关于桌面分析中的部署计划About deployment plans in Desktop Analytics

桌面分析收集并分析组织中的设备、应用程序和驱动程序数据。Desktop Analytics collects and analyzes device, application, and driver data in your organization. 根据此分析和你的输入,你可以使用该服务创建适用于 Windows 10 的部署计划。Based on this analysis and your input, you can use the service to create deployment plans for Windows 10. 部署计划具有以下功能:Deployment plans have the following features:

  • 自动建议在试点中包含哪些设备Automatically recommend which devices to include in pilots

  • 确定兼容性问题和建议缓解措施Identify compatibility issues and suggest mitigations

  • 在更新前、更新期间和更新后评估部署的运行状况Assess the health of the deployment before, during, and after updates

  • 跟踪部署的进度Track the progress of your deployment

作为部署计划的一部分,你可以执行以下操作:As part of your deployment plan, you do the following actions:

  • 定义要部署的 Windows 10 版本Define what versions of Windows 10 you want to deploy

  • 选择要部署到的设备组Choose what groups of devices to which you want to deploy

  • 为部署创建就绪规则Create readiness rules for the deployment

  • 定义应用的重要性Define the importance of your apps

  • 根据自动建议选择试点设备Choose pilot devices based on automatic recommendations

  • 根据桌面分析中的建议确定如何解决应用的问题Decide how to fix issues with apps based on recommendations from Desktop Analytics

默认情况下,桌面分析每日刷新部署计划数据。By default, Desktop Analytics refreshes deployment plan data daily. 在部署计划中所做的任何更改(例如,将重要性分配给应用或选择要在试点中包含的设备)需要多达 24 小时才能完成处理。Any changes you make within a deployment plan, such as assigning importance to an app or choosing a device to include in a pilot, takes up to 24 hours to process. 若要加快此过程,可请求按需进行数据刷新。To speed up this process, request an on-demand data refresh. 有关详细信息,请参阅桌面分析常见问题For more information, see Desktop Analytics FAQ.

将桌面分析连接到 Configuration Manager 后,在部署计划中选择集合。After connecting Desktop Analytics to Configuration Manager, select your collections in the deployment plans. 此集成使你能够根据桌面分析数据将 Windows 部署到集合。This integration then lets you deploy Windows to a collection based on the Desktop Analytics data.

部署计划支持面向三个最新的 Windows 10 版本。Deployment plans support targeting the three most recent Windows 10 versions. 桌面分析将在新版 Windows 10 推出后的 45天内添加相应支持。Desktop Analytics will add support for a new Windows 10 version within 45 days after it's available. 此时,服务也将删除最早的版本。At that time, the service will also drop the oldest version. 你将无法使用面向最早版本的任何部署计划。You won't be able to use any deployment plans that target the oldest version. 如果你有面向桌面分析中最早支持版本的任何持续部署计划,请在新版 Windows 10 推出后的 45 天内完成部署。If you have any ongoing deployment plans that target the oldest supported version in Desktop Analytics, complete the deployment within 45 days after a new windows 10 version is available.

就绪规则Readiness rules

部署计划中提供了以下就绪规则:The following readiness rules are available in deployment plans:

  • 设备是否自动从 Windows 更新接收驱动程序。Whether your devices automatically receive drivers from Windows Update. 如果设备从 Windows 更新接收驱动程序更新,则在就绪评估过程中确定的任何驱动程序问题都将自动标记为“就绪”。If devices receive the driver updates from Windows Update, then any driver issues identified as part of readiness assessment are automatically marked as Ready.

  • Windows 应用的低安装计数阈值。Low install count threshold for your Windows apps. 如果应用安装在超过此阈值的计算机上,则部署计划会将应用标记为“值得注意”。If an app is installed on a higher percentage of computers than this threshold, the deployment plan marks the app as Noteworthy. 此标记表示你可以决定在试点阶段测试应用的重要性。This tag means you can decide how important the app is to test during the pilot phase.

