升级到 Configuration Manager Current BranchUpgrade to Configuration Manager current branch

适用范围: Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

从运行 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 的站点和层次结构就地升级到 Configuration Manager Current Branch。Do an in-place upgrade to Configuration Manager current branch from a site and hierarchy that runs System Center 2012 Configuration Manager. 在从 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 升级之前,必须准备这些站点。Before upgrading from System Center 2012 Configuration Manager, you must prepare the sites. 此准备工作需要删除可能会阻止成功升级的特定配置。This preparation requires you to remove specific configurations that can prevent a successful upgrade. 如果涉及多个站点,则按升级顺序依次升级。Then follow the upgrade sequence when more than a single site is involved.

提示

管理 Configuration Manager 站点和层次结构基础结构时,术语“升级” 、“更新” 和“安装” 用于描述三种不同概念。When managing Configuration Manager site and hierarchy infrastructure, the terms upgrade, update, and install are used to describe three separate concepts. 若要了解每个术语的使用方法,请参阅有关升级、更新和安装To learn how each term is used, see About upgrade, update, and install.

就地升级路径In-place upgrade paths

以下选项是当前支持的就地升级路径:The following options are the currently supported in-place upgrade paths:

升级到版本 2002Upgrade to version 2002

可以将以下产品升级到 Configuration Manager 的“完全许可”版本(当前分支版本 2002) :You can upgrade the following products to a fully licensed version of Configuration Manager, current branch version 2002:

  • Configuration Manager 的评估版安装(当前分支版本 2002) An evaluation install of Configuration Manager, current branch version 2002
  • System Center 2012 Configuration Manager Service Pack 1System Center 2012 Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1
  • System Center 2012 Configuration Manager Service Pack 2System Center 2012 Configuration Manager with Service Pack 2
  • System Center 2012 R2 Configuration ManagerSystem Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager
  • System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Service Pack 1System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1

有关详细信息,请参阅 Configuration Manager 分支和许可的常见问题解答For more information, see Frequently asked questions for Configuration Manager branches and licensing.

提示

从 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 版本升级到 Current Branch 时,或许能够简化升级过程。When you upgrade from a System Center 2012 Configuration Manager version to current branch, you might be able to streamline your upgrade process. 有关详细信息,请参阅以下内容:For more information, see the following:

不支持的路径Unsupported paths

不支持以下路径:The following paths aren't supported:

  • 不支持将技术预览分支升级到完整许可版安装。It's not supported to upgrade a technical preview branch to a fully licensed installation. 技术预览版只能升级到更高版本的技术预览版。A technical preview version can only upgrade to a later version of the technical preview.

  • 不支持从技术预览版迁移到完整许可版。Migration from a technical preview to a fully licensed version isn't supported.

升级清单Upgrade checklists

下列清单可帮助规划成功升级到 Configuration Manager。The following checklists can help you plan a successful upgrade to Configuration Manager.

升级准备工作Before you upgrade

在升级到 Configuration Manager 之前,请核查以下步骤。Review these steps before you upgrade to Configuration Manager.

检查 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 环境Review your System Center 2012 Configuration Manager environment

解决以下 Microsoft 支持文章中所述的问题:由于重复的重试任务,Configuration Manager 客户端每五个小时重新安装一次,并可能在无意间导致客户端升级Resolve issues as detailed in the following Microsoft Support article: Configuration Manager clients reinstall every five hours because of a recurring retry task and may cause an inadvertent client upgrade.

确保环境满足支持的配置要求Make sure your environment meets the supported configurations

  • 查看正在用于托管站点系统角色的服务器操作系统版本:Review the server OS version in use to host site system roles:

    • System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 支持的某些较旧版本操作系统不受 Configuration Manager Current Branch 支持。Some older operating systems supported by System Center 2012 Configuration Manager aren't supported by Configuration Manager current branch. 在升级之前,请删除这些操作系统版本上的站点系统角色。Before the upgrade, remove site system roles on those OS versions. 有关详细信息,请参阅站点系统服务器支持的操作系统For more information, see Supported operating systems for site system servers.

    • Configuration Manager 的先决条件检查程序不会验证站点服务器或远程站点系统上的站点系统角色的先决条件The prerequisite checker for Configuration Manager doesn't verify the prerequisites for site system roles on the site server or on remote site systems

  • 查看托管站点系统角色的每台计算机必须满足的先决条件。Review required prerequisites for each computer that hosts a site system role. 例如,为了部署操作系统,Configuration Manager 使用 Windows 10 评估和部署工具包 (Windows ADK)。For example, to deploy an OS, Configuration Manager uses the Windows 10 Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK). 运行安装程序之前,必须在站点服务器以及运行 SMS 提供程序实例的每台计算机上下载和安装 Windows 10 ADK。Before you run Setup, you must download and install Windows 10 ADK on the site server and on each computer that runs an instance of the SMS Provider.

有关支持的平台和先决条件配置的详细信息,请参阅支持的配置For more information about supported platforms and prerequisite configurations, see Supported configurations.

