适用于 Office 365 的 Azure ExpressRouteAzure ExpressRoute for Office 365

本文适用于 Microsoft 365 企业版和 Office 365 企业版。This article applies to both Microsoft 365 Enterprise and Office 365 Enterprise.

了解如何将 Azure ExpressRoute 与 Office 365 一同使用,以及如何规划部署 Azure ExpressRoute 以用于 Office 365 时所需的网络实施项目。Learn how Azure ExpressRoute is used with Office 365 and how to plan the network implementation project that will be required if you are deploying Azure ExpressRoute for use with Office 365. 在 Azure 中运行的基础结构和平台服务通常会从解决网络体系结构和性能注意事项中获益。Infrastructure and platform services running in Azure will often benefit by addressing network architecture and performance considerations. 在这些情况下,我们建议使用 ExpressRoute for Azure。We recommend ExpressRoute for Azure in these cases. Office 365 和 Dynamics 365 等软件即服务产品已构建为可通过 Internet 安全可靠地访问。Software as a Service offerings like Office 365 and Dynamics 365 have been built to be accessed securely and reliably via the Internet. 可以在评估 Office 365网络连接一文阅读有关 Internet 性能和安全性以及何时考虑使用适用于 Office 365 的 Azure ExpressRoute。You can read about Internet performance and security and when you might consider Azure ExpressRoute for Office 365 in the article Assessing Office 365 network connectivity.

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Microsoft Defender for Endpoint 在 Azure Express 路由中不受支持。Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is not supported in Azure Express Route.

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需要 Microsoft 授权才能使用适用于 Office 365 的 ExpressRoute。Microsoft authorization is required to use ExpressRoute for Office 365. 当客户的法规要求需要直接连接时,Microsoft 会审查每个客户请求并授权 ExpressRoute for Office 365 使用。Microsoft reviews every customer request and authorizes ExpressRoute for Office 365 usage when a customer's regulatory requirement mandates direct connectivity. 如果你有此类要求,请提供文本摘录和指向法规的 Web 链接,您解释该法规意味着 ExpressRoute for Office 365 请求表单中需要直接连接才能开始 Microsoft 审查。If you have such requirements, please provide the text excerpt and web link to the regulation which you interpret to mean that direct connectivity is required in the ExpressRoute for Office 365 Request Form to begin a Microsoft review. 尝试为 Office 365 创建路由筛选器的未经授权的订阅将收到 一条错误消息Unauthorized subscriptions trying to create route filters for Office 365 will receive an error message.

现在,您可以为选定的 Office 365 网络流量向 Office 365 添加直接网络连接。You can now add a direct network connection to Office 365 for selected Office 365 network traffic. Azure ExpressRoute 提供直接连接、可预测的性能,并附带 99.95% 的 Microsoft 网络组件的运行时间 SLA。Azure ExpressRoute offers a direct connection, predictable performance, and comes with an uptime SLA of 99.95% for the Microsoft networking components. 对于 Azure ExpressRoute 不支持的服务,你仍然需要 Internet 连接。You'll still require an internet connection for services that aren't supported over Azure ExpressRoute.

规划 Office 365 的 Azure ExpressRoutePlanning Azure ExpressRoute for Office 365

除了 Internet 连接之外,您还可以选择通过直接连接路由 Office 365 网络流量的子集,该直接连接为 Microsoft 网络组件提供可预测性和 99.95% 正常运行时间 SLA。In addition to internet connectivity, you may choose to route a subset of their Office 365 network traffic over a direct connection that offers predictability and a 99.95% uptime SLA for the Microsoft networking components. Azure ExpressRoute 为您提供到 Office 365 和其他 Microsoft 云服务的专用网络连接。Azure ExpressRoute provides you with this dedicated network connection to Office 365 and other Microsoft cloud services.

