并且 textfileparsetype 属性 (Excel)QueryTable.TextFileParseType property (Excel)

返回或设置要导入到查询表中的文本文件中的数据的列格式。Returns or sets the column format for the data in the text file that you are importing into a query table. 读/写**XlTextParsingType**。Read/write XlTextParsingType.

语法Syntax

表达式并且 textfileparsetypeexpression.TextFileParseType

_表达式_一个代表查询表对象**** 的变量。expression A variable that represents a QueryTable object.

注解Remarks

仅当查询表基于文本文件中的数据 ( QueryType 属性设置为xlTextImport) 时, 才使用此属性。Use this property only when your query table is based on data from a text file (with the QueryType property set to xlTextImport).

如果使用用户界面导入数据, 则会将来自 web 查询或文本查询的数据作为一个查询表**** 对象导入, 而将所有其他外部数据作为**ListObject** 对象导入。If you import data by using the user interface, data from a web query or a text query is imported as a QueryTable object, while all other external data is imported as a ListObject object.

如果使用对象模型导入数据, 则必须将来自 web 查询或文本查询的数据作为查询表导入****, 而所有其他外部数据均可作为ListObject或查询表导入。 ****If you import data by using the object model, data from a web query or a text query must be imported as a QueryTable, while all other external data can be imported as either a ListObject or a QueryTable.

TextFileParseType 属性仅适用于 QueryTable 对象。The TextFileParseType property applies only to QueryTable objects.

示例Example

本示例向第一个工作簿中第一张工作表上的新查询表中导入一个固定宽度的文本文件。This example imports a fixed-width text file into a new query table on the first worksheet in the first workbook. 该文本文件的第一列为五个字符宽度,作为文本导入。The first column in the text file is five characters wide and is imported as text. 第二列为四个字符宽度,被跳过。The second column is four characters wide and is skipped. 该文本文件的剩余部分被导入第三列,并对其应用常规格式。The remainder of the text file is imported into the third column and has the General format applied to it.

Set shFirstQtr = Workbooks(1).Worksheets(1) 
Set qtQtrResults = shFirstQtr.QueryTables _ 
 .Add(Connection := "TEXT;C:\My Documents\19980331.txt", _ 
 Destination := shFirstQtr.Cells(1, 1)) 
With qtQtrResults 
 .TextFileParseType = xlFixedWidth 
 .TextFileFixedColumnWidths = Array(5, 4) 
 .TextFileColumnDataTypes = _ 
 Array(xlTextFormat, xlSkipColumn, xlGeneralFormat) 
 .Refresh 
End With

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