有关将 Windows ADK 与 Configuration Manager 搭配使用的详细信息,请参阅操作系统部署的基础架构要求For more information about using the Windows ADK with Configuration Manager, see Infrastructure requirements for OS deployment.

查看站点和层次结构状态,并确认没有未解决的问题Review the site and hierarchy status and verify that there are no unresolved issues

升级站点之前,请解决远程计算机上安装的站点服务器、站点数据库服务器和站点系统角色的所有操作问题。Before you upgrade a site, resolve all operational issues for the site server, the site database server, and site system roles that are installed on remote computers. 由于现有的操作问题,站点升级可能会失败。A site upgrade can fail because of existing operational problems.

为托管站点、站点数据库服务器和远程站点系统角色的计算机上的操作系统安装所有适用的重要更新Install all applicable critical updates for operating systems on computers that host the site, the site database server, and remote site system roles

升级站点之前,请为每个合适的站点系统安装任何关键更新。Before you upgrade a site, install any critical updates for each applicable site system. 如果安装的更新需要重启,请在启动 Service Pack 更新之前重启合适的计算机。If an update that you install requires a restart, restart the applicable computers before you start the service pack update.

卸载 Configuration Manager 不支持的站点系统角色Uninstall the site system roles not supported by Configuration Manager

Configuration Manager 不再使用以下站点系统角色。The following site system roles are no longer used in Configuration Manager. 在从 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 升级之前将其卸载:Uninstall them before you upgrade from System Center 2012 Configuration Manager:

  • 带外管理点Out of Band Management point

  • 系统健康验证程序点System Health Validator point

  • 应用程序目录网站点和 Web 服务点Application catalog website point and web service point

在主站点上禁用管理点的数据库副本Disable database replicas for management points at primary sites

Configuration Manager 无法升级具有管理点数据库副本的主站点。Configuration Manager can't upgrade a primary site that has a database replica for management points. 禁用数据库复制,然后:Disable database replication before you:

  • 创建站点数据库的备份以测试数据库升级Create a backup of the site database to test the database upgrade

  • 将生产站点升级到 Configuration Manager Current BranchUpgrade the production site to Configuration Manager current branch

有关详细信息,请参阅下列文章:For more information, see the following articles:

重新配置使用 NLB 的软件更新点Reconfigure software update points that use NLB

Configuration Manager 无法升级使用网络负载均衡 (NLB) 群集来托管软件更新点的站点。Configuration Manager can't upgrade a site that uses a Network Load Balancing (NLB) cluster to host software update points.

如果为软件更新点使用 NLB 群集,请使用 PowerShell 删除 NLB 群集。If you use NLB clusters for software update points, use PowerShell to remove the NLB cluster. (从 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP1 开始,Configuration Manager 控制台中不再有配置 NLB 群集的选项。)(Beginning with System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP1, there was no option in the Configuration Manager console to configure an NLB cluster.)

在该站点的升级过程中,禁用每个站点上的所有站点维护任务Disable all site maintenance tasks at each site for the duration of that site's upgrade

在升级到 Configuration Manager 之前,请禁用可能会在升级过程进行时运行的任何站点维护任务。Before you upgrade to Configuration Manager, disable any site maintenance tasks that might run during the time the upgrade process is active. 此列表包括但不限于以下任务:This list includes but isn't limited to the following tasks:

  • 备份站点服务器Backup Site Server
  • 删除过期的客户端操作Delete Aged Client Operations
  • 删除过期的发现数据Delete Aged Discovery Data

如果站点数据库维护任务在升级过程中运行,站点升级可能会失败。If a site database maintenance task runs during the upgrade process, the site upgrade can fail.

在禁用任务之前,请记录该任务的计划,以便能够在站点升级完成后恢复其配置。Before you disable a task, record the schedule of the task so you can restore its configuration after the site upgrade completes.

有关站点维护任务的详细信息,请参阅以下文章:For more information about site maintenance tasks, see the following articles:

运行安装程序先决条件检查程序Run setup prerequisite checker

在升级站点之前,请运行独立于安装程序的“先决条件检查程序”,验证站点是否满足先决条件 。Before you upgrade a site, run the Prerequisite Checker independently from setup to validate that your site meets the prerequisites. 稍后升级该站点时会再次运行先决条件检查程序。Later, when you upgrade the site, prerequisite checker runs again.

独立的先决条件检查会对要升级到 Configuration Manager 的 Current Branch 和 Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) 的站点进行评估。The independent prerequisite check evaluates the site for upgrade to both the current branch and the long-term servicing branch (LTSB) of Configuration Manager. 由于 LTSB 不支持某些功能,在 ConfigMgrPrereq.log 中可能会看到以下类似条目:Because some features aren't supported by the LTSB, you might see entries in the ConfigMgrPrereq.log that are like the following examples:

  • INFO: The site is a LTSB edition.
  • Unsupported site system role 'Asset Intelligence synchronization point' for the LTSB edition; Error; Configuration Manager has detected that the 'Asset Intelligence synchronization point' is installed. Asset Intelligence is not supported on the LTSB edition. You must uninstall the Asset Intelligence synchronization point site system role before you can continue.