无论你是否有现有的 MPLS WAN,ExpressRoute 都可以通过以下三种方式之一添加到网络体系结构中;通过支持的云交换共同位置提供程序、以太网点到点连接提供程序,或者通过 MPLS 连接提供程序。Regardless of whether you have an existing MPLS WAN, ExpressRoute can be added to your network architecture in one of three ways; through a supported cloud exchange co-location provider, an Ethernet point-to-point connection provider, or through an MPLS connection provider. 查看 哪些提供程序在你的区域可用See what providers are available in your region. 直接 ExpressRoute 连接将启用与下面包含哪些 Office 365 服务?中概述的应用程序的连接。The direct ExpressRoute connection will enable connectivity to the applications outlined in What Office 365 services are included? below. 所有其他应用程序和服务的网络通信将继续遍历 Internet。Network traffic for all other applications and services will continue to traverse the internet.

请考虑以下高级网络图,该图显示了通过 Internet 连接到 Microsoft 数据中心以访问所有 Microsoft 应用程序(如 Office 365、Windows 更新和 TechNet)的典型 Office 365 客户。Consider the following high level network diagram which shows a typical Office 365 customer connecting to Microsoft's datacenters over the internet for access to all Microsoft applications such as Office 365, Windows Update, and TechNet. 无论客户是从本地网络还是从独立的 Internet 连接进行连接,他们都会使用类似的网络路径。Customers use a similar network path regardless of whether they're connecting from an on-premises network or from an independent internet connection.

Office 365 网络连接

现在查看更新后的图表,其中描述了同时使用 Internet 和 ExpressRoute 连接到 Office 365 的 Office 365 客户。Now look at the updated diagram which depicts an Office 365 customer who uses both the internet and ExpressRoute to connect to Office 365. 请注意,某些连接(如公共 DNS 和内容传递网络节点)仍然需要公共 Internet 连接。Notice that some connections such as Public DNS and Content Delivery Network nodes still require the public internet connection. 另请注意,不在 ExpressRoute 连接建筑物中的客户用户正在通过 Internet 进行连接。Also notice the customer's users who are not located in their ExpressRoute connected building are connecting over the Internet.

与 ExpressRoute 的 Office 365 连接

是否仍需要更多信息?Still want more information? 了解如何使用适用于 Office 365 的 Azure ExpressRoute管理网络流量,以及如何为 Office 365 配置 Azure ExpressRoute。Learn how to manage your network traffic with Azure ExpressRoute for Office 365 and learn how to configure Azure ExpressRoute for Office 365. 我们还在 Channel 9 上记录了一个 10 部分 Azure ExpressRoute for Office 365 培训 系列,以帮助更详尽地解释概念。We've also recorded a 10 part Azure ExpressRoute for Office 365 Training series on Channel 9 to help explain the concepts more thoroughly.

包含哪些 Office 365 服务?What Office 365 services are included?

下表列出了通过 ExpressRoute 支持的 Office 365 服务。The following table lists the Office 365 services that are supported over ExpressRoute. 请查看 Office 365 终结点文章,了解这些应用程序的哪些网络请求需要 Internet 连接。Please review the Office 365 endpoints article to understand which network requests for these applications require internet connectivity.

包含的应用程序Applications included
Exchange Online1Exchange Online1
Exchange Online Protection1Exchange Online Protection1
Delve1Delve1
Skype for Business Online1Skype for Business Online1
Microsoft Teams 1Microsoft Teams 1
SharePoint Online1SharePoint Online1
OneDrive for Business1OneDrive for Business1
Project Online1Project Online1
门户和共享1Portal and shared1
Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 1Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 1
Azure AD Connect1Azure AD Connect1
Office1Office1

1 其中每个应用程序都有不受 ExpressRoute 支持的 Internet 连接要求,有关详细信息,请参阅 Office 365 终结点文章。1 Each of these applications have internet connectivity requirements not supported over ExpressRoute, see the Office 365 endpoints article for more information.

ExpressRoute for Office 365 中未包含的服务包括 Microsoft 365 企业应用版客户端下载、本地标识提供商登录和由中国世纪通) 服务运营的 Office 365 (。The services that aren't included with ExpressRoute for Office 365 are Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise client downloads, On-premises Identity Provider Sign-In, and Office 365 (operated by 21 Vianet) service in China.

