim writer As XmlTextWriter  = _
      New XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8)
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper")
      ' Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      overRideSerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.WriteEndElement()
      writer.Close()
    End Sub

   private Function MakeGroup() As Group 
      ' Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Dim myGroup As Group  = New Group()

      ' Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET"

      Dim hexByte()As Byte = new Byte(1){Convert.ToByte(100), _
      Convert.ToByte(50)}
      myGroup.GroupNumber = hexByte

      Dim myDate As DateTime  = new DateTime(2002,5,2)
      myGroup.Today = myDate

      myGroup.PostitiveInt = "10000"
    myGroup.IgnoreThis = true
    myGroup.Grouptype = GroupType.B
    Dim thisCar As Car 
    thisCar =CType(myGroup.myCar("1234566"), Car)
    myGroup.myVehicle=thisCar
      return myGroup
   End Function   	

   Public Sub DeserializeOriginal(filename As String)
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      Dim myMapping As XmlTypeMapping = _
      (New SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping _
      (GetType(Group)))
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  _
      New XmlSerializer(myMapping)

      ' Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      Dim reader As XmlTextReader = _
      New XmlTextReader(filename)
      reader.ReadStartElement("wrapper")

      ' Deserialize and cast the object.
      Dim myGroup As Group  = _
      CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(reader), Group)
      reader.ReadEndElement()
      reader.Close()
   End Sub

   Public Sub DeserializeOverride(filename As String)
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      Dim overRideSerializer As XmlSerializer  = _
      CreateOverrideSerializer()

      ' Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      Dim reader As XmlTextReader = _
      New XmlTextReader(filename)
      reader.ReadStartElement("wrapper")

      ' Deserialize and cast the object.
      Dim myGroup As Group = _
      CType(overRideSerializer.Deserialize(reader), Group)
      reader.ReadEndElement()
      reader.Close()
      ReadGroup(myGroup)
   End Sub

   private Sub ReadGroup(myGroup As Group)
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber(0))
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber(1))
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.Today)
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.PostitiveInt)
      Console.WriteLine(myGroup.IgnoreThis)
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub
   
   Private Function CreateOverrideSerializer() As XmlSerializer
      Dim soapOver As SoapAttributeOverrides = New SoapAttributeOverrides()
      Dim soapAtts As SoapAttributes = New SoapAttributes()

      Dim mySoapElement As SoapElementAttribute = New SoapElementAttribute()
      mySoapElement.ElementName = "xxxx"
      soapAtts.SoapElement = mySoapElement
      soapOver.Add(GetType(Group), "PostitiveInt", soapAtts)

      ' Override the IgnoreThis property.
      Dim myIgnore As SoapIgnoreAttribute  = new SoapIgnoreAttribute()
      soapAtts = New SoapAttributes()
      soapAtts.SoapIgnore = false
      soapOver.Add(GetType(Group), "IgnoreThis", soapAtts)

      ' Override the GroupType enumeration.
      soapAtts = New SoapAttributes()
      Dim xSoapEnum As SoapEnumAttribute = new SoapEnumAttribute()
      xSoapEnum.Name = "Over1000"
      soapAtts.SoapEnum = xSoapEnum
      ' Add the SoapAttributes to the SoapOverrides object.
      soapOver.Add(GetType(GroupType), "A", soapAtts)

      ' Create second enumeration and add it.
      soapAtts = New SoapAttributes()
      xSoapEnum = New SoapEnumAttribute()
      xSoapEnum.Name = "ZeroTo1000"
      soapAtts.SoapEnum = xSoapEnum
      soapOver.Add(GetType(GroupType), "B", soapAtts)

      ' Override the Group type.
      soapAtts = New SoapAttributes()
      Dim soapType As SoapTypeAttribute = New SoapTypeAttribute()
      soapType.TypeName = "Team"
      soapAtts.SoapType = soapType
      soapOver.Add(GetType(Group),soapAtts)
    
      Dim myMapping As XmlTypeMapping = (New SoapReflectionImporter( _
      soapOver)).ImportTypeMapping(GetType(Group))
    
       Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(myMapping)
      return ser
   End Function
End Class

注解

将对象序列化为 SOAP 消息时,将使用此构造函数创建 XmlSerializerThis constructor is used to create an XmlSerializer when you serialize an object into a SOAP message. 若要控制生成的 SOAP 消息,请使用 System.Xml.Serialization 命名空间中的特殊属性(以单词 "Soap" 开头)。To control the SOAP messages generated, use the special attributes (beginning with the word "Soap") found in the System.Xml.Serialization namespace.

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(Type, String)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into objects of the specified type. 指定所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。Specifies the default namespace for all the XML elements.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, System::String ^ defaultNamespace);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, string defaultNamespace);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * string -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

defaultNamespace
String

用于所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。The default namespace to use for all the XML elements.

示例

下面的示例构造一个序列化名为 Widget的对象的 XmlSerializerThe following example constructs an XmlSerializer that serializes an object named Widget. 该示例在调用 Serialize 方法之前设置对象的各种属性。The example sets various properties of the object before calling the Serialize method.

private:
   void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ serializer = gcnew XmlSerializer(
         OrderedItem::typeid,"http://www.cpandl.com" );

      // Create an instance of the class to be serialized.
      OrderedItem^ i = gcnew OrderedItem;

      // Insert code to set property values.

      // Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      // Serialize the object, and close the TextWriter
      serializer->Serialize( writer, i );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ serializer = gcnew XmlSerializer(
         OrderedItem::typeid,"http://www.cpandl.com" );
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );

      // Declare an object variable of the type to be deserialized.
      OrderedItem^ i;

      // Deserialize the object.
      i = dynamic_cast<OrderedItem^>(serializer->Deserialize( fs ));

      // Insert code to use the properties and methods of the object.
   }
   private void SerializeObject(string filename) {
       XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer
           (typeof(OrderedItem), "http://www.cpandl.com");
        
       // Create an instance of the class to be serialized.
       OrderedItem i = new OrderedItem();
        
       // Insert code to set property values.
        
       // Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
       TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
       // Serialize the object, and close the TextWriter
       serializer.Serialize(writer, i);
       writer.Close();
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename) {
       XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer
           (typeof(OrderedItem), "http://www.cpandl.com");
       // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
       FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
        
       // Declare an object variable of the type to be deserialized.
       OrderedItem i;
        
       // Deserialize the object.
       i = (OrderedItem) serializer.Deserialize(fs);
        
       // Insert code to use the properties and methods of the object.
   }

Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
    Dim serializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(OrderedItem), _
                                          "http://www.cpandl.com")
    
    ' Create an instance of the class to be serialized.
    Dim i As New OrderedItem()
    
    ' Insert code to set property values.
    ' Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
    Dim writer As New StreamWriter(filename)
    ' Serialize the object, and close the TextWriter.
    serializer.Serialize(writer, i)
    writer.Close()
End Sub


Private Sub DeserializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
    Dim serializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(OrderedItem), _
                                          "http://www.cpandl.com")
    ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
    Dim fs As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
    
    ' Declare an object variable of the type to be deserialized.
    Dim i As OrderedItem
    
    ' Deserialize the object.
    i = CType(serializer.Deserialize(fs), OrderedItem)
    ' Insert code to use the properties and methods of the object.
End Sub
     

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(Type, Type[])

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into object of a specified type. 如果属性或字段返回一个数组,则 extraTypes 参数指定可插入到该数组的对象。If a property or field returns an array, the extraTypes parameter specifies objects that can be inserted into the array.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, cli::array <Type ^> ^ extraTypes);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, Type[] extraTypes);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * Type[] -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

extraTypes
Type[]

要序列化的其他对象类型的 Type 数组。A Type array of additional object types to serialize.

