Configuration Manager 在客户端和设备上支持的操作系统版本Supported OS versions for clients and devices for Configuration Manager

适用范围: Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

Configuration Manager 支持在 Windows 和 macOS 计算机上安装客户端软件。Configuration Manager supports installing client software on Windows and macOS computers.

常规要求和限制General requirements and limitations

请查看以下对所有客户端的要求和限制:Review the following requirements and limitations for all clients:

  • 不支持更改任意 Configuration Manager 服务的启动类型或“登录身份” 设置。Changing the startup type or Log on as settings for any Configuration Manager service isn't supported. 此更改可能会阻止关键服务正常运行。This change can prevent key services from running correctly.

Windows 计算机Windows computers

若要管理以下 Windows OS 版本,请使用 Configuration Manager 随附的客户端。To manage the following Windows OS versions, use the client that's included with Configuration Manager. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何将客户端部署到 Windows 计算机For more information, see How to deploy clients to Windows computers.

受支持的客户端 OS 版本Supported client OS versions

  • Windows 10Windows 10

    有关详细信息,请参阅 Windows 10 支持For more detailed information, see Support for Windows 10.

  • Windows 8.1 (x86, x64):Professional、EnterpriseWindows 8.1 (x86, x64): Professional, Enterprise

Windows 虚拟桌面Windows Virtual Desktop

Windows 虚拟桌面是在 Microsoft Azure 上运行的桌面和应用虚拟化服务。Windows Virtual Desktop is a desktop and app virtualization service that runs on Microsoft Azure. 从版本 1906 开始,可以使用 Configuration Manager 管理在 Azure 中运行 Windows 的这些虚拟设备。Starting in version 1906, use Configuration Manager to manage these virtual devices running Windows in Azure.

与终端服务器类似,其中某些虚拟设备支持多个并发的活动用户会话。Similar to a terminal server, some of these virtual devices allow multiple concurrent active user sessions. 为帮助提高客户端性能,Configuration Manager 现在任何可支持多个用户会话的设备上禁用了用户策略。To help with client performance, Configuration Manager now disables user policies on any device that allows these multiple user sessions. 即使启用用户策略,客户端上的这些设备(包括 Windows 10 企业版多会话和终端服务器)也会默认禁用这些用户策略。Even if you enable user policies, the client disables them by default on these devices, which include Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session and terminal servers.

客户端仅在新的安装期间检测到此类设备时才会禁用用户策略。The client only disables user policy when it detects this type of device during a new installation. 对于已更新到此版本的现有此类客户端而言,以前的行为仍然存在。For an existing client of this type that you update to this version, the previous behavior persists. 在现有设备上,即使检测到设备支持多个用户会话,它也会配置用户策略设置。On an existing device, it configures the user policy setting even if it detects that the device allows multiple user sessions.

如果在此方案中需要用户策略,并且接受任何潜在的性能影响,请使用以下方法之一来启用用户策略:If you require user policy in this scenario, and accept any potential performance impact, use one of the following methods to enable user policy:

  • 在版本 1910 及更高版本中,使用客户端设置In version 1910 and later, use client settings. 在“客户端策略”组中,配置以下设置 :“为多个用户会话启用用户策略” 。In the Client Policy group, configure the following setting: Enable user policy for multiple user sessions.

  • 在版本 1906 中,将 Configuration Manager SDK 与 SMS_PolicyAgentConfig 服务器 WMI 类一起使用。In version 1906, use the Configuration Manager SDK with the SMS_PolicyAgentConfig server WMI class. 将新的 PolicyEnableUserPolicyOnTS 属性设置为 trueSet the new PolicyEnableUserPolicyOnTS property to true.

备注

不能对运行 Windows 10 企业版多会话的客户端使用共同管理。You can't use co-management with a client running Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session.

自版本 2006 起,包含要求规则或适用性列表的对象上的受支持 OS 版本列表中有“Windows 10 企业版多会话”平台。Starting in version 2006, the Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session platform is available in the list of supported OS versions on objects with requirement rules or applicability lists.

备注

如果之前选择了顶层 Windows 10 平台,则此操作会自动选择所有子平台。If you previously selected the top-level Windows 10 platform, this action automatically selected all child platforms. 不会自动选择此新平台。This new platform isn't automatically selected. 如果要添加“Windows 10 企业版多会话”,请在列表中手动将其选中。If you want to add Windows 10 Enterprise multi-session, manually select it in the list.