如果计划升级到 Current Branch,可以安全地忽略 LTSB 版本的错误。If you plan to upgrade to the current branch, errors for the LTSB edition can be safely ignored. 如果计划升级到 LTSB 才适用。They only apply if you plan to upgrade to the LTSB.

稍后当你运行 Configuration Manager 安装程序以执行升级时,将再次运行先决条件检查。Later, when you run Configuration Manager setup to do the upgrade, the prerequisite check runs again. 它会根据选择安装的 Configuration Manager 的分支(Current Branch 或 LTSB)评估你的站点。It evaluates your site based on the branch of Configuration Manager you choose to install (current branch, or LTSB). 如果选择升级到 Current Branch,则不会对 LTSB 不支持的功能运行检查。If you choose to upgrade to the current branch, it doesn't run the check for features that aren't supported by the LTSB.

有关详细信息,请参阅先决条件检查程序先决条件检查列表For more information, see the Prerequisite checker and List of prerequisite checks.

下载 Configuration Manager 的先决条件文件和可再发行文件Download prerequisite files and redistributable files for Configuration Manager

使用安装程序下载程序 下载 Configuration Manager 的先决条件可再发行文件、语言包和最新产品更新。Use Setup Downloader to download prerequisite redistributable files, language packs, and the latest product updates for Configuration Manager.

有关信息,请参阅安装程序下载程序For information, see Setup Downloader.

计划管理服务器和客户端语言Plan to manage server and client languages

当站点升级时,站点升级仅安装在升级过程中选择的语言包版本。When you upgrade a site, the site upgrade installs only the language pack versions you select during the upgrade.

  • 安装程序将查看你的站点的当前语言配置。Setup reviews the current language configuration of your site. 随后将识别在存储以前下载的先决条件文件的文件夹中提供的语言包。It then identifies the language packs that are available in the folder where you store previously downloaded prerequisite files.

  • 可以确认选择的当前服务器和客户端语言包,或者更改选择以添加或删除语言支持。You can affirm the selection of the current server and client language packs, or change the selections to add or remove support for languages.

  • 只能选择在运行安装程序时可用的语言包。Only language packs that are available when you run Setup can be selected.

备注

不能使用 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 的语言包为 Configuration Manager Current Branch 站点启用语言。You can't use the language packs from System Center 2012 Configuration Manager to enable languages for a Configuration Manager current branch site.

有关语言包的详细信息,请参阅语言包For more information about language packs, see Language packs.

查看站点升级注意事项Review considerations for site upgrades

升级站点时,某些功能和配置会重置为默认配置。When you upgrade a site, some features and configurations reset to a default configuration. 若要帮助准备这些更改以及相关更改,请参阅升级注意事项To help you prepare for these and related changes, see Considerations for upgrading.

在管理中心站点和主站点上创建站点数据库备份Create a backup of the site database at the central administration site and primary sites

升级站点之前,请备份站点数据库,以确保具有用于灾难恢复的成功备份。Before you upgrade a site, back up the site database to make sure that you have a successful backup to use for disaster recovery.

有关详细信息,请参阅备份和恢复For more information, see Backup and recovery.

备份自定义 Configuration.mof 文件Back up a customized configuration.mof file

如果使用自定义 Configuration.mof 文件定义与硬件清单一起使用的数据类,请创建此文件的备份。If you use a customized configuration.mof file to define data classes you use with hardware inventory, create a backup of this file. 升级之后,将此文件还原到你的站点。After the upgrade, restore this file to your site. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何扩展硬件清单For more information, see How to extend hardware inventory.

在最近的站点数据库备份副本上测试数据库升级过程Test the database upgrade process on a copy of the most recent site database backup

在升级 Configuration Manager 管理中心站点或主站点之前,请对站点数据库的副本测试站点数据库升级过程。Before you upgrade a Configuration Manager central administration site or primary site, test the site database upgrade process on a copy of the site database.

  • 测试站点数据库升级过程。Test the site database upgrade process. 升级站点时,可能会修改站点数据库。When you upgrade a site, the site database might be modified.

  • 虽然测试数据库升级不是必需的,但可以在生产数据库受到影响之前先行确定升级的问题Although testing the database upgrade isn't required, it can identify problems for the upgrade before your production database is affected

  • 失败的站点数据库升级可能会使站点数据库无法运行,并且可能需要进行站点恢复以还原功能A failed site database upgrade can render your site database inoperable and might require a site recovery to restore functionality

  • 虽然在层次结构的站点之间共享了站点数据库,但是,请在升级每个合适的站点之前计划在该站点上测试数据库Although the site database is shared between sites in a hierarchy, plan to test the database at each applicable site before you upgrade that site

  • 如果在主站点上对管理点使用数据库副本,请在创建站点数据库备份之前禁用复制If you use database replicas for management points at a primary site, disable replication before you create the backup of the site database

Configuration Manager 不支持辅助站点备份,也不支持辅助站点数据库的测试升级。Configuration Manager doesn't support the backup of secondary sites, or the test upgrade of a secondary site database.