示例

下面的示例序列化一个类的实例,该类包含一个返回对象数组的公共字段。The following example serializes an instance of a class that contains a public field that returns an array of objects. XmlSerializer 构造函数的 extraTypes 参数指定可在数组中序列化的对象的类型。The extraTypes parameter of the XmlSerializer constructor specifies the types of the objects that can be serialized in the array.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
ref class Address;
ref class Phone;

// This defines the object that will be serialized.
public ref class Teacher
{
public:
   String^ Name;
   Teacher(){}

   /* Note that the Info field returns an array of objects.
         Any object can be added to the array by adding the
         object type to the array passed to the extraTypes argument. */

   [XmlArray(ElementName="ExtraInfo",IsNullable=true)]
   array<Object^>^Info;
   Phone^ PhoneInfo;
};


// This defines one of the extra types to be included.
public ref class Address
{
public:
   String^ City;
   Address(){}

   Address( String^ city )
   {
      City = city;
   }
};

// Another extra type to include.
public ref class Phone
{
public:
   String^ PhoneNumber;
   Phone(){}

   Phone( String^ phoneNumber )
   {
      PhoneNumber = phoneNumber;
   }
};

// Another type, derived from Phone
public ref class InternationalPhone: public Phone
{
public:
   String^ CountryCode;
   InternationalPhone(){}

   InternationalPhone( String^ countryCode )
   {
      CountryCode = countryCode;
   }
};

public ref class Run
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Run^ test = gcnew Run;
      test->SerializeObject( "Teacher.xml" );
      test->DeserializeObject( "Teacher.xml" );
   }

private:
   void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ myStreamWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

      // Create a Type array.
      array<Type^>^extraTypes = gcnew array<Type^>(3);
      extraTypes[ 0 ] = Address::typeid;
      extraTypes[ 1 ] = Phone::typeid;
      extraTypes[ 2 ] = InternationalPhone::typeid;

      // Create the XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Teacher::typeid,extraTypes );
      Teacher^ teacher = gcnew Teacher;
      teacher->Name = "Mike";

      // Add extra types to the Teacher object
      array<Object^>^info = gcnew array<Object^>(2);
      info[ 0 ] = gcnew Address( "Springville" );
      info[ 1 ] = gcnew Phone( "555-0100" );
      teacher->Info = info;
      teacher->PhoneInfo = gcnew InternationalPhone( "000" );
      mySerializer->Serialize( myStreamWriter, teacher );
      myStreamWriter->Close();
   }

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create a Type array.
      array<Type^>^extraTypes = gcnew array<Type^>(3);
      extraTypes[ 0 ] = Address::typeid;
      extraTypes[ 1 ] = Phone::typeid;
      extraTypes[ 2 ] = InternationalPhone::typeid;

      // Create the XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Teacher::typeid,extraTypes );

      // Reading a file requires a FileStream.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      Teacher^ teacher = dynamic_cast<Teacher^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( fs ));

      // Read the extra information.
      Address^ a = dynamic_cast<Address^>(teacher->Info[ 0 ]);
      Phone^ p = dynamic_cast<Phone^>(teacher->Info[ 1 ]);
      InternationalPhone^ Ip = dynamic_cast<InternationalPhone^>(teacher->PhoneInfo);
      Console::WriteLine( teacher->Name );
      Console::WriteLine( a->City );
      Console::WriteLine( p->PhoneNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( Ip->CountryCode );
   }
};

int main()
{
   Run::main();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

// This defines the object that will be serialized.
public class Teacher
{  
   public string Name;
   public Teacher(){}
   /* Note that the Info field returns an array of objects.
      Any object can be added to the array by adding the
      object type to the array passed to the extraTypes argument. */
   [XmlArray (ElementName = "ExtraInfo", IsNullable = true)]
   public object[] Info;
   public Phone PhoneInfo;
}
 
// This defines one of the extra types to be included.
public class Address
{  
   public string City;

   public Address(){}
   public Address(string city)
   {
      City = city;
   }
}

// Another extra type to include.
public class Phone
{
   public string PhoneNumber;
   public Phone(){}
   public Phone(string phoneNumber)
   {
      PhoneNumber = phoneNumber;
   }
}

// Another type, derived from Phone
public class InternationalPhone:Phone
{
   public string CountryCode;

   public InternationalPhone(){}

   public InternationalPhone(string countryCode)
   {
      CountryCode = countryCode;
   }
}
    
public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("Teacher.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("Teacher.xml");
   }
 
   private void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter myStreamWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);
 
      // Create a Type array.
      Type [] extraTypes= new Type[3];
      extraTypes[0] = typeof(Address);
      extraTypes[1] = typeof(Phone);
      extraTypes[2] = typeof(InternationalPhone);

      // Create the XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer = new XmlSerializer
      (typeof(Teacher),extraTypes);
          
      Teacher teacher = new Teacher();
      teacher.Name = "Mike";
      // Add extra types to the Teacher object
      object [] info = new object[2];
      info[0] = new Address("Springville");
      info[1] = new Phone("555-0100");
         
      teacher.Info = info;

      teacher.PhoneInfo = new InternationalPhone("000"); 

      mySerializer.Serialize(myStreamWriter,teacher);
      myStreamWriter.Close();
   }
 
   private void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create a Type array.
      Type [] extraTypes= new Type[3];
      extraTypes[0] = typeof(Address);
      extraTypes[1] = typeof(Phone);
      extraTypes[2] = typeof(InternationalPhone);

      // Create the XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer = new XmlSerializer
      (typeof(Teacher),extraTypes);
      
      // Reading a file requires a FileStream.
      FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
      Teacher teacher = (Teacher) mySerializer.Deserialize(fs);
         
      // Read the extra information.
      Address a = (Address)teacher.Info[0];
      Phone p = (Phone) teacher.Info[1];
      InternationalPhone Ip = 
      (InternationalPhone) teacher.PhoneInfo;

      Console.WriteLine(teacher.Name);
      Console.WriteLine(a.City);
      Console.WriteLine(p.PhoneNumber);
      Console.WriteLine(Ip.CountryCode);
   }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization



' This defines the object that will be serialized.
Public Class Teacher
    Public Name As String
    
    Public Sub New()
    End Sub
    ' Note that the Info field returns an array of objects.
    ' Any object can be added to the array by adding the
    ' object type to the array passed to the extraTypes argument. 
    <XmlArray(ElementName := "ExtraInfo", IsNullable := True)> _
    Public Info() As Object
    Public PhoneInfo As Phone
End Class


' This defines one of the extra types to be included.
Public Class Address
    Public City As String
    
    Public Sub New()
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub New(city As String)
        me.City = city
    End Sub
End Class
 

' Another extra type to include.
Public Class Phone
    Public PhoneNumber As String
    
