Power BI 服务中的仪表板Dashboards in Power BI service

Power BI 仪表板是单个页面,通常称为画布,使用可视化效果来讲述故事。A Power BI dashboard is a single page, often called a canvas, that uses visualizations to tell a story. 因为它被限制为一页,精心设计的仪表板仅包含该故事的最重要元素。Because it is limited to one page, a well-designed dashboard contains only the most-important elements of that story.

你在仪表板上看到的可视化效果称为磁贴,并且固定到报表中的仪表板。The visualizations you see on the dashboard are called tiles and are pinned to the dashboard from reports. 如果不熟悉 Power BI,可以通过阅读 Power BI 基本概念详细了解基础知识。If you're new to Power BI, you can get a good foundation by reading Power BI basic concepts.

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仪表板是 Power BI 服务的一项功能,在 Power BI Desktop 中不可用。Dashboards are a feature of Power BI service and are not available in Power BI Desktop. 无法在移动设备上创建仪表板,但可以查看和共享Dashboards can't be created on mobile devices but they can be viewed and shared.

仪表板上的可视化效果来自报表,并且每个报表基于一个数据集。The visualizations on a dashboard come from reports and each report is based on one dataset. 事实上,一种想到仪表板的方法就是进入基础报表和数据集。In fact, one way to think of a dashboard is as an entryway into the underlying reports and datasets. 选择一个可视化效果可将你转到用于创建仪表板的报表(和数据集)。Selecting a visualization takes you to the report (and dataset) that was used to create it.

仪表板的优点Advantages of dashboards

仪表板是监控你的业务、寻找答案以及查看所有最重要指标的绝佳方法。Dashboards are a wonderful way to monitor your business, to look for answers, and to see all of your most-important metrics at a glance. 仪表板上的可视化效果可能来自一个或许多个基础数据集,也可能来自一个或多个基础报表。The visualizations on a dashboard may come from one underlying dataset or many, and from one underlying report or many. 仪表板将本地数据和云数据合并到一起,提供合并视图(无论数据源自哪里)。A dashboard combines on-premises and cloud-born data, providing a consolidated view regardless of where the data lives.

仪表板不仅仅是一张漂亮的图片;它具有高度互动性和高度可定制性,并且磁贴随着基础数据的更改而更新。A dashboard isn't just a pretty picture; it's highly interactive and highly customizable and the tiles update as the underlying data changes.

仪表板与报表Dashboards versus reports

报表经常与仪表板混淆,因为它们也是填充可视化效果的画布。Reports are often confused with dashboards since they too are canvases filled with visualizations. 但它们存在一些主要差异。But there are some major differences.

功能Capability 仪表板Dashboards 报表Reports
页面Pages 一个页面One page 一个或多个页面One or more pages
数据源Data sources 每个仪表板的一个或多个报表和一个或多个数据集One or more reports and one or more datasets per dashboard 每个报表的单个数据集A single dataset per report
可用于 Power BI DesktopAvailable in Power BI Desktop No 是,可以在 Desktop 中创建和查看报表Yes, can create and view reports in Desktop
固定Pinning 只能将现有的可视化效果(磁贴)从当前仪表板固定到其他仪表板Can pin existing visualizations (tiles) only from current dashboard to your other dashboards 可以将可视化效果(作为磁贴)固定到任何仪表板。Can pin visualizations (as tiles) to any of your dashboards. 可以将整个报表页面固定到任何仪表板。Can pin entire report pages to any of your dashboards.
订阅Subscribe 无法订阅仪表板Can't subscribe to a dashboard 可以订阅报表页面Can subscribe to report pages
筛选Filtering 无法筛选或切片Can't filter or slice 许多不同的方式来筛选、突出显示和切片Many different ways to filter, highlight, and slice
设置警报Set alerts 当满足某些条件时,可以创建警报以向你发送电子邮件Can create alerts to email you when certain conditions are met No
功能Feature 可以将一个仪表板设置为“精选”仪表板Can set one dashboard as your "featured" dashboard 无法创建精选报表Cannot create a featured report
自然语言查询Natural language queries 从仪表板可用Available from dashboard 从报表不可用Not available from reports
可以更改可视化效果类型Can change visualization type 不行。No. 事实上,如果报表所有者更改报表中的可视化效果类型,那么仪表板上的固定可视化效果不会更新In fact, if a report owner changes the visualization type in the report, the pinned visualization on the dashboard does not update Yes
可以看到基础数据集表和字段Can see underlying dataset tables and fields 不行。No. 可以导出数据,但看不到仪表板本身的表和字段。Can export data but can't see tables and fields in the dashboard itself. 是的。Yes. 可以查看数据集表和字段以及值。Can see dataset tables and fields and values.
可以创建可视化效果Can create visualizations 仅限于使用“添加磁贴”向仪表板添加小部件Limited to adding widgets to dashboard using "Add tile" 可以通过“编辑”权限创建许多不同类型的视觉对象、添加自定义视觉对象、编辑视觉对象等Can create many different types of visuals, add custom visuals, edit visuals and more with Editing permissions
自定义Customization 可以通过移动和排列、调整大小、添加链接、重命名、删除和显示全屏等可视化效果(磁贴)来进行自定义。Can do things with the visualizations (tiles) like move and arrange, resize, add links, rename, delete, and display full screen. 但是数据和可视化效果本身是只读的。But the data and visualizations themselves are read-only. 在“阅读”视图中,你可以发布、嵌入、筛选、导出、下载为 .pbix,查看相关内容,生成 QR 码,在 Excel 中进行分析等。In Reading view you can publish, embed, filter,export, download as .pbix, view related content, generate QR codes, analyze in Excel, and more. 在“编辑”视图中,你可以执行目前为止所提到的一切操作,甚至更多操作。In Editing view you can do everything mentioned so far and so much more.

仪表板创建者和仪表板使用者Dashboard creators and dashboard consumers

根据你的角色,你可能会创建仪表板供你自己使用或与同事共享。Depending on your role, you may be someone who creates dashboards for your own use or to share with colleagues. 你想了解如何创建和共享仪表板。You want to learn how to create and share dashboards. 或者,你可能会从其他人那里接收仪表板。Or, you may be someone who receives dashboards from others. 你想要了解如何了解并与仪表板进行交互。You want to learn how to understand and interact with the dashboard.

以下是一些按角色提供的主题,可帮助你入门。Here are some topics, by role, to help you get started.

共享仪表板和查看共享仪表板都需要 Power BI Pro。Power BI Pro is required for both sharing a dashboard and viewing a shared dashboard.

如果你要创建和共享仪表板If you will be creating and sharing dashboards

如果你要接收和使用仪表板If you will be receiving and consuming dashboards

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后续步骤Next steps

Power BI 入门Get Started with Power BI
Power BI - 基本概念Power BI - Basic Concepts
Power BI Premium 有哪些特权?Power BI Premium - what is it?

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