不支持在生产站点数据库上运行测试数据库升级。It's not supported to run a test database upgrade on the production site database. 执行此操作会升级站点数据库,并可能导致你的站点无法运行。Doing so upgrades the site database and could render your site inoperable.

有关详细信息,请参阅 测试站点数据库升级For more information, see Test the site database upgrade.

重启站点服务器和托管站点系统角色的每台计算机Restart the site server and each computer that hosts a site system role

执行此操作以确保更新的最新安装或先决条件没有挂起操作。Do this action to make sure there are no pending actions from a recent installation of updates or from prerequisites.

升级站点Upgrade sites

从层次结构的顶层站点开始,运行 Configuration Manager 源媒体中的 Setup.exe。Starting at the top-level site in the hierarchy, run Setup.exe from the Configuration Manager source media.

在顶层站点升级之后,可以开始升级每个子站点。After the top-level site upgrades, you can begin the upgrade of each child site. 请先完成每个站点的升级,然后开始升级下一个站点。Complete the upgrade of each site before you begin to upgrade the next site.

在层次结构中的所有站点均升级到 Configuration Manager 之前,层次结构将在混合版本模式下运行。Until all sites in your hierarchy upgrade to Configuration Manager, your hierarchy operates in a mixed version mode.

有关如何运行升级的信息,请参阅升级站点For information about how to run upgrade, see Upgrade sites.

升级后续工作After you upgrade

在升级到 Configuration Manager 之后,请核查以下步骤。Review these steps after you upgrade to Configuration Manager.

升级独立的 Configuration Manager 控制台Upgrade stand-alone Configuration Manager consoles

默认情况下,在升级管理中心站点或主站点时,安装过程也会升级站点服务器上安装的 Configuration Manager 控制台。By default, when you upgrade a central administration site or primary site, the installation also upgrades the Configuration Manager console that's installed on the site server. 手动升级安装在非站点服务器的计算机上的每个控制台。Manually upgrade each console that's installed on a computer other than the site server.

提示

在开始升级之前,关闭每个打开的控制台。Close each open console before you start the upgrade.

有关详细信息,请参阅安装 Configuration Manager 控制台For more information, see Install Configuration Manager consoles.

为主站点上的管理点重新配置数据库副本Reconfigure database replicas for management points at primary sites

如果将数据库副本用于主站点中的管理点,请先卸载数据库副本,再升级站点。If you use database replicas for management points at primary sites, uninstall the database replicas before you upgrade the site. 升级主站点之后,为管理点重新配置数据库副本。After you upgrade a primary site, reconfigure the database replica for management points.

有关详细信息,请参阅管理点的数据库副本For more information, see Database replicas for management points.

重新配置在升级前禁用的任何数据库维护任务Reconfigure any database maintenance tasks you disabled before the upgrade

如果升级之前在站点上禁用了数据库维护任务,请使用与升级之前存在的相同设置在站点上重新配置这些任务。If you disabled database maintenance tasks at a site before the upgrade, reconfigure those tasks at the site using the same settings that were in place before the upgrade.

升级客户端Upgrade clients

所有站点都升级到 Configuration Manager 后,可计划升级客户端。After all your sites upgrade to Configuration Manager, plan to upgrade clients.

升级客户端时,会卸载当前的客户端软件,然后安装新的客户端软件版本。When you upgrade a client, the current client software is uninstalled and the new client software version is installed. 可以使用 Configuration Manager 支持的任何方法来升级客户端。To upgrade clients, you can use any method that Configuration Manager supports.

提示

在升级层次结构的顶层站点时,也会更新层次结构中的每个分发点上的客户端安装包。When you upgrade the top-level site of a hierarchy, the client installation package on each distribution point in the hierarchy is also updated. 升级主站点时,会更新该主站点提供的客户端升级包。When you upgrade a primary site, the client upgrade package that's available from that primary site is updated.

有关详细信息,请参阅如何升级 Windows 计算机的客户端For more information, see How to upgrade clients for Windows computers.

升级注意事项Considerations for upgrading

自动操作Automatic actions

升级到 Configuration Manager 时,会自动执行下列操作:When you upgrade to Configuration Manager, the following actions occur automatically:

  • 站点重置。A site reset. 此操作包括重新安装所有站点系统角色。This action includes a reinstallation of all site system roles.

  • 如果站点是层次结构的顶层站点,则会更新层次结构中的每个分发点上的客户端安装包。If the site is the top-level site of a hierarchy, it updates the client installation package on each distribution point in the hierarchy. 站点还会更新默认启动映像以使用 Windows 评估和部署工具包 10 随附的新 Windows PE 版本。The site also updates the default boot images to use the new Windows PE version that's included with the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit 10. 但是,升级操作不会升级现有媒体以用于映像部署。However, the upgrade doesn't upgrade existing media for use with image deployment.

  • 如果站点是主站点,则会更新该站点的客户端升级包。If the site is a primary site, it updates the client upgrade package for that site.