有关详细信息,请参阅以下文章:For more information, see the following articles:

受支持的服务器 OS 版本Supported server OS versions

  • Windows Server 2019:标准版、数据中心版注释 1Windows Server 2019: Standard, Datacenter Note 1
    (自 Configuration Manager 版本 1806 起。)(Starting with Configuration Manager version 1806.)

  • Windows Server 2016:标准版、数据中心版注释 1Windows Server 2016: Standard, Datacenter Note 1

  • Windows Storage Server 2016:标准版、工作组版Windows Storage Server 2016: Workgroup, Standard

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (x64):标准版、数据中心版注释 1Windows Server 2012 R2 (x64): Standard, Datacenter Note 1

  • Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 (x64)Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 (x64)

  • Windows Server 2012 (x64):标准版、数据中心版注释 1Windows Server 2012 (x64): Standard, Datacenter Note 1

  • Windows Storage Server 2012 (x64)Windows Storage Server 2012 (x64)

Server CoreServer Core

以下版本专指 OS 的服务器核心安装。The following versions specifically refer to the Server Core installation of the OS. 注 3Note 3

Windows Server 半年频道版本是服务器核心安装,如 Windows Server 版本 1809。Windows Server semi-annual channel versions are Server Core installations, such as Windows Server, version 1809. 作为 Configuration Manager 客户端,它们与相关的 Windows 10 半年频道版本一样受到相同的支持。As a Configuration Manager client, they're supported the same as the associated Windows 10 semi-annual channel version. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Windows 10 支持For more information, see Support for Windows 10.

  • Windows Server 2019 (x64) 注 2Windows Server 2019 (x64) Note 2

  • Windows Server 2016 (x64) 注 2Windows Server 2016 (x64) Note 2

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (x64) 注 2Windows Server 2012 R2 (x64) Note 2

  • Windows Server 2012 (x64) 注 2Windows Server 2012 (x64) Note 2

注释 1Note 1

Configuration Manager 测试并支持 Windows Server Datacenter 版本,但没有 Windows Server 正式认证。Configuration Manager tests and supports Windows Server Datacenter editions, but isn't officially certified for Windows Server. 对于 Windows Server Datacenter Edition 专属问题,我们未提供 Configuration Manager 修补程序支持。Configuration Manager hotfix support isn't offered for issues that are specific to Windows Server Datacenter Edition. 若要详细了解 Windows Server 认证计划,请参阅 Windows Server CatalogFor more information on the Windows Server certification program, see Windows Server Catalog.

注释 2Note 2

若要支持客户端请求安装,请添加文件和存储服务服务器角色的文件服务器服务。To support client push installation, add the File Server service of the File and Storage Services server role. 若要详细了解如何在服务器核心上安装 Windows 功能,请参阅使用 Windows PowerShell cmdlet 安装角色、角色服务和功能For more information about installing Windows features on Server Core, see Install roles, role services, and features by using Windows PowerShell cmdlets.

注释 3Note 3

任何版本的 Windows Server Core 都不支持新的软件中心应用。The new Software Center app isn't supported on any version of Windows Server Core.

Windows Embedded 计算机Windows Embedded computers

通过在设备上安装 Configuration Manager 客户端来管理 Windows Embedded 设备。Manage Windows Embedded devices by installing the Configuration Manager client on the device. 有关详细信息,请参阅规划对 Windows Embedded 设备的客户端部署For more information, see Planning for client deployment to Windows Embedded devices.

要求和限制Requirements and limitations

  • 未启用写入筛选器的 Windows Embedded 系统上支持所有客户端功能。All client features are supported on Windows Embedded systems that don't have write filters enabled.

  • 使用下列其中一项的客户端受除电源管理以外的所有功能支持:Clients that use one of the following are supported for all features except power management:

    • 增强型写入筛选器 (EWF)Enhanced Write Filters (EWF)

    • 基于 RAM 文件的写入筛选器 (FBWF)RAM File-Based Write Filters (FBWF)

    • 统一写入筛选器 (UWF)Unified Write Filters (UWF)

  • 应用程序目录不受任何 Windows Embedded 设备支持。The application catalog isn't supported for any Windows Embedded device.