    Public Sub New()
    End Sub
    
    Public Sub New(phoneNumber As String)
        me.PhoneNumber = phoneNumber
    End Sub
End Class


' Another type, derived from Phone.
Public Class InternationalPhone
    Inherits Phone
    Public CountryCode As String
    
    
    Public Sub New()
    End Sub
     
    Public Sub New(countryCode As String)
        me.CountryCode = countryCode
    End Sub
End Class


Public Class Run
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim test As New Run()
        test.SerializeObject("Teacher.xml")
        test.DeserializeObject("Teacher.xml")
    End Sub
    
    
    Private Sub SerializeObject(filename As String)
        ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
        Dim myStreamWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
        
        ' Create a Type array.
        Dim extraTypes(2) As Type
        extraTypes(0) = GetType(Address)
        extraTypes(1) = GetType(Phone)
        extraTypes(2) = GetType(InternationalPhone)
        
        ' Create the XmlSerializer instance.
        Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Teacher), extraTypes)
        
        Dim teacher As New Teacher()
        teacher.Name = "Mike"
        ' Add extra types to the Teacher object.
        Dim info(1) As Object
        info(0) = New Address("Springville")
        info(1) = New Phone("555-0100")
        
        teacher.Info = info
        
        teacher.PhoneInfo = New InternationalPhone("000")
        
        mySerializer.Serialize(myStreamWriter, teacher)
        myStreamWriter.Close()
    End Sub
    
    
    Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
        ' Create a Type array.
        Dim extraTypes(2) As Type
        extraTypes(0) = GetType(Address)
        extraTypes(1) = GetType(Phone)
        extraTypes(2) = GetType(InternationalPhone)
        
        ' Create the XmlSerializer instance.
        Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Teacher), extraTypes)
        
        ' Reading a file requires a FileStream.
        Dim fs As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
        Dim teacher As Teacher = CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(fs), Teacher)
        
        ' Read the extra information.
        Dim a As Address = CType(teacher.Info(0), Address)
        Dim p As Phone = CType(teacher.Info(1), Phone)
        Dim Ip As InternationalPhone = CType(teacher.PhoneInfo, InternationalPhone)
        
        Console.WriteLine(teacher.Name)
        Console.WriteLine(a.City)
        Console.WriteLine(p.PhoneNumber)
        Console.WriteLine(Ip.CountryCode)
    End Sub
End Class

注解

默认情况下,如果公共属性或字段返回对象或对象数组,则会自动序列化对象类型。By default, if a public property or field returns an object, or array of objects, the object types are automatically serialized. 但是,如果类包含的字段或属性返回 Object类型的数组,则可以将任何对象插入到该数组中。However, if a class contains a field or property that returns an array of type Object, any object can be inserted into that array. 在这种情况下,必须指示 XmlSerializer 要求插入到 Object 数组中的所有可能的对象类型。In that case, the XmlSerializer must be instructed to expect all the possible object types that are inserted into the Object array. 为此,请使用 extraTypes 参数以指定要序列化或反序列化的额外对象类型。To do this, use the extraTypes parameter to specify the extra object types to serialize or deserialize.

你还可以使用 extraTypes 参数来指定派生自基类的类型。You can also use the extraTypes parameter to specify types derived from a base class. 例如,假设有一个名为 Phone 的基类,而名为 InternationalPhone 的类派生自该类。For example, suppose a base class named Phone exists, and a class named InternationalPhone derives from it. 使用 extraTypes 参数也可以指定派生类型。Use the extraTypes parameter to specify the derived type as well.

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize XML documents into objects of the specified type. 要序列化的每个对象本身可包含类的实例,此重载可使用其他类重写这些实例。Each object to be serialized can itself contain instances of classes, which this overload can override with other classes.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlAttributeOverrides ^ overrides);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides overrides);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

要序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object to serialize.

示例

下面的示例对 DLL 中定义的类的实例进行序列化并这样做,重写在 DLL 中找到的公共成员。The following example serializes an instance of a class that is defined in a DLL and to do so, overrides the public members found in the DLL.

// Beginning of HighSchool.dll
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

namespace HighSchool
{
   public ref class Student
   {
   public:
      String^ Name;
      int ID;
   };

   public ref class MyClass
   {
   public:
      array<Student^>^Students;
   };
}

namespace College
{

using namespace HighSchool;
   public ref class Graduate: public HighSchool::Student
   {
   public:
      Graduate(){}

      // Add a new field named University.
      String^ University;
   };

   public ref class Run
   {
   public:
      static void main()
      {
         Run^ test = gcnew Run;
         test->WriteOverriddenAttributes( "College.xml" );
         test->ReadOverriddenAttributes( "College.xml" );
      }

   private:
      void WriteOverriddenAttributes( String^ filename )
      {
         // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
         TextWriter^ myStreamWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

         // Create an XMLAttributeOverrides class.
         XmlAttributeOverrides^ attrOverrides = gcnew XmlAttributeOverrides;

         // Create the XmlAttributes class.
         XmlAttributes^ attrs = gcnew XmlAttributes;

         /* Override the Student class. "Alumni" is the name
               of the overriding element in the XML output. */
         XmlElementAttribute^ attr = gcnew XmlElementAttribute( "Alumni",Graduate::typeid );

         /* Add the XmlElementAttribute to the collection of
               elements in the XmlAttributes object. */
         attrs->XmlElements->Add( attr );

         /* Add the XmlAttributes to the XmlAttributeOverrides. 
               "Students" is the name being overridden. */
         attrOverrides->Add( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid, "Students", attrs );

         // Create the XmlSerializer. 
         XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid,attrOverrides );
         MyClass ^ myClass = gcnew MyClass;
         Graduate^ g1 = gcnew Graduate;
         g1->Name = "Jackie";
         g1->ID = 1;
         g1->University = "Alma Mater";
         Graduate^ g2 = gcnew Graduate;
         g2->Name = "Megan";
         g2->ID = 2;
         g2->University = "CM";
         array<Student^>^myArray = {g1,g2};
         myClass->Students = myArray;
         mySerializer->Serialize( myStreamWriter, myClass );
         myStreamWriter->Close();
      }

      void ReadOverriddenAttributes( String^ filename )
      {
         /* The majority of the code here is the same as that in the
               WriteOverriddenAttributes method. Because the XML being read
               doesn't conform to the schema defined by the DLL, the
               XMLAttributesOverrides must be used to create an 
               XmlSerializer instance to read the XML document.*/
         XmlAttributeOverrides^ attrOverrides = gcnew XmlAttributeOverrides;
         XmlAttributes^ attrs = gcnew XmlAttributes;
         XmlElementAttribute^ attr = gcnew XmlElementAttribute( "Alumni",Graduate::typeid );
         attrs->XmlElements->Add( attr );
         attrOverrides->Add( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid, "Students", attrs );
         XmlSerializer^ readSerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid,attrOverrides );
         
         // To read the file, a FileStream object is required. 
         FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
         MyClass ^ myClass;
         myClass = dynamic_cast<MyClass^>(readSerializer->Deserialize( fs ));