升级后的手动操作Manual actions after an upgrade

升级站点后,请务必执行下列操作:After you upgrade a site, make sure that you do the following actions:

  • 确保分配到每个主站点的客户端都升级并安装新客户端版本Make sure that clients assigned to each primary site upgrade and install the new client version

  • 升级连接到站点以及在远离站点服务器的计算机上运行的每个 Configuration Manager 控制台Upgrade each Configuration Manager console that connects to the site and that runs on a computer that is remote from the site server

  • 在将数据库副本用于管理点的主站点中,重新配置数据库副本At primary sites where you use database replicas for management points, reconfigure the database replicas

  • 站点升级后,手动升级 CD、DVD 或 U 盘的物理媒体(如 ISO 文件)。After the site upgrades, manually upgrade physical media like ISO files for CDs, DVDs, or USB flash drives. 还包括提供给硬件供应商的预留媒体。It also includes prestaged media provided to hardware vendors. 站点升级可更新默认启动映像,但它不能升级在 Configuration Manager 以外使用的这些媒体文件或设备。The site upgrade updates the default boot images, it can't upgrade these media files or devices used external to Configuration Manager.

  • 计划在不需要较低版本的 Windows PE 时更新自定义启动映像。Plan to update custom boot images when you don't require the older version of Windows PE.

影响配置和设置的操作Actions that affect configurations and settings

在站点升级到 Configuration Manager 时,某些配置和设置在升级后将不再存在。When a site upgrades to Configuration Manager, some configurations and settings don't persist after the upgrade. 某些配置设置为新的默认配置。Some configurations are set to a new default. 以下列表包含一些不再存在或发生更改的设置:The following list includes some settings that don't persist or that change:

  • 软件中心Software Center
    下列软件中心项目被重置为它们的默认值:The following Software Center items are reset to their default values:

    • “工作信息”被重置为周一到周五从“凌晨 5:00”到“晚上 10:00”的营业时间 。Work information is reset to business hours from 5:00am to 10:00pm Monday to Friday.

    • “计算机维护” 的值被设置为“当我的计算机处于演示模式时暂停软件中心活动” 。The value for Computer maintenance is set to Suspend Software Center activities when my computer is in presentation mode.

    • “远程控制” 的值被设置为分配到计算机的客户端设置中的值。The value for Remote control is set to the value in the client settings that are assigned to the computer.

  • 软件更新摘要计划:软件更新或软件更新组的自定义摘要计划被重置为默认值(1 小时)。Software update summarization schedules: Custom summarization schedules for software updates or software update groups are reset to the default value of 1 hour. 升级完成后,请将自定义摘要值重置为所需的频率。After the upgrade finishes, reset custom summarization values to the required frequency.

测试站点数据库升级Test the site database upgrade

以下信息仅适用于将先前版本(如 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager)升级到 Configuration Manager Current Branch。The following information applies only when you're upgrading a prior version like System Center 2012 Configuration Manager to Configuration Manager current branch.

在升级站点之前,请针对升级测试该站点的数据库副本。Before you upgrade a site, test a copy of that site's database for the upgrade.

若要针对升级测试数据库,请首先将站点数据库的副本还原到未托管 Configuration Manager 站点的 SQL Server 实例。To test the database for an upgrade, you first restore a copy of the site database to an instance of SQL Server that doesn't host a Configuration Manager site. 用于托管数据库副本的 SQL Server 版本必须是 Configuration Manager 支持的 SQL Server 版本。The version of SQL Server that you use to host the database copy must be a version of SQL Server that Configuration Manager supports.

在还原站点数据库之后,在 SQL Server 计算机上,从 Configuration Manager 的源媒体文件夹中运行 Configuration Manager 安装程序。After you restore the site database, on the SQL Server computer, run Configuration Manager Setup from the source media folder for Configuration Manager. 使用 /TESTDBUPGRADE 命令行选项。Use the /TESTDBUPGRADE command-line option.

有关详细信息,请参阅下列文章:For more information, see the following articles:

提示

如果将 Microsoft Intune 与 Configuration Manager 集成:If you integrate Microsoft Intune with Configuration Manager:

当你对已有 5 天或超过 5 天的站点数据库副本运行测试数据库升级时,可能会收到以下其中一条消息:When you run a test database upgrade on copy of the site database that is 5 or more days old, you might receive one of the following messages:

  • 警告:升级将强制完全同步到云。WARN: Upgrade will force full sync to cloud.
  • 错误:数据库升级将强制完全同步到云。ERROR: Database upgrade will force full sync to cloud.

这两种情况都可以在测试数据库升级的过程中被安全地忽略。Both can be safely ignored during the testing of a database upgrade. 它们并未指明测试升级失败或出现问题。They don't indicate a failure or problem with the test upgrade. 相反,它们会指出在实际升级期间,来自数据库复制组的数据可能会与 Microsoft Intune 同步。Instead, they indicate that during the actual upgrade, data from the Cloud database replication group might synchronize with Microsoft Intune.

