如何在桌面分析中注册设备How to enroll devices in Desktop Analytics

将 Configuration Manager 连接到桌面分析时,可配置设置以将设备注册到桌面分析。When you connect Configuration Manager to Desktop Analytics, you configure settings to enroll devices to Desktop Analytics. 你可以随时更改这些设置。You can change these settings at any time. 还要确保设备处于最新状态。Also make sure the devices are up to date.

更新设备Update devices

桌面分析使用两个主要 Windows 组件:Desktop Analytics uses two main Windows components:

  • 兼容性组件:兼容性组件(评估程序)在 Windows 设备上运行诊断,以评估设备与最新版 Windows 10 的兼容性状态。Compatibility component: The compatibility component (Appraiser) runs diagnostics on the Windows device to evaluate its compatibility status with the latest versions of Windows 10.

  • “已连接的用户体验和遥测”服务:在 Windows 诊断数据启用后,“已连接的用户体验和遥测”服务 (DiagTrack) 收集系统、应用程序和驱动器数据。Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service: With Windows diagnostic data enabled, the Connected User Experience and Telemetry service (DiagTrack) collects system, application, and driver data. Microsoft 会分析这些数据,并通过桌面分析将其共享给你。Microsoft analyzes this data, and shares it back to you via Desktop Analytics.

安装这些组件的最新版本,以获取最佳桌面分析体验。Install the latest version of these components to get the best experience with Desktop Analytics.

下表列出了每个组件在支持的 OS 版本上的更新:The following table lists the updates for each component on supported OS versions:

OS 版本OS version 评估程序Appraiser DiagTrackDiagTrack
Windows 10 2004Windows 10 2004 包含注释 1Included Note 1 最新累积更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1909Windows 10 1909 包含注释 1Included Note 1 最新累积更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1903Windows 10 1903 包含注释 1Included Note 1 最新累积更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1809Windows 10 1809 包含注释 1Included Note 1 最新累积更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1803Windows 10 1803 包含注释 1Included Note 1 最新累积更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1709Windows 10 1709 包含注释 1Included Note 1 最新累积更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 KB 2976978注释 2KB 2976978 Note 2 最新每月汇总Latest monthly rollup
Windows 7 SP1Windows 7 SP1 KB 2952664注释 3KB 2952664 Note 3 最新每月汇总Latest monthly rollup

提示

使用 Configuration Manager 自动安装这些更新。Use Configuration Manager to automatically install these updates. 有关详细信息,请参阅部署软件更新For more information, see Deploy software updates.

首次安装兼容性更新后,重新启动设备。Restart devices after you install the compatibility updates for the first time.

注释 1:Windows 10Note 1: Windows 10

虽然 Windows 10 默认包含这些组件,但 Windows 10 设备要求必须安装最新累积更新,才能获得完整的桌面分析功能,如评估设备与最新 OS 版本的兼容性。While Windows 10 includes these components by default, Windows 10 devices require the latest cumulative update to get the full functionality of Desktop Analytics like assessing the device for compatibility against the latest OS version.

注释 2:Windows 8.1Note 2: Windows 8.1

Microsoft 会定期递增此组件的更新,但关联的 KB 数不会改变。Microsoft regularly increments the updates for this component, but the associated KB number doesn't change. 请确保始终拥有最新版本的更新。Make sure that you always have the latest version of the update.

此组件在加入 Windows 客户体验改善计划的 Windows 8.1 系统上运行诊断。This component runs diagnostics on Windows 8.1 systems that participate in the Windows Customer Experience Improvement Program. 这些诊断帮助确定升级到 Windows 10 时是否可能存在兼容性问题。These diagnostics help determine whether you might have compatibility issues when upgrading to Windows 10.

注释 3:Windows 7Note 3: Windows 7

如果组织没有对 Windows 7 设备应用“每月质量汇总”更新,而是只应用了“仅安全”更新,那么你会在取代 KB 2952664 的更新列表中发现一些“仅安全”更新。If your organization doesn't apply "Monthly Quality Rollup" updates to Windows 7 devices, and only applies "Security Only" updates, you'll find some "Security Only" updates in the list of updates superseding KB 2952664. 可以安装这些较新的更新,而不是 KB 2952664。You can install these newer updates instead of KB 2952664.

备注

对于 Windows 8.1,Microsoft 只修订 KB 2976978,作为“每月质量汇总”更新的一部分。For Windows 8.1, Microsoft only revises KB 2976978 as part of "Monthly Quality Rollup" updates.