         /* Here is the difference between reading and writing an 
               XML document: You must declare an object of the derived 
               type (Graduate) and cast the Student instance to it.*/
         Graduate^ g;
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = myClass->Students->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
         {
            Graduate^ grad = safe_cast<Graduate^>(myEnum->Current);
            g = dynamic_cast<Graduate^>(grad);
            Console::Write( "{0}\t", g->Name );
            Console::Write( "{0}\t", g->ID );
            Console::Write( "{0}\n", g->University );
         }
      }
   };
}

int main()
{
   College::Run::main();
}
// Beginning of HighSchool.dll
namespace HighSchool
{
   public class Student
   {
      public string Name;
      public int ID;
   }
    
   public class MyClass
   {
      public Student[] Students;
   }
}

namespace College
   {
   using System;
   using System.IO;
   using System.Xml;
   using System.Xml.Serialization; 
   using HighSchool;

    public class Graduate:HighSchool.Student
    {
       public Graduate(){}
       // Add a new field named University.
       public string University;
    }

   public class Run
   {
      public static void Main()
      {
         Run test = new Run();
         test.WriteOverriddenAttributes("College.xml");
         test.ReadOverriddenAttributes("College.xml");
      }
 
      private void WriteOverriddenAttributes(string filename)
      {
         // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
         TextWriter myStreamWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);
         // Create an XMLAttributeOverrides class.
         XmlAttributeOverrides attrOverrides = 
         new XmlAttributeOverrides();
         // Create the XmlAttributes class.
         XmlAttributes attrs = new XmlAttributes();

         /* Override the Student class. "Alumni" is the name
         of the overriding element in the XML output. */
         XmlElementAttribute attr = 
         new XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", typeof(Graduate));

         /* Add the XmlElementAttribute to the collection of
         elements in the XmlAttributes object. */
         attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr);

         /* Add the XmlAttributes to the XmlAttributeOverrides. 
         "Students" is the name being overridden. */
         attrOverrides.Add(typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), 
         "Students", attrs);
          
         // Create the XmlSerializer. 
         XmlSerializer mySerializer = new XmlSerializer
         (typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), attrOverrides);
 
         MyClass myClass = new MyClass();

         Graduate g1 = new Graduate();
         g1.Name = "Jackie";
         g1.ID = 1;
         g1.University = "Alma Mater";

         Graduate g2 = new Graduate();
         g2.Name = "Megan";
         g2.ID = 2;
         g2.University = "CM";

         Student[] myArray = {g1,g2};
         myClass.Students = myArray;
 
         mySerializer.Serialize(myStreamWriter, myClass);
         myStreamWriter.Close();
      }

      private void ReadOverriddenAttributes(string filename)
      {
         /* The majority of the code here is the same as that in the
         WriteOverriddenAttributes method. Because the XML being read
         doesn't conform to the schema defined by the DLL, the
         XMLAttributesOverrides must be used to create an 
         XmlSerializer instance to read the XML document.*/
          
         XmlAttributeOverrides attrOverrides = new 
         XmlAttributeOverrides();
         XmlAttributes attrs = new XmlAttributes();
         XmlElementAttribute attr = 
         new XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", typeof(Graduate));
         attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr);
         attrOverrides.Add(typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), 
         "Students", attrs);

         XmlSerializer readSerializer = new XmlSerializer
         (typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), attrOverrides);

         // To read the file, a FileStream object is required. 
         FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
          
         MyClass myClass;

         myClass = (MyClass) readSerializer.Deserialize(fs);

         /* Here is the difference between reading and writing an 
         XML document: You must declare an object of the derived 
         type (Graduate) and cast the Student instance to it.*/
         Graduate g;

         foreach(Graduate grad in myClass.Students)
         {
            g = (Graduate) grad;
            Console.Write(g.Name + "\t");
            Console.Write(g.ID + "\t");
            Console.Write(g.University + "\n");
         }
      }
   }
}
' Beginning of HighSchool.dll
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports HighSchool

Namespace HighSchool
    
    Public Class Student
        Public Name As String
        Public ID As Integer
    End Class
    
    
    Public Class MyClass1
        Public Students() As Student
    End Class
End Namespace 'HighSchool

Namespace College
    Public Class Graduate
        Inherits HighSchool.Student
        
        Public Sub New()
        End Sub
        Public University As String
    End Class
    
    
    
    Public Class Run
        
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            Dim test As New Run()
            test.WriteOverriddenAttributes("College.xml")
            test.ReadOverriddenAttributes("College.xml")
        End Sub
        
        
        Private Sub WriteOverriddenAttributes(filename As String)
            ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
            Dim myStreamWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
            ' Create an XMLAttributeOverrides class.
            Dim attrOverrides As New XmlAttributeOverrides()
            ' Create the XmlAttributes class.
            Dim attrs As New XmlAttributes()
            
            ' Override the Student class. "Alumni" is the name
            ' of the overriding element in the XML output. 
            Dim attr As New XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", GetType(Graduate))
            
            ' Add the XmlElementAttribute to the collection of
            ' elements in the XmlAttributes object. 
            attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr)
            
            ' Add the XmlAttributes to the XmlAttributeOverrides. 
            ' "Students" is the name being overridden. 
            attrOverrides.Add(GetType(HighSchool.MyClass1), "Students", attrs)
            
            ' Create the XmlSerializer. 
            Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(HighSchool.MyClass1), attrOverrides)
            
            Dim oMyClass As New MyClass1()
            
            Dim g1 As New Graduate()
            g1.Name = "Jackie"
            g1.ID = 1
            g1.University = "Alma Mater"
            
            Dim g2 As New Graduate()
            g2.Name = "Megan"
            g2.ID = 2
            g2.University = "CM"
            
            Dim myArray As Student() =  {g1, g2}
            oMyClass.Students = myArray
            
            mySerializer.Serialize(myStreamWriter, oMyClass)
            myStreamWriter.Close()
        End Sub
        
        
        Private Sub ReadOverriddenAttributes(filename As String)
            ' The majority of the code here is the same as that in the
            ' WriteOverriddenAttributes method. Because the XML being read
            ' doesn't conform to the schema defined by the DLL, the
            ' XMLAttributesOverrides must be used to create an
            ' XmlSerializer instance to read the XML document.
            
            Dim attrOverrides As New XmlAttributeOverrides()
            Dim attrs As New XmlAttributes()
            Dim attr As New XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", GetType(Graduate))
            attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr)
            attrOverrides.Add(GetType(HighSchool.MyClass1), "Students", attrs)
            
            Dim readSerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(HighSchool.MyClass1), attrOverrides)
            
            ' To read the file, a FileStream object is required. 
            Dim fs As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
            
            Dim oMyClass As MyClass1
            
            oMyClass = CType(readSerializer.Deserialize(fs), MyClass1)
            
            ' Here is the difference between reading and writing an
            ' XML document: You must declare an object of the derived
            ' type (Graduate) and cast the Student instance to it.
            Dim g As Graduate
            
            Dim grad As Graduate
            For Each grad In  oMyClass.Students
                g = CType(grad, Graduate)
                Console.Write((g.Name & ControlChars.Tab))
                Console.Write((g.ID.ToString & ControlChars.Tab))
                Console.Write((g.University & ControlChars.Cr))
            Next grad
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace 'College

注解

overrides 参数可用于控制如何以 XML 编码字段和属性。The overrides parameter can be used to control how fields and properties are encoded in XML. 这些设置将覆盖对象上已存在的任何属性。These settings override any attributes that already exist on the objects. 当不能修改源代码或相同类需要多个编码时,这会很有用。This can be useful when the source code cannot be modified or multiple encodings are required for the same classes.