测试要升级的站点数据库Test a site database for upgrade

在计划升级的每个管理中心站点和主站点上使用下列过程:Use the following procedure on each central administration site and primary site that you plan to upgrade:

  1. 创建站点数据库的副本。Make a copy of the site database. 然后将该副本还原到 SQL Server 的实例,该实例使用与站点数据库相同的版本,并且未托管 Configuration Manager 站点。Then restore that copy to an instance of SQL Server that uses the same edition as your site database, and that doesn't host a Configuration Manager site. 例如,站点数据库运行在 SQL Server 的 Enterprise Edition 实例上,请确保将数据库还原到也运行 SQL Server Enterprise Edition 的 SQL Server 实例。For example, if the site database runs on an instance of the Enterprise edition of SQL Server, make sure you restore the database to an instance of SQL Server that also runs the Enterprise edition of SQL Server.

  2. 还原数据库副本之后,请从 Configuration Manager Current Branch 的源媒体中运行安装程序。After you restore the database copy, run Setup from the source media for Configuration Manager current branch. 运行安装程序时,使用 /TESTDBUPGRADE 命令行选项。When you run Setup, use the /TESTDBUPGRADE command-line option. 如果托管数据库副本的 SQL Server 实例不是默认实例,还请提供命令行参数以确定托管站点数据库副本的实例。If the SQL Server instance that hosts the database copy isn't the default instance, also provide the command-line arguments to identify the instance that hosts the site database copy.

    例如,你计划升级数据库名称为 SMS_ABC 的站点数据库。For example, you plan to upgrade a site database with the database name SMS_ABC. 你将此站点数据库的副本还原到实例名称为 DBTest 的受支持 SQL Server 实例。You restore a copy of this site database to a supported instance of SQL Server with the instance name DBTest. 若要测试此站点数据库副本的升级,请使用下列命令行:Setup.exe /TESTDBUPGRADE DBtest\CM_ABCTo test an upgrade of this copy of the site database, use the following command line: Setup.exe /TESTDBUPGRADE DBtest\CM_ABC

    Setup.exe 在 Configuration Manager 源媒体上位于以下位置:SMSSETUP\BIN\X64Setup.exe is in the following location on the Configuration Manager source media: SMSSETUP\BIN\X64

  3. 在运行数据库升级测试的 SQL Server 实例上,监视系统驱动器根目录中的 ConfigMgrSetup.log 以了解进度和成功情况。On the instance of SQL Server where you run the database upgrade test, monitor the ConfigMgrSetup.log in the root of the system drive for progress and success:

    • 如果测试升级失败,请解决与站点数据库升级失败相关的任何问题。If the test upgrade fails, resolve any issues related to the site database upgrade failure. 然后,新建站点数据库的备份并测试站点数据库的新副本升级。Then create a new backup of the site database, and test the upgrade of the new copy of the site database.

    • 过程成功完成后,你可以删除该数据库副本。After the process is successful, you can delete the database copy.

      备注

      不支持还原用于测试升级的站点数据库的副本以用作任何站点上的站点数据库。It's not supported to restore the copy of the site database that you use for the test upgrade for use as a site database at any site.

成功升级站点数据库的副本后,请继续执行 Configuration Manager 站点及其站点数据库的升级。After you successfully upgrade a copy of the site database, continue with the upgrade of the Configuration Manager site and its site database.

升级站点Upgrade sites

完成以下任务后,即已准备好升级 Configuration Manager 站点:You're ready to upgrade your Configuration Manager site after you complete the following tasks:

  • 站点升级前配置Pre-upgrade configurations for your site
  • 在数据库副本上测试站点数据库升级Test the upgrade of the site database on a database copy
  • 下载你打算安装的版本的先决条件文件和语言包Download prerequisite files and language packs for the version that you plan to install

在升级层次结构中的站点时,将会先升级层次结构的顶层站点。When you upgrade a site in a hierarchy, you upgrade the top-level site of the hierarchy first. 此顶层站点是管理中心站点或独立主站点。This top-level site is either a central administration site or a stand-alone primary site. 管理中心站点的升级完成后,可以按任何所需顺序升级子主站点。After you complete the upgrade of a central administration site, you can upgrade child primary sites in any order that you want. 升级主站点之后,可以升级该站点的子辅助站点,或在升级任何辅助站点之前升级其他主站点。After you upgrade a primary site, you can upgrade that site's child secondary sites, or upgrade additional primary sites before you upgrade any secondary sites.

若要升级管理中心站点或主站点,请从 Configuration Manager 源媒体中运行安装程序。To upgrade a central administration site or primary site, run Setup from the Configuration Manager source media. 不要运行该安装程序来升级辅助站点。Don't run Setup to upgrade secondary sites. 相反,请使用 Configuration Manager 控制台在完成辅助站点的主父站点的升级之后升级该辅助站点。Instead, you use the Configuration Manager console to upgrade a secondary site after you complete the upgrade of its primary parent site.

在升级站点之前,请关闭站点服务器上的 Configuration Manager 控制台,直至站点升级完成。Before you upgrade a site, close the Configuration Manager console on the site server until after the site upgrade is completed. 还要关闭在站点服务器以外的计算机上运行的每个 Configuration Manager 控制台。Also, close each Configuration Manager console that runs on computers other than the site server. 站点升级完成后,你可以重新连接控制台。You can reconnect the console after the site upgrade is completed. 但是,在将 Configuration Manager 控制台升级到其新版本之前,该控制台无法显示 Configuration Manager 新版本中提供的某些对象和信息。However, until you upgrade a Configuration Manager console to the new version of Configuration Manager, that console can't display some objects and information that are available in new version of Configuration Manager.

