安装 Power BI 报表服务器所要满足的硬件和软件要求Hardware and software requirements for installing Power BI Report Server

本文介绍了安装并运行 Power BI 报表服务器所要满足的最低硬件和软件要求。Here you will find the minimum hardware and software requirements to install and run Power BI Report Server.

处理器、内存和操作系统要求Processor, Memory, and Operating System Requirements

组件Component 要求Requirement
.NET Framework.NET Framework 4.64.6

可以从适用于 Windows 的 Microsoft.NET Framework 4.6(Web 安装程序)手动安装 .NET Framework。You can manually install the .NET Framework from Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6 (Web Installer) for Windows.

有关 .NET Framework 4.6 的详细信息、建议和指南,请参阅面向开发者的 .NET Framework 部署指南For more information, recommendations, and guidance about the .NET Framework 4.6 see .NET Framework Deployment Guide for Developers.

Windows 8.1 和 Windows Server 2012 R2 中必须有 KB2919355,才能安装 .NET Framework 4.6。Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 require KB2919355 before installing .NET Framework 4.6.
硬盘Hard Disk Power BI 报表服务器至少需要 1 GB 的可用硬盘空间。Power BI Report Server requires a minimum of 1 GB of available hard-disk space.

托管报表服务器数据库的数据库服务器上必须有额外空间。Addition space will be required on the database server that is hosting the report server database.
内存Memory 最小:1 GBMinimum: 1 GB

建议:至少 4 GBRecommended: At least 4 GB
处理器速度Processor speed 最小:x64 处理器:1.4 GHzMinimum: x64 Processor: 1.4 GHz

建议:2.0 GHz 或更快Recommended: 2.0 GHz or faster
处理器类型Processor type x64 处理器:AMD Opteron、AMD Athlon 64、支持 Intel EM64T 的 Intel Xeon、支持 EM64T 的 Intel Pentium IVx64 Processor: AMD Opteron, AMD Athlon 64, Intel Xeon with Intel EM64T support, Intel Pentium IV with EM64T support
操作系统Operating system Windows Server 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter

Windows Server 2016 StandardWindows Server 2016 Standard

Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter

Windows Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard

Windows Server 2012 R2 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 R2 Essentials

Windows Server 2012 R2 FoundationWindows Server 2012 R2 Foundation

Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter

Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard

Windows Server 2012 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 Essentials

Windows Server 2012 FoundationWindows Server 2012 Foundation

Windows 10 家庭版Windows 10 Home

Windows 10 专业版Windows 10 Professional

Windows 10 企业版Windows 10 Enterprise

Windows 8.1Windows 8.1

Windows 8.1 专业版Windows 8.1 Pro

Windows 8.1 企业版Windows 8.1 Enterprise

Windows 8Windows 8

Windows 8 专业版Windows 8 Pro

Windows 8 企业版Windows 8 Enterprise

备注

只支持在 x64 处理器上安装 Power BI 报表服务器。Installation of Power BI Report Server is supported on x64 processors only.

数据库服务器版本要求Database server version requirements

SQL Server 用于托管报表服务器数据库。SQL Server is used to host the report server databases. SQL Server 数据库引擎实例可以是本地或远程实例。The SQL Server Database Engine instance can be a local or remote instance. 以下是可用于托管报表服务器数据的 SQL Server 数据库引擎受支持的版本:The following are the supported versions of SQL Server Database Engine that can be used to host the report server databases:

  • SQL Server 2017SQL Server 2017
  • SQL Server 2016SQL Server 2016
  • SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014
  • SQL Server 2012SQL Server 2012
  • SQL Server 2008 R2SQL Server 2008 R2
  • SQL Server 2008SQL Server 2008

在远程计算机上创建报表服务器数据库时,需要将连接配置为使用域用户帐户或具有网络访问权限的服务帐户。Creating the report server database on a remote computer requires that you configure the connection to use a domain user account or a service account that has network access. 如果决定使用远程 SQL Server 实例,请仔细考虑报表服务器应使用哪些凭据来连接到 SQL Server 实例。If you decide to use a remote SQL Server instance, consider carefully which credentials the report server should use to connect to the SQL Server instance. 有关详细信息,请参阅配置报表服务器数据库连接For more information, see Configure a Report Server Database Connection.

注意事项Considerations

Power BI 报表服务器将安装默认值,以配置报表服务器正常运行所需的核心设置。Power BI Report Server will install default values to configure the core settings required to make a report server operational. 具体要求如下:It has the following requirements:

  • 在安装完成之后且在配置报表服务器数据库之前,必须有 SQL Server 数据库引擎。A SQL Server Database Engine must be available after setup and before you configure the database for the report server. 数据库引擎实例托管 Reporting Services 配置管理器将创建的报表服务器数据库。The Database Engine instance hosts the report server database that Reporting Services Configuration Manager will create. 实际的安装体验不需要有数据库引擎。The Database Engine is not required for the actual setup experience.
  • 用于运行安装程序的用户帐户必须是本地管理员组的成员。The user account used to run Setup must be a member of the local Administrators group.
  • 用于 Reporting Services 配置管理器的用户帐户必须有权在托管报表服务器数据库的数据库引擎实例上访问并创建数据库。The user account used for Reporting Services Configuration Manager must have permission to access and create databases on the Database Engine instance that hosts the report server databases.
  • 安装程序必须能够使用默认值来保留 URL,从而提供对报表服务器和 Web 门户的访问权限。Setup must be able to use the default values to reserve the URLs that provide access to the report server and the web portal. 这些值为端口 80、强通配符以及格式为 ReportServer 和 Reports 的虚拟目录名称。These values are port 80, a strong wildcard, and the virtual directory names in the format ReportServer and Reports.

只读域控制器 (RODC)Read-only domain controller (RODC)

虽然报表服务器可以安装在包含只读域控制器 (RODC) 的环境中,但 Reporting Services 必须有权访问读/写域控制器,才能正常工作。While the report server can be installed in an environment that has a Read-Only Domain Controller (RODC), Reporting Services needs access to a Read-Write Domain Controller to function properly. 如果 Reporting Services 仅有权访问 RODC,那么你可能会在尝试管理服务时看到错误消息。If Reporting Services only has access to a RODC, you may encounter errors when trying to administer the service.

Power BI 报表和 Analysis Services 实时连接Power BI reports and Analysis Services live connections

你可以使用针对表格或多维实例的实时连接。You can use a live connection against tabular or multidimensional instances. Analysis Services 服务器必须满足正确的版本要求,才能正常工作。Your Analysis Services server has to me the proper version and edition to work properly.

服务器版本Server version 所需的 SKURequired SKU
2012 SP1 CU4 或更高版本2012 SP1 CU4 or later 商业智能和企业版 SKUBusiness Intelligence and Enterprise SKU
20142014 商业智能和企业版 SKUBusiness Intelligence and Enterprise SKU
2016 和更高版本2016 and later 标准 SKU 或更高版本Standard SKU or higher

后续步骤Next steps

用户手册User handbook
管理员手册Administrator handbook
快速入门:安装 Power BI 报表服务器Quickstart: Install Power BI Report Server
安装报表生成器Install Report Builder
下载 SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT)Download SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT)

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