Range.Formula 属性 (Excel)Range.Formula property (Excel)

返回或设置一个 Variant 值,它代表采用 A1 样式表示法和宏语言的对象公式。Returns or sets a Variant value that represents the object's formula in A1-style notation and in the macro language.



expression 一个表示 Range 对象的变量。expression A variable that represents a Range object.


此属性对于 OLAP 数据源无效。This property is not available for OLAP data sources.

如果单元格包含一个常量,此属性返回该常量。If the cell contains a constant, this property returns the constant. 如果单元格为空,此属性返回空字符串。If the cell is empty, this property returns an empty string. 如果单元格包含公式, 则formula属性以字符串的形式返回公式, 该格式将显示在公式栏中 (包括等号 (=))。If the cell contains a formula, the Formula property returns the formula as a string in the same format that would be displayed in the formula bar (including the equal sign ( = )).

如果将单元格的值或公式设置为日期,Microsoft Excel 将验证该单元格的格式是否已设置为某个日期或时间数字格式。If you set the value or formula of a cell to a date, Microsoft Excel verifies that cell is already formatted with one of the date or time number formats. 如果不是, Excel 会将数字格式更改为默认的短日期数字格式。If not, Excel changes the number format to the default short date number format.

如果指定区域是一维或二维区域,则可将公式指定为 Visual Basic 中相同维数的数组。If the range is a one- or two-dimensional range, you can set the formula to a Visual Basic array of the same dimensions. 同样,也可在 Visual Basic 数组中使用公式。Similarly, you can put the formula into a Visual Basic array.

如果为多单元格区域设置公式,则会用公式填充该区域所有的单元格。Setting the formula for a multiple-cell range fills all cells in the range with the formula.


以下代码示例设置 Sheet1 中 A1 单元格的公式。The following code example sets the formula for cell A1 on Sheet1.

Worksheets("Sheet1").Range("A1").Formula = "=$A$4+$A$10"

下列代码示例设置 Sheet1 中 A1 单元格的公式,以显示今天的日期。The following code example sets the formula for cell A1 on Sheet1 to display today's date.

Sub InsertTodaysDate() 
    ' This macro will put today's date in cell A1 on Sheet1 
    Selection.Formula = "=text(now(),""mmm dd yyyy"")" 
End Sub

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