支持的操作系统版本Supported OS versions

  • Windows 10 企业版(x86、x64)Windows 10 Enterprise (x86, x64)

  • Windows 10 IoT 企业版(x86、x64)Windows 10 IoT Enterprise (x86, x64)
    此版本包括长期服务频道 (LTSC)。This version includes the long-term servicing channel (LTSC). 有关详细信息,请参阅 Windows 10 IoT 企业版概述For more information, see Overview of Windows 10 IoT Enterprise.

  • Windows Embedded 8.1 Industry(x86、x64)Windows Embedded 8.1 Industry (x86, x64)

  • Windows Embedded 8 标准版(x86、x64)Windows Embedded 8 Standard (x86, x64)

  • Windows Thin PC(x86、x64)Windows Thin PC (x86, x64)

  • Windows Embedded POSReady 7(x86、x64)Windows Embedded POSReady 7 (x86, x64)

  • Windows Embedded Standard 7 SP1(x86、x64)Windows Embedded Standard 7 with SP1 (x86, x64)

Windows CE 计算机Windows CE computers

使用 Configuration Manager 附带的 Configuration Manager 移动设备旧客户端管理 Windows CE 设备。Manage Windows CE devices with the Configuration Manager mobile device legacy client that is included with Configuration Manager.

要求和限制Requirements and limitations

  • 安装移动设备客户端需要 0.78 MB 的存储空间。The mobile device client requires 0.78 MB of storage space for installation. 登录可能需要高达 256 KB 的额外存储空间。Sign-in can require up to 256 KB of additional storage space.

  • 这些移动设备的功能因平台和客户端类型而异。Features for these mobile devices vary by platform and client type. 有关支持的管理功能的详细信息,请参阅选择设备管理解决方案For information about which management functions are supported, see Choose a device management solution.

支持的操作系统版本Supported OS versions

  • Windows CE 7.0(ARM 和 x86 处理器)Windows CE 7.0 (ARM and x86 processors)

    重要

    Configuration Manager 版本 2006 不再支持将 Windows CE 7.0 用作客户端。Configuration Manager version 2006 drops support for Windows CE 7.0 as a client. 已在版本 1906 中宣布了弃用。Deprecation was announced with version 1906.

支持的语言包括Supported languages include

  • 中文(简体和繁体)Chinese (simplified and traditional)

  • 英语(美国)English (US)

  • 法语(法国)French (France)

  • 德语German

  • 意大利语Italian

  • 日语Japanese

  • 朝鲜语Korean

  • 葡萄牙语(巴西)Portuguese (Brazil)

  • 俄语Russian

  • 西班牙语(西班牙)Spanish (Spain)

扩展的安全更新和 Configuration ManagerExtended Security Updates and Configuration Manager

如果客户需要运行某些已停止支持的 Microsoft 旧产品,扩展的安全更新 (ESU) 计划则是他们的终极选项。The Extended Security Updates (ESU) program is a last resort option for customers who need to run certain legacy Microsoft products past the end of support. 例如,Windows 7。For example, Windows 7. 它包括关键和/或重要安全更新(相关定义请参见 Microsoft 安全响应中心 (MSRC)),且在超出产品的外延支持结束日期后最多可保存三年。It includes Critical and/or Important security updates (as defined by the Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC)) for a maximum of three years after the product's End of Extended Support date.

不支持将超出其支持生命周期的产品与 Configuration Manager 一起使用。Products that are beyond their support lifecycle aren't supported for use with Configuration Manager. 它包括 ESU 计划包含的所有产品。This includes any products that are covered under the ESU program. 通过 ESU 计划发布的安全更新将发布到 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)。Security updates released under the ESU program will be published to Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). 这些更新将在 Configuration Manager 控制台中显示。These updates will appear in the Configuration Manager console. 尽管不再支持将 ESU 计划包含的产品与 Configuration Manager 一起使用,但仍可使用 Configuration Manager 当前分支的最新版本部署并安装通过此计划发布的 Windows 安全更新。While products that are covered under the ESU program are no longer supported for use with Configuration Manager, the latest released version of Configuration Manager current branch can be used to deploy and install Windows security updates released under the program. 最新发行版还可用于将 Windows 10 部署到运行 Windows 7 的设备。The latest released version can also be used to deploy Windows 10 to devices running Windows 7.