升级管理中心站点或主站点Upgrade a central administration site or primary site

  1. 验证运行安装程序的用户是否具有以下安全权限:Verify that the user who runs Setup has the following security rights:

    • 站点服务器上的本地“管理员” 权限Local Administrator rights on the site server

    • 如果站点数据库服务器是站点服务器的远程服务器,则为该服务器上的本地“管理员” 权限。If the site database server is remote from the site server, local Administrator rights on it.

  2. 在站点服务器上,打开以下程序:<ConfigMgSourceMedia>\SMSSETUP\BIN\X64\Setup.exeOn the site server, open the following program: <ConfigMgSourceMedia>\SMSSETUP\BIN\X64\Setup.exe. 此操作将打开 Configuration Manager 安装向导。This action opens the Configuration Manager Setup wizard.

  3. 阅读“准备工作” 页上的信息,并选择“下一步” 。Read the information on the Before You Begin page, and then select Next.

  4. 在“入门” 页上,选择“升级此 Configuration Manager 站点” ,然后选择“下一步” 。On the Getting Started page, select Upgrade this Configuration Manager site, and then select Next.

  5. “产品密钥” 页:On the Product Key page:

    如果以前安装了 Configuration Manager 评估版,则可以选择“安装此产品的许可版本” 。If you previously installed Configuration Manager Evaluation, you can select Install the licensed edition of this product. 然后输入 Configuration Manager 的完整安装产品密钥。Then enter your product key for the full installation of Configuration Manager. 此操作将站点转换为完整版。This action converts the site to the full version.

    还可以指定许可协议的“软件保障到期日期” ,方便向你提醒该日期。You can also specify the Software Assurance expiration date of your licensing agreement as a convenient reminder to you of that date. 如果在设置期间未输入此值,则稍后可在 Configuration Manager 控制台中指定。If you don't enter this value during setup, you can specify it later from within the Configuration Manager console.

    备注

    Microsoft 不会验证所输入的到期日期,且不会使用此日期验证许可证。Microsoft doesn't validate the expiration date you entered, and won't use this date for license validation. 可以使用该日期作为到期日期提醒。You can use it as a reminder of your expiration date. Configuration Manager 会定期检查在线提供的新软件更新,而软件保障许可证应为最新状态,才有资格使用这些额外的更新。Configuration Manager periodically checks for new software updates offered online and your software assurance license status should be current to be eligible to use these additional updates.

    有关详细信息,请参阅许可和分支For more information, see Licensing and branches.

  6. 在“Microsoft 软件许可条款” 页上,阅读并接受许可条款,然后选择“下一步” 。On the Microsoft Software License Terms page, read and accept the license terms, and then select Next.

  7. 在“先决条件许可” 页上,阅读并接受先决条件软件许可条款,然后选择“下一页” 。On the Prerequisite Licenses page, read and accept the license terms for the prerequisite software, and then select Next. 安装程序将在必需时下载该软件并将其自动安装到站点系统或客户端上。Setup downloads and automatically installs the software on site systems or clients when it's required. 在可以继续进入到下一页之前,同意所有条款。Before you can continue to the next page, agree to all terms.

  8. 在“先决条件下载” 页上,指定安装程序是从 Internet 下载最新的内容还是使用以前下载的文件。On the Prerequisite Downloads page, specify whether Setup downloads the latest content from the internet or use previously downloaded files. 此内容包括先决条件可再发行文件、语言包以及最新产品更新。This content includes prerequisite redistributable files, language packs, and the latest product updates. 如果以前通过使用安装程序下载程序下载了文件,请选择“使用以前下载的文件” 并指定下载文件夹。If you previously downloaded the files by using Setup Downloader, select Use previously downloaded files and specify the download folder. 有关详细信息,请参阅安装程序下载程序For more information, see Setup Downloader.

    备注

    在使用以前下载的文件时,请验证下载文件夹的路径是否包含文件的最新版本。When you use previously downloaded files, verify that the path to the download folder contains the most recent version of the files.

  9. 在“服务器语言选择” 页上,查看当前为站点安装的语言的列表。On the Server Language Selection page, view the list of languages that are currently installed for the site. 选择此站点上可用于 Configuration Manager 控制台和报表的其他语言。Select additional languages that are available at this site for the Configuration Manager console and for reports. 还可清除不再希望在此站点上支持的语言。You can also clear languages that you no longer want to support at this site. 默认情况下,“英语”处于选定状态,并且无法删除。By default, English is selected and can't be removed.