设备注册Device enrollment

桌面分析服务没有要安装的代理。The Desktop Analytics service has no agents to install. 设备注册要求在想要该服务监控的设备上配置设置。Device enrollment requires configuring settings on the devices you want it to monitor. 这些设置控制此设备应将其数据和其他配置选项发送到哪个桌面分析实例。These settings control to which Desktop Analytics instance the device should send its data, and other configuration options.

备注

如果以前使用过 Windows Analytics,请为桌面分析使用相同的工作区。If you previously used Windows Analytics, use that same workspace for Desktop Analytics. 需要将设备重新注册到以前在 Windows Analytics 中注册的桌面分析。You need to reenroll devices to Desktop Analytics that you previously enrolled in Windows Analytics.

每个 Azure AD 租户只能有一个桌面分析工作区。You can only have one Desktop Analytics workspace per Azure AD tenant. 设备只能向一个工作区发送诊断数据。Devices can only send diagnostic data to one workspace.

Configuration Manager 提供了管理这些设置并将其部署到客户端的集成体验。Configuration Manager provides an integrated experience for managing and deploying these settings to clients. 为获得最佳体验,请使用 Configuration Manager。For the best experience, use Configuration Manager.

将 Configuration Manager 连接到桌面分析时,可配置设置以注册设备。When you connect Configuration Manager to Desktop Analytics, you configure the settings to enroll devices. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何将 Configuration Manager 与桌面分析连接For more information, see How to connect Configuration Manager with Desktop Analytics.

要更改这些设置,请按以下过程操作:To change these settings, use the following procedure:

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,转到“管理”工作区,展开“云服务”,然后选择“Azure 服务”节点 。In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Administration workspace, expand Cloud Services, and select the Azure Services node. 选择“连接到桌面分析”,并在功能区中选择“属性”。Select the connection to Desktop Analytics, and choose Properties in the ribbon.

  2. 在“诊断数据”页上,根据需要更改以下设置:On the Diagnostic Data page, make changes as needed to the following settings:

    • 商业 ID:此值应自动填充你组织的 ID。Commercial ID: this value should automatically populate with your organization's ID. 如果未填充,请确保将代理服务器配置为允许所有必需的终结点,然后再继续。If it doesn't, make sure your proxy server is configured to allow all required endpoints before continuing. 也可以手动从桌面分析门户中检索商业 ID。You can also retrieve your Commercial ID manually from the Desktop Analytics portal.

    • Windows 10 诊断数据级别:有关详细信息,请参阅诊断数据级别Windows 10 diagnostic data level: For more information, see Diagnostic data levels.

    • 允许诊断数据中含有设备名称:有关详细信息,请参阅设备名称Allow Device Name in diagnostic data: For more information, see Device name.

    对此页进行更改时,“可用功能”页将显示桌面分析功能的预览,其中包含所选的诊断数据设置。When you make changes to this page, the Available functionality page shows a preview of the Desktop Analytics functionality with the selected diagnostic data settings.

  3. 在“桌面分析连接”页上,根据需要更改以下设置:On the Desktop Analytics Connection page, make changes as needed to the following settings:

    • 显示名称:桌面分析门户使用此名称显示此 Configuration Manager 连接。Display name: The Desktop Analytics portal displays this Configuration Manager connection using this name.

    • 目标集合:此集合包括 Configuration Manager 使用你的商业 ID 和诊断数据设置配置的所有设备。Target collection: This collection includes all devices that Configuration Manager configures with your commercial ID and diagnostic data settings. 它是 Configuration Manager 连接到桌面分析服务的完整设备集。It's the full set of devices that Configuration Manager connects to the Desktop Analytics service.

    • 目标集合中的设备使用经用户身份验证的代理进行出站通信:默认情况下,此值为“否”。Devices in the target collection use a user-authenticated proxy for outbound communication: By default, this value is No. 如果你的环境需要,请设置为“是”。If needed in your environment, set to Yes. 有关详细信息,请参阅代理服务器身份验证For more information, see Proxy server authentication.

    • 选择要与桌面分析同步的特定集合:选择“添加”以包括“目标集合”层次结构中的其他集合。Select specific collections to synchronize with Desktop Analytics: Select Add to include additional collections from your Target collection hierarchy. 这些集合可在桌面分析门户中用于按照部署计划分组。These collections are available in the Desktop Analytics portal for grouping with deployment plans. 确保包括试点和试点排除集合。Make sure to include pilot and pilot exclusion collections.

      重要

      这些集合在其成员身份更改时会继续同步。These collections continue to sync as their membership changes. 例如,你的部署计划使用具有 Windows 7 成员身份规则的集合。For example, your deployment plan uses a collection with a Windows 7 membership rule. 当这些设备升级到 Windows 10,且 Configuration Manager 评估集合成员身份时,这些设备将退出集合和部署计划。As those devices upgrade to Windows 10, and Configuration Manager evaluates the collection membership, those devices drop out of the collection and deployment plan.

Windows 设置Windows settings

当 Configuration Manager 将设备注册到桌面分析时,它会设置 Windows 策略来为设备配置桌面分析。When Configuration Manager enrolls devices into Desktop Analytics, it sets Windows policies to configure the device for Desktop Analytics. 在大多数情况下,仅使用 Configuration Manager 来配置这些设置。In most circumstances, only use Configuration Manager to configure these settings. 也不要在域组策略对象中应用这些设置。Don't also apply these settings in domain group policy objects.

有关详细信息,请参阅桌面分析的组策略设置For more information, see Group policy settings for Desktop Analytics.

设备名称Device name

自 Windows 10 版本 1803 起,默认不再收集设备名称。Starting in Windows 10, version 1803, the device name is no longer collected by default. 使用诊断数据收集设备名称需要单独选择加入。Collecting the device name with the diagnostic data requires a separate opt-in. 如果没有设备名称,则在评估升级到新版本 Windows 时,将更难识别需要关注的设备。Without the device name, it's more difficult for you to identify what devices require attention while evaluating an upgrade to a new version of Windows.

如果你不发送设备名称,它在桌面分析中显示为“未知”:If you don't send the device name, it appears in Desktop Analytics as "Unknown":

显示“未知”名称的桌面分析设备列表

Configuration Manager 设置中的一个选项可供桌面分析配置此选项:允许诊断数据中含有设备名称There's an option in the Configuration Manager settings for Desktop Analytics to configure this option: Allow Device Name in diagnostic data. 此 Configuration Manager 设置控制 Windows 策略设置 AllowDeviceNameInTelemetry。This Configuration Manager setting controls the Windows policy setting, AllowDeviceNameInTelemetry.

冲突解决Conflict resolution

一般情况下,使用 Configuration Manager 集合来定位桌面分析设置和注册。In general, use Configuration Manager collections to target Desktop Analytics settings and enrollment. 使用直接成员身份或查询来包括或排除集合中的设备。Use direct membership or queries to include or exclude devices from the collection. 有关详细信息,请参阅如何创建集合For more information, see How to create collections.

如果值尚不存在,Configuration Manager 仅配置 Windows 设置。Configuration Manager only configures the Windows settings if a value doesn't already exist. 如果需要为唯一设备组配置不同的设置,可以使用“组策略”If you need to configure different settings for a unique group of devices, you can use group policy. 组策略定位的设置优先于 Configuration Manager 设置。Settings targeted by group policy take precedence over Configuration Manager settings. 组策略所针对的设备可能未准确反映“连接运行状况”仪表板中的状态。Devices targeted by group policy may not accurately reflect status in the Connection health dashboard.

配置诊断数据级别时,请设置设备的上限。When you configure the diagnostic data level, you set the upper boundary for the device. 默认情况下,在 Windows 10 版本 1803 及更高版本中,用户可以选择设置较低的级别。By default in Windows 10, version 1803 and later, users can choose to set a lower level. 你可以使用组策略设置“配置遥测选择使用设置用户界面”来控制此行为。You can control this behavior using the group policy setting, Configure telemetry opt-in setting user interface. 有关详细信息,请参阅桌面分析的组策略设置For more information, see Group policy settings for Desktop Analytics.

代理设置Proxy settings

如果组织使用代理服务器身份验证来访问 Internet,请务必正确配置它或你的设备。If your organization uses proxy server authentication for internet access, make sure to properly configure it or your devices. 有关详细信息,请参阅代理服务器身份验证For more information, see Proxy server authentication.

后续步骤Next steps

转到下一篇文章,以便在桌面分析中创建部署计划。Advance to the next article to create deployment plans in Desktop Analytics.