将不再在 ESU 计划包含的操作系统上测试与 Windows 软件更新管理或 OS 部署无关的客户端管理功能,并且不保证它们会继续工作。Client management features not related to Windows software update management or OS deployment will no longer be tested on the operating systems covered under the ESU program and we don't guarantee that they'll continue to function. 强烈建议尽快升级或迁移到操作系统的最新版本,以获得客户端管理支持。It's highly recommended to upgrade or migrate to a current version of the operating systems as soon as possible to receive client management support.

Mac 计算机Mac computers

使用适用于 macOS 的 Configuration Manager 客户端管理 Apple Mac 计算机。Manage Apple Mac computers with the Configuration Manager client for macOS.

macOS 客户端安装包未与 Configuration Manager 媒体一同提供。The macOS client installation package isn't supplied with the Configuration Manager media. 请从 Microsoft 下载中心下载,Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager - macOS 客户端(64 位)Download it from the Microsoft Download Center, Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager - macOS Client (64-bit).

有关详细信息,请参阅如何将客户端部署到 MacFor more information, see How to deploy clients to Macs.

要求和限制Requirements and limitations

  • 不支持在根以外的其他帐户下的计算机上安装或运行适用于 macOS 的 Configuration Manager 客户端。Installing or running the Configuration Manager client for macOS on computers under an account other than root isn't supported. 这样做可能会阻止关键服务正常运行。Doing so can prevent key services from running correctly.

支持的版本Supported versions

  • macOS Catalina (10.15) (需要 Configuration Manager 站点版本 1910 或更高版本,以及针对 macOS 版本 5.0.8742.1000 或更高版本的 Configuration Manager 客户端)macOS Catalina (10.15) (requires Configuration Manager site version 1910 or later, and Configuration Manager client for macOS version 5.0.8742.1000 or later)

  • macOS Mojave (10.14)macOS Mojave (10.14)

  • macOS High Sierra (10.13)macOS High Sierra (10.13)

Linux 和 UNIX 服务器Linux and UNIX servers

重要

Configuration Manager 版本 1902 不再支持将 Linux 和 UNIX 作为客户端。Configuration Manager version 1902 drops support for Linux and UNIX as a client. 已在版本 1802 中宣布弃用。Deprecation was announced with version 1802. 请考虑使用 Microsoft Azure 管理来管理 Linux 服务器。Consider Microsoft Azure Management for managing Linux servers. Azure 解决方案具有广泛的 Linux 支持(包括面向 Linux 的端到端补丁管理),在大多数情况下优于 Configuration Manager 的功能。Azure solutions have extensive Linux support that in most cases exceed Configuration Manager functionality, including end-to-end patch management for Linux.

Linux 和 UNIX 客户端安装包未与 Configuration Manager 媒体一同提供。The Linux and UNIX client installation packages aren't supplied with the Configuration Manager media. 可从 Microsoft 下载中心下载适用于其他操作系统的客户端Download the Clients for Additional Operating Systems from the Microsoft Download Center. 除了客户端安装包,客户端下载内容还包括在每台计算机上管理客户端安装的脚本。In addition to client installation packages, the client download includes the script that manages the installation of the client on each computer.

要求和限制Requirements and limitations

支持的版本Supported versions

使用指示的 .tar 文件,支持以下版本。The following versions are supported by using the indicated .tar file.

AIXAIX

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 6.1(电源)Version 6.1 (Power) ccm-Aix61ppc.<build>.tarccm-Aix61ppc.<build>.tar
版本 7.1(电源)Version 7.1 (Power) ccm-Aix71ppc.<build>.tarccm-Aix71ppc.<build>.tar

CentOSCentOS

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 5 x86Version 5 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 5 x64Version 5 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 6 x86Version 6 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 6 x64Version 6 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 7 x64Version 7 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar

DebianDebian

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 5 x86Version 5 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 5 x64Version 5 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 6 x86Version 6 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 6 x64Version 6 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 7 x86Version 7 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 7 x64Version 7 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 8 x86Version 8 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 8 x64Version 8 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar

HP-UXHP-UX

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 11iv3 IA64Version 11iv3 IA64 ccm-HpuxB.11.31i64.<build>.tarccm-HpuxB.11.31i64.<build>.tar