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlRootAttribute)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML documents, and deserialize an XML document into object of the specified type. 还可以指定作为 XML 根元素使用的类。It also specifies the class to use as the XML root element.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlRootAttribute ^ root);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute root);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

root
XmlRootAttribute

表示 XML 根元素的 XmlRootAttributeAn XmlRootAttribute that represents the XML root element.

示例

下面的示例构造一个使用包含 XML 根元素的各种属性的 XmlRootAttributeXmlSerializer,如其命名空间和元素名称。The following example constructs an XmlSerializer that uses an XmlRootAttribute that contains various properties of the XML root element, such as its namespace and element name.

private:
   void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an XmlRootAttribute, and set its properties.
      XmlRootAttribute^ xRoot = gcnew XmlRootAttribute;
      xRoot->ElementName = "CustomRoot";
      xRoot->Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com";
      xRoot->IsNullable = true;

      // Construct the XmlSerializer with the XmlRootAttribute.
      XmlSerializer^ serializer = gcnew XmlSerializer(
         OrderedItem::typeid,xRoot );

      // Create an instance of the object to serialize.
      OrderedItem^ i = gcnew OrderedItem;
      // Insert code to set properties of the ordered item.

      // Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      serializer->Serialize( writer, i );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an XmlRootAttribute, and set its properties.
      XmlRootAttribute^ xRoot = gcnew XmlRootAttribute;
      xRoot->ElementName = "CustomRoot";
      xRoot->Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com";
      xRoot->IsNullable = true;

      XmlSerializer^ serializer = gcnew XmlSerializer(
         OrderedItem::typeid,xRoot );

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      // Deserialize the object.
      OrderedItem^ i = dynamic_cast<OrderedItem^>(serializer->Deserialize( fs ));
      // Insert code to use the object's properties and methods.
   }
private void SerializeObject(string filename) {
    // Create an XmlRootAttribute, and set its properties.
    XmlRootAttribute xRoot = new XmlRootAttribute();
    xRoot.ElementName = "CustomRoot";
    xRoot.Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com";
    xRoot.IsNullable = true;
     
    // Construct the XmlSerializer with the XmlRootAttribute.
    XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer
        (typeof(OrderedItem),xRoot);
     
    // Create an instance of the object to serialize.
    OrderedItem i = new OrderedItem();
    // Insert code to set properties of the ordered item.
     
    // Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
    TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
     
    serializer.Serialize(writer, i);
    writer.Close();
}

private void DeserializeObject(string filename) {
    // Create an XmlRootAttribute, and set its properties.
    XmlRootAttribute xRoot = new XmlRootAttribute();
    xRoot.ElementName = "CustomRoot";
    xRoot.Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com";
    xRoot.IsNullable = true;
     
    XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer
        (typeof(OrderedItem),xRoot);
     
    // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
    FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
    // Deserialize the object.
    OrderedItem i = (OrderedItem) serializer.Deserialize(fs);
    // Insert code to use the object's properties and methods.
}

Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
    ' Create an XmlRootAttribute, and set its properties.
    Dim xRoot As New XmlRootAttribute()
    xRoot.ElementName = "CustomRoot"
    xRoot.Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com"
    xRoot.IsNullable = True
    
    ' Construct the XmlSerializer with the XmlRootAttribute.
    Dim serializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(OrderedItem), xRoot)
    
    ' Create an instance of the object to serialize.
    Dim i As New OrderedItem()
    ' Insert code to set properties of the ordered item.
    ' Writing the document requires a TextWriter.
    Dim writer As New StreamWriter(filename)
    
    serializer.Serialize(writer, i)
    writer.Close()
End Sub
    
Private Sub DeserializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
    ' Create an XmlRootAttribute, and set its properties.
    Dim xRoot As New XmlRootAttribute()
    xRoot.ElementName = "CustomRoot"
    xRoot.Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com"
    xRoot.IsNullable = True
    
    Dim serializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(OrderedItem), xRoot)
    
    ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
    Dim fs As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
    ' Deserialize the object.
    Dim i As OrderedItem = CType(serializer.Deserialize(fs), OrderedItem)
    ' Insert code to use the object's properties and methods.
End Sub
     

注解

XML 文档的根元素包含所有其他元素。The root element of an XML document encloses all the other elements. 默认情况下,type 参数指定的对象将被序列化为根元素。By default, the object specified by the type parameter is serialized as the root element. 属性(如 root 元素的 XML 元素名称)是从 type 对象获取的。Properties, such as the XML element name of the root element, are taken from the type object. root 参数允许您通过指定 XmlRootAttribute来替换默认对象的信息;使用对象可以设置不同的命名空间、元素名称等。However, the root parameter allows you to replace the default object's information by specifying an XmlRootAttribute; the object allows you to set a different namespace, element name, and so on.

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type[], XmlRootAttribute, String)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可将 Object 类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档实例,并可将 XML 文档实例反序列化为 Object 类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of type Object into XML document instances, and deserialize XML document instances into objects of type Object. 要序列化的每个对象本身可包含类的实例,此重载可使用其他类重写这些实例。Each object to be serialized can itself contain instances of classes, which this overload overrides with other classes. 此重载还指定所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间和用作 XML 根元素的类。This overload also specifies the default namespace for all the XML elements and the class to use as the XML root element.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlAttributeOverrides ^ overrides, cli::array <Type ^> ^ extraTypes, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlRootAttribute ^ root, System::String ^ defaultNamespace);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides overrides, Type[] extraTypes, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute root, string defaultNamespace);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides * Type[] * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute * string -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

overrides
XmlAttributeOverrides

一个 XmlAttributeOverrides,它扩展或重写 type 参数中指定类的行为。An XmlAttributeOverrides that extends or overrides the behavior of the class specified in the type parameter.

extraTypes
Type[]

要序列化的其他对象类型的 Type 数组。A Type array of additional object types to serialize.

root
XmlRootAttribute

定义 XML 根元素属性的 XmlRootAttributeAn XmlRootAttribute that defines the XML root element properties.

defaultNamespace
String

XML 文档中所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。The default namespace of all XML elements in the XML document.

示例

下面的示例对 DLL 中定义的类的实例进行序列化并这样做,重写在类中找到的公共成员。The following example serializes an instance of a class that is defined in a DLL and to do so, overrides the public members found in the class. 该示例还指定了一组附加类型、所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间,以及提供 XML 根元素信息的类。The example also specifies an array of extra types, the default namespace for all XML elements, and the class to use that provides the XML root element information. 该示例假设开头的代码已编译到名为 HighSchool的 DLL 中。The example assumes that the code at the beginning has been compiled into a DLL named HighSchool.

// Beginning of the HighSchool.dll 
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

namespace HighSchool
{
   public ref class Student
   {
   public:
      String^ Name;
      int ID;
   };

   public ref class MyClass
   {
   public:
      array<Student^>^Students;
   };
}

namespace College
{

using namespace HighSchool;
   public ref class Graduate: public HighSchool::Student
   {
   public:
      Graduate(){}

      // Add a new field named University.
      String^ University;

      // Use extra types to use this field.
      array<Object^>^Info;
   };

   public ref class Address
   {
   public:
      String^ City;
   };

   public ref class Phone
   {
   public:
      String^ Number;
   };

   public ref class Run
   {
   public:
      static void main()
      {
         Run^ test = gcnew Run;
         test->WriteOverriddenAttributes( "College.xml" );
         test->ReadOverriddenAttributes( "College.xml" );
      }

   private:
      void WriteOverriddenAttributes( String^ filename )
      {
         // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
         TextWriter^ myStreamWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

         // Create an XMLAttributeOverrides class.
         XmlAttributeOverrides^ attrOverrides = gcnew XmlAttributeOverrides;

         // Create the XmlAttributes class.
         XmlAttributes^ attrs = gcnew XmlAttributes;

         /* Override the Student class. "Alumni" is the name
               of the overriding element in the XML output. */
         XmlElementAttribute^ attr = gcnew XmlElementAttribute( "Alumni",Graduate::typeid );

         /* Add the XmlElementAttribute to the collection of
               elements in the XmlAttributes object. */
         attrs->XmlElements->Add( attr );

         /* Add the XmlAttributes to the XmlAttributeOverrides. 
               "Students" is the name being overridden. */
         attrOverrides->Add( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid, "Students", attrs );

         // Create array of extra types.
         array<Type^>^extraTypes = gcnew array<Type^>(2);
         extraTypes[ 0 ] = Address::typeid;
         extraTypes[ 1 ] = Phone::typeid;

         // Create an XmlRootAttribute.
         XmlRootAttribute^ root = gcnew XmlRootAttribute( "Graduates" );

         /* Create the XmlSerializer with the 
               XmlAttributeOverrides object. */
         XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid,attrOverrides,extraTypes,root,"http://www.microsoft.com" );
         MyClass ^ myClass = gcnew MyClass;
         Graduate^ g1 = gcnew Graduate;
         g1->Name = "Jacki";
         g1->ID = 1;
         g1->University = "Alma";
         Graduate^ g2 = gcnew Graduate;
         g2->Name = "Megan";
         g2->ID = 2;
         g2->University = "CM";
         array<Student^>^myArray = {g1,g2};
         myClass->Students = myArray;

         // Create extra information.
         Address^ a1 = gcnew Address;
         a1->City = "Ionia";
         Address^ a2 = gcnew Address;
         a2->City = "Stamford";
         Phone^ p1 = gcnew Phone;
         p1->Number = "555-0101";
         Phone^ p2 = gcnew Phone;
         p2->Number = "555-0100";
         array<Object^>^o1 = {a1,p1};
         array<Object^>^o2 = {a2,p2};
         g1->Info = o1;
         g2->Info = o2;
         mySerializer->Serialize( myStreamWriter, myClass );
         myStreamWriter->Close();
      }

      void ReadOverriddenAttributes( String^ filename )
      {
         /* The majority of the code here is the same as that in the
               WriteOverriddenAttributes method. Because the XML being read
               doesn't conform to the schema defined by the DLL, the
               XMLAttributesOverrides must be used to create an 
               XmlSerializer instance to read the XML document.*/
         XmlAttributeOverrides^ attrOverrides = gcnew XmlAttributeOverrides;
         XmlAttributes^ attrs = gcnew XmlAttributes;
         XmlElementAttribute^ attr = gcnew XmlElementAttribute( "Alumni",Graduate::typeid );
         attrs->XmlElements->Add( attr );
         attrOverrides->Add( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid, "Students", attrs );
         array<Type^>^extraTypes = gcnew array<Type^>(2);
         extraTypes[ 0 ] = Address::typeid;
         extraTypes[ 1 ] = Phone::typeid;
         XmlRootAttribute^ root = gcnew XmlRootAttribute( "Graduates" );
         XmlSerializer^ readSerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( HighSchool::MyClass::typeid,attrOverrides,extraTypes,root,"http://www.microsoft.com" );

         // A FileStream object is required to read the file. 
         FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
         MyClass ^ myClass;
         myClass = dynamic_cast<MyClass^>(readSerializer->Deserialize( fs ));
         
         /* Here is the difference between reading and writing an 
               XML document: You must declare an object of the derived 
               type (Graduate) and cast the Student instance to it.*/
         Graduate^ g;
         Address^ a;
         Phone^ p;
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = myClass->Students->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
         {
            Graduate^ grad = safe_cast<Graduate^>(myEnum->Current);
            g = dynamic_cast<Graduate^>(grad);
            Console::Write( "{0}\t", g->Name );
            Console::Write( "{0}\t", g->ID );
            Console::Write( "{0}\n", g->University );
            a = dynamic_cast<Address^>(g->Info[ 0 ]);
            Console::WriteLine( a->City );
            p = dynamic_cast<Phone^>(g->Info[ 1 ]);
            Console::WriteLine( p->Number );
         }
      }
   };
}

int main()
{
   College::Run::main();
}
// Beginning of the HighSchool.dll 

namespace HighSchool
{
   public class Student
   {
      public string Name;
      public int ID;
   }
    
   public class MyClass
   {
      public Student[] Students;
   }
}

namespace College
   {
   using System;
   using System.IO;
   using System.Xml;
   using System.Xml.Serialization; 
   using HighSchool;

    public class Graduate:HighSchool.Student
    {
       public Graduate(){}
       // Add a new field named University.
       public string University;
       // Use extra types to use this field.
       public object[]Info;
    }
 
    public class Address
    {
       public string City;
    }
 
    public class Phone
    {
       public string Number;
    }
    
   public class Run
   {
      public static void Main()
      {
         Run test = new Run();
         test.WriteOverriddenAttributes("College.xml");
         test.ReadOverriddenAttributes("College.xml");
      }
 
      private void WriteOverriddenAttributes(string filename)
      {
         // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
         TextWriter myStreamWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);
         // Create an XMLAttributeOverrides class.
         XmlAttributeOverrides attrOverrides = 
         new XmlAttributeOverrides();
         // Create the XmlAttributes class.
         XmlAttributes attrs = new XmlAttributes();
         /* Override the Student class. "Alumni" is the name
         of the overriding element in the XML output. */

         XmlElementAttribute attr = 
         new XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", typeof(Graduate));
         /* Add the XmlElementAttribute to the collection of
         elements in the XmlAttributes object. */
         attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr);
         /* Add the XmlAttributes to the XmlAttributeOverrides. 
         "Students" is the name being overridden. */
         attrOverrides.Add(typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), 
         "Students", attrs);
 
         // Create array of extra types.
         Type [] extraTypes = new Type[2];
         extraTypes[0]=typeof(Address);
         extraTypes[1]=typeof(Phone);
 
         // Create an XmlRootAttribute.
         XmlRootAttribute root = new XmlRootAttribute("Graduates");
          
         /* Create the XmlSerializer with the 
         XmlAttributeOverrides object. */
         XmlSerializer mySerializer = new XmlSerializer
         (typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), attrOverrides, extraTypes,
         root, "http://www.microsoft.com");
 
         MyClass myClass= new MyClass();