计划资产Plan assets

虽然资产区域还显示了设备和应用,但特定部署计划下的“计划资产”区域包含附加信息。While the Assets area also shows devices and apps, the Plan assets area under a specific deployment plan includes additional information.

设备Devices

请参阅部署计划中每个设备的“Windows 升级决策”。See the Windows upgrade decision for each device in the deployment plan.

由于以下原因之一,Windows 升级决定替换设备:The Windows upgrade decision to Replace device can be because of one of the following reasons:

  • 它未通过 Windows 10 要求的处理器检查。It failed a Windows 10 required processor check. 有关详细信息,请参阅最低硬件要求For more information, see Minimum hardware requirements.
  • 它包含 BIOS 块It has a BIOS block
  • 它没有足够的内存It doesn't have enough memory
  • 系统上的启动关键组件中有驱动程序被阻止A boot critical component on the system has a blocked driver
  • 特定品牌和型号无法升级The specific make and model can't upgrade
  • 有一个显示类组件,其中包含具有以下所有属性的驱动程序块:There's a display-class component with a driver block that has all of the following attributes:
    • 不会被替代You don't override
    • 新的 OS 版本中不存在驱动程序There's no driver in the new OS version
    • 它尚未处于 Windows 更新中It's not already on Windows Update
  • 系统上有另一个阻止升级的即插即用组件There's another plug-and-play component on the system that blocks upgrade
  • 存在使用 XP 模拟驱动程序的无线组件There's a wireless component that uses an XP-emulated driver
  • 具有活动连接的网络组件将丢失其驱动程序。A network component with an active connection will lose its driver. 换句话说,升级后可能会失去网络连接。In other words, after upgrade it could lose network connectivity.

Windows 升级决定“重新安装”表明升级将需要重新安装,而不是就地升级。The Windows upgrade decision to Re-install indicates the upgrade will require a reinstall as opposed to an in-place upgrade.

Windows 升级决策受阻可能由以下原因引起:A Blocked Windows upgrade decision can be caused by the following reasons:

  • 将一个或多个资产的升级决策设置为“不能”。You set the upgrade decision of one or more assets to Unable.

  • 该设备的清单数据不完整,桌面分析无法进行完全兼容性评估。The inventory data for that device is incomplete and Desktop Analytics can't do a full compatibility assessment.

应用Apps

在此部署计划中,为此应用设置“升级决策”和“重要性”。Set the Upgrade decision and the Importance for this app in this deployment plan. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何创建部署计划For more information, see How to create deployment plans.

在应用的详细信息中,还可以看到以下信息:建议、兼容性风险因素和 Microsoft 已知问题。In the details of the app, you can also see the following information: Recommendations, Compatibility risk factors, and Microsoft known issues. 使用此信息来帮助设置升级决策。Use this information to help set the Upgrade decision. 有关详细信息,请参阅兼容性评估For more information, see Compatibility assessment.

桌面分析中显示为“值得注意”的应用基于部署计划就绪规则的低安装计数阈值。The apps that Desktop Analytics shows as noteworthy are based on the low install count threshold for the readiness rules of the deployment plan. 有关详细信息,请参阅就绪规则For more information, see Readiness rules.

提示

有关“不重要”应用类别的详细信息,请参阅系统和应用商店应用的自动升级决策For more information about the "Not important" app category, see Automatic upgrade decision of system and store apps.

“应用版本详细信息”设置默认处于禁用状态,所以此选项卡合并了具有相同名称和发布者的应用的所有版本。The App versions details setting is off by default, so this tab combines all versions of apps with the same name and publisher. 此默认行为有助于减少所显示的应用总数,进而有助于减少对应用进行注释所需的工作量。The default behavior helps reduce the total number of apps that you see, which helps reduce your efforts to annotate the apps. “值得注意的应用”磁贴中的应用计数也反映了此设置。The count of apps in the Noteworthy Apps tile also reflects this setting. 例如,它没有列出数百个 Microsoft Edge 实例,而是列出所有版本的一个实例。For example, instead of listing hundreds of instances of Microsoft Edge, there's one instance for all versions. 可以对所有版本只做一次决策。You can make decisions once for all versions. 如需对特定应用版本做出决策,请启用此设置。If you need to make decisions about specific versions of an app, turn on this setting. 还可以在全局资产级别配置此设置。You can also configure this setting when working at the global assets level. 有关详细信息,请参阅关于资产 - 应用For more information, see About assets - Apps.