Oracle LinuxOracle Linux

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 5 x86Version 5 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 5 x64Version 5 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 6 x86Version 6 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 6 x64Version 6 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 7 x64Version 7 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 5 x86Version 5 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 5 x64Version 5 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 6 x86Version 6 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 6 x64Version 6 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 7 x64Version 7 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar

SolarisSolaris

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 10 x86Version 10 x86 ccm-Sol10x86.<build>.tarccm-Sol10x86.<build>.tar
版本 10 SPARCVersion 10 SPARC ccm-Sol10sparc.<build>.tarccm-Sol10sparc.<build>.tar
版本 11 x86Version 11 x86 ccm-Sol11x86.<build>.tarccm-Sol11x86.<build>.tar
版本 11 SPARCVersion 11 SPARC ccm-Sol11sparc.<build>.tarccm-Sol11sparc.<build>.tar

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES)SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES)

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 10 SP1 x86Version 10 SP1 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 10 SP1 x64Version 10 SP1 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 11 SP1 x86Version 11 SP1 x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 11 SP1 x64Version 11 SP1 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 12 x64Version 12 x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar

UbuntuUbuntu

版本Version TAR 文件TAR file
版本 10.04 LTS x86Version 10.04 LTS x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 10.04 LTS x64Version 10.04 LTS x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 12.04 LTS x86Version 12.04 LTS x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 12.04 LTS x64Version 12.04 LTS x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 14.04 LTS x86Version 14.04 LTS x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 14.04 LTS x64Version 14.04 LTS x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar
版本 16.04 LTS x86Version 16.04 LTS x86 ccm-Universalx86.<build>.tarccm-Universalx86.<build>.tar
版本 16.04 LTS x64Version 16.04 LTS x64 ccm-Universalx64.<build>.tarccm-Universalx64.<build>.tar

本地 MDMOn-premises MDM

Configuration Manager 提供内置功能来管理本地移动设备,无需安装客户端软件。Configuration Manager has built-in capabilities for managing mobile devices that are on-premises without installing client software. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用本地基础结构管理移动设备For more information, see Manage mobile devices with on-premises infrastructure.

支持的操作系统Supported operating systems

  • Windows 10 Pro(x86、x64)Windows 10 Pro (x86, x64)

  • Windows 10 Pro Enterprise(x86、x64)Windows 10 Pro Enterprise (x86, x64)

  • Windows 10 IoT 企业版(x86、x64)Windows 10 IoT Enterprise (x86, x64)
    此版本包括长期服务频道 (LTSC)。This version includes the long-term servicing channel (LTSC). 有关详细信息,请参阅 Windows 10 IoT 企业版概述For more information, see Overview of Windows 10 IoT Enterprise.

  • Windows 10 IoT 移动企业版Windows 10 IoT Mobile Enterprise

  • Surface Hub 的 Windows 10 协同版Windows 10 Team for Surface Hub

  • Windows 10 移动版Windows 10 Mobile

  • Windows 10 移动企业版Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise

    重要

    Configuration Manager 版本 2006 不再支持将 Windows 10 移动版和 Windows 10 移动企业版用作客户端。Configuration Manager version 2006 drops support for Windows 10 Mobile and Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise as a client. 已在版本 1906 中宣布了弃用。Deprecation was announced with version 1906.

Exchange Server 连接器Exchange Server connector

Configuration Manager 支持连接到 Exchange Server 的设备的有限管理,无需安装 Configuration Manager 客户端。Configuration Manager supports limited management of devices that connect to your Exchange Server, without installing the Configuration Manager client. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Configuration Manager 和 Exchange 管理移动设备For more information, see Manage mobile devices with Configuration Manager and Exchange.  

受支持的 Exchange Server 版本Supported versions of Exchange Server

  • Exchange Online (Microsoft 365) :此版本包括 Business Productivity Online Standard SuiteExchange Online (Microsoft 365): This version includes Business Productivity Online Standard Suite

  • Exchange Server 2016Exchange Server 2016

  • Exchange Server 2013Exchange Server 2013

  • Exchange Server 2010 SP1Exchange Server 2010 SP2Exchange Server 2010 SP1 or Exchange Server 2010 SP2