         Graduate g1 = new Graduate();
         g1.Name = "Jacki";
         g1.ID = 1;
         g1.University = "Alma";

         Graduate g2 = new Graduate();
         g2.Name = "Megan";
         g2.ID = 2;
         g2.University = "CM";

         Student[] myArray = {g1,g2};

         myClass.Students = myArray;
 
         // Create extra information.
         Address a1 = new Address();
         a1.City = "Ionia";
         Address a2 = new Address();
         a2.City = "Stamford";
         Phone p1 = new Phone();
         p1.Number = "555-0101";
         Phone p2 = new Phone();
         p2.Number = "555-0100";
 
         Object[]o1 = new Object[2]{a1, p1};
         Object[]o2 = new Object[2]{a2,p2};
 
         g1.Info = o1;
         g2.Info = o2;
         mySerializer.Serialize(myStreamWriter,myClass);
         myStreamWriter.Close();
      }

      private void ReadOverriddenAttributes(string filename)
      {
         /* The majority of the code here is the same as that in the
         WriteOverriddenAttributes method. Because the XML being read
         doesn't conform to the schema defined by the DLL, the
         XMLAttributesOverrides must be used to create an 
         XmlSerializer instance to read the XML document.*/
          
         XmlAttributeOverrides attrOverrides = new 
         XmlAttributeOverrides();
         XmlAttributes attrs = new XmlAttributes();
         XmlElementAttribute attr = 
         new XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", typeof(Graduate));
         attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr);
         attrOverrides.Add(typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), 
         "Students", attrs);

         Type [] extraTypes = new Type[2];
         extraTypes[0] = typeof(Address);
         extraTypes[1] = typeof(Phone);
 
         XmlRootAttribute root = new XmlRootAttribute("Graduates");
          
         XmlSerializer readSerializer = new XmlSerializer
         (typeof(HighSchool.MyClass), attrOverrides, extraTypes,
         root, "http://www.microsoft.com");

         // A FileStream object is required to read the file. 
         FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
          
         MyClass myClass;
         myClass = (MyClass) readSerializer.Deserialize(fs);

         /* Here is the difference between reading and writing an 
         XML document: You must declare an object of the derived 
         type (Graduate) and cast the Student instance to it.*/
         Graduate g;
         Address a;
         Phone p;
         foreach(Graduate grad in myClass.Students)
         {
            g = (Graduate) grad;
            Console.Write(g.Name + "\t");
            Console.Write(g.ID + "\t");
            Console.Write(g.University + "\n");
            a = (Address) g.Info[0];
            Console.WriteLine(a.City);
            p = (Phone) g.Info[1];
            Console.WriteLine(p.Number);
         }
      }
   }
}
'Beginning of the HighSchool.dll 
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization

' Imports HighSchool

Namespace HighSchool

    Public Class Student
        Public Name As String
        Public ID As Integer
    End Class


    Public Class ClassRoom
        Public Students() As Student
    End Class
End Namespace 'HighSchool

Namespace College
    Public Class Graduate
        Inherits HighSchool.Student

        Public Sub New()
        End Sub
        ' Add a new field named University.
        Public University As String
        ' Use extra types to use this field.
        Public Info() As Object
    End Class


    Public Class Address
        Public City As String
    End Class


    Public Class Phone
        Public Number As String
    End Class


    Public Class Run

        Public Shared Sub Main()
            Dim test As New Run()
            test.WriteOverriddenAttributes("College.xml")
            test.ReadOverriddenAttributes("College.xml")
        End Sub


        Private Sub WriteOverriddenAttributes(ByVal filename As String)
            ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
            Dim myStreamWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
            ' Create an XMLAttributeOverrides class.
            Dim attrOverrides As New XmlAttributeOverrides()
            ' Create the XmlAttributes class.
            Dim attrs As New XmlAttributes()
            ' Override the Student class. "Alumni" is the name
            ' of the overriding element in the XML output. 

            Dim attr As New XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", GetType(Graduate))
            ' Add the XmlElementAttribute to the collection of
            ' elements in the XmlAttributes object. 
            attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr)
            ' Add the XmlAttributes to the XmlAttributeOverrides.
            ' "Students" is the name being overridden. 
            attrOverrides.Add(GetType(HighSchool.ClassRoom), "Students", attrs)

            ' Create array of extra types.
            Dim extraTypes(1) As Type
            extraTypes(0) = GetType(Address)
            extraTypes(1) = GetType(Phone)

            ' Create an XmlRootAttribute.
            Dim root As New XmlRootAttribute("Graduates")

            ' Create the XmlSerializer with the
            ' XmlAttributeOverrides object. 
            Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(HighSchool.ClassRoom), _
                attrOverrides, extraTypes, root, "http://www.microsoft.com")

            Dim oMyClass As New HighSchool.ClassRoom()

            Dim g1 As New Graduate()
            g1.Name = "Jacki"
            g1.ID = 1
            g1.University = "Alma"

            Dim g2 As New Graduate()
            g2.Name = "Megan"
            g2.ID = 2
            g2.University = "CM"

            Dim myArray As HighSchool.Student() = {g1, g2}

            oMyClass.Students = myArray

            ' Create extra information.
            Dim a1 As New Address()
            a1.City = "Ionia"
            Dim a2 As New Address()
            a2.City = "Stamford"
            Dim p1 As New Phone()
            p1.Number = "555-0101"
            Dim p2 As New Phone()
            p2.Number = "555-0100"

            Dim o1() As Object = {a1, p1}
            Dim o2() As Object = {a2, p2}

            g1.Info = o1
            g2.Info = o2
            mySerializer.Serialize(myStreamWriter, oMyClass)
            myStreamWriter.Close()
        End Sub


        Private Sub ReadOverriddenAttributes(ByVal filename As String)
            ' The majority of the code here is the same as that in the
            ' WriteOverriddenAttributes method. Because the XML being read
            ' doesn't conform to the schema defined by the DLL, the
            ' XMLAttributesOverrides must be used to create an
            ' XmlSerializer instance to read the XML document.

            Dim attrOverrides As New XmlAttributeOverrides()
            Dim attrs As New XmlAttributes()
            Dim attr As New XmlElementAttribute("Alumni", GetType(Graduate))
            attrs.XmlElements.Add(attr)
            attrOverrides.Add(GetType(HighSchool.ClassRoom), "Students", attrs)

            Dim extraTypes(1) As Type
            extraTypes(0) = GetType(Address)
            extraTypes(1) = GetType(Phone)

            Dim root As New XmlRootAttribute("Graduates")

            Dim readSerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(HighSchool.ClassRoom), _
                attrOverrides, extraTypes, root, "http://www.microsoft.com")

            ' A FileStream object is required to read the file. 
            Dim fs As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)

            Dim oMyClass As HighSchool.ClassRoom
            oMyClass = CType(readSerializer.Deserialize(fs), HighSchool.ClassRoom)

            ' Here is the difference between reading and writing an
            ' XML document: You must declare an object of the derived
            ' type (Graduate) and cast the Student instance to it.
            Dim g As Graduate
            Dim a As Address
            Dim p As Phone
            Dim grad As Graduate
            For Each grad In oMyClass.Students
                g = CType(grad, Graduate)
                Console.Write((g.Name & ControlChars.Tab))
                Console.Write((g.ID & ControlChars.Tab))
                Console.Write((g.University & ControlChars.Cr))
                a = CType(g.Info(0), Address)
                Console.WriteLine(a.City)
                p = CType(g.Info(1), Phone)
                Console.WriteLine(p.Number)
            Next grad
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace 'College

注解

overrides 参数允许创建一个 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,<Type,> x),该函数会序列化一个扩展或重写基类行为的类。The overrides parameter allows for the creation of an [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer> that serializes a class that extends or overrides the behavior of a base class. 例如,假设有一个 DLL,则可以创建继承或扩展 DLL 中包含的类的类。For example, given a DLL, it is possible to create a class that inherits or extends a class contained in the DLL. 若要序列化此类,您必须使用 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type,,Type<x: XmlAttributeOverrides > 类的实例,构造 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type<x: >。To serialize such a class, you must use an instance of the [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides> class when constructing the [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer>. 有关更多详细信息,请参阅 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type<x: XmlAttributeOverrides >。For more details, see [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides>.

默认情况下,如果公共属性或字段返回对象或对象数组,则会自动序列化对象类型。By default, if a public property or field returns an object, or array of objects, the object types are automatically serialized. 但是,如果类包含的字段或属性返回类型为 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type,,Type<x: >,则任何对象都可以插入到该数组中。However, if a class contains a field or property that returns an array of type [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Object>, any object can be inserted into that array. 在这种情况下,必须指示 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type,,Type<x: >,以使插入到 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type,<x >:数组的所有可能的对象类型一样。In that case, the [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer> must be instructed to expect all the possible object types that are inserted into the [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Object> array. 为此,请使用 extraTypes 参数以指定要序列化或反序列化的额外对象类型。To do this, use the extraTypes parameter to specify the extra object types to serialize or deserialize.

XML 文档的根元素包含所有其他元素。The root element of an XML document encloses all the other elements. 默认情况下,type 参数指定的对象将被序列化为根元素。By default, the object specified by the type parameter is serialized as the root element. 属性(如 root 元素的 XML 元素名称)是从 type 对象获取的。Properties, such as the XML element name of the root element are taken from the type object. 不过,root 参数允许您通过指定 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,<Type,Type,x,: XmlRootAttribute > 来替换默认对象的信息; 该对象允许您设置不同的命名空间、元素名称等。However, the root parameter allows you to replace the default object's information by specifying an [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute>; the object allows you to set a different namespace, element name, and so on.

使用 defaultName 参数可指定由 [XmlSerializer 构造函数(Type,XmlAttributeOverrides,Type<x::: > 生成的所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。Use the defaultName parameter to specify the default namespace of all XML elements generated by the [XmlSerializer Constructor (Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type<xref:System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer>.

另请参阅

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type[], XmlRootAttribute, String, String)

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可将 Object 类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档实例,并可将 XML 文档实例反序列化为 Object 类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of type Object into XML document instances, and deserialize XML document instances into objects of type Object. 要序列化的每个对象本身可包含类的实例,此重载可使用其他类重写这些实例。Each object to be serialized can itself contain instances of classes, which this overload overrides with other classes. 此重载还指定所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间和用作 XML 根元素的类。This overload also specifies the default namespace for all the XML elements and the class to use as the XML root element.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlAttributeOverrides ^ overrides, cli::array <Type ^> ^ extraTypes, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlRootAttribute ^ root, System::String ^ defaultNamespace, System::String ^ location);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides overrides, Type[] extraTypes, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute root, string defaultNamespace, string location);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides * Type[] * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute * string * string -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

overrides
XmlAttributeOverrides

一个 XmlAttributeOverrides,它扩展或重写 type 参数中指定类的行为。An XmlAttributeOverrides that extends or overrides the behavior of the class specified in the type parameter.

extraTypes
Type[]

要序列化的其他对象类型的 Type 数组。A Type array of additional object types to serialize.

root
XmlRootAttribute

定义 XML 根元素属性的 XmlRootAttributeAn XmlRootAttribute that defines the XML root element properties.

defaultNamespace
String

XML 文档中所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。The default namespace of all XML elements in the XML document.

location
String

该类型的位置。The location of the types.

XmlSerializer(Type, XmlAttributeOverrides, Type[], XmlRootAttribute, String, String, Evidence)

警告

此 API 现已过时。

初始化 XmlSerializer 类的新实例,该类可以将指定类型的对象序列化为 XML 文档,也可以将 XML 文档反序列化为指定类型的对象。Initializes a new instance of the XmlSerializer class that can serialize objects of the specified type into XML document instances, and deserialize XML document instances into objects of the specified type. 此重载允许您提供在序列化或反序列化操作过程中可能遇到的其他类型;还允许您提供所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间,作为 XML 根元素使用的类,类的位置和访问所需的凭据。This overload allows you to supply other types that can be encountered during a serialization or deserialization operation, as well as a default namespace for all XML elements, the class to use as the XML root element, its location, and credentials required for access.

public:
 XmlSerializer(Type ^ type, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlAttributeOverrides ^ overrides, cli::array <Type ^> ^ extraTypes, System::Xml::Serialization::XmlRootAttribute ^ root, System::String ^ defaultNamespace, System::String ^ location, System::Security::Policy::Evidence ^ evidence);
public XmlSerializer (Type type, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides overrides, Type[] extraTypes, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute root, string defaultNamespace, string location, System.Security.Policy.Evidence evidence);
[System.Obsolete("This method is obsolete and will be removed in a future release of the .NET Framework. Please use a XmlSerializer constructor overload which does not take an Evidence parameter. See http://go2.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=131738 for more information.")]
public XmlSerializer (Type type, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides overrides, Type[] extraTypes, System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute root, string defaultNamespace, string location, System.Security.Policy.Evidence evidence);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer : Type * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlAttributeOverrides * Type[] * System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute * string * string * System.Security.Policy.Evidence -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer

参数

type
Type

XmlSerializer 可序列化的对象的类型。The type of the object that this XmlSerializer can serialize.

overrides
XmlAttributeOverrides

一个 XmlAttributeOverrides,它扩展或重写 type 参数中指定类的行为。An XmlAttributeOverrides that extends or overrides the behavior of the class specified in the type parameter.

extraTypes
Type[]

要序列化的其他对象类型的 Type 数组。A Type array of additional object types to serialize.

root
XmlRootAttribute

定义 XML 根元素属性的 XmlRootAttributeAn XmlRootAttribute that defines the XML root element properties.

defaultNamespace
String

XML 文档中所有 XML 元素的默认命名空间。The default namespace of all XML elements in the XML document.

location
String

该类型的位置。The location of the types.

evidence
Evidence

Evidence 类的实例,其中包含访问类型所需的凭据。An instance of the Evidence class that contains credentials required to access types.

属性

注解

允许对临时目录的访问进行更精确的控制,并防止代码注入和利用。Allows more precise control over access to a temporary directory and prevents code injection and exploitation. 若要使用此方法,请指定一个位置并仅向特定用户授予访问权限。To use this method, specify a location and give access only to specific users. 管理员可以设置策略,并将证据列表与权限进行匹配。Administrators can set up policies with evidence lists that match evidence to permissions.

适用于