    重要

    每个版本的 Configuration Manager 都不能使用其之前版本的 Configuration Manager 的语言包。Each version of Configuration Manager can't use language packs from a prior version of Configuration Manager. 若要启用对所升级的 Configuration Manager 站点上的某种语言的支持,必须使用该新版本的语言包版本。To enable support for a language at a Configuration Manager site that you upgrade, you must use the version of the language pack for that new version. 例如,在从 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 升级到 Configuration Manager Current Branch 的过程中,如果语言包的 Current Branch 版本不适用于所下载的先决条件文件,则无法安装对该语言的支持。For example, during upgrade from System Center 2012 Configuration Manager to Configuration Manager current branch, if the current branch version of a language pack isn't available with the prerequisite files you download, you can't install support for that language.

  10. 在“客户端语言选择” 页上,查看当前为站点安装的语言的列表。On the Client Language Selection page, view the list of languages that are currently installed for the site. 为客户端计算机选择此站点上可用的其他语言,或清除不再希望在此站点上支持的语言。Select additional languages that are available at this site for client computers, or clear languages that you no longer want to support at this site. 指定是否为移动设备客户端启用所有客户端语言,然后单击“下一步” 。Specify whether to enable all client languages for mobile device clients, and then click Next. 默认情况下,“英语”处于选定状态,并且无法删除。By default, English is selected and can't be removed.

  11. 在“设置摘要” 页上,查看配置。On the Settings Summary page, review the configuration. 准备好后,选择“下一步” 启动先决条件检查程序,针对站点升级验证服务器准备情况。When you're ready, select Next to start Prerequisite Checker to verify server readiness for the upgrade of the site.

  12. 在“先决条件安装检查” 页上,如果未列出任何问题,请选择“下一步” 以升级站点和站点系统角色。On the Prerequisite Installation Check page, if there are no problems listed, select Next to upgrade the site and site system roles.

    如果先决条件检查程序发现问题,请选择列表上的项目以了解有关如何解决该问题的详细信息。If Prerequisite Checker finds a problem, select an item on the list for details about how to resolve the problem. 在继续安装程序之前,请解决列表中状态为“错误” 的所有项目。Resolve all items in the list that have an Error status before you continue Setup. 解决问题之后,单击“运行检查” 以重启先决条件检查。After you resolve the issue, click Run Check to restart prerequisite checking. 你也可以打开系统驱动器根目录中的 ConfigMgrPrereq.log 文件以查看先决条件检查程序结果。You can also open the ConfigMgrPrereq.log file in the root of the system drive to review the Prerequisite Checker results. 日志文件可以包含用户界面上未显示的额外信息。The log file can contain additional information that's not displayed in the user interface. 有关安装先决条件规则和说明的列表,请参阅先决条件检查程序For a list of installation prerequisite rules and descriptions, see Prerequisite Checker.

在“升级” 页上,安装程序将显示总体进度状态。On the Upgrade page, Setup displays the overall progress status. 当安装程序完成核心站点服务器和站点系统安装时,你可以关闭向导。When Setup completes the core site server and site system installation, you can close the wizard. 站点配置将在后台继续进行。Site configuration continues in the background.

升级辅助站点Upgrade a secondary site

  1. 验证运行安装程序的管理用户是否具有以下安全权限:Verify that the administrative user that runs Setup has the following security rights:

    • 辅助站点服务器上的本地“管理员” 权限Local Administrator rights on the secondary site server

    • 父主站点上的“基础结构管理员” 或“完全权限管理员” 安全角色Infrastructure Administrator or Full Administrator security role on the parent primary site

    • 辅助站点的站点数据库上的系统管理员 (SA ) 权限System administrator (SA) rights on the site database of the secondary site

  2. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,转到“管理”工作区,展开“站点配置”,然后选择“站点”节点 。In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Administration workspace, expand Site Configuration, and then select the Sites node.

  3. 选择要升级的辅助站点。Select the secondary site that you want to upgrade. 在功能区的“主页” 选项卡上,在“站点” 组中,选择“升级” 。On the Home tab of the ribbon, in the Site group, select Upgrade.

  4. 选择“是” 以确认决定,并开始升级辅助站点。Select Yes to confirm the decision, and to start the upgrade of the secondary site.

辅助站点升级在后台运行。The secondary site upgrade runs in the background. 升级完成后,在 Configuration Manager 控制台中确认状态。After the upgrade is complete, confirm the status in the Configuration Manager console. 选择辅助站点服务器,然后在功能区的“主页” 选项卡上,在“站点” 组中,选择“显示安装状态” 。Select the secondary site server, then on the Home tab of the ribbon, in the Site group, select Show Install Status.

升级后任务Post-upgrade tasks

升级站点后,可能必须完成额外任务才能完成升级或重新配置站点。After you upgrade a site, you might have to complete additional tasks to finish the upgrade or reconfigure the site. 这些任务可包括以下项:These tasks can include the following items:

  • 升级 Configuration Manager 客户端Upgrade Configuration Manager clients
  • 升级 Configuration Manager 控制台Upgrade Configuration Manager consoles
  • 为管理点重新启用数据库副本Re-enable database replicas for management points
  • 还原你使用的且升级后不再存在的 Configuration Manager 功能的设置Restore settings for Configuration Manager functionality that you use and that doesn't persist after the upgrade