当“应用版本详细信息”设置处于禁用状态时,“应用详细信息”窗格显示它合并的应用版本和语言的数量。When the App versions details setting is off, the app details pane shows the number of app versions and languages that it combines. 你保存的对应用详细信息的任何更改会应用于所有版本。If you save any changes to the app details, it applies to all versions. 例如,设置“升级决策”或“重要性”。For example, set the Upgrade Decision or Importance. 有些值会显示“多个”,这表示在所有版本中没有一个一致的值。Some values will display "Multiple", which means there's not one consistent value across all versions. 此服务仍对每个版本进行兼容性风险评估。The service still makes compatibility risk assessments for each version. 若要查看特定应用版本的兼容性风险评估,请打开“应用版本详细信息”。Turn on App versions details to see the compatibility risk assessment for a specific app version.

驱动程序Drivers

请参阅此部署计划中附带的驱动程序列表。See the list of drivers included with this deployment plan. 设置“升级决策”,查看 Microsoft 的建议,并查看兼容性风险因素。Set the Upgrade decision, review Microsoft's recommendation, and see compatibility risk factors.

重要性Importance

作为部署计划的一部分,设置应用的重要性。As part of the deployment plan, set the importance of the apps. 桌面分析检测到目标设备上已安装这些应用。Desktop Analytics detects these apps as installed on the target devices. 此设置可帮助桌面分析确定它在部署的试点阶段中包含的设备。This setting helps Desktop Analytics determine which devices it includes in the pilot phase of the deployment.

如果应用安装在 2% 以下的目标设备上,则会将其标记“低安装计数”。If an app is installed on less than 2% of the targeted devices, it's marked Low install count. 2% 是默认值。Two percent is the default value. 可以在就绪设置中将阈值从 0% 调整到 10%。You can adjust the threshold in the readiness settings from 0% to 10%. 桌面分析会自动将这些应用标记为“升级准备就绪”。Desktop Analytics automatically marks these apps as Ready to upgrade.

对于应用,为其重要性选择“关键”、“重要”或“不重要”。For apps, choose an importance of Critical, Important, or Not important. 如果将一个应用标记为“关键”或“重要”,则桌面分析会在试点部署中包括一些具有该应用的设备。If you mark one as critical or important, Desktop Analytics includes in the pilot deployment some devices with that app. 此服务在试点中包含关键应用程序的更多实例。The service includes in the pilot more instances of a critical app. 如果将某个应用标记为“不重要”,则桌面分析会自动将其设置为“升级准备就绪”。If you mark an app as not important, Desktop Analytics automatically sets it to Ready to upgrade.

试点设备Pilot devices

桌面分析将重要性信息与全局试点设置结合起来。Desktop Analytics combines your importance information with the global pilot settings. 然后,它将创建一个关于试点部署中应包含哪些设备的建议。It then creates a recommendation for which devices should be part of the pilot deployment. 建议的试点部署包括具有不同硬件配置的设备以及一个或多个所有关键和重要应用程序的实例。The recommended pilot deployment includes devices with different hardware configurations and one or more instances of all the critical and important apps. 如果将某个应用标记为“关键”,则服务会在试点中建议使用更多具有该应用的设备。If an app is marked critical, the service recommends more devices with that app in the pilot.

Configuration Manager 中的部署计划Deployment plans in Configuration Manager

创建部署计划后,使用 Configuration Manager 部署产品。After creating a deployment plan, use Configuration Manager to deploy the products. 部署开始后,桌面分析会根据计划中的设置来监视部署。Once the deployment starts, Desktop Analytics monitors the deployment based on the settings in the plan.

后续步骤Next steps