实现适用于 Office 365 的 ExpressRouteImplementing ExpressRoute for Office 365

实现 ExpressRoute 需要网络和应用程序所有者的参与,并且需要仔细规划以确定新的网络路由体系结构、带宽要求、实现安全性的地方、高可用性等。Implementing ExpressRoute requires the involvement of network and application owners and requires careful planning to determine the new network routing architecture, bandwidth requirements, where security will be implemented, high availability, and so on. 若要实现 ExpressRoute,你需要:To implement ExpressRoute, you'll need to:

  1. 完全了解在 Office 365 连接规划中 ExpressRoute 满足需求。Fully understand the need ExpressRoute satisfies in your Office 365 connectivity planning. 了解哪些应用程序将使用 Internet 或 ExpressRoute,并针对 Office 365 流量使用 Internet 和 ExpressRoute,全面规划网络容量、安全性和高可用性需求。Understand what applications will use the internet or ExpressRoute and fully plan your network capacity, security, and high availability needs in the context of using both the internet and ExpressRoute for Office 365 traffic.

  2. 确定 Internet 和 ExpressRoute 流量1的出口和对等位置。Determine the egress and peering locations for both internet and ExpressRoute traffic1.

  3. 确定 Internet 和 ExpressRoute 连接所需的容量。Determine the capacity required on the internet and ExpressRoute connections.

  4. 制定实施安全和其他标准外围控件1 的计划Have a plan in place for implementing security and other standard perimeter controls1.

  5. 拥有有效的 Microsoft Azure 帐户以订阅 ExpressRoute。Have a valid Microsoft Azure account to subscribe to ExpressRoute.

  6. 选择连接模型和批准的 提供程序Select a connectivity model and an approved provider. 请记住,客户可以选择多个连接模型或合作伙伴,合作伙伴无需与现有的网络提供商相同。Keep in mind, customers can select multiple connectivity models or partners and the partner doesn't need to be the same as your existing network provider.

  7. 在将流量引导到 ExpressRoute 之前验证部署。Validate deployment prior to directing traffic to ExpressRoute.

  8. (可选 )实施 QoS 和评估区域扩展。Optionally implement QoS and evaluate regional expansion.

1 重要的性能注意事项。1 Important performance considerations. 此处的决策会显著影响延迟,延迟对于 Skype for Business 等应用程序至关重要。Decisions here can dramatically impact latency which is a critical for applications such as Skype for Business.

有关其他参考,请使用我们的 路由指南 以及 ExpressRoute 文档For additional references, use our routing guide in addition to the ExpressRoute documentation.

若要购买适用于 Office 365 的 ExpressRoute,需要与一个或多个批准的提供商合作,通过 ExpressRoute Premium 订阅预配所需数量和大小的电路。To purchase ExpressRoute for Office 365, you'll need to work with one or more approved providers to provision the desired number and size circuits with an ExpressRoute Premium subscription. 无需从 Office 365 购买其他许可证。There are no additional licenses to purchase from Office 365.

以下是可以用于返回的简短链接:https://aka.ms/expressrouteoffice365Here's a short link you can use to come back: https://aka.ms/expressrouteoffice365

准备好注册适用于 Office 365 的 ExpressRoute 了吗Ready to sign-up for ExpressRoute for Office 365?

评估 Office 365 网络连接Assessing Office 365 network connectivity

管理 ExpressRoute for Office 365 连接Managing ExpressRoute for Office 365 connectivity

使用 ExpressRoute for Office 365 路由Routing with ExpressRoute for Office 365

ExpressRoute for Office 365 网络计划Network planning with ExpressRoute for Office 365

实现 ExpressRoute for Office 365Implementing ExpressRoute for Office 365

在 ExpressRoute for Office 365 方案中使用 BGP 社区Using BGP communities in ExpressRoute for Office 365 scenarios

Skype for Business Online 中的媒体质量和网络连接性能Media Quality and Network Connectivity Performance in Skype for Business Online

使用基线和性能历史记录优化 Office 365 性能Office 365 performance tuning using baselines and performance history

Office 365 性能疑难解答计划Performance troubleshooting plan for Office 365

Office 365 URL 和 IP 地址范围Office 365 URLs and IP address ranges

Office 365 网络和性能优化Office 365 network and performance tuning

另请参阅See also

Microsoft 365 企业版概述Microsoft 365